Born In The U.S.A. - Studio Sessions


disco_bornintheusa.jpg
Commercially Released: June 4, 1984
Label: Columbia
Produced by Bruce Springsteen, Jon Landau, Steven Van Zandt and Chuck Plotkin
Recorded by Toby Scott, Mike Batlan, Neil Dorfsman and Bill Scheniman, assisted by John Davenport, Jeff 
     Hendrickson, Bruce Lampcov, Billy Straus and Zoë Yanakas at Power Station studios, The Hit Factory and 
     Thrill Hill Recording (January 1982 - March 1984)
Mixed by Bob Clearmountain
Mastered by Bob Ludwig at Masterdisk Studios
Design by Andrea Klein
Photography by Annie Leibovitz

Overview

The Born In The U.S.A. sessions spanned a two year period and produced the largest quantity of completed song recordings of any session of Bruce’s career. The sessions can be broken down into four distinct phases:

Phase One - January thru May 1982, featuring The E Street Band (with Van Zandt)
Phase Two - January thru late April 1983, featuring Springsteen alone on multiple instruments
Phase Three - May thru June 1983, featuring The E Street Band (little or no Van Zandt)
Phase Four - September 1983 thru February 1984, featuring The E Street Band (no Van Zandt)

According to comments by Max Weinberg, nearly eighty songs were recorded over the course of the entire Born In The U.S.A. sessions. Co-producer Chuck Plotkin has mentioned the number seventy. Springsteen also once stated seventy. In evaluating seventy to eighty it is not clear if these numbers include the thirteen songs from the solo Nebraska sessions that have never surfaced in any form with an E Street Band or multi-instrument backing (i.e., the ten songs issued on the Nebraska album, plus "The Big Payback", "Losin’ Kind" and "Child Bride"). Thanks to information from Sony's studio logs, we now have a far better understanding of the sheer scale of Springsteen's output at this time, as well as the layout of the sessions. Perhaps the most significant information gleaned from the logs is the final confirmation that the majority of Nebraska songs *were* recorded with the band at The Power Station, as well as songs like "Robert Ford" and "Fade To Black" which were demoed in 1981 alongside those Nebraska tracks.

Currently, thirty-two different songs have been officially released from the Born In The U.S.A. sessions, including those originally recorded for but not included on Nebraska. There are thirteen other songs that are circulating unofficially as complete takes in very good sound quality. Eight songs from Nebraska ("Atlantic City", "Johnny 99", "Used Cars", "Nebraska", "Open All Night", "Mansion On The Hill", "Highway Patrolman" and "Reason To Believe") are known to have been recorded with the band, plus another thirty-three songs that may have been worked to completion. Altogether these total eighty-six songs, fairly consistent with Weinberg, Plotkin and Springsteen's recollections.

The Born In The U.S.A. sessions began in mid-January 1982 as part of Bruce and The E Street Band’s work at The Hit Factory on the Gary US Bonds' On The Line album. The Born In The U.S.A. sessions merely flowed on from the Bonds sessions. However Springsteen alternated his own sessions between the Power Station and the nearby Hit Factory over the course of the next few months. While studio sessions did not commence until January 1982, Springsteen recorded many acoustic demos during gaps in touring during 1981. These demos formed the basis of much of the Nebraska material but he did hold band get-togethers at his house during the latter months of 1981 where early versions of songs such as "Glory Days" and "Working On The Highway were practised.

It appears Springsteen had what might best be described as three different batches of songs ready to record in January and February 1982 – firstly the group of stark story songs he recorded as solo demos in early January (the Nebraska material), secondly a group of soul-influenced songs he brought along for possible use on the US Bonds' album and… thirdly, a group of rock-orientated songs. However Springsteen was not satisfied with the way many of the Nebraska demo songs sounded with E Street Band backing and by early April he began actively exploring the possibility of releasing some of these solo demos as a solo album. The decision in May to proceed with the solo album appears to have put the band sessions on hold – for what turned out to be nearly a year.

Recording Phases

Phase One Sessions (including the 'Electric Nebraska sessions')

Recorded at Power Station studios and The Hit Factory, New York, January to May, 1982
Recording Engineer: Toby Scott

During May 1982, Springsteen made a decision to release ten of the seventeen songs from his January 1982 solo demo tape as his next official album – quite a radical decision for its time. The E Street Band sessions came to a halt and Springsteen focused his attention for the next couple of months on overseeing final preparations of Nebraska. However, mixing of the band material continued through June, alongside the Nebraska tracks. In fact, Springsteen even considered putting both albums out as a double record. "I had these two extremely different recording experiences going," he told Mark Hagen in an interview for Mojo magazine published in January 1999. "I was going to put them out at the same time as a double record. I didn't know what to do." An album sequence for the band album was compiled, as follows:

Possible Album Tracks
Side One Side Two
BORN IN THE U.S.A. WORKING ON THE HIGHWAY
MURDER INCORPORATED DARLINGTON COUNTY
DOWNBOUND TRAIN FRANKIE
DOWN, DOWN, DOWN (a.k.a. I'm Goin' Down) I'M ON FIRE
GLORY DAYS THIS HARD LAND
MY LOVE WILL NOT LET YOU DOWN

The May-July 1982 period also saw the effective departure of Steve Van Zandt as a member of The E Street Band (although a formal announcement wasn't made until May 1984). Van Zandt put together his band (The Disciples Of Soul) in June 1982 and the group made its live debut in July. At the same time, he changed his stage name from “Miami Steve” to “Little Steven”, to reflect his change of status to a full-time solo artist. He also spent the summer putting the finishing touches on a debut solo album that he had largely completed in the fall of 1981. Van Zandt began a U.S.A./European tour with The Disciples Of Soul that would continue for almost twelve months. Van Zandt’s involvement with the remainder of the Born In The U.S.A. sessions would be minor.

Following his decision to release Nebraska and stop recording with the band, Springsteen spent the summer of 1982 in New Jersey making numerous guest appearances, that became affectionately known as his '1982 Jersey Shore Bar Tour'. However, that came to an end in early October, soon after the release of Nebraska. Springsteen spent nearly all of the next five months (November 1982-March 1983) in Los Angeles, returning to New Jersey only for about two weeks during this period to attend Van Zandt’s wedding (December 31) and the closing night party for Clarence’s short-lived club Big Man’s West (January 8). During November-December 1982 Bruce had Mike Batlan install a home recording studio at his house in Los Angeles. Springsteen recorded more than an album's worth of songs over the early months of 1983, playing all the instruments himself (except for a drum machine). These became the second phase of the Born In The U.S.A. sessions.

Phase Two Sessions

Recorded at Thrill Hill Recording, Hollywood Hills (Springsteen’s Los Angeles home studio), mid-January to late April 1983
Recording Engineer: Mike Batlan

Springsteen has mentioned that at one point in early 1983 he gave consideration to releasing the best of these above-mentioned Los Angeles home studio recordings as a thematic follow-up to the Nebraska album. This album concept is not known to have ever been given a working title because Springsteen quickly abandoned the concept. Although none of these Los Angeles recordings ultimately ended up on the album, two of them (“Shut Out The Light” and “Johnny Bye Bye”) were issued as b-sides in 1984-5. Although still unreleased “The Klansman”, “Unsatisfied Heart” and “Richfield Whistle” are among Bruce's most compelling. Soon after abandoning the idea of the above-mentioned album brief consideration was given to combining tracks from both the Phase One and Phase Two – with a tentative album title of “Murder Incorporated”. A document exists from around March 1983 revealing Springsteen's then-selections for the so-called “Murder Incorporated” album, as well his choices for b-sides. This tracklisting appears to have been produced prior to the undertaking of the Phase Three Sessions. Springsteen's selections (all of which had been recorded at this stage) were as follows:

Possible Album Tracks Possible Single B-Sides
BORN IN THE U.S.A. SUGARLAND
MURDER INCORPORATED FOLLOW THAT DREAM
DOWNBOUND TRAIN DON'T BACK DOWN
MY LOVE WILL NOT LET YOU DOWN ONE LOVE
GLORY DAYS LITTLE GIRL (LIKE YOU)
THIS HARD LAND
JOHNNY BYE BYE
FRANKIE
I'M GOIN DOWN
WORKING ON THE HIGHWAY
I'M ON FIRE

Springsteen didn't settle for the above-mentioned song line-up but instead opted for more sessions. Bruce began a new round of recording with The E Street Band at The Hit Factory in New York in May 1983. It appears to have been their first studio get-together in nearly a year. Steve Van Zandt, who was busy at the time recording his second solo album and touring with his own group, doesn't seem to have been present during much of these May-June 1983 E Street Band sessions.

Phase Three Sessions

Recorded at The Hit Factory (New York City), May thru June 1983
Recording Engineer: Toby Scott

Following the end of the Phase Three sessions in June 1983 major mixing sessions took place. Some in CBS were talking of a possible of a pre-Christmas release. With three sessions phases now complete there was certainly no shortage of outstanding material to pick from. On July 26-27 Springsteen compiled a twelve-song album sequence comprised of three songs carried over from the 1982 sequence, four from the early 1983 sessions and five from the recent E Street Band sessions. The July 1983 album sequence reads as follows:

Possible Album Tracks
Side One Side Two
BORN IN THE U.S.A. SUGARLAND
CYNTHIA MY LOVE WILL NOT LET YOU DOWN
NONE BUT THE BRAVE FOLLOW THAT DREAM
DROP ON DOWN AND COVER ME MY HOMETOWN
SHUT OUT THE LIGHT GLORY DAYS
JOHNNY BYE BYE JANEY, DON'T YOU LOSE HEART

However, as had been in the case in March, Bruce decided to hold off and continue writing more songs. He felt that his selection lacked cohesion, and the sound quality of the garage tracks jarred in comparison to the studio tracks. This resulted in yet another final phase of scattered studio sessions from autumn 1983 into the early months of 1984. Due to extremely tight security at the time little is known about this final session period and precious little unofficial audio has ever leaked out.

All too aware that Springsteen was having difficulties making the final selection, Jon Landau took the unique step of creating his own ideal album, based on what had been recorded to date. As can be seen from the above track list, Bruce had all but abandoned what Landau felt were his best songs, those recorded in the early sessions in May 1982. Landau's selection covered eleven songs with the May 1982 songs forming the backbone; "Born In The U.S.A.", "I'm Goin' Down", "Cover Me", "My Hometown" and "Bobby Jean" on side one, with "My Love Will Not Let You Down", "Follow That Dream", "Glory Days", "Protection", "Janey, Don't You Lose Heart" and "I'm On Fire" on the flip-side.

Phase Four Sessions (Final Born In the U.S.A. sessions)

Recorded at The Hit Factory (New York City), September 1983 thru February 1984
Recording Engineer: Toby Scott

Suffering from writer's block, Bruce finally listened to Jon Landau, and figured out his sequence. "…in the end, I circled back to my original group of songs, he wrote in Born To Run, "there I found a naturalism and aliveness that couldn't be argued with. They weren't exactly what I'd been looking for, but they were what I had."

Unfortunately, precious little studio material has leaked out from this period, but it did produce perhaps Springsteen's best known song, "Dancing In The Dark", the last track recorded in February 1984. In the months before that he was still writing new material, even after all this time in the studio, with curious titles like "Refrigerator Blues", "Ida Rose (No One Knows)" and "Swoop Man" all of which were cut at the Hit Factory but remain in the vaults.

Bruce said in Born To Run, "My Born in the USA songs were direct and fun and stealthily carried the undercurrents of Nebraska. With my record greatly enhanced by the explosiveness of Bob Clearmountain’s mixes, I was ready for my close-up. Onstage, this music swept over my audience with joyous abandon. We had hit after hit and in 1985, along with Madonna, Prince, Michael Jackson and the stars of disco, I was a bona fide mainstream radio superstar".

Released

# Song Title Running Time Release
1. BORN IN THE U.S.A. 4:36 BITUSA / 1984 single
2. COVER ME 3:22 BITUSA / 1984 single
3. DARLINGTON COUNTY 4:44 BITUSA
4. WORKING ON THE HIGHWAY 3:10 BITUSA
5. DOWNBOUND TRAIN 3:29 BITUSA
6. I'M ON FIRE 2:32 BITUSA / 1985 single
7. NO SURRENDER 3:57 BITUSA
8. BOBBY JEAN 3:41 BITUSA
9. I'M GOIN' DOWN 3:25 BITUSA / 1985 single
10. GLORY DAYS 4:11 BITUSA / 1985 single
11. DANCING IN THE DARK 3:57 BITUSA / 1984 single
12. MY HOMETOWN 4:27 BITUSA / 1985 single

Total Running Time: 46:56

Visit our release-pages for additional information.

Additional Recordings

Details

100 MILES FROM JACKSON uncirculating

Note: Uncirculated track, recorded October 26, 1983 at The Hit Factory.

A GOOD MAN IS HARD TO FIND (PITTSBURGH) - V1 3:40 private
A GOOD MAN IS HARD TO FIND (PITTSBURGH) - V2 3:12 TRACKS

Note: V1 is a Colts Neck band rehearsal from April 1982. Very similar to the final take, slightly slower with some lyrical variation. V2 is the result of two days at the Power Station on May 5 and 6, 1982.

FIST FULL OF DOLLARS - V1 3:44 FFOD / HNWB / MT2
FIST FULL OF DOLLARS - V2 2:24 FFOD / HNWB
ATLANTIC CITY - V3 1:40 FFOD / HNWB
ATLANTIC CITY - V4 take 1 uncirculating
ATLANTIC CITY - V5 - take 4 4:00 LM-1
ATLANTIC CITY - V6a - take 3 3:56 NEBRASKA / ESSENTIAL / GREATEST
ATLANTIC CITY - V6b - take 3 3:43 NEBRASKA (stereo mix)
ATLANTIC CITY - V7 uncirculating

Note: Two demos (V1 & V2) were recorded in April 1981, under the title "Fist Full Of Dollars", but they also had quite a few verses written, all about Atlantic City. You can hear him turning pages of his notebook as he worked on them. Some lyrics would remain for "Atlantic City", including the opening lines "Well they blew up the chicken man in Philly last night / Now that town sets in for a fight."

The story continues in late 1981, still at Colts Neck with V3. The lyrics are getting into shape; The rest is Bruce trying variations of the chorus. V4, V5 and V6 were recorded on his Portastudio at Colts Neck during a two-week period, December 17 to January 3, 1982, with V6 take 3 chosen for Nebraska. Take 1, V4 is the only outtake from this session. In a letter to Jon Landau, Springsteen noted that "this song should probably be done with the whole band really rockin' out." And indeed, Bruce went into the studio for two weeks from late April 1982 and spent the first day working on "Atlantic City", and a number of takes were cut at the Power Station over three days on April 26–28, 1982. However these recordings remain unheard; information from various sources suggests this was with the band, but we can't confirm.

BABY I'M SO COLD (Turn The Lights Down Low) - V1 3:46 LM-10
BABY I'M SO COLD - V2 4:02 private
BABY I'M SO COLD - V3 uncirculating

Note: V1 is a solo acoustic demo recorded between September 1981 and April 1982 at Bruce's house at Colts Neck. He used the same melody he composed for "Follow That Dream", with lyrics lifted from "Loose Ends", and some that would end up in "Janey Don't You Lose Heart". V2 is a fascinating band rehearsal from Colts Neck dated after V1, but in the same time period, still using the borrowed melody from "Follow That Dream" and lyrics from "Loose Ends". Even though "Loose Ends" was finished in 1979, it's clear Springsteen was keen to scavenge most of the lyrics for "Baby I'm So Cold", but then again, the latter was never released, and sometimes we have little idea what Bruce is doing with his vast empire of songs. According to studio logs, V3 was later recorded at Power Station on May 11, 1982, perhaps the "Loose Ends" lyrics were just a placeholder, and by then it had its own identity.

BAD BOY uncirculating

Note: Recorded at The Hit Factory on June 2, 1983.

BELLS OF SAN SALVADOR - V1 1:28 LM-10
BELLS OF SAN SALVADOR - V2 1:17 LM-10
BELLS OF SAN SALVADOR - V3 0:32 LM-10
BELLS OF SAN SALVADOR - V4 2:18 LM-10
BELLS OF SAN SALVADOR - V5 3:09 LM-10
BELLS OF SAN SALVADOR - V6 3:07 private

Note: V1-5 are acoustic demos that were recorded at Springsteen's home in Colts Neck, NJ between September and December 1981. V1-V4 are merely vocalisations over a guitar backing, while V5 has Springsteen tentatively adding primitive vocals. V1 can be found, incorrectly titled as 'Ruled By The Gun #2', on Lost Masters X. V2 is track 11 on the same CD, 'Untitled Riff', which ends with Springsteen speaking the words "Bells Of San Salvador", which links all these recordings under that title. V3 and V5 are tracks 22 and 23 on the same CD, titled 'They Killed Him In The Street', while V4 is erroneously titled 'Wages Of Sin #3', track 13. A careful listen shows V1 and V4 were mistakenly grouped with other outtakes on the disc.

V6 is a full-band performance probably recorded at Colts Neck in late 1981. A sinister and oppressive song, it describes a May 1979 massacre that took place on the steps of San Salvador Cathedral in El Salvador. Despite being well developed, it was not cut at Power Station in April-May 1982 like many of the other songs known to have been rehearsed during this period, and session logs indicate it was never recorded in the studio. The opening line of the song, "They took him from his house and killed him in the street," can also be found in the lyrics of Springsteen's adaptation of Creedence Clearwater Revival's "Run Through The Jungle", which was performed live three times during the European leg of the River Tour.

BETTY JEAN 2:17 LM-16 / GS

Note: Only one known take of this rockabilly song found in the logs, recorded at Springsteen's home studio in Los Angeles on January 20, 1983. The cut on 'Lost Masters 16' may be the very same take from the logs, but we can't be certain. Bruce lifted aspects of the second verse (specifically the street fight in a "halo of light," and the girl calling out "Go, Bobby, Go") from "Preacher's Daughter", which was recorded during the Darkness On The Edge Of Town sessions. Similar lines were also incorporated into the introduction to "She's The One" during the later dates of the 1978 tour. No relation to "Bobby Jean", or to Chuck Berry's "Betty Jean".

BOBBY JEAN - V1 uncirculating
BOBBY JEAN - V2a 3:44 BUERM / 1984AC
BOBBY JEAN - V2b 3:47 BITUSA

Note: After working on a final album sequence for two days, Bruce called the band in to the Hit Factory on July 28, 1983 to record a new song, "Bobby Jean". After playing into the wee hours of the next morning, eight takes had been recorded. Overdubs and mixing completed the track on October 10, 1983. Though it was not known at the time, this was the tenth track that would eventually comprise the Born In The U.S.A. album, with "No Surrender" and "Dancing In the Dark" still to come. Bruce said, ""Bobby Jean" and "No Surrender" were great tributes to the bonding power of rock and my friendship with Steve."

BODY AND SOUL - V1 uncirculating
BODY AND SOUL - V2 uncirculating
BODY AND SOUL - V3 uncirculating

Note: V1 is an uncirculated demo recorded on January 20, 1983 at Springsteen's home studio in Los Angeles. V2 later recorded with the band at The Hit Factory on May 25 and June 2, 1983. Springsteen returned to the song on November 29, 1983. Despite this attention, it remains in the vaults.

VIETNAM - V1 3:15 FFOD / HNWB / MT2
VIETNAM BLUES - V2 2:00 FFOD / HNWB / MT2
BORN IN THE U.S.A. BLUES - V3 2:22 FFOD / HNWB / MT2
BORN IN THE U.S.A. - V4 0:30 FFOD / HNWB
BORN IN THE U.S.A. - V5 4:45 FFOD / HNWB
BORN IN THE U.S.A. - V6 3:10 FFOD / HNWB
BORN IN THE U.S.A. - V7 2:55 FFOD / HNWB
BORN IN THE U.S.A. - V8 4:00 FFOD / HNWB
BORN IN THE U.S.A. - V9a take 1 3:06 LM-1 / HNWB
BORN IN THE U.S.A. - V9b take 1 mix 2 3:06 TRACKS
BORN IN THE U.S.A. - V10 take 2 8:09 THLBB / UH / GS / BUERM / MI
BORN IN THE U.S.A. - V11a take 4 mix 1 4:34 BITUSA / ESSENTIAL / GREATEST
BORN IN THE U.S.A. - V11b take 4 mix 2 4:52 LM-19 / THLBP
BORN IN THE U.S.A. - V12 uncirculating
BORN IN THE U.S.A. - V13 take 9 uncirculating
BORN IN THE U.S.A. - V14a freedom mix 7:20 1984 EP
BORN IN THE U.S.A. - V14b radio mix 6:10 1984 EP
BORN IN THE U.S.A. - V14c dub mix 7:36 1984 EP

"I'm a long gone daddy, I don't need you anyhow."
—Hank Williams, 1948

Note: Writing and recording began at Springsteen's home in Colts Neck, New Jersey during October 1981 as the demo "Vietnam" or "Vietnam Blues". V3 is now titled "Born In the U.S.A. Blues", re-titled after Jon Landau sent Springsteen a Paul Schrader script called Born In the U.S.A. V4 is a take from November 1981, with the lyrics "Born baby in the U.S.A., I believe in the American way." V5 through V8 were recorded in December, and V9 was recorded on the portastudio Mike Batlan had set up on January 3, 1982. Bruce included it on the "Nebraska demos" cassette tape he sent to Jon Landau. In his notes to Landau, Bruce described the song as a "little ditty. should be done very hard rockin." A copy leaked to bootleggers from Batlan, then V9b was mixed in 1998 and officially released on Tracks. V10 and V11 were recorded in just four takes (two complete), at Power Station studios with the E Street Band, on April 27, 1982. V10 is the 8+ minute extended jam ending, where Max Weinberg takes his shot at the title, as Bruce would say. V11a (take 4) became the first song on side one of the album Born In The U.S.A. V11b continues where 11a fades out, with an extended synthesizer ending; it was leaked out of the sessions, and released unofficially on the bootleg 'This Hard Land'. V12 represents takes 5–8 recorded on April 28, 1982, and V13 is take 9 on May 3, 1982. V14a thru V14c are dance remixes of V11, undertaken by Arthur Baker, and recorded at Shakedown Studio in New York City in September 1984. Toby Scott was the recording engineer for the remixes (which include additional vocals by The Latin Rascals), which were first released in December 1984.

BROTHERS UNDER THE BRIDGES 5:02 TRACKS

Note: Recorded on September 14, 15, and 16 and October 10, 1983 at The Hit Factory in New York, with a take from September 14 chosen for Tracks.

SMALL TOWN GIRL (CAR WASH) - V1 2:04 TRACKS
CAR WASH - V2 uncirculating

Note: V1 recorded on May 31, 1983 at The Hit Factory, and logged under the title "Small Town Girl". Six months after it was in the can, Springsteen returns for another go on November 30, 1983 (V2). V1 was later selected for Tracks, now titled "Car Wash".

COMMON GROUND (STAY HUNGRY) uncirculating

Note: Recorded at the Power Station on May 11, 1982. Uncirculated song cut with the band during the so-called "Electric Nebraska Sessions".

COUNTY FAIR - V1 4:58 LM-17
COUNTY FAIR - V2a 5:02 LM-19 / UH
COUNTY FAIR - V2b 4:50 ESSENTIAL: BONUS

Note: V1 was recorded at Springsteen's home studio on March 24, 1983 by Springsteen alone on all instruments. V2 was recorded two months later on May 23, 1983 at The Hit Factory, and uses Springsteen's original vocal and guitar track over a new band backing. The November 9, 1983 date given in the Lost Masters liner notes appears to be incorrect, and may be a mixing or overdub date, or merely the date that the recording was dubbed to the original tape used for the bootleg. V2 also features Ruth Jackson (wife of Bruce Jackson) on backing vocals - presumably these are the ethereal vocals over the closing coda. This overdub was likely recorded at the same session as "My Hometown", which also features Jackson. V2a and b are very similar, and in fact may be identical, with the only differences in flaws and variations in the bootleg source.

COVER ME - V1 3:15 THLBB
COVER ME - V2a 3:36 1984AC / RTT
COVER ME - V2b 3:28 BITUSA
COVER ME - V3 uncirculating
COVER ME (Undercover Mix) - V4a 6:11 1984 EP
COVER ME (Radio) - V4b 3:46 1984 EP
COVER ME (Dub I) - V4c 4:11 1984 EP
COVER ME (Dub II) - V4d 4:14 1984 EP

Note: "Cover Me" versions 1 and 2 were recorded at The Hit Factory on January 25, 1982. Earlier in the year, David Geffen had approached Jon Landau to ask if Springsteen would write a song for Donna Summer. In response, Bruce wrote "Cover Me", but after Landau heard the January 25 tape, he told Bruce to come up with another song, because "we're keeping this one," so Bruce wrote "Protection". The January 25 session was recorded by Neil Dorfsman, who was also working on the Gary U.S. Bonds On the Line sessions. V2a is an alternative mix that lacks Springsteen's lead guitar overdubs, but has the count-in and full ending chopped off the released track. On May 12, 1982 at Power Station Studios, Springsteen cut nine additional takes (V3), but those recordings remain in the vault. V4a thru V4d are dance/disco remixes cut at The Hit Factory in July 1984 by Arthur Baker. The recording engineer was Toby Scott, and they were released in early September 1984. V2 and V4 feature background vocals by Richie "La Bamba" Rosenberg.

CYNTHIA - V1 3:24 LM-18 / GS
CYNTHIA - V2a 4:01 SO / MAT / UH
CYNTHIA - V2b 4:10 TRACKS
CYNTHIA - V3 uncirculating

Note: V1 was recorded April 20–21, 1983 at Thrill Hill West, Bruce's Hollywood Hills home, in rockabilly style for a set of home demos. V2 was Bruce re-recording this with The E Street Band on June 15, 1983, not April 20 as the Tracks notes claim, at The Hit Factory, New York in a much more rocking arrangement. "Cynthia" was resurrected over a decade later on May 23, 1995 (V3); studio logs show takes were recorded at Thrill Hill West with a four-man backing band of Danny Federici (keyboards), Garry Tallent (bass), Marty Rifkin (pedal steel, dobro) and Gary Mallaber (drums), the same day as "The Ghost Of Tom Joad".

DANCING IN THE DARK - V1a 4:31 BUERM / 1984AC
DANCING IN THE DARK - V1b 3:57 BITUSA / ESSENTIAL / GREATEST
DANCING IN THE DARK - V2a blaster mix 6:09 1984 EP
DANCING IN THE DARK - V2b radio mix 4:50 1984 EP
DANCING IN THE DARK - V2c dub mix 5:30 1984 EP

Note: The last song on Born In The U.S.A. to be recorded. Written after Jon Landau convinced Bruce that the album needed a single. According to Dave Marsh in Glory Days, Bruce was not impressed with Landau's approach. "Look," he snarled, "I've written seventy songs. You want another one, you write it." Despite this reaction, Bruce sat in his hotel room and wrote the song in a single night. Six takes were cut on February 14, 1984 at The Hit Factory, but not completed until March 8, after 58 mixes. V1a contains a longer sax solo at the end that was shortened (cut) for the official album version. V2a thru V2c are dance/disco remixes done at Power Station Studios in April or early May 1984 by Arthur Baker. The recording engineer for the remixes was Chris Lord-Alge. These remixes were released on June 29, 1984. The 7" and 12" singles were released on May 9, 1984, and the 12" finished as the biggest seller in the U.S.A. that year.

DARLINGTON COUNTY - V1 uncirculating
DARLINGTON COUNTY - V2 5:04 private
DARLINGTON COUNTY - V3a 5:20 LM-19 / THLRR
DARLINGTON COUNTY - V3b 4:44 BITUSA

Note: The title "Darlington County" is first known from the early days of the Darkness On The Edge Of Town sessions, where it can be found on a worksheet that is believed to date from late June 1977. The worksheet is reproduced in the facsimile book included in the Darkness box set, and "Darlington County" is the first item on the list, with the note "notice structure of tape." That suggests "Darlington County" was worked on during the sessions, but it does not appear in any session logs, and aside from the title it is unknown how it relates to the Born In The U.S.A. cut. Also found in the book is the familiar couplet "My eyes have seen the glory of the comin' of the Lord / He was peelin' down the alley in a black and yellow Ford," not too dissimilar than what could be found in the version that was recorded some five years later during the Born In The U.S.A. sessions.

At some point, it was set aside and not picked up again until 1981. V2 is a band rehearsal from Colts Neck, New Jersey, probably recorded some time in late 1981; a rather pedestrian take, as noted by both Max and Bruce at the conclusion of the song. V3 was recorded in a single take at Power Station, New York on May 13, 1982. V3a, which appears to be a slightly longer, slower take on 'Lost Masters XIX' is actually the released version V4b, before vocal overdubs, fixed-up intro, and the use of varispeed to speed the track up. Track 8 on 'Lost Masters Volume 7', titled "Untitled Harmonies #1", is a short clip from January 1980 of Springsteen singing a tune that bears some resemblance to "Darlington County".

DELIVERY MAN - V1 2:17 LM-17 / GS
DELIVERY MAN - V2a 2:50 LM-17 / UH / GS
DELIVERY MAN - V2b 2:43 GS

Note: Two different recordings from around January 1983 at Springsteen's home studio in the Hollywood Hills. V1 is more rocking and has a quick fade-out. V2 is the definitive version and features an extra verse not found in V1. The song is missing from studio logs, suggesting it was recorded at a standalone session, separate from other songs cut around the same time.

DON'T BACK DOWN - V1 0:55 CAST
DON'T BACK DOWN - V2 3:03 LM-18
DON'T BACK DOWN - V3 3:01 LM-18
DON'T BACK DOWN - V4 3:02 LM-18
DON'T BACK DOWN - V5 2:29 LM-18
DON'T BACK DOWN - V6 0.43 LM-18
DON'T BACK DOWN - V7 2:23 LM-18
DON'T BACK DOWN - V8 2:28 LM-18
DON'T BACK DOWN - V9 2:52 LM-18
DON'T BACK DOWN - V10 2:52 LM-16
DON'T BACK DOWN - V11 3:12 LM-16
DON'T BACK DOWN - V12 3:34 LM-16 / UH
DON'T BACK DOWN - V13 uncirculating

Note: V1 was recorded at Springsteen's home in Colts Neck, NJ between mid-September 1981 and May 1982, a brief acoustic demo of the V11 arrangement of "Don't Back Down", track four of 'The Lost Masters XVI'. Other known recordings took place on January 4, 18 and 20, February 8–10 and 14–15, and March 10 and 12, 1983, all at Springsteen's home studio in Los Angeles. All circulating recordings are complete takes, except for V6, which is abandoned. V2, V3, V4, and V10 are rock-flavored and appear to share the same vocal take. Indeed, the differences between the takes are slight, and may only be found in the backing music or the mix. V5–V9 are acoustic-flavored, and once again seem to share the same vocal take. The excellent V11 utilizes double tracked vocals and a different melody and lyrics. It could perhaps be considered a completely different song that only shares a title with the other versions listed here. V12 is the slowest and arguably the definitive version, using the same backing music as "The Klansman". According to the 'Lost Masters' liner notes it was recorded on January 4, 1983. V13 was recorded June 15, 1983 at The Hit Factory, New York. The arrangement used for this studio recording is unknown.

DOWNBOUND TRAIN - V1 1:11 FFOD / HNWB
DOWNBOUND TRAIN - V2 0.34 LM-10
DOWNBOUND TRAIN - V3 take 3 2:22 LM-1 / HNWB / MT2 / ESR
DOWNBOUND TRAIN - V4a 3:17 THLRR / BUERM / TDB / LM-19 / GS
DOWNBOUND TRAIN - V4b 3:29 BITUSA
DOWNBOUND TRAIN - V5 uncirculating

Note: V1 and V2 are brief acoustic demos that were recorded at Springsteen's home in Colts Neck, NJ in late 1981. V1 includes the closing line used in both the Nebraska take and the final Born In The U.S.A. album version: "don't it feel like you're a rider [baby], on a downbound train." V2 is just harmonies, with no lyrical content. V3 is a full acoustic run-through of the song on January 3, 1982, with the patented Nebraska ending. Described by Springsteen in his notes to Jon Landau as an "uptempo rocker for full effect / needs band / could be exciting."

Power Station logs show sessions took place on April 27 and 28 and May 3, 5 and 6 (V4). V4a features Springsteen's count-in, a small lyrical variation in the first verse left over from the acoustic demo ("laid off down at the auto yard" rather than "lumber yard"), some vocal howls in the mid-section, more up-front acoustic guitar over the final verse, and a shorter fade-out. Nearly a year later Bruce returned to "Downbound Train" on February 3, 1983 (V5) at Thrill Hill West, his Hollywood Hills garage studio. However, it was the 1982 cut that was issued on Born In The U.S.A. in 1984.

DROP ON DOWN AND COVER ME - V1a 7:?? uncirculating
DROP ON DOWN AND COVER ME - V1b 4:37 SO / GS / BUERM / TDB / UH

Note: At least eleven takes of "Drop On Down And Cover Me" were recorded between May 31 and June 2, 1983 at The Hit Factory. Long believed to have evolved into "Cover Me" but the studio documentation proves otherwise, with its precursor recorded some eighteen months earlier. This reworking uses some lyrics from "Cover Me" in the opening verses, as well as the melody of "Janey, Don't You Lose Heart". V1a was edited down to 4:37 from the original seven minutes. Springsteen included it on a July 1983 album track listing between "None But The Brave" and "Shut Out The Light" at the expense of his 1982 songs, which were eventually restored. Though it was included in early Tracks listings, with takes 6, 7, 9, 10, and 11 all pulled for evaluation in June 1998, it was dropped before the final cut.

FADE TO BLACK - V1 4:15 LM-7 / HNWB
FADE TO BLACK - V2 0.50 LM-7
FADE TO BLACK - V3 0:45 LM-10
FADE TO BLACK - V4 3:01 FFOD / HNWB
FADE TO BLACK - V5 2:57 FFOD / HNWB
FADE TO BLACK - V6 uncirculating

Note: V1-V5 are all acoustic demos recorded at Springsteen's home in Colts Neck, New Jersey. V1 is an early demo with basic lyrics while V2 is merely harmonies, both were probably recorded in late June 1981. V3 (which consists of the title repeated over a basic melody) was possibly recorded later in the year. The Lost Masters artwork claims that the contents of 'Lost Masters X' were recorded in early 1983, but this is doubtful, given that the likes of "Glory Days" and "Wages Of Sin" were recorded at Power Station in April and May of 1982, respectively. V4 and V5 are identical performances combined into a single track on both 'How Nebraska Was Born' and 'Fistfull Of Dollars'. Both are included here for completeness. This performance (probably from late 1981) is much more developed, and includes the line "You're crying in the corner, makeup running down your face", which is similar to a line found in "Wages Of Sin". According to logs V6 was recorded at Power Station on May 11, 1982 - this take could be solo or with the band.

FOLLOW THAT DREAM - V1a 0:14 LM-17
FOLLOW THAT DREAM - V1b 3:50 LM-17
FOLLOW THAT DREAM - V1c 3:52 LM-17
FOLLOW THAT DREAM - V1d 3:42 SO / LM-18 / UH / MILM
FOLLOW THAT DREAM - V1e 3:44 LM-18

Note: V1a is a false start. Vocally, all four full length takes seem to be identical and any differences may only be in the mix. Studio logs say "Follow That Dream" was recorded January 29–30 and February 7–8 and 17, 1983 at Springsteen's home studio in the Hollywood Hills. 'Lost Masters' liner notes say the above tracks were all recorded January 30, which suggests more takes remain in the vaults. Haunting rewrite of the Elvis Presley classic which was considered at one point for Born In The U.S.A.. Shares a melody with "Baby I'm So Cold".

FRANKIE - V1 4:46 LM-3 / DDO / DO-2 / AM / UP / DDOC
FRANKIE - V2 5:46 DOT TAPE
FRANKIE - V3a take 10 7:23 private cdr
FRANKIE - V3b 7:41 THLRR / MI / THLBP / UH
FRANKIE - V3c 7:39 LM-19
FRANKIE - V3d 7:22 TRACKS

Note: "Frankie" was composed by Springsteen in early 1976, just after the 1975 Born To Run Tour. According to Christopher Sandford's Point Blank, a demo of "Frankie" was recorded in January 1976, along with a completed recording of "Darkness On The Edge Of Town". However the accuracy of this information is unclear, as early recordings of the latter song from June 1977 indicate most of the words were still unwritten. However, "Frankie" was near completion when it was debuted live on the Chicken Scratch Tour in late March 1976.

When Springsteen returned to the studio after the litigation with Mike Appel was resolved, "Frankie" was recorded on June 3, 1977, and again on July 12, both at Atlantic Studios. V2 and V3 may be from those sessions. Apparently, "Frankie" did not fit Bruce's concept for the album, and it was set aside, not to be recorded again during the Darkness sessions. When writing "Candy's Room" a few months later, Bruce lifted some lyrics from "Frankie", specifically, "In the darkness, there'll be hidden worlds that shine." Five years later, "Frankie" was recorded on May 14, 1982, at the Power Station, New York, on the last day of three weeks of sessions. Take 10 was chosen, and completed with several overdubs. Though it was not included on Born In The U.S.A., V3d was considered for Greatest Hits, again missing the cut, before being selected for the Tracks compilation in 1998. One other mix, V3a, has the same saxophone overdub during the instrumental outro as V3d. V3b and V3c were alternative mixes without sax. It is not known if the takes from 1977 were ever considered for Tracks.

FUGITIVE'S DREAM 3:59 LM-16 / UH / BUOR

Note: Two known takes found in the logs, recorded January 20 and March 24, 1983 at Springsteen's home studio in Los Angeles. Which take is on 'Lost Masters 16' is unknown.

GLORY DAYS - V1 1:59 LM-10
GLORY DAYS - V2 4:24 private
GLORY DAYS - V3a 4:54 THLBP / THLBB
GLORY DAYS - V3b 5:18 LM-19 / UH / GS / MI / BUERM / TDB / RTT
GLORY DAYS - V3c 5:05 private cdr
GLORY DAYS - V3d 4:11 BITUSA / ESSENTIAL / GREATEST

Note: V1 is a very early solo acoustic demo recorded sometime between September 1981 and April 1982. It includes an early version of the verse about Springsteen's father that was cut from the final album version but appears in most circulating bootlegs. V2 is a Colts Neck band rehearsal that can be dated to around the same period, but after V1. The verse about his father is there, Bruce can be heard calling out instructions occasionally, there are minor lyrical variations throughout, and it lacks the entire call-and-response ending. V3 is recorded at Power Station on May 5, 1982; four different mixes are known. V3a only appears on 'This Hard Land' issues and 'Roll The Tapes', and is unique because of the serious audio distortion that runs throughout. V3b is unedited and contains the extra verse cut from the officially released version. The wild variations in track length appear to be due to tape speed, and there are two variations in the count-in. An alternative source of V3b includes an engineer identifying the take as #11.

GLORY OF LOVE uncirculating

Note: Uncirculated track from The Hit Factory, recorded September 16, 1983. Included on a Tracks concept compilation in 1993.

GONE, GONE, GONE uncirculating

Note: According to studio documentation, "Gone, Gone, Gone" was recorded at The Hit Factory on May 25, 27, and 31, 1983. One take was recorded on the 25th, and three takes on both May 27 and 31. A rough mix was created on the final day, but there is no information beyond that and the song remains in the vault, and was never bootlegged. The phrase "gone, gone, gone" can also be found in "Seeds", but there is no relation to that song. Springsteen will often re-use lyrics, and indeed "gone, gone, gone" is used in at least four other Born In The U.S.A. session outtakes: "Fugitive's Dream", "Don't Back Down", "Sugarland", and "Seven Tears".

GUN IN EVERY HOME uncirculating

Note: According to studio logs recorded at Power Station on April 30 and May 6, 1982. Uncirculated song.

DEPUTY - V1 uncirculating
DEPUTY - V2 uncirculating
DEPUTY - V3 uncirculating
DEPUTY - V4a 5:30 LM-1 / HNWB
HIGHWAY PATROLMAN - V4b 5:36 NEBRASKA
HIGHWAY PATROLMAN - V4c 5:37 NEBRASKA (stereo mix)
HIGHWAY PATROLMAN - V5 uncirculating

Note: Four different takes were recorded - the three variants of V4 are merely alternate mixes. The original title was "Deputy". In a letter to Jon Landau, Bruce said he "worked very long on this and always had the feeling I was comin up short. Not really finished but is about as good as I can get it at the time. Don't think the ending was quite strong enough." Logs show takes at Power Station on April 30, 1982, either solo or with the band.

HOLD ON (TO WHAT YOU GOT) uncirculating

Note: Recorded at The Hit Factory in January or February 1982. Probably the same core recording as found on the U.S. Bonds album (i.e. the E Street Band) – but with the Springsteen lead vocal.

I DON'T CARE uncirculating

Note: Uncirculated track recorded at Springsteen's home studio in Los Angeles some point prior to February 1983. This track appears on a 24-track mix tape from February 1983 alongside "The Money We Didn't Make", a solo cut of "This Hard Land", and "Seven Tears".

I'M GOIN' DOWN - V1 3:47 THLBB / CAST / THLBP
I'M GOIN' DOWN - V2a take 9 4:54 LM-19 / UH / GS
I'M GOIN' DOWN - V2b take 9 3:57 BUERM / TDB / THLRR / MI
I'M GOIN' DOWN - V3 take 10 3:25 BITUSA

Note: Original title was "Down, Down, Down". All the above were recorded at the Power Station on May 12–13, 1982, with over ten takes on the latter date, including the album cut. V1 is often timed at 3:29, due to a circulating ultra-fast version (Castaway and This Hard Land vinyl boots). V2a, which 'Lost Masters' says was recorded November 9, 1983, was also from the 13th - November 9 may have been the date it was mixed. V2 lacks the extra guitar over the introduction and the saxophone solo. V2 is take #9.

I'M ON FIRE - V1a 2:42 private cdr
I'M ON FIRE - V1b 2:58 LM-20 / THLRR / UH / 1984AC
I'M ON FIRE - V1c 2:32 BITUSA / GH09

Note: Rumored to have been initially recorded at The Hit Factory in January 1982, but the Born In The U.S.A. track was completed on May 11, 1982 at Power Station Studios. V1a and 1b have slightly different vocals and arrangements, and longer fade-outs than the officially released V1c.

IDA ROSE (NO ONE KNOWS) uncirculating

Note: Recorded late in the sessions, on February 20, 1984 at The Hit Factory. "Ida Rose" was included on a Tracks concept compilation in 1993, but remains in the vaults.

INVITATION TO YOUR PARTY uncirculating

Note: Two takes recorded at The Hit Factory on May 31, 1983, one labelled as "fast."

JAMES LINCOLN DEER - V1 4:14 LMEC2 / HNWB
JAMES LINCOLN DEER - V2 uncirculating

Note: "James Lincoln Deer(e)" aka "James Lincoln Dear" was worked on at four sessions over the period of twelve months. V1 is an acoustic demo first recorded around March 1982 at Colts Neck. Contains lyrics later used in "My Hometown": "Man said, "These jobs are goin' boys / And they ain't comin' back." Springsteen returned to the song on January 20, 1983, which more work following on February 15 and 17, and March 12, 1983, all at Thrill Hill Recording, Hollywood Hills, California. By late April however, Springsteen renamed his protagonist and re-worked the lyrics before recording "Richfield Whistle".

JANEY, DON'T YOU LOSE HEART - V1 uncirculating
JANEY, DON'T YOU LOSE HEART - V2a 4:31 UH / GS / MI / 1984AC
JANEY, DON'T YOU LOSE HEART - V2b 3:24 1985 single / TRACKS / BACK
JANEY, DON'T YOU LOSE HEART - V3 uncirculating

Note: "Janey, Don't You Lose Heart" V1 and V2a were both recorded on June 16, 1983 at The Hit Factory, New York. V2b was released September 7, 1985, as the b-side of "I'm Goin' Down". V2a had a much longer fade out and features Steve Van Zandt on background vocals and guitar. V2b is the same recording, except Nils Lofgren's new vocal and guitar parts, recorded on July 14, 1985, are overdubbed, replacing the tracks by Van Zandt. On the twelve year anniversary of the 1983 recording date, V3 was recorded at Thrill Hill Recording, Beverly Hills, CA, with a lineup of Bruce, Gary Mallaber (drums), Garry Tallent, Marty Rifkin, and Chuck Plotkin (keyboards).

JOHNNY 99 - V1 3:50 FFOD / HNWB
JOHNNY 99 - V2 3:26 FFOD / HNWB
JOHNNY 99 - V3 uncirculating
JOHNNY 99 - V4 take 1 uncirculating
JOHNNY 99 - V5a take 2 3:30 LM-1
JOHNNY 99 - V5b take 2 3:36 NEBRASKA / ESSENTIAL: 2015
JOHNNY 99 - V5c take 2 3:36 NEBRASKA (stereo mix)
JOHNNY 99 - V6 take 3 uncirculating
JOHNNY 99 - V7 uncirculating

Note: V1 is similar to the released version, with some lyrical variations. V2 is closer still. Both are acoustic demos recorded at Springsteen's home in Colts Neck, NJ from mid-September to December 1981. Three different, complete, recordings were made on January 3, 1982, but only one has surfaced (V5), in three alternative mixes. One of the recordings has a different ending verse. In late April 1982 Bruce recorded takes at the Power Station on April 27–28 and May 3, 1982. These cuts may be solo or with the band.

COME ON (LET'S GO TONIGHT) - V1 2:32 FFOD / HNWB
JOHNNY BYE-BYE - V2 uncirculating
JOHNNY BYE-BYE - V3a 1:45 LM-16 trk 10 / UH / GS
JOHNNY BYE-BYE - V3b 1:45 LM-18 trk 13
JOHNNY BYE-BYE - V3c 1:39 LM-18 trk 10
JOHNNY BYE-BYE - V3d 1:51 1985 b-side / BACK
JOHNNY BYE-BYE - V3e 1:49 TRACKS
JOHNNY BYE-BYE - V4 2:55 LM-16 trk 11 / MT2 / ESR
JOHNNY BYE-BYE - V5 2:58 LM-17 trk 12 / GS
JOHNNY BYE-BYE - V6 3:41 LM-17 trk 13 / GS

Note: Between legs of the River Tour in March 1981, Springsteen recorded a demo (V1) at his home, combining lyrics from Darkness On The Edge Of Town outtake "Come On (Let's Go Tonight)" with some newly written lyrics over new music. This recording can be found on bootlegs 'Fistfull Of Dollars' and 'How Nebraska Was Born' under the title "Bye Bye Johnny". A dark and foreboding arrangement used the discarded lyrics, including the part about Elvis dying, and became a Nebraska-style song.

In 1962, Chuck Berry wrote "Bye Bye Johnny", a sequel to "Johnny B. Goode", where a mother sent her musician son off to Hollywood to be a star: "She drew out all her money from the Southern Trust, and put her little boy aboard the Greyhound Bus." Bruce decided to use those lines in 1981 in the opening verse of a new song that used most of the lyrics from "Come On (Let's Go Tonight)", calling it "Johnny Bye-Bye". He kept the lines about the death of Elvis and added lines about Memphis, all over a bouncy hillbilly blues rhythm. Despite performing the song regularly on the River Tour, Bruce did not record it as part of the January 1982 Nebraska demos at Colts Neck; the legendary Nebraska version of "Johnny Bye-Bye" does not exist. The version on the tape he sent Landau was almost certainly a live July 1981 recording. When the Nebraska tape was backed up in June 1982 in its entirety, alternate takes and all, there was still no "Johnny Bye-Bye".

The first studio take of "Johnny Bye-Bye" was recorded on April 27, 1982, at Power Station, New York. This audio does not circulate, but is listed above as V2. In all likelihood, this is a solo take. Studio documentation shows that Springsteen returned to the song in the winter of 1983, with sessions on January 4 and March 9 and 24 all at Bruce's Hollywood Hills converted studio, Thrill Hill West, Los Angeles, CA. According to the Tracks liner notes, the official V3 was recorded in January, and five different mixes circulate. V3d, released February 6, 1985 as the b-side to "I'm On Fire", features a different drum overdub to that found on the mix chosen for Tracks, V3e. V3b and V3c have slight but noticeable variations in their mixes.

V4 and V5 were recorded on March 9 at Thrill Hill West and are different takes of a slower acoustic arrangement with a gentle synthesizer backing, slight lyrical differences and overdubbed with chirping crickets at the start and end. By far the definitive performance is V6, from March 24, 1983, which includes a poignant extra verse at the end, not found on the other versions. "Johnny Bye-Bye" was included on the July 1983 sequence for Born In The U.S.A., but did not make the final cut. After the lawyers met, Bruce and Chuck became composing partners, the song now registered as Springsteen-Berry.

JOHNNY GO DOWN uncirculating

Note: Uncirculated track initially titled "Johnny Cool Down", recorded March 9 and 12, 1983 at The Hit Factory and marked as "new idea" on the March 9 reel. Included on a 24-track mix tape alongside "Don't Back Down", "James Lincoln Deer", and "Losin' Kind", and later on a 1993 in-house Tracks "concept album".

JUST AROUND THE CORNER TO THE LIGHT OF DAY uncirculating

Note: Recorded May 25, 1983. Quite a complex story behind this song. The original title when recorded during the Born In The U.S.A. sessions was "Just Around The Corner To The Light Of Day". A demo of the song was sent to screenwriter/director Paul Schrader in 1985 for consideration for his upcoming film about struggling rock musicians. Ironically, Schrader had sent Springsteen a draft screenplay for this movie (then titled Born In The U.S.A.) in 1981 hoping Bruce might craft a song for it. Bruce never did write a song for Schrader at the time. Schrader then put this film project on hold to direct the 1982 movie Cat People. However the script's title (though not its storyline) spurred Bruce at the time to alter a partially written song of his called "Vietnam" and create the song "Born In The U.S.A.". Fast forward four years – in 1985, when Schrader received the go-ahead to make the film, he couldn't use his title Born In The U.S.A. because by that point it had become too closely associated with Springsteen. Schrader again asked Bruce for a song and Bruce donated this – which Schrader loved so much that he re-copyrighted his screenplay in 1985 under the new title Just Around The Corner To The Light Of Day. In 1986 when the film was being shot, both the movie and song titles were shortened to "Light Of Day". It had never been intended that Springsteen's recording would be used in the film. The song was recorded by the film's stars, Joan Jett and Michael J. Fox ("The Barbusters"), and released concurrently with the movie in February 1987. The Barbusters first performed the song live at a nightclub appearance in mid-1986. Springsteen first performed the song live on April 12, 1987. A later live version was officially released on MTV Unplugged.

KING'S HIGHWAY uncirculating

Note: Seven takes of "King's Highway" were recorded over two days on May 23 and 24, 1983 at The Hit Factory in New York. Uncirculated song from the sessions, it was later included on two in-house rarities compilations, the 1993 concept list and another from November 1997, but failed to make the cut.

LION'S DEN - V1 0:55 FFOD / HNWB
LION'S DEN - V2 2:18 uncirculating
LION'S DEN - V3 2:18 TRACKS

Note: "Lion's Den" was first recorded late March to early April, 1981, at Springsteen's home in Colts Neck, NJ, and consists of the chorus, repeated. It was bootlegged under the title "Daniel In The Lion's Den". V2 is a base track recorded at The Hit Factory on January 25, 1982, during the Gary U.S. Bonds sessions. V3 overdubs the 1998 horn section (Cruz-Manion-Pender-Rosenberg-Spengler) for Tracks over the V2 base track. The original 1982 element was not recorded by Toby Scott but rather by Neil Dorfsman, the engineer for the Bonds LP.

LITTLE GIRL (LIKE YOU) - V1 1:20 LM-16 / UH / GS
LITTLE GIRL (LIKE YOU) - V2 1:24 LM-17

Note: Two different recordings but quite similar, both recorded January 20, 1983 at Springsteen's home studio in the Hollywood Hills. Short, but sweet. Considered for use as a b-side in March 1983.

THE ANSWER - V1 1:56 FFOD / HNWB / MT2
THE ANSWER - V2 3:17 FFOD / HNWB / MT2
LOSIN' KIND - V3 take 1 uncirculating
LOSIN' KIND (Patrolman) - V4 take 2 4:47 LM-1 / HNWB / MTQ / MT2
LOSIN' KIND - V5 take 3 uncirculating
LOSIN' KIND - V6 uncirculating

Note: V1 & V2 are portions of two takes that are far from rough demos. Bruce wrote an extensive poem about a troubled young man who had two visions of events, what he perceived in the present, and a spiritual self that could see Frank was headed for disaster. Bruce refers to this as "kind of like a James M. Cain story", and it also could have been a 1940s hard luck Jimmy Cagney movie. Both versions were recorded at Springsteen's home in Colts Neck, NJ between December 20, 1981 and January 3, 1982, and are combined a single file.

V4 is an acoustic take on January 3, 1982, one of the fifteen demos that Springsteen put on a tape. This is the definitive circulating take, but was not chosen for Nebraska. Springsteen wrote to Landau, "Searched and searched for a better title, spent many hours on this task but no good. I like the verses but I can't seem to find a better punch line. Kind of like a James M. Cain story. Could be done with more of a band arrangement." V5 was recorded at Power Station on April 30, 1982. At that time Springsteen was attempting to re-create that demo tape magic in a more professional environment - this take could be solo or with the band. A year later Bruce would make one more attempt to record "Losin' Kind", this time at Thrill Hill West, his Hollywood Hills studio, on March 12, 1983 (V6). Without bootlegs, we would never know that "Losin' Kind" exists; officially, it has never been released.

LOVE'S ON THE LINE uncirculating

Note: Recorded at The Hit Factory in January or February 1982. Probably the same core recording as found on the U.S. Bonds album (i.e. the E Street Band) – but with the Springsteen lead vocal.

MAN AT THE TOP - V1a 4:08 uncirculating
MAN AT THE TOP - V1b 3:16 TRACKS

Note: Recorded on January 12, 1984 at The Hit Factory, New York, NY, take 2, slow acoustic version. Springsteen premiered the song live on July 12, 1984 on the Born In The U.S.A. Tour. Thanks to the Panda for providing track length of full cut with hard stop, before it was downsized and faded out for Tracks.

MANSION ON THE HILL - V1a uncirculating
MANSION ON THE HILL - V1b 4:00 LM-1
MANSION ON THE HILL - V1c 4:01 NEBRASKA
MANSION ON THE HILL - V1c 3:55 NEBRASKA (stereo mix)
MANSION ON THE HILL - V2 uncirculating

Note: Written by Springsteen during the River Tour, although the themes found in the song were explored prior to this, during the Darkness sessions. For example, the lyric "there's a palace on the edge of town / risin' from the factories and railroad shacks" can be found in the Darkness box set facsimile book, which is very similar to a lyric found in "Mansion On The Hill". The first song completed for Nebraska, and only one recording was made - the four variants above are merely alternate mixes. Springsteen recorded multiple takes at Power Station on April 27, 28, and 30, 1982 either solo (Springsteen would re-record the Nebraska tracks around this time in a failed attempt to reproduce his demos in a professional environment) or with the band.

MURDER INCORPORATED - V1a 4:03 MI / GS / MILM / LM-19 / TDB / UH
MURDER INCORPORATED - V1b 4:27 RTT
MURDER INCORPORATED - V1c 4:22 RTT / THLBP / THLBB
MURDER INCORPORATED - V1d 4:13 private cdr
MURDER INCORPORATED - V1e 3:59 MI / GS / MILM / UH
MURDER INCORPORATED - V1f 3:52 GREATEST / ESSENTIAL: 2015 / 1995 SINGLE

Note: Recorded at Power Station Studios by Toby Scott on May 3–4, 1982. All of the above are different mixes of the same core recording. V1a has been in circulation for many years, and is the most commonly bootlegged version. V1b is the full recording, with hard stop ending. When compensated for speed and empty space, the recording found on track 3 of the LP 'This Hard Land' (Boss Productions) is V1c, found at correct pitch on 'Roll the Tracks', with no backing vocals in the first verse. V1d deletes the saxophone solo after the second verse. V1e is an alternate mix, featuring Roy Bittan on piano. The officially released V1f was remixed by Bob Clearmountain in 1994 for the Greatest Hits album. It includes the saxophone solo, but fades out earlier than the outtakes, explaining the ten second difference in track length.

YOUR HOMETOWN - V1 3:30 LM-17 / MT1
YOUR HOMETOWN - V2 3:14 LM-17
YOUR HOMETOWN - V3 3:23 LM-17 / GS#1
YOUR HOMETOWN - V4 3:16 LM-17 / GS#2
MY HOMETOWN - V5 take 1 6:47 uncirculating
MY HOMETOWN - V6 take 2 6:22 uncirculating
MY HOMETOWN - V7 take 3 4:25 BITUSA / GREATEST
MY HOMETOWN - V8 take 4 4:54 LM-19

Note: Written in late 1982 as a rockabilly song called "Your Hometown", with many of the album version lyrics finished by late January 1983. V1–V4 were early takes recorded by Bruce and Toby Scott at his new home, at 7965 Fareholm Drive, Los Angeles, California 90046, on January 29 and 30, and February 9 and 17, 1983. The demos are of good quality, probably prepared to aid in teaching the song to the band. Instead, Bruce set it aside for a few months, and came back with a new title, "My Hometown", and an arrangement for the band. On June 29, 1983 at The Hit Factory, four complete takes were recorded, but the first two were discarded because they both exceeded six minutes. Takes 3 and 4, which both featuring Ruth Jackson (wife of sound engineer Bruce Jackson) on background vocals, were the finalists, with take 3 (V7) chosen for Born In The U.S.A..

MY LOVE WILL NOT LET YOU DOWN - V1a 3:12 private cdr
MY LOVE WILL NOT LET YOU DOWN - V1b 4:20 LM-19 / THLRR / UH / GS / THLBP
MY LOVE WILL NOT LET YOU DOWN - V1c 4:32 MI / UH / GS
MY LOVE WILL NOT LET YOU DOWN - V1d 4:20 TRACKS

Note: Recorded at the Power Station over three days on May 5, 6 and 7, 1982. The studio venue listed in Tracks is incorrect. All of the above four mixes are very similar, but V1b has Springsteen adding a count-in, vocalizations over the first thirty seconds of the song, and a complete ending. V1a cuts early. V1c and V1d fade out, and the V1d mix (used for Tracks) has slightly different vocals at the end of the song, maybe a 1998 vocal. Bruce Springsteen said in 2001 of the song: "I don't know why it got left off. It was one of those things we pulled out in the first rehearsal and went, Whoa!"

STARKWEATHER - V1 1:09 LM-1 / HNWB
STARKWEATHER - V2 1:05 LM-1 / HNWB
STARKWEATHER - V3 take 1 uncirculating
STARKWEATHER - V4 take 2 uncirculating
STARKWEATHER - V5 take 3 uncirculating
STARKWEATHER - V6a take 4 m 4:25 LM-1
NEBRASKA - V6b take 4 mix 1 4:25 NEBRASKA / ESSENTIAL: 2003
NEBRASKA - V6c take 4 mix2 early fade 4:25 uncirculating
NEBRASKA - V6d take 4 mix 3 bad harp 4:25 uncirculating
NEBRASKA - V6e take 4 mix 4 glock 4:25 uncirculating
NEBRASKA - V6f 4:16 NEBRASKA (stereo mix)
NEBRASKA - V7 uncirculating

Note: The first song recorded, and the first song in the final running order, for Nebraska. V1 and V2 are takes of the introduction and first two lines, recorded in late 1981 at Springsteen's home in Colts Neck, NJ. Six takes were recorded on January 3, 1982, including V6b take 4, the title track of the album. V6 above are alternate mixes. Mix #1 is complete, with a 12-string guitar. #2 fades early, #3 is noted as "bad harp no good". Take #4 is with glock. Listed as "Starkweather" in an early song line-up, the song is about the Charles Starkweather murder spree in the 1950s. "Nebraska" was later recorded over three days at Power Station on April 27, 28 and 30, 1982; these recordings could be either solo or with the band, or possibly both.

NO SURRENDER - V1 3:57 BITUSA
NO SURRENDER - V2 uncirculating

Note: Near the end of the Born In the U.S.A. sessions, Bruce brings in a new composition, "No Surrender", and the band goes to work on it for three days, October 25–27, 1983, with the album arrangement (V1) recorded October 27 at The Hit Factory. Richie "La Bamba" Rosenberg contributes background vocals. Springsteen would return on November 29, 1983 to cut an acoustic version (V2). The song almost didn't make the album, and was only added after Steve Van Zandt convinced Springsteen that it should be included. At the time CBS had an eleven-song album without "No Surrender" ready to go. Van Zandt argued that "Dancing In The Dark" should be cut in favor of "No Surrender", but in the end there was space on the album for both.

NONE BUT THE BRAVE - V1a 5:24 BUERM / UH / MAT / MILM / RTT
NONE BUT THE BRAVE - V1b 5:12 SO / GT
NONE BUT THE BRAVE - V2 5:29 ESSENTIAL: BONUS

Note: "None But The Brave" was cut on June 6, 1983 at The Hit Factory, with follow-up sessions on June 13 and 27. V2 was a fresh recording on June 27, with Miami Steve Van Zandt cutting loose on guitar. This alternate take was released on the bonus third CD of The Essential Bruce Springsteen in November 2003.

NOW AND FOREVER - V1 uncirculating
SUMMER ON SIGNAL HILL - V2 uncirculating

Note: "Summer On Signal Hill" was recorded as an instrumental by Clarence Clemons & The Red Bank Rockers at the Record Plant, New York, in 1983, the same sessions that produced "Savin' Up". Both tracks were produced by Bruce Springsteen, and released as a UK single, with "Summer On Signal Hill" the b-side. Springsteen's music publisher in Australia was accidentally sent the wrong information, so Clarence's instrumental was published and released there in 1983 as "Now And Forever", which was its original title. It was composed by Springsteen, with lyrics, and played during band rehearsals in April 1982, at his home studio in Colts Neck, New Jersey. Bruce Springsteen and The E Street Band may have recorded it in the spring of 1983 at The Hit Factory in New York City, but it does not appear in Sony's database of Springsteen recording sessions. It was also recorded and released by Killer Joe on their 1991 album Scene Of The Crime. Moreover, Max Weinberg stated that "the E Street Band played the song but never recorded it" in the liner notes for that album.

ON THE PROWL uncirculating

Note: Recorded at Power Station on April 30, 1982. Bruce performed part of the song (mixing it into Little Richard's "Lucille") at the Stone Pony in August 1982. However the only known complete, stand-alone performance of the song (i.e. with all its verses) was during a guest appearance on October 3, 1982. Recorded prior to the live performances, not after, as once thought.

ONE LOVE 4:40 LM-16 / UH / GS

Note: Only one known take, recorded January 19, 1983 at Springsteen's home studio in Los Angeles. Considered for use as a b-side in March 1983.

WANDA - V1 1:24 FFOD / HNWB
WANDA - V2 take 1 uncirculating
WANDA (OPEN ALL NIGHT) - V3a take 2 mix 1 2:50 LM-1
OPEN ALL NIGHT - V3b take 2 mix 2 2:51 NEBRASKA
OPEN ALL NIGHT - V3c take 2 mix 3 2:48 NEBRASKA (stereo mix)
OPEN ALL NIGHT - V4 en uncirculating

Note: "Wanda" V1 is a curious demo, the first two verses from "Living On The Edge Of The World", the third from "This Hard Land". Recorded at Springsteen's home in Colts Neck, NJ from late March to early April, 1981. V2 and V3 were recorded January 3, 1982, also at Colts Neck; only V3 has surfaced in three mixes. Listed as "Wanda (Open All Night)" in an early song lineup. V4 was recorded by Springsteen at Power Station on April 27, 1982, either solo or with the band.

OUT OF WORK uncirculating

Note: Recorded at The Hit Factory in January or February 1982. Probably the same core recording as found on the U.S. Bonds album (i.e. the E Street Band) – but with the Springsteen lead vocal.

PINK CADILLAC - V1 uncirculating
PINK CADILLAC - V2 take 2 5:21 LM-1 / HNWB / MT2
PINK CADILLAC - V3a 3:45 BUERM / 1984AC
PINK CADILLAC - V3b 4:21 private cdr
PINK CADILLAC - V3c 3:33 1984 Japan b-side
PINK CADILLAC - V3d 3:33 1984 b-side / TRACKS / CAST

Note: Two acoustic takes were recorded around January 3, 1982 at Springsteen's home in Colts Neck, NJ. "Pink Cadillac" was one of the few songs from the acoustic Nebraska not to be recorded with the band in the May 1982 sessions at the Power Station, but V3 was recorded on May 31, 1983 at The Hit Factory in New York. Officially released in May 1984 as the b-side to "Dancing In The Dark". V3b has the complete ending, V3c is a mono mix that for some reason was only issued on the Japanese single. Included on a 1984 album artwork prototype, in place of both "No Surrender" and "I'm Goin' Down".

PROTECTION - V1 3:30 LM-4 / MI / GS / MILM / UH / BUERM
PROTECTION - V2 3:35 GUEST: DONNA / 1983 single
PROTECTION - V3 uncirculated

Note: "Protection" V1 was recorded by Bruce Springsteen and the E Street Band at The Hit Factory on February 23, 1982. Earlier in the year, David Geffen had contacted Jon Landau to ask if Springsteen would write a song for Donna Summer. In response, Bruce wrote "Cover Me", but after hearing it, Landau said, "You aren't giving this one away." Even though he disagreed, Springsteen wrote another song, "Protection", in early February. A song of the same name was recorded during The River sessions in 1979, and six short acoustic demos were included on 'Lost Masters Volume VIII', released in 1996. It is not clear if it was titled by Springsteen or the bootleggers, and this song was not published or copyrighted at that time. It bears little in common musically or lyrically with this song, composed three years later, and copyrighted on March 8, 1982. The demo of "Protection" was sent to Summer and her producer, Quincy Jones, and it was arranged for Roy Bittan and Bruce to fly out to Los Angeles to cut the track. On March 8, they arrived at Westlake Audio Studios, on Santa Monica Boulevard in Los Angeles, where Summer's tenth album, Donna Summer, was in production. Bruce struck up a friendly relationship with Jones, with whom he would work again in 1985, recording "We Are The World". He also apparently got along with Donna, sleeping on her couch that evening as they worked on the song. He played guitar and provided backing vocals for the recording V2, which consisted of multiple takes. Quincy was thoroughly impressed, later saying Bruce "was one of the nicest people I have ever worked with…The man has more musical knowledge than a lot of people think and has a deep sense of commitment to music. You could feel his spirit in the sessions." It is not clear whether one of the takes was a vocal duet with Donna (V3). The album was released later in the year, without the success of her disco records of the 1970s, but she was nominated for the 'Best Female Rock Vocal Performance' Grammy for "Protection" 1983.

REASON TO BELIEVE - V1a take 1 4:00 LM-1
REASON TO BELIEVE - V1b take 1 4:02 NEBRASKA
REASON TO BELIEVE - V1c take 1 3:56 NEBRASKA (stereo mix)
REASON TO BELIEVE - V2 take 2 uncirculating
REASON TO BELIEVE - V3 3:34 private
REASON TO BELIEVE - V4 0:50 private
REASON TO BELIEVE - V5 uncirculating

Note: On January 3, 1982 two complete recordings were made but only one has surfaced, which is take #1. This take circulates in three different mixes. The second (unused) take has an extra verse. Inspired by Springsteen's own experience driving down Highway 33 on his way to Millstone, a township in Monmouth County. V3 is a full-band rehearsal (missing the opening lines) of the song Springsteen recorded solo in January 1982. This performance is a work-in-progress, with some lyrical variation including an extra third verse, suggesting it was recorded before "Reason To Believe" was completed, probably during a band get-together at Springsteen's house some time between the end of the River Tour and late December 1982. The first verse is sung by Springsteen alone accompanied by electric guitar, before drum and bass join in for the rest of the song. A driving beat features throughout. V4 is a short take of just the second verse. V5 is multiple studio takes from April 27–28, 1982 at Power Station. These takes could be solo or with the band.

REFRIGERATOR BLUES uncirculating

Note: Uncirculated track from the sessions, recorded at The Hit Factory on February 16, 1984.

RICHFIELD WHISTLE - V1 6:28 LM-18 / UH
RICHFIELD WHISTLE - V2 uncirculating

Note: "Richfield Whistle" V1 was recorded on April 24, 1983, at Thrill Hill Recording, Hollywood Hills, California. Developed from the 1981-83 work-in-progress composition "James Lincoln Deer". V2 recorded with the band at The Hit Factory on May 27 and June 10, 1983.

ROBERT FORD AND JESSE JAMES - V1 1:15 FFOD / HNWB
JESSE JAMES - V2 4:10 LM-10
JESSE JAMES - V3 1:39 LM-10
ROBERT FORD - V4 uncirculating

Note: V1 recorded at Springsteen's home in Colts Neck, NJ from late March to early April, 1981 just a snippet, with mostly unintelligible lyrics. V2 from Springsteen's home in Colts Neck, NJ from mid-September 1981 thru May 1982, no relation to "Jesse James" from the We Shall Overcome - The Seeger Sessions album. May be related to "Robert Ford And Jesse James" which was demoed in early 1981. Some lyrics are eventually reused in "Outlaw Pete". V4 recorded at Power Station on April 27, 1982; this is probably a solo take. Also known as "Robert Ford And Jesse James".

ROCKAWAY THE DAYS 4:40 TRACKS

Note: Recorded on January 12, 1984 at The Hit Factory, New York, NY. The recording date listed on Tracks (February 3) could be a mixing date.

ROLL AWAY THE STONE uncirculating

Note: Uncirculated track from the sessions, recorded November 30, 1983 at The Hit Factory.

SAVIN' UP uncirculating

Note: Recorded at The Hit Factory on January 25 and/or February 23, 1982. Song considered for Gary U.S. Bonds but not used – donated in 1983 to Clarence Clemons & The Red Bank Rockers for their debut album.

SEVEN TEARS 1:56 LM-16 / GS / MT2

Note: Short but sweet. The 'Lost Masters' liner notes say it was recorded January 4, 1983 at Springsteen's home studio in the Hollywood Hills - this may be an error as studio logs only list one take, recorded February 15, 1983.

SHUT DOWN uncirculating

Note: Uncirculated track, recorded October 26, 1983 at The Hit Factory.

SHUT OUT THE LIGHT - V1a 4:33 LM-16 / UH
SHUT OUT THE LIGHT - V1b 3:25 LM-18
SHUT OUT THE LIGHT - V1c 3:56 1984 b-side / BACK
SHUT OUT THE LIGHT - V1d 3:51 TRACKS

Note: All of the above use the same core recording from January 19, 1983 at Springsteen's home studio in Los Angeles, but four different mixes. V1a is considered by many to be the definitive version of the song – it contains two additional verses that were cut from the three other mixes. V1c contains a violin part courtesy of Soozie Tyrell that she overdubbed, probably on May 23 or 25, 1983 at The Hit Factory (her first session work for Bruce). V1d brings the violin more to the fore in the mix. "Shut Out The Light" was considered for the album before it was released in 1984 as the b-side to "Born In The U.S.A.". The theme of a Vietnam veteran returning home was also explored in the 1981 demo "Vietnam", which also includes the opening couplet "The runway rushed up at him as he felt the wheels touch down / He stood out on the blacktop and took a taxi into town."

STAND ON IT - V1 3:03 TRACKS
STAND ON IT - V2 2:30 1985 b-side / TRP / BACK

Note: Recorded on June 16, 1983 at The Hit Factory, New York. V2 was released as the b-side of the single "Glory Days" on May 22, 1985. V1, which is possibly the original take that V2 was mixed from, contains an additional verse and complete ending, both missing from the single release. It was released on Disc 3 of Tracks in 1998.

STOP THE WAR - V1 3:48 private
STOP THE WAR - V2 uncirculating

Note: V1 is a full band rehearsal, probably from late 1981 at Springsteen's house in Colts Neck. Well developed and practised, it's no surprise that "Stop The War" was later recorded at Power Station on May 5-6, 1982 (V2). An upbeat and promising song about a failing relationship crippled by argument. The opening line of the song, "I pull you close but when we kiss girl I can feel a doubt", would later be found in "I'm Goin' Down".

SUGARLAND - V1 0:08 LM-17
SUGARLAND - V2 rockabilly 2:39 LM-17 / GS
SUGARLAND - V3 rockabilly 2:35 LM-16 / GT / GS
SUGARLAND - V4 country 2:17 LM-16 / GS
SUGARLAND - V5 acoustic 2:41 LM-19 / UH / MILM / GS / BUOR
SUGARLAND - V6 rock 2:39 LM-18
SUGARLAND - V7 uncirculating

Note: Takes recorded January 18, 19, and 30 and February 7, 8, 14, and 17, 1983 at Springsteen's home studio in Los Angeles. Five full takes circulate, all complete performances in varying arrangements - V1 is a false start included here for completeness. V2 is rockabilly, recorded January 30, 1983 according to the 'Lost Masters' liner notes. V3 and V6 (from January 18) are more rock-oriented, and appear to have the same vocal take. The only differences between the two may be in the backing music, or the mix. The 'Lost Masters' liner notes consider V4 to be in a country-style, but is actually more of a Cajun style. These arrangements pale in comparison to V5 which is quiet and atmospheric and the definitive version. Later recorded at The Hit Factory in May 1983 - V7 is fourteen takes on May 25, 1983. Performed live twice in 1984 on the Born In The U.S.A. Tour, but never since.

SWOOP MAN uncirculating

Note: Uncirculated track from The Hit Factory in New York, recorded November 30, 1983.

THE KLANSMAN 2:54 LM-16 / UH / BUOR

Note: Compelling song about a boy's indoctrination into the Ku Klux Klan, recorded at Springsteen's home studio in Los Angeles. The Lost Masters liner notes say it was recorded January 4, 1983 - this may be an error as studio logs only list one take, recorded March 10, 1983.

THE MONEY WE DIDN'T MAKE uncirculating

Note: Uncirculated track recorded February 15, 1983.

THIS HARD LAND - V1 4.46 THLRR / TRACKS / UH / SQBI / MI / GS
THIS HARD LAND - V2 4.50 THLBP / THLBB / MAT / CAST
THIS HARD LAND - V3 uncirculating
THIS HARD LAND - V4 1:57 YBNT2 / BB
THIS HARD LAND - V5 4:40 DDITV
THIS HARD LAND - V6 4:48 GREATEST
THIS HARD LAND - V7 5:40 private

Note: V1 and V2 recorded at the Power Station (not The Hit Factory, as the Tracks liner notes suggest) on May 11, 13, and 14, 1982. Springsteen returned to it with more takes recorded on January 3 and 15, 1983 at his home studio in Los Angeles, designated V3. Re-recorded in January 1995 at The Hit Factory, New York City during the Greatest Hits sessions. Frank Pagano guests on percussion instruments. V4 is the brief snippet shown in the Blood Brothers video that accompanied Greatest Hits. V5 and V6 are two different recordings, though very similar, and V7 is a full take marked as take #3, with mandolin, accordion, and an extended coda. After all these rerecordings, a 1982 Born In The U.S.A. studio session version was issued on Tracks a few years after the Greatest Hits sessions concluded.

TRUE LOVE IS HARD TO COME BY - V1 0:30 LM-10
TRUE LOVE IS HARD TO COME BY - V2 0.15 LM-10
TRUE LOVE IS HARD TO COME BY - V3 1:40 LM-10
TRUE LOVE IS HARD TO COME BY - V4 1:10 LM-10
TRUE LOVE IS HARD TO COME BY - V5 1:25 LM-10
TRUE LOVE IS HARD TO COME BY - V6 uncirculating

Note: V1-V5 are acoustic demos recorded January-April 1982. V3 is solely harmonies, V4 features lyrics similar to "Dollhouse". V5 has lyrics from "Janey Don't You Lose Heart". V6 recorded with the band at The Hit Factory on June 2, 1983. Shortlisted for Tracks.

TV MOVIE - V1 2:40 private
TV MOVIE - V2a 2:34 LM-19 / UH
TV MOVIE - V2b 2:39 TRACKS

Note: V1 is a band rehearsal from Colts Neck, probably from around late 1981. Very similar to V2, the final studio recording cut on June 13, 1983 and issued on Tracks. Two different mixes known; V2a has saxophone; V2b has the saxophone deleted.

UNDER THE BIG SKY uncirculating

Note: Uncirculated track from the sessions, recorded November 30, 1983 at The Hit Factory. Springsteen may have returned to this song for Tracks, as a song titled "Under A Big Sky" was recorded in April 1998.

UNSATISFIED HEART - V1 5:22 LM-17 / UH / GS
UNSATISFIED HEART - V2 uncirculating
UNSATISFIED HEART - V3 5:38 uncirculating

Note: Two known takes are listed in studio logs from Thrill Hill Recording in Los Angeles, March 24 and April 16, 1983. It is unknown which of these two takes is the one circulating. V3 was recorded on June 13, 1983 at the Hit Factory, New York. One take only was recorded on this date, with a 5:38 running time, but is not yet released. "Unsatisfied Heart" shares many lyrics with "Fugitive's Dream", takes of which are known to have been recorded on March 24, raising the possibility that the circulating takes of both songs were recorded on the same day.

USED CARS - V1 3:17 FFOD / HNWB
USED CARS - V2 2:30 FFOD / HNWB
USED CARS - V3 2:45 FFOD / HNWB
USED CARS - V4 uncirculating
USED CARS - V5 uncirculating
USED CARS - V6 take 1 uncirculating
USED CARS - V7a take 2 3:00 LM-1
USED CARS - V7b take 2 3:01 NEBRASKA
USED CARS - V7c take 2 2:59 NEBRASKA (stereo mix)
USED CARS - V8 uncirculating

Note: V1–V3 are acoustic demos recorded at Springsteen's home in Colts Neck, NJ from mid-September to December 1981, similar to the released version with some lyrical and melodic variations. Then four different, complete, recordings were made - only one has surfaced (three mixes). Take 1 was "a little dirty recording wise," according to Springsteen. V8 was cut during sessions at the Power Station on April 30, 1982, and could either be solo or with the band.

WAGES OF SIN - V1 2:00 LM-10
WAGES OF SIN - V2 0:20 LM-10
WAGES OF SIN - V3 3:05 LM-10
WAGES OF SIN - V4 5:10 LM-10
WAGES OF SIN - V5 4:49 TRACKS

Note: V1–V4 make up an interesting group of takes recorded at Springsteen's home in Colts Neck, NJ during January–April 1982. V5 is most like the final version on Tracks, recorded at The Power Station on May 10, 1982. "Wages Of Sin" #3 on 'Lost Masters Volume 10' is actually "Bells Of San Salvador" V4.

A THOUSAND TEARS (WILLIAM DAVIS) - V1 uncirculating
WILLIAM DAVIS - V2 uncirculating

Note: First recorded under the title "A Thousand Tears (William Davis)" at Power Station Studios on January 31 and February 1, 1980. Springsteen would return to the song on April 27 and 28, 1982, with the working title, "William Davis", during the early days of the Born In The U.S.A. sessions. These takes could be solo or with some band accompaniment. No audio circulates.

WORKIN' ON IT uncirculating

Note: Recorded at The Hit Factory on January 25, 1982. An uncirculated song from the same session that gave us "Cover Me" and the Gary U.S. Bonds tracks.

WORKING ON THE HIGHWAY - V1 3:25 private
WORKING ON THE HIGHWAY - V2 3:18 MI / THLRR / BUERM / TDB
WORKING ON THE HIGHWAY - V3 3:35 private cdr
WORKING ON THE HIGHWAY - V4a 3:09 LM-19 / UH / GS
WORKING ON THE HIGHWAY - V4b 3:10 BITUSA

Note: Springsteen took the lyrics of January 1982's "Child Bride" and wrote an entirely new rock melody to create "Working On The Highway". V1 is a Colts Neck full band performance that appears to predate the "Child Bride" recording, since it has a completely different final verse from both "Child Bride" and the final studio take of "Working On The Highway". This song lacks the "We lit out down to Florida" verse entirely, and replaces it with the protagonist suggesting that he wants to see her father to say "my love is pure and true," but first he must "drop a two lane blacktop from here to Timbuktu." There are also a few minor lyrical elements closer to "Child Bride", for example parts of lines three and four are reversed, as they are in the Nebraska outtake. V2–V4 recorded at Power Station on April 30 and May 6, 1982.

YOUR LOVE IS ALL AROUND ME - V1 5:51 LM-10
YOUR LOVE IS ALL AROUND ME - V2 3:18 LM-10
YOUR LOVE IS ALL AROUND ME - V3 0:49 LM-10
YOUR LOVE IS ALL AROUND ME - V4 1:07 private
YOUR LOVE IS ALL AROUND ME - V5 3:28 private
YOUR LOVE IS ALL AROUND ME - V6 uncirculating

Note: Reminiscent of "My Love Will Not Let You Down". V1-V3 are acoustic demos that date from the period around September 1981 to April 1982. V4 and V5 are two takes from a Colts Neck band rehearsal some time later with more developed lyrics, but the song is still in the relatively early stages of development. V4 is just the opening and first verse, V5 is most of the song, although the majority of lyrics are unclear. V6 was recorded with the band at Power Station on May 10, 1982, on the same reel as "Wages Of Sin".

Note: The timeline-focused, original presentation of these sessions can be found here.


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