Born To Run

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disco_borntorun.jpg
Commercially Released*: August 25, 1975
Label: Columbia
Produced** by Bruce Springsteen, Jon Landau and Mike Appel
Recorded by Jimmy Iovine and Louis Lahav, assisted by Thom Panunzio, Ricky Delena and Corky Stasiak
 at The Record Plant and 914 Sound Studios (January 1974 - July 1975)
Mixed by Jimmy Iovine, assisted by Thom Panunzio, Dave Thoener, Andy Abrams and Corky Stasiak 
Mastered by Greg Calbi
Design by John Berg and Andy Engel
Photography by Eric Meola

* A small quantity of blank label, advanced promo copies (called "Script Covers") were issued to VIPs about August 12, 1975. Normal promo copies were sent to radio stations on or about August 24.
** The track "Born To Run" was produced by Springsteen-Appel.

Overview

The Born To Run sessions can be traced as far back as January 8, 1974 at 914 Sound Studios, Blauvelt, New York, with the first rehearsals of "Born To Run" and "Jungleland", and concluded on July 20, 1975 at the Record Plant, though final mixing continued after the band went on tour. The recording process was famously lengthy; Springsteen's perfectionism and frustration with the antiquated studio slowed progress to a crawl. Impatient with the grueling sessions, David Sancious left the band in August 1974 for a solo deal and took Ernest "Boom" Carter with him, leaving the band without keyboards and drums. Refusing to use session musicians, Springsteen and Appel placed a classified ad in The Village Voice for replacements, leading to the recruitment of Max Weinberg and Roy Bittan. Engineer Louis Lahav's wife Suki, a violinist and singer, joined the touring band around this time and would participate in the Born To Run sessions as well.

In March 1975, over Mike Appel's vociferous objections, Bruce invited Jon Landau to join the production team. Landau convinced Springsteen to move from Blauvelt to the more expensive Record Plant in Times Square, where at least the pedal on the piano would not be audible in the sound mix. Landau also hired engineer Jimmy Iovine. In their new studio on April 18, with Landau as a producer, Springsteen and the E Street Band would record much of what became the final record. Working extensively with Roy Bittan on piano for "Thunder Road" and Clarence Clemons on saxophone for "Jungleland", Springsteen annotated exactly what he envisioned, note-for-note, to his fellow musicians. The sax solo on "Jungleland" alone took 16 hours of work, with Clemons recording eight or nine tracks before cutting and re-cutting the sound.

Three days each were spent on "Thunder Road" and "Jungleland" during April, recording base tracks, vocals, instruments, leaving mixing, dubbing of vocals for July, near the end of the sessions. After "Jungleland" was done on April 25, takes were cut for "Backstreets". Sessions resumed on May 4 with "She's The One" and "Lonely Night In the Park". The rest of May was spent working on finishing those songs, along with "Night", "Linda Let Me Be the One", and "Tenth Avenue Freeze-Out". Two days were spent on "Backstreets", which was now finished except for a missing bridge. On the final day, May 28, the only song worked on was a new composition, "The Heist", later re-titled "Meeting Across the River".

Read more about the history of the Born To Run record.

Released

# Song Title Running Time Release
1. THUNDER ROAD 4:44 BORN TO RUN
2. TENTH AVENUE FREEZE-OUT 3:08 BORN TO RUN / 1975 single
3. NIGHT 2:57 BORN TO RUN
4. BACKSTREETS 6:27 BORN TO RUN
5. BORN TO RUN 4:28 BORN TO RUN / 1975 single
6. SHE'S THE ONE 3:36 BORN TO RUN / 1975 b-side
7. MEETING ACROSS THE RIVER 3:11 BORN TO RUN / 1975 b-side
8. JUNGLELAND 9:32 BORN TO RUN

Total Running Time: 39:28

Additional Information

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