Chapter And Verse - Studio Sessions


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Commercially Released: September 23, 2016
Produced by: Bruce Springsteen
Recording Engineer: 
Recorded at:
Label: Columbia LC 00162
Total Time: 01:17:48
Table of Contents

Overview

Chapter and Verse is the musical companion to Bruce Springsteen’s autobiography ‘Born To Run.’ The album is a collection of 18 songs chosen by Springsteen that trace his musical history from its earliest days and tell a story that parallels the one in the book. Chapter and Verse includes five previously unreleased tracks including two tracks from The Castiles, featuring a teenaged Springsteen on guitar and vocals.

1. BABY I 1:56 CHAPTER
2. YOU CAN'T JUDGE A BOOK BY THE COVER 2:55 CHAPTER
3. HE'S GUILTY (THE JUDGE SONG) 4:39 CHAPTER
4. THE BALLAD OF JESSE JAMES 5:31 CHAPTER
5. HENRY BOY 3:17 CHAPTER
6. GROWIN' UP 2:43 CHAPTER
7. 4TH OF JULY, ASBURY PARK (SANDY) 5:35 CHAPTER
8. BORN TO RUN 4:30 CHAPTER
9. BADLANDS 4:02 CHAPTER
10. THE RIVER 5:00 CHAPTER
11. MY FATHER'S HOUSE 5:04 CHAPTER
12. BORN IN THE U.S.A. 4:38 CHAPTER
13. BRILLIANT DISGUISE 4:15 CHAPTER
14. LIVING PROOF 4:45 CHAPTER
15. THE GHOST OF TOM JOAD 4:21 CHAPTER
16. THE RISING 4:47 CHAPTER
17. LONG TIME COMIN' 4:14 CHAPTER
18. WRECKING BALL 5:50 CHAPTER

Details

Note: If the song is not listed here, please go to the specific session era from which these tracks emanate for details on each track.

BABY I 2:05 DDITV / BSS2 / SFEM
BABY I 1:56 CHAPTER

Note: Written (Springsteen / Theiss) in May 1966 and recorded at Mr. Music in Bricktown, NJ. Performed in concert regularly during 1966 and early 1967. Officially released in September 2016 on Chapter And Verse, the companion album to Springsteen's autobiography Born To Run.

HE'S GUILTY (THE JUDGE SONG) 5:57 BSS3 / US1
HE'S GUILTY (THE JUDGE SONG) 4:39 CHAPTER

Note: Written in the summer of 1969 and performed in concert regularly during the second half of 1969 and throughout 1970. After Robbin Thompson joined the band the song tended to be slotted into the final stages of the show. Several live performances are in circulation. One of three songs recorded at Fillmore Recording Studios in San Francisco on February 22, 1970 and officially released in September 2016 on Chapter And Verse, the companion album to Springsteen's autobiography Born To Run. This version has been edited, reducing the length to 4:39 by cutting some of the instrumental segments short. Former Steel Mill vocalist Robbin Thompson released a cover version in 1986. Sometimes listed as “Guilty” or “Send That Boy To Jail”.

BALLAD OF JESSE JAMES 6:57 UBER26 / DDITV
BALLAD OF JESSE JAMES 5:31 CHAPTER

Note: Written in mid-1971. Sometimes referred to by the title “Don't You Want To Be An Outlaw” or “Billy”. This ode to Jesse James and Billy The Kid was played live often and there are multiple live performances from the second half of 1971 in circulation. The studio rehearsal take is in far better quality than any of the available live versions and officially released in September 2016 on Chapter And Verse, the companion album to Springsteen's autobiography Born To Run. This release has been edited, reducing the length to 5:31 by removing some of the verses in the middle of the song.

GROWIN' UP - V1 2:35 TRACKS / US3 / HDT
GROWIN' UP - V2a 3:08 PS / EY
GROWIN' UP - V2b 3:05 GREETINGS
GROWIN' UP - V3 uncirculating

Note: V1 was recorded at CBS Studios on May 3, 1972 and officially issued on Tracks. V2a and V2b are the same core recording (i.e. same instrumentation and vocal), cut on June 27, 1972. V2a is allegedly a different mix but the difference, if there is one, is not perceptible. Running time variation is only at fade out. V3 was recorded at the first session on June 7, almost certainly in its solo acoustic guise. This recording does not circulate.

4TH OF JULY, ASBURY PARK (SANDY) - V1 5:47 US5 / BIS / ROOI / SA914 / ET / ETRJ
4TH OF JULY, ASBURY PARK (SANDY) - V2 5:35 PS / EY / ROOI / SA914
4TH OF JULY, ASBURY PARK (SANDY) - V3 5:31 WIESS

Note: A song destined to be special to all people of New Jersey, especially those who remember the summers of the mid-70s at the Jersey shore. Written in mid-1973, and recorded late in the WEISS sessions, August 9, 1973. V1 is the instrumental backing track. V2 is the original take, recorded later on August 9th with “bandits in the sky, and "Now, Sandy, them northern angels lost their desire for us, I spoke with them last night, they won't set themselves on fire for us anymore, still, when the weather gets hot, they ride that crazy road down from heaven on their Harleys every season they come and they go, dressed like stars in all them cheap little seaside bars, they're parked with their babies out on the Kokomo, love me tonight and I promise I'll love you forever….”. V3 is the album version, when vocal overdubs on September 23, 1973 replaced the magical lyrics with other "nice" lyrics. Thanks to Danny for playing accordian, recorder, glock and whatever else he does.

BORN TO RUN - V1 uncirculating
BORN TO RUN - V2a 4:24 ESRR / BTRS
BORN TO RUN - V2b 4:28 BTRS
BORN TO RUN - V3 4:27 BTRS
BORN TO RUN - V4a 4:40 BIS / BTRS
BORN TO RUN - V4b 4:38 WAR / BTRS
BORN TO RUN - V4c 4:34 ETRJ / ETRV / BWNH / BTRS / BTRCS / BIS / UBTROC / ROOI / WAR
BORN TO RUN - V4d 4:30 BIS / ROOI / ETRJ / ETRV / BTRS / BTRCS
BORN TO RUN - V4e 4:23 BTRS
BORN TO RUN - V4f 4:21 BTRS
BORN TO RUN - V4g 4:30 BTRS
BORN TO RUN - V4h 4:23 BTRS
BORN TO RUN - V4i 4:21 BIS / BTRCS
BORN TO RUN - V4j 4:21 BTRS
BORN TO RUN - V4k 3:20 Ktel-CBS
BORN TO RUN - V5a 4:28 BORN TO RUN
BORN TO RUN - V5b 4:28 ETRJ / ETRV / BTRS
BORN TO RUN - V5c 5:27 RTT

Note: On the road in the Mid-South late in 1973, he awoke suddenly one morning, grabbed his notebook, and inked in the title BORN TO RUN. A few weeks later, "Bruce, the band, and Appel got back to work at the 914 Sound Studios on January 8, 1974, spending a couple of days fiddling with rudimentary versions of both Born to Run V1 and Jungleland V1."-Bruce by Peter Ames Carlin. According to Bruce, the entire writing and recording process took six months while he was living at a rented cottage at 7½ West End Court in West Long Branch, which suggests it began in late 1973. V2a is the original backing track recorded at 914 Sound Studios on May 21, 1974, after obviously being rehearsed and practiced in prior days. V2b from June 26, 1974 dubs in Bruce's vocals to the V2a track. Bruce continued work on the song, adding lyrics and overdubs, at 914 Sound Studios, both in June and then starting a week's residency on August 1, 1974. Finally, on August 6, 1974. the final version was mixed down from seventy-two tracks to the sixteen available at 914 Studios, including strings, more than one dozen guitar tracks, sax, drums, glockenspiel, bass, multiple keyboards and a variety of voices. The core backing track V3 was mixed, along with numerous test arrangements V4x, with backing vocals, double-tracked vocals and strings, and finally the one chosen for release V5a. An advanced tape release of the official version V5b, first aired on WMMR in Philadelphia on November 3, 1974 (V5c), and subsequently broadcast by several USA radio stations during November 74-July 75. There is little difference between these versions.
Over the years, more than ten alternative mixes of Born To Run have leaked out, and this a short list and description of those we could identify. V4a has a double tracked vocal and strings; V4b has double tracked vocals. strings, and a female chorus; V4c also has a female chorus. V4d has a female chorus that doesn't kick in until the 3rd verse; V4e is an alternative mix with only basic instrumental backing; V4f has only guitars in the instrumental backing; V4g does not have a drum track. V4h is Bruce's vocal without any backing instruments; V4i features string and enhanced high end; v4j has less overdubbing; V4k does not include the middle verse and the sax solo; this was released by Ktel-CBS in Australia-only in early 1976 on a multi-artist LP called Supersounds.

BADLANDS - V1 4:07 LM-2 / DDO / DDOC / DO-3 / AM / UP
BADLANDS - V2 3:47 LM-3 / DDO / DDOC / DO-2 / UP
BADLANDS - V3 3:40 LM-3 / UP / AM / LMEC1
BADLANDS - V4a 4:05 ODM / HOD / AM
BADLANDS - V4b 4:03 uncirculating
BADLANDS - V4c take 23 4:03 DARKNESS

Note: Unfortunately, very few outtakes circulate of Badlands, one of Springsteen's greatest songs and anthems, that he opened concerts with for years, although there must be some good stuff waiting in the vaults. Remember, title, music, lyrics, the Springsteen method of songwriting. The title came from Terrence Malick's 1973 movie, "Badlands" (he had not seen the movie). In late June, the music had been composed, and was first played by the E Street Band on June 27, 1977 at Atlantic Studios. The song's opening riff, Springsteen revealed years later, is a major-key twist on the minor-key intro to the Animals' 1965 hit "Don't Let Me Be Misunderstood." V1 is an instrumental backing track, recorded on June 27 and 30. Max Weinberg said his opening drum part was suggested by Steve Van Zandt, and inspired by Motown. Bruce had a routine with his engineers to create "Ruffs" tapes for him, so he could take instrumental or early recordings home and write lyrics. V2 had to be recorded in late June, or on July 11 or 13 at Atlantic Studios. Springsteen was working at Atlantic Studios on July 13, 1977, when the twenty-five-hour-long New York City blackout began; soon after, the opening line "Lights Out Tonight", came into being. New takes, with developing lyrics, were recorded on August 24 and 30, 1977, but contrary to Lost Masters liner notes and many other sources, no outtakes circulate from these sessions.

It wasn't until November 1977, that Badlands was re-written with new lines, including, "I wanna go out tonight, I wanna find out what I got" from "Iceman", about which he later honestly recalled, "That whole record was a record where I felt like I was going to have to test myself, and that was what I wanted to know, so that line ended up in a few different songs."—Los Angeles Times interview, 1998. Next, from a song by Elvis Presley from the 1962 movie, "Kid Galahad", "King Of The Whole Wide World": "A poor man wants to be a rich man, A rich man wants to be a king, But the man who can sing when he hasn't got a thing, He's the king of the whole wide world". They translated to these Verse2 lyrics: "You better get it straight, darling, Poor man wanna be rich, rich man wanna be king, And a king ain't satisfied till he rules everything, I wanna go out tonight, I wanna find out what I got". Verse 3 was strengthened by, "For the ones who once had a notion, it ain't no sin to be glad you're alive" from "Break Out".

V3 was recorded on December 12, 1977 at the Record Plant, with many new pieces in place. Bruce is still yelling at 'the man on the TV', but Badlands has started to take shape. The vocals for V4, the album version, were dubbed in during a three-day mixing marathon on February 22, 24 and 25, 1978. V4A is an alternate, with less double-tracked vocals than the Darkness version, and V4b was the final mix #23 from April 11, which was pressed to acetate on April 12, 1978. However, V4c, the mix that went on the album, was from February 24 or 25, restoring one of Clarence Clemons' great sax solos. Springsteen's initial excuse was that he believed the instrument evoked the city, leaving it out of place on an album set in something more like "the heartland"; he later admitted, "[that] would have been a major error".

OH ANGELYNE - V1 1:35 LM-6 / DROC1 / RRR
OH ANGELYNE - V2 0:49 LM-6
OH ANGELYNE - V3 2:59 LM-6
OH ANGELYNE - V4 2:20 LM-6 / MT2
THE RIVER - V5a - take 5 4:45 TTTBR / TTTBJ / RIVER: SINGLE / PYP / LEK / ATMF
THE RIVER - V5b 4:56 RIVER / ESSENTIAL
THE RIVER - V6 0:36 TTTB:BD1

Note: Evolved from "Oh Angelyne", four takes of a solo demo recorded by Bruce at home January-May, 1979. V5, now known as "The River", was recorded at The Power Station on August 26 and 29, 1979. V5a, take 5, was the mix set to go on "The Ties That Bind" album, but after that fell through, ooo-ooos by Bruce and Steve were overdubbed on the end coda, and that, V5b, went on Disc 1 of the River double album. Studio logs indicate January 21 and April 12 and 24, 1980, as dates where additional takes, overdubs and mixing took place. In an interview, engineer Neil Dorfsman says he recalls cutting several versions of the song, trying out different tempos and a more embellished rock 'n' roll arrangement. None of these alternative arrangements circulate, and it is not known whether they exist in the vaults. V6 are brief snippets of an acoustic demo heard in Thom Zimny's documentary about the making of The River, and include some well-known verses, including "is a dream a lie that don't come true, or is it something worse".

MY FATHER'S HOUSE - V1 uncirculating
MY FATHER'S HOUSE - V2a uncirculating
MY FATHER'S HOUSE - V2b 5:35 NEBRASKA (stereo mix) / SPEM / HNWB
MY FATHER'S HOUSE - V2c 5:07 NEBRASKA / CHAPTER

Note: Two different, complete, recordings on separate cassettes were made on May 25, 1982, over five months after the vast majority of the Nebraska tracks were cut. Only one take has surfaced (three mixes). V1 and V2a do not include any synthesizer (the synthesizer was likely added at The Power Station). V2b includes an additional 28 seconds of synthesizer at the end that was cut from the official release. The master tape for this longer version was accidentally sent to Japan in 1985 and released on the first-ever CD print run of the album, as well as a second pressing of the Japanese CD in 1986-87. The long version was also utilized on original 1986-7 export editions of the Japanese CD sent to Europe and the USA. The mistake was eventually corrected on all versions. The long version has not been officially available anywhere since 1995. Some early promotional copies of the album sent to press and radio stations (certainly in the UK, and perhaps worldwide) also included the synth coda.

BORN IN THE U.S.A. - V1 2:22 FFOD / HNWB / MT2
BORN IN THE U.S.A. - V2 0:30 FFOD / HNWB
BORN IN THE U.S.A. - V3 4:45 FFOD / HNWB
BORN IN THE U.S.A. - V4 3:10 FFOD / HNWB
BORN IN THE U.S.A. - V5 2:55 FFOD / HNWB
BORN IN THE U.S.A. - V6 4:00 FFOD / HNWB
BORN IN THE U.S.A. - V7a 3:06 LM-1 / HNWB
BORN IN THE U.S.A. - V7b 3:06 TRACKS
BORN IN THE U.S.A. - V8 8:09 THLBB / UH / GS / BUERM / MI
BORN IN THE U.S.A. - V9a - take 9 4:34 BITUSA
BORN IN THE U.S.A. - V9b 4:52 LM-19 / THLBP
BORN IN THE U.S.A. - V9c - freedom mix 7:20 1984 EP
BORN IN THE U.S.A. - V9d - radio mix 6:10 1984 EP
BORN IN THE U.S.A. - V9e - dub mix 7:36 1984 EP

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Track-sheet from a recording of 'Born In The U.S.A.', dated May 3, 1982.

Note: V1 is rough demo from 1981. V2 is when things start to get familiar, featuring the lyrics "Born baby in the USA, I believe in the American way". A fascinating glimpse at the development of a classic. Recorded at Springsteen’s home in Colts Neck, NJ from mid-September to December 1981. V3 - V6 are demos written after Jon Landau sent Springsteen a Paul Schrader script called "Born In the USA" in 1981, evolving from an earlier song he wrote called "Vietnam". V7 was recorded on January 3, 1982, and Bruce included it on the "Nebraska" demos cassette tape he sent to Jon Landau. In his notes to Landau, Bruce describes the song as "[a] little ditty. should be done very hard rockin". It was officially released with the "Tracks" compilation in 1998. V8 and V9 recorded in just four takes (two complete), at The Power Station with the E Street Band, during the "Electric Nebraska Sessions". V8 was completed on April 27-28, 1982, and contains a different Springsteen vocal overdub and a very long, extended jam ending. V9a (take 9) was completed on May 3, and became the first song on side one of the album, "Born In the USA". V9b continues where 9a fades out, with an extended synthesizer ending; it was leaked out of the sessions, and released unofficially on one of the permutations of the bootleg, "This Hard Land". V9c thru V9e are dance remixes of V9b, undertaken by Producer/Mixer Arthur Baker, and recorded at Shakedown Studio in New York City around September 1984. Toby Scott was the recording engineer for the remixes (which include additional vocals by The Latin Rascals), which were first released in December 1984.

BRILLIANT DISGUISE 4:12 TUNNEL

Note: Began life as "Is That You?", which was recorded February 5, 1987. Became "Brilliant Disguise" by the end of that month. Recorded at Thrill Hill East (Springsteen’s NJ home studio). Springsteen handles multiple instruments and his three-man backing band on this recording is Roy Bittan (keyboards), Danny Federici (organ) and Max Weinberg (percussion).

LIVING PROOF 4:42 LUCKY

Note: Recorded sometime from July to December 1991 at A&M Studios, Los Angeles. Springsteen handles all guitars and vocals and his 2-man backing band on this recording is Roy Bittan (keyboards) and Gary Mallaber (drums). Bittan is credited as a co-producer of this recording.

THE GHOST OF TOM JOAD - V1 4:20 JOAD
THE GHOST OF TOM JOAD - V2 7:34 HOPES

Note: Written as a rock song for the Greatest Hits project, but abandoned when Springsteen couldn't find an arrangement. Re-imagined as an acoustic song, and recorded May 23, 1995 at Thrill Hill West (Bruce's Los Angeles home studio). Springsteen handles guitar and vocals and his four-man backing band on this recording is Danny Federici (keyboards), Garry Tallent (bass), Marty Rifkin (pedal steel, dobro) and Gary Mallaber (drums). The rock arrangement was premiered live on April 7, 2008 in Anaheim, CA, performed with Tom Morello sharing lead vocals. Springsteen then recorded the rock arrangement in the studio with the E Street Band and Tom Morello in 2013 and issued it on High Hopes in January 2014.

THE RISING 4:50 RISING

Note: Song composed post 9/11. Recorded at Southern Tracks, Atlanta, during February-March, 2002. Soozie Tyrell contributes violin and background vocals, Jane Scarpantoni plays the cello.


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