The River - Studio Sessions


disco_theriver.jpg
Commercially Released: October 17, 1980
Label: Columbia
Produced by Bruce Springsteen, Jon Landau and Steven Van Zandt
Recorded by Neil Dorfsman, Bob Clearmountain (1979), Jimmy Iovine (Record Plant, 1977), assisted by Garry Rindfuss, James Farber, Jeff Hendrickson,
 and Raymond Willhard at Power Station, New York City (April 1979–May 1980)
Mixed by Bob Clearmountain (Power Station, September 1979), Chuck Plotkin, and Toby Scott, assisted by Dana Bisbee at Clover Recorders (May–July 1980)
Digital Operations by Jim "JB" Bauerlein, Digital Sound Recording, Los Angeles 
Mastered by Ken Perry at Capitol Mastering
Design by Jimmy Wachtel
Photography by Frank Stefanko, Amanda Flick, Barry Goldenberg, David Gahr, Jimmy Wachtel and Joel Bernstein

Overview

Bruce Springsteen introducing a complete performance of The River album, Madison Square Garden, November 8, 2009:
"The River was a record that was sort of a gateway to a lot of my future writing. It's a record we made after Darkness on the Edge of Town, it was a record made during a recession, hard times in the States. Its title song is a song I wrote for my brother-in-law and sister. My brother-in-law was in the construction industry and lost his job and they had to struggle very hard back in the late 70s, like so many people are doing today. It was a record where I first started to tackle men and women and families and marriage. There were certain songs on it that led to complete records later on, "The River" sort of led to the writing on Nebraska, "Stolen Car" led to the writing on Tunnel of Love. It was a record where, originally it was a single record, I handed it with just one record and I took it back because I didn't feel it was big enough and I wanted to capture the themes that I'd been writing about on Darkness, I wanted to keep those characters with me and at the same time added the music that made our live shows so much fun and enjoyable for our audience. So in the end, we're gonna take you down to The River tonight"

Springsteen finished the Darkness On The Edge Of Town tour on January 1, 1979. For the next few months he kept a low profile and focused his attention on composing new material for his next album, recording many acoustic solo demos in the process. Recording sessions for what became The River album began in late March 1979 and finished in May 1980, but mixing work at Chuck Plotkin's Clover Studios continued for months. Bruce even called in Jimmy Iovine to help sort through the problems, which were finally resolved when Bruce let Plotkin and his assistant, Toby Scott, run with the ball. Springsteen and Plotkin later agreed that Toby would be working for Bruce, which was just a technicality in the end.

Sessions for Springsteen's fifth album started with solo acoustic demo recordings made between January 1979 and June 1979 that loosely served as a basis for the March – August 1979 "first phase" of studio sessions. More demos followed in September to December 1979 that served as a basis for the October 1979 – May 1980 "second phase" of studio sessions.

These solo demos are not professionally made recordings. They were never intended to be. It seems Springsteen only used a common, run-of-the-mill cassette recorder. None of these songs exhibit a finished songwriting product; they are song fragments, both musically and lyrically. There is much stopping and starting heard as Springsteen records bits and pieces, manually stops the recorder then returns sometime later to add more ideas… and so on and so forth. Probably the most fascinating things heard on these tapes are Bruce’s attempts to write in a reggae style – these attempts can be found amongst the audio from late 1979 and early 1980. These recordings can provide an interesting, though often monotonous, glimpse into how Bruce goes about his creative writing process. But very little of this material is listener-friendly and is probably not worth obtaining unless you’re a die-hard completist. Springsteen definitely progressed some of these song fragments and ideas to completion – we have studio end product to attest to that. Songs in development here include "The River", "You Can Look (But You Better Not Touch)", "Two Hearts", and "Jackson Cage" to name just four. However most of these titles are likely to have gone little further than what one hears on these tapes.

All formal studio sessions (including the US Bonds sessions) took place in Studio A of the Power Station studios in New York City. Springsteen had been introduced to the studios after Roy Bittan, Max Weinberg and Garry Tallent had worked with English singer-songwriter Ian Hunter on his 1979 album You're Never Alone With A Schizophrenic with engineer Bob Clearmountain at the venue. Before any recording took place there were extensive song rehearsal sessions (Thom Zimny's The Ties That Bind documentary states that 104 band demos were created during this time) with the E Street Band throughout the making of the album that didn't take place at Power Station. These rehearsals took place in a converted barn on Springsteen’s Telegraph Hill Road property in Holmdel, NJ – the so-nicknamed "Telegraph Hill Studios". However it wasn't a true studio. A significant amount of the River session audio that has surfaced comes from these Telegraph Hill sessions. Unfortunately the audio quality from Telegraph Hill leaves much to be desired. It sounds as if a single boom recording mike was used. Springsteen’s vocals are buried under the instruments on virtually all these recordings, a side-effect of the lo-fi equipment used. Bruce never intended for these sessions to be heard; tapes were sold by former employees to bootleggers, including the two who created The Lost Masters series.

According to engineer Neil Dorfsman about fifty songs were recorded to a completed state during the River sessions. The Ties That Bind documentary gives us a figure of fifty-three songs. However The River, despite being a double album only included twenty songs, so about thirty-three finished songs remained in the vaults. Twenty-seven of those thirty-three "missing" recordings have since been officially released via b-sides, Tracks, The Essential Bruce Springsteen, The River: Single Album and The River: Outtakes, for a total of 20 + 27 = 47 RELEASED. Information culled from Sony's studio logs gives us another nine songs that were definitely recorded in the studio, but perhaps not to completion. This figure includes several songs that were recorded with a Springsteen vocal but later given to Gary U.S. Bonds. These nine songs are either not circulating at all (such as "Do You Want Me To Say Alright" and "I Will Be The One"), or only as poorly recorded band rehearsals from Telegraph Hill (e.g. "Under The Gun" and "Slow Fade"). There are an additional four unreleased songs from 1978 that were written after Darkness On The Edge Of Town was released; Only "The Ties Thar Bind" and "Point Blank" made it from this era. All this gives us the following list of sixty-eight songs which includes a total of fifty-three from this period that were recorded or are most likely to have been recorded and completed during The River/Bonds sessions. 21 are UNRELEASED, plus or minus!

Recording Phases

Phase One Sessions

The studio sessions for The River can be broken down into two "phases". Phase One was from late March to late August 1979 and it produced a projected single album – "The Ties That Bind". There was then an informal break of three to four weeks, during which Bruce and the band gave a benefit performance for MUSE on September 21 and 22. Following that MUSE benefit gig the original album was scrapped and then Phase Two (not originally planned) commenced in October and went through to the summer of 1980. The combined sessions produced the double album The River that was released in October 1980.

By early August 1979 enough quality material had been recorded over the course of the previous four months that it seemed possible an album might be released for Christmas 1979. A total of twenty-four songs had been recorded, according to The Ties That Bind documentary. However, the information we can glean only leads us to a total of twenty-two, so two more may be undocumented in the studio logs. Ten of those twenty-four tracks were selected and sequenced as follows:

Potential Album Tracks
Side One Side Two
THE TIES THAT BIND I WANNA MARRY YOU
THE PRICE YOU PAY LOOSE ENDS
BE TRUE HUNGRY HEART
RICKY WANTS A MAN OF HER OWN THE MAN WHO GOT AWAY
STOLEN CAR RAMROD

However, Springsteen continued to record and tinker with the album sequence. Four further songs (including "The River") were recorded in August and early September. By the second week of September Springsteen continued to tinker with a track sequence. "Ricky Wants A Man Of Her Own" and "The Man Who Got Away" had been replaced by "Cindy" while "The River" and "Loose Ends" were added and then removed. Before long "Ramrod" was cut, "The River" and "Loose Ends" were reinstated and the rockabilly "You Can Look (But You Better Not Touch)" was added. The ten tracks that Springsteen finally settled on were:

Potential Album Tracks
Side One Take Side Two Take
THE TIES THAT BIND #8 THE RIVER #5
CINDY #3 YOU CAN LOOK (BUT YOU BETTER NOT TOUCH) #3
HUNGRY HEART #2 THE PRICE YOU PAY #1
STOLEN CAR #3 I WANNA MARRY YOU #4
(TO) BE TRUE #2 LOOSE ENDS #2

Bruce signed off on the above sequence, a title ("The Ties That Bind") was chosen and wheels were put in motion to produce artwork for the cover. On October 4, 1979 the ten selected tracks were dubbed to two half-track reel-to-reel tapes at the Power Station, and labelled as side one and two. Producers were Springsteen, Van Zandt and Jon Landau, the album was recorded by Neil Dorfsman and Bob Clearmountain, and mixed by Bob Clearmountain. However, it wasn't to be. Before long, Springsteen had a change of heart about the album concept:

"When I didn't put the album out in 1979 it was because I didn't feel that that [sense of conflicting emotions] was there. [In the end,] I felt … I just got a bigger picture of what things are, of the way things work [with the double album] … I wanted that all on there." [1981]

"After some recording we prepared a single album and handed it to the record company. When I listened to it later on, I felt that it just wasn't good enough. The songs lacked the kind of unity and conceptual intensity I liked my music to have … / … It wasn't expansive enough … I wanted a record that balanced the two things I was doing [at that time], that had a sense of continuity coming out of Darkness." [1998/1999]

"It wasn't big enough. It wasn't sprawling enough. It didn't include enough. I'd gotten to the point where I wanted to include everything that I did, from the party material to my character studies, and I didn't think I could do that successfully on one album at that time. I didn't take it back with the intention of making two…. I just took it back with the intention of making it better." [2015]

Therefore, the single album The Ties That Bind was shelved.

Phase Two Sessions

Springsteen began a new series of studio sessions in October 1979, more songs flowed forth and the sessions continued well into the spring of 1980. Springsteen altered his approach, choosing to record everything that he wrote and exhausting the recording budget. With no budget left, he instead spent his own money, going broke in the process. At some point in early 1980 there was so much quality material that a decision was made to release a double album:

"Finally, it became obvious I was working on at least a double record. It would be the only way I could reconcile the two worlds I wanted to present to my fans. The River got its emotional strength from its ballads … / … but the album got its energy from its bar band music." [2016]

Over thirty songs were worked on in this period, and Bruce even had time to record with Gary U.S. Bonds for his album Dedication. Once everything was recorded, the songs were mixed at Chuck Plotkin's Clover Studios in Los Angeles. However, this process was not simple, many weeks later and with some mixes with three-digit take numbers Bruce was left in tears after finally admitting to himself that the mix they had slaved over "sucked". "We were violently frustrated and puzzled" he wrote in 2016, "cursing our brethren, releasing records and touring like normal folk and finally beseeching God himself. Why us, Lord, why?" However, the sweat and tears eventually paid-off with more work on the board, and in the end Plotkin's second or third mix was finally approved.

For the album cover, Springsteen rejected every image from photoshoots: "too slick, too studied, too flattering, too … ?" he wrote in Born To Run. Instead he went back to the photographs shot with Frank Stefanko in the winter of 1977 for Darkness On The Edge Of Town and found one that was acceptable. Now, with but $20,000 to his name, the album was finally finished.

Released

# Song Title Running Time Release
1.1. THE TIES THAT BIND 3:29 RIVER
1.2. SHERRY DARLING 4:00 RIVER / 1981 single
1.3. JACKSON CAGE 3:02 RIVER
1.4. TWO HEARTS 2:39 RIVER
1.5. INDEPENDENCE DAY 4:39 RIVER / 1981 b-side
1.6. HUNGRY HEART 3:19 RIVER / 1980 Single
1.7. OUT IN THE STREET 4:15 RIVER
1.8. CRUSH ON YOU 3:08 RIVER
1.9. YOU CAN LOOK (BUT YOU BETTER NOT TOUCH) 2:34 RIVER
1.10. I WANNA MARRY YOU 3:57 RIVER
1.11. THE RIVER 4:56 RIVER / 1981 single
# Song Title Running Time Release
2.1. POINT BLANK 5:59 RIVER / 1980 single
2.2. CADILLAC RANCH 3:01 RIVER / 1981 single
2.3. I'M A ROCKER 3:32 RIVER
2.4. FADE AWAY 4:36 RIVER / 1981 single
2.5. STOLEN CAR 3:50 RIVER
2.6. RAMROD 3:57 RIVER / 1980 b-side
2.7. THE PRICE YOU PAY 5:24 RIVER
2.8. DRIVE ALL NIGHT 8:22 RIVER
2.9. WRECK ON THE HIGHWAY 3:44 RIVER / 1981 b-side

Total Running Time: 1:23:47

Visit our release-pages for additional information.

Additional Recordings

Details

ANGELYNE uncirculating

Note: Recorded at Power Station on February 1, 1980. Donated to Gary U.S. Bonds for his album On The Line, released in 1982. Bonds likely overdubbed his vocal onto an E Street backing track. A version with Springsteen's vocals was included on a 1993 in-house Tracks concept album. This is not the same song as "Oh Angelyne", a totally different track that eventually became "The River".

ARNIE uncirculating

Note: Uncirculated outtake, recorded at Power Station on March 16, 1980. Included in an archival concept list put together by a Sony engineer in 1993.

BABY COME BACK 2:05 LM-9

Note: Acoustic demo recorded at Springsteen's house around January-June 1979. Unremarkable tune with mostly intelligible lyrics.

BABY DON'T GO - V1 2:30 LM-8
BABY DON'T GO - V2 1:10 LM-8 / MT2

Note: Promising song, although the lyrics are dominated by the repetition of the title. Acoustic demo recorded January-June 1979 at Springsteen's house in Holmdel.

TO BE TRUE - V1a 3:39 LM-6 / PYP
TO BE TRUE - V1b 3:49 DROC1
TO BE TRUE - V1c 3:50 DROC1 / RRR
TO BE TRUE - V1d take 2 3:40 DROC1 / TTTBJ / ATMF / LES / LEK
BE TRUE - V2 3:40 1981 b-side / TRP / BACK / DBTR
BE TRUE - V3 3:36 TRACKS
BE TRUE - V4 3:49 RIVER: SINGLE

Note: Evolved from "Mary Lou" and early versions of "Little White Lies" that used "Be True" vocals over unique backing. The only takes for this track all occurred on July 18, 1979 at Power Station, and a mixing or overdub session took place on April 22, 1980, before it was included on an April 1980 shortlist for the double album. Six different mixes are known: V1a runs fast with minimal vocal effects, V1c has a double-tracked vocal on the second verse, bridge, break, and has no sax except tail, V1d has double tracked vocals, background vocals and a different sax solo, V2 is the 1981 b-side to "Fade Away"; the version on 'Down By the River' (3:23) sounds exactly like V2 when slowed down by 6%. V3 is the mix released on Tracks, and version 4 is V1d released in 2015 on The Ties That Bind: The River Single Album.

TONIGHT V1 3:47 US6
TONIGHT V2 1:24 US6
TONIGHT V3 3:11 US6
TONIGHT V4 2:47 US6 / URT-1M / DROC1
TONIGHT V5 3:33 US6
TONIGHT V6 3:51 US6
TONIGHT V7 5:34 URT-1M
BREAK MY HEART - V8 2:46 LM-14
BREAK MY HEART - V9 3:00 LM-14

Note: V1–V7 are audio from a Darkness On The Edge Of Town Tour rehearsal at Telegraph Hill on October 26, 1978. "Tonight" was re-written as "Break My Heart" in 1979. V8–V9 are two different performances, both from a Telegraph Hill rehearsal in late March 1979. According to studio logs, not recorded at the Power Station.

BRING ON THE NIGHT - V1 2:29 ATEOD / UP / LM-12 / MT2
BRING ON THE NIGHT - V2 3:15 LM-9
BRING ON THE NIGHT - V3 4:10 LM-9
BRING ON THE NIGHT - V4 0:31 LM-9
BRING ON THE NIGHT - V5 1:20 LM-9
BRING ON THE NIGHT - V6 1:54 LM-11
BRING ON THE NIGHT - V7 2:35 TRACKS

Note: According to documentation, there was a song called "Bring On The Night" in 1977, but no audio currently circulates from that period. The title can be found on a May 1977 list of 'New Songs', as well as one other handwritten document. Some sources claim that V1 is a take from a Darkness-era practice or rehearsal session, but 'Lost Masters 12' dates it to a 1979 rehearsal at Telegraph Hill which seems more likely, although the sound quality is noticeably better than the vast majority of audio from these rehearsals. There is no reference to "Bring On The Night" in the Darkness session logs, although they are incomplete. It appears that if "Bring On The Night" was worked on during the Darkness sessions, it was put aside before Springsteen returned to it after the tour concluded in early 1979.

V2–V5 are all acoustic demos from around January–May, 1979 at Springsteen's home in Holmdel, NJ. V6 is a band rehearsal recorded on May 14, 1979, according to the liner notes of 'Lost Masters IX'. V7 was recorded at Power Station studios on June 13, 1979, and though it was included on a very early track sequence for the fifth album, it failed to make the cut, and was not considered for The River in 1980. It was eventually issued on the 1998 Tracks compilation.

CADILLAC RANCH - V1a 2:58 DROC2 / RO / ATMF
CADILLAC RANCH - V1b 3:03 private cdr
CADILLAC RANCH - V1c 3:05 private cdr
CADILLAC RANCH - V1d 3:03 private cdr
CADILLAC RANCH - V1e 3:01 O&S
CADILLAC RANCH - V1f 3:01 RIVER

Note: Recorded at the Power Station on February 16, March 9, 15 and 17, and April 9 and 26, 1980. These are all mix permutations of the same basic recording. V1b has less echo on lead vocal, V1c is take #47 with piano and guitar higher in the mix, V1d is described as "basic rundown take 2", V1e adds a siren and screeching tires to the introduction.

CHAIN LIGHTNING - V1 1:07 LM-8
CHAIN LIGHTNING - V2 1:24 LM-8
CHAIN LIGHTNING - V3 0:29 LM-8
CHAIN LIGHTNING - V4 2:18 LM-4 / OSOR
CHAIN LIGHTNING - V5 2:49 RIVER: OUTTAKES

Note: V1–V3 are early acoustic demos. V4 is from Telegraph Hill rehearsals on March 30, 1979. Later recorded at Power Station on February 17, 1980. The age of the lead vocal on The River: Outtakes release is hard to pin down. It does not sound like a River-era vocal, but at the same time it doesn't sound like Springsteen's 2015 voice. Best guess for now is a 1998 vocal, recorded during overdub sessions for Tracks.

CHEVROLET DELUXE - V1 5:19 LM-12
CHEVROLET DELUXE - V2 6:53 LM-12 / OSOR
CHEVROLET DELUXE - V3 1:17 DROC1 / SFEM / AT
CHEVROLET DELUXE - V4 1:53 DROC1 / AT
CHEVROLET DELUXE - V5 1:35 DROC1 / AT
CHEVROLET DELUXE - V6 1:49 DROC1 / AT
CHEVROLET DELUXE - V7 1:10 DROC1 / AT
CHEVROLET DELUXE - V8 4:59 DROC1 / RRR / ATMF / AT

Note: V1 and V2 are rehearsal workouts at Telegraph Hill on November 15, 1979. V3-V8 were also recorded at Telegraph Hill around the same time, but without the E Street Band, as Springsteen worked on developing the song. It had a feel not unlike "The River," and in V8 he admits he can't "keep those payments up". There is no evidence that this song went any further, but by this time in his career, Bruce had become adept at collecting song ideas, and transplanting music and lyrics where needed.

CINDY - V1a 2:24 LM-5
CINDY - V1b 2:24 LM-5 / ATMF / PYP
CINDY - V2 take 3 2:18 TTTBJ / DROC2 / RRR / RIVER: SINGLE

Note: "Cindy" was recorded at Power Station on July 16–17, 1979. V1a features double-track vocals; V1b has the double-track vocals as well as Clarence providing harmonies. Take 3, V2, was selected for the rejected 1979 'The Ties That Bind' album, mixed by Bob Clearmountain. Prior to the release of The River: Single Album, this was the only unreleased River session composition that circulated among collectors in finished form and in excellent quality. Additional dubs and mixing took place April 11–12, 1980 at Clover Studios in Los Angeles; it was included in an album shortlist around this time, but was not included on The River. Titled "Cindy's Delicate Condition" on a handwritten lyric sheet.

CRUSH ON YOU - V1a 3:19 DROC2 / RO
CRUSH ON YOU - V1b 3:06 DROC2 / RO / ATMF
CRUSH ON YOU - V1c 3:08 RIVER

Note: These are all mix permutations of the same basic recording. Recorded at Power Station studios on October 11 and 12, 1979.

DEDICATION uncirculating

Note: "Dedication" was recorded at Power Station studios on December 4 and 6, 1979 during the River sessions and later donated to Gary U.S. Bonds as the title track for his 1981 album. According to comments by Bonds, Bruce brought him this song as something from the River sessions arsenal that Bruce felt suited Bonds's style. It seems likely that Bonds overdubbed his vocal onto the E Street Band backing.

DOLLHOUSE - V1 2:20 LMEC1
DOLLHOUSE - V2 0:55 LMEC1
DOLLHOUSE - V3 3:29 TRACKS / RIVER: OUTTAKES

Note: AKA "Living In A Dollhouse", V1 and V2 are acoustic demos recorded around January–June 1979 at Springsteen's house. V3 was recorded at Power Station on August 20 and 21, 1979 and issued on Tracks.

DRIVE ALL NIGHT - V1a 8:22 LM-2 / DDO / DO-1 / AM / UP / LMEC2
DRIVE ALL NIGHT - V1b 8:23 UP
DRIVE ALL NIGHT - V2 4:42 LM-2 / AM / UP
DRIVE ALL NIGHT - V3 0:30 LM-7
DRIVE ALL NIGHT - V4 8:22 RIVER
recording_19770617-ruffs-demo-tape.jpg

Note: Studio logs indicate that Springsteen worked on this song at two sessions in 1977; June 16 at Atlantic Studios and August 24 at Record Plant. V1 is definitely from that June session, V2 is probably also from June (see image), but could be from the August session. If V2 is from June, then the August 24 take does not currently circulate among collectors. V2 has a different opening and is shorter, lacking Clarence's saxophone solo. Note that some bootleg CDs (such as Godfather's 'The Unbroken Promise') include two versions of the eight minute "Drive All Night"; they may be the same recording, but since two bootleg collections carry them, we list them as alternate mixes. Listed on some early vinyl boots by the title "Sad Eyes".

Bruce re-recorded the vocal track during the River sessions, using the 1977 Darkness backing track for V4, officially released on The River. V3 was worked on at Power Station (possibly on February 24, 1980, a date found in the studio logs), again with Springsteen singing over the backing track. V4 was completed on March 8 or 16. Preliminary mixing took place on April 10 by Neil Dorfsman; the song was later remixed by Toby Scott at Clover Recorders, Los Angeles. Springsteen is credited with the piano on this track. The only song from The River to be recorded by Jimmy Iovine, a final confirmation that the backing track was recorded during the Darkness sessions.

EVERYBODY'S LOOKING FOR SOMEBODY 0:45 DROC1 / SFEM / AT

Note: "Everybody's Looking for Somebody", a brief, but promising, demo. Also known as "Blackwood".

EVERYBODY WANTS MY BABY - V1 2:15 LM-7 / MT2
EVERYBODY WANTS MY BABY - V2 0:35 LM-7 / MT2

Note: Acoustic demo of a punkish song recorded at Springsteen's home in Holmdel in early 1980. The two takes are combined into one track on 'Lost Masters VII'.

EVERY DAY AND EVERY NIGHT 4:05 LM-8

Note: Acoustic demo in the early stages of development recorded in the spring of 1979 at Springsteen's home in Holmdel, NJ. No lyrics other than the title repeated, but the harmonies practiced here will eventually be used in "Janey, Don't You Lose Heart", which was recorded in 1983.

EVERYONE LOVES YOU 1:20 LM-9

Note: Brief acoustic demo recorded at Springsteen's home between January and June 1979. Pretty tune with some audible lyrics.

FADE AWAY - V1 2:50 LMEC1
FADE AWAY - V2a 1:01 private cdr
FADE AWAY - V2b - take 29 1:37 private cdr
FADE AWAY - V2c - take 26 4:40 private cdr
FADE AWAY - V2d - take 27 4:46 private cdr
FADE AWAY - V2e 4:46 DROC2 / RO / RRR / ATMF
FADE AWAY - V2f 4:36 RIVER / 1981 Single

Note: "Fade Away" V1 is a work-in-progress version from late 1979, recorded at Telegraph Hill, listed as "Slow Fade" in the Lost Masters liner notes, but it bears no resemblance to that song, which is known from February 1980 Telegraph Hill rehearsals. Takes were recorded at Power Station on March 9 and 15–17, 1980 and V2 is likely to emanate from one of those sessions. Work on April 9 and 29 is also logged - these are likely to be related to mixing at Clover Studios in Los Angeles. All circulating versions of V2 appear to be different mix permutations of the same basic recording. V2a is described as "end tag intercut number two, dry voice fade, loud last line" by the engineer. V2b appears to be an aborted mix, "the take after the last one, 28." V2c is take #26, V2d is take #27 with less piano. Released as a single in 1981 with "Be True" as the B-side.

FIND IT WHERE YOU CAN - V1 2:50 LM-9 / MT2
FIND IT WHERE YOU CAN - V2 1:36 LM-14
FIND IT WHERE YOU CAN - V3 3:53 LM-14 / OSOR

Note: V1 is an acoustic demo recorded at Springsteen’s home in Holmdel, NJ, January 1979 to June 1979. V2 and V3 are two different performances, both from the Telegraph Hill band rehearsals in late March 1979. A gem, but never recorded at Power Station. Title found on a list of songs written early in the sessions.

FROM SMALL THINGS (BIG THINGS ONE DAY COME) - V1a 2:33 SO / DROC2 / ATMF
FROM SMALL THINGS (BIG THINGS ONE DAY COME) - V1b 2:42 ESSENTIAL: BONUS / RIVER: OUTTAKES

Note: Two slightly different mixes. Recorded at Power Station on September 2, 1979. Included in an archival concept list compiled by a Sony engineer in 1993.

GO AWAY (COME CLOSE) 3:58 PSC

Note: Song of unknown title written in 1978 and soundchecked before the show on September 20, 1978. Bruce conducted the E Street Band in the same manner as at the Record Plant, constantly calling out chord changes and arrangements. "Go Away (Come Close)" was name given to this tune based on lyrics.

HELD UP WITHOUT A GUN - V1 1:10 DROC1 / AT / RRR
HELD UP WITHOUT A GUN - V2 0:15 DROC1 / SFEM / AT
HELD UP WITHOUT A GUN - V3 5:33 LM-11
HELD UP WITHOUT A GUN - V4 1:10 LM-11
HELD UP WITHOUT A GUN - V5 1:15 LM-11
HELD UP WITHOUT A GUN - V6 1:11 LM-11
HELD UP WITHOUT A GUN - V7 1:34 LM-11
HELD UP WITHOUT A GUN - V8 1:13 LM-11
HELD UP WITHOUT A GUN - V9 2:00 LM-11
HELD UP WITHOUT A GUN - V10 1:12 LM-11
HELD UP WITHOUT A GUN - V11a 1:07 DROC1 / SFEM / DBTR
HELD UP WITHOUT A GUN - V11b 1:13 1980 b-side / 1985 b-side / BACK / RIVER: OUTTAKES

Note: V1 and 2 are brief acoustic demos from late 1979. V3–V10 are rehearsal workouts at Telegraph Hill on February 22, 1980 (with Miami Steve on lead vocals on V6). V11a and V11b are different mixes of the same performance, recorded at Power Station starting the following day, February 23 and April 1, 1980. Further activities logged on April 9, 20, and 21 are likely to be related to mixing sessions at Clover Studios in Los Angeles. Included on an April 1980 shortlist for the double album. V11b first released as the B-side to "Hungry Heart" in 1980, re-released in 1985 on the 12" maxi single of "I'm Goin' Down", and again in 2015 on The River: Outtakes in average quality due to issues locating the studio masters. Recording found on The Essential Bruce Springsteen is a live cut, taped December 31, 1980 at Nassau Coliseum in Uniondale, NY.

HUNGRY HEART - V1a 2:53 DROC2 / PYP
HUNGRY HEART - V1b 3:30 LM-6
HUNGRY HEART - V1c 3:32 LM-6
HUNGRY HEART - V2a 3:28 LM-6 / RRR
HUNGRY HEART - V2b 3:47 DROC2 / ATMF
HUNGRY HEART - V2c 3:31 private cdr
HUNGRY HEART - V2d take 2 3:21 TTTBR / TTTBJ / RIVER: SINGLE
HUNGRY HEART - V3 3:15 RIVER / 1980 Single / ESSENTIAL / GREATEST

Note: "Hungry Heart"" was supposedly penned after Joey Ramone asked Bruce to write a song for the Ramones, after he attended a show at The Fast Lane, Asbury Park, in March 1979. Springsteen has confirmed that it was written with the Ramones in mind, and he was considering giving the song away, but after he played it for Jon Landau, Jon convinced Bruce to keep it for himself. Engineer Neil Dorfsman recalls "Hungry Heart" was recorded "live" in the studio, on June 14 and again on June 21, 1979. Flo & Eddie (Mark Volman and Howard Kaylan of the Turtles) contributed backing vocals during one of these sessions. V2c has heavy echo added to Springsteen's vocal. Mixing by Bob Clearmountain for The Ties That Bind single album took place in September, and there is a session logged on September 5, but it is not clear what occurred on that date. Additional sessions took place on March 24 and April 10, 1980, but it is confirmed that Clearmountain's mix from 1979 was not tampered with, making it the first of many Springsteen releases he would go on to mix. However, "Hungry Heart" was pitch adjusted, raising the pitch of Springsteen's vocal to achieve a more radio friendly sound. That is why The River track is slightly shorter than The River: Single Album version.

I DON'T KNOW 1:45 DROC1 / RRR / SFEM / AT

Note: aka "Baby I Don't Know". Acoustic demo from September-December 1979.

I DON'T WANNA BE 3:37 LM-4

Note: a rehearsal workout at Telegraph Hill in May 1979, dated incorrectly as September 16, 1979, in the Lost Masters IV liner notes. Studio logs indicate it was never recorded at Power Station, probably because it's melody helped formulate "Jackson Cage" that same month. Clarence Clemons on vocals.

SHE'S A ROCKER - V1 take 4 3:10 LM-5
SHE'S A ROCKER - V2 take 6 3:18 LM-5 / ATMF
I'M A ROCKER - V3 3:32 RIVER

Note: V1 and V2 were recorded at the Power Station on December 4, 1979, in the third person ("She's A Rocker"). The only other documented date in the logs is April 10, 1980, which is likely to be related to mixing at Clover Studios in Los Angeles, leaving the recording date of the album cut undocumented.

I’M GONNA BE THERE TONIGHT - V1 2:13 DROC2
I’M GONNA BE THERE TONIGHT - V2 3:27 DROC2 / RRR
OUT IN THE STREET - V3a 4:13 DROC2 / ATMF
OUT IN THE STREET - V3b 4:14 DROC2 / RRR
OUT IN THE STREET - V3c 4:15 RIVER / ESSENTIAL: 2015

Note: V1 and V2 are both Telegraph Hill band rehearsals from January 11, 1980. By March, Bruce had completed the lyrics to "Out In The Street", and on March 21, 1980 at Power Station, the band was ready to finish the song. V3 was recorded that night, as sessions were drawing to a close. Neil Dorfsman said it was "a beast" of a track to record. Everybody left on vacation after it was done.

I'M GONNA TREAT YOU RIGHT (WILD KISSES) 3:54 US6 / URT-1M / DROC1 / RRR

Note: A rehearsal take at Telegraph Hill Studio on October 26, 1978.

I WANNA BE WITH YOU - V1 3:04 DDO / DO-1 / AM / UP / LES / GT
I WANNA BE WITH YOU - V2 3:12 LM-6 / ATMF
I WANNA BE WITH YOU - V3 3:15 TRACKS / RIVER: OUTTAKES

Note: First cut during the Darkness sessions, with V1 recorded at Atlantic Studios on the evening of June 1, 1977. Logs show that more takes were recorded on July 1, 1977 (also at Atlantic), and there was a complete take on September 12, at Record Plant. Held over for The River sessions, and both V2 and V3 were recorded on May 31, 1979 at Power Station, New York. There was another session on June 21, and mixing/dubbing on September 24, 1979, but the final May 31 take was the one used for Tracks.

I WANNA MARRY YOU - V1a 3:29 LM-5 / LMEC2 / ATMF
I WANNA MARRY YOU - V1b - track 12 3:30 LM-5
I WANNA MARRY YOU - V1c - track 16 3:28 LM-5
I WANNA MARRY YOU - V1d - track 22 3:26 LM-5
I WANNA MARRY YOU - V1e - track 24 3:20 LM-5
I WANNA MARRY YOU - V2a - track 8 3:27 DROC2 / RO / ATMF
I WANNA MARRY YOU - V2b 3:24 DROC2 / RO / LUTHER
I WANNA MARRY YOU - V2c 3:22 DROC2 / RO / RRR / LUTHER
I WANNA MARRY YOU - V3 take 4 3:22 DROC2 / TTTBJ / ATMF / RIVER: SINGLE
I WANNA MARRY YOU - V4 3:23 RIVER

Note: Studio logs show takes were recorded at Power Station studios on July 5, 11, and 12, 1979, V1a is the earliest mix. V3 was mixed in September by Bob Clearmountain for the abandoned The Ties That Bind album, and later issued in 2015 on The River: Single Album. Additional sessions for The River were logged on April 12 and May 6 and 7, 1980. The final mix was by Toby Scott at Clover Recorders in Los Angeles, between May and July.

I WANNA START A NEW LIFE 1:30 DROC1 / RRR / SFEM / AT

Note: brief acoustic demo recorded late 1979 at Telegraph Hill.

I WILL BE THE ONE uncirculating

Note: Sessions for "I Will Be The One" took place over two days at the Power Station on February 16 and 26, 1980. No further information is known, but it was included in an archival concept list put together by a Sony engineer in 1993, but it never made the final listings for the 1998 Tracks collection.

INDEPENDENCE DAY - V1 - take 3 uncirculating
INDEPENDENCE DAY - V2 6:17 LM-3 / AM / UP / LMEC2 / GT
INDEPENDENCE DAY - V3a - mix take #10 5:18 uncirculating
INDEPENDENCE DAY - V3b 5:27 DROC1 / RRR / ATMF
INDEPENDENCE DAY - V3c 4:39 RIVER

Note: In a phone interview with a CHOM-FM DJ after a show on November 8, 1978 at the Montreal Forum, Bruce said "Independence Day" was written "before a lot of the stuff recorded on Darkness." It also appears on a "New Songs" list generally attributed to the pre-Darkness era. It was first recorded on August 15, 1977, and take 3 was dubbed to a ruffs mix tape, the inlay of which was reproduced in The Promise facsimile book. V2 was a bootlegged take likely recorded on September 26–27 at Record Plant Studios. Springsteen must have completed the song to some extent, because it was slated to be track 4 on the October 'Badlands' album, until Bruce canceled the project. He went back to work on it on November 4, 7, and December 9, 1977. When a proposed track sequence was assembled on January 16, 1978, "Independence Day" was an alternate track, but it was soon dropped from consideration. Bruce played it live on July 7, 1978 at the Roxy, and over thirty times to the end of the Darkness Tour. Sessions resumed at Power Station studios on May 29 and October 11, 1979, with mixing and dubbing sessions on April 24 and 25, 1980. V3a is mix take #10, with slight alterations to the snare drums and vocals. V3b is the complete, uncut recording with the instrumental coda that was removed from the album version, V3c.

JACKSON CAGE - V1 0:20 LM-7 / DROC2
JACKSON CAGE - V2 0:59 LM-7 / DROC2
JACKSON CAGE - V3 1:49 LMEC2
JACKSON CAGE - V4 2:52 LM-15
JACKSON CAGE - V5 2:57 LM-15 / LMEC2
JACKSON CAGE - V6 3:02 RIVER

Note: V1 and V2 of "Jackson Cage" can be heard on 'Lost Masters VII', a disc of 1979 home demos. V2 is an undated demo, generally credited to the fall of the year, but more likely from May 1979 before the resumption of studio work on May 22, when the whole session was devoted to "Jackson Cage". Springsteen did not work on the song again until V3 on January 1980, when he sang the lyrics over a playback of a January 11 Telegraph Hill band rehearsal of "Restless Nights". V4 and V5 are rehearsal workouts of an alternative arrangement from Telegraph Hill on February 5, 1980. The album track (V6) was recorded at Power Station on February 17, 1980, with overdubbing and mixing on April 10, 1980.

JANEY NEEDS A SHOOTER - V1 6:02 US6 / EY / ATMF
JANEY NEEDS A SHOOTER - V2 4:30 uncirculating
JANEY NEEDS A SHOOTER - V3 1:34 LM-8
JANEY NEEDS A SHOOTER - V4 2:34 LM-8 / PYP
JANEY NEEDS A SHOOTER - V5 6:50 DDO / DO-1 / EC / ATMF
JANEY NEEDS A SHOOTER - V6 6:43 LETTER

Note: "Janey Needs A Shooter" has a long, complicated history. V1 was recorded in a solo piano arrangement at 914 Sound Studios, Blauvelt, NY, on January 29, 1973, with additional takes on January 30. The lyrics were written during 1972, although the melody was culled from the mid-1971 Springsteen composition "Talking About My Baby", a recording of which exists, from a show in Richmond, VA in October 1971. "Janey Needs A Shooter" appeared on provisional lists for The Wild, The Innocent & The E Street Shuffle, but did not make the final cut. Also listed on the earliest known album #3 sequence, from spring 1974. Session log documents indicate that a full-band arrangement was recorded at 914 Sound Studios at some point during the Born To Run sessions, but it was bypassed for the album.

V3 and V4 are acoustic demos Bruce recorded around March–April 1979, at Telegraph Hill. V5 is a magnificent full band recording originally attributed to the Darkness On The Edge Of Town sessions, and later to the October 1978 rehearsal session at Telegraph Hill, Holmdel, NJ. Given the evidence (including audio not circulating), we can confirm it is a Telegraph Hill rehearsal from May 1979. The quality of the private audio is far superior to that found on the 'Definitive Darkness Outtakes' or 'Iceman' CDs, and includes the count-in and runs at the correct speed. "Janey Needs A Shooter" was also included on a very early tracklist for what became The River, but in all likelihood never seriously considered.

Warren Zevon has said that he became obsessed with the title line after Jon Landau mentioned it along with other songs that Springsteen was intending to record. Zevon pestered Bruce, pleading to hear the song. Bruce agreed, and he ended up working on his own version of the song, his interpretation of "Jeannie Needs A Shooter" (he had misheard the name), and played an incomplete version to Bruce sometime in the spring of 1979. Springsteen loved the arrangement, and they wrote the remainder of "Jeannie Needs A Shooter" together. The Zevon/Springsteen version is "a romantic saga of an outlaw pursuing a maiden while her father tries to gun him down," the opposite of Springsteen's original. Zevon's studio take of "Jeannie Needs A Shooter" from the Bad Luck Streak In Dancing School album was recorded during the summer of 1979 and released in February 1980.

V6 was the earliest track recorded for Letter To You, and was initially intended for release on Record Store Day, as Bruce confirmed during a phone call to E Street Radio on October 23, 2020.

JOLÉ BLON - V1 4:44 LM-13
JOLÉ BLON - V2 1:29 LM-13
JOLÉ BLON - V3 3:44 LM-13
JOLÉ BLON - V4 uncirculating
JOLÉ BLON - V5 3:25 GUEST: DEDICATION

Note: Based on a traditional Cajun waltz and adapted by Springsteen from Roy Acuff and his Smoky Mountain Boys' 1947 recording. The song was a big hit for the first time in 1947 for Harry Choates (recorded in 1946), and also for Red Foley & the Cumberland Valley Boys, who had a no. 1 Folk hit (formerly referred to as Hillbilly and by 1958 Country & Western charts) in January 1947 with "New Jolé Blon", and again a year later for Moon Mullican. "Jolé Blon" ("Pretty Blonde") was considered for the album once it became a two-LP set. V1–V3 are from Telegraph Hill rehearsals on January 11, 1980. V4 was recorded at Power Station studios on January 14, 1980, and the backing track may have been used by Gary U.S. Bonds on his 1981 album Dedication. V5 is the duet recorded with Bonds for Dedication.

LITTLE WHITE LIES - V1 1:07 LM-9
LITTLE WHITE LIES - V2 2:47 ATMF / DROC1 / SYMKB / DBTR / SC
LITTLE WHITE LIES - V3 2:39 RIVER: OUTTAKES

Note: Also known by the titles "White Lies", "To You" and "Don't Do It To Me", but all takes in studio logs were under the name "Little White Lies". V1 is a brief acoustic demo of the guitar riff with bluffed lyrics, recorded at Springsteen's home in early 1979. It is listed on the 'Lost Masters IX' CD as "Untitled #3". V2 is an unreleased take by Bruce and the band, cutting loose at the Power Station, possibly on June 1, 1979, a recording of which circulates in high quality. On the short-list of great unreleased tracks for many years, it was first issued in the 1980s on 'Son You May Kiss the Bride' as "Don't Do It To Me". The lyrics of "Mary Lou" are drawn upon heavily for this take - Bruce recorded takes of "Mary Lou" the same day, and Springsteen would use them again in July to record "To Be True".

V3 was released in 2015 on The River: Outtakes, included in The Ties That Bind: The River Collection box set. This is a different vocal take, probably recorded June 13, 1979 with updated lyrics replacing the lines from "Mary Lou" with four new verses, two of which Springsteen later used in "Loose Ends". The lead vocal is definitely vintage. Springsteen's double 1-2-3-4 count-in has been removed, and the song now has double-track vocals. One of Max Weinberg's personal favorites – Max expressed his wish that it be released, which has since been granted.

LIVING ON THE EDGE OF THE WORLD - V1 3:52 LM-12
LIVING ON THE EDGE OF THE WORLD - V2 4:26 LM-12
LIVING ON THE EDGE OF THE WORLD - V3 4:16 LM-12
LIVING ON THE EDGE OF THE WORLD - V4 4:14 TRACKS / RIVER: OUTTAKES

Note: V1 through V3 are rehearsal workouts at Telegraph Hill on November 15, 1979. V4 recorded at Power Station on December 7, 1979. Aspects of this song would later appear in "Open All Night" and "State Trooper" from 1982's Nebraska.

MR. OUTSIDE - V1 3:09 DROC1 / SBRR / RRR / MT2 / ATMF / AT
MR. OUTSIDE - V2 0:25 DROC1 / SFEM / AT
MR. OUTSIDE - V3 2:11 RIVER: OUTTAKES

Note: Also known as "Looking Out For Number One (Mr. Outside)". All versions are acoustic demos recorded September 10, 1979. The officially released V3 is an edited version of V1, from 2015. V2 can be found as the first 25 seconds of "Held Up Without A Gun", track 11 of Disc 2 on bootleg 'Song For An Electric Mule'.

LOOSE ENDS - V1 take 1 4:01 DROC1 / DBTR / RRR / SC / CAST / AM
LOOSE ENDS - V2a 4:04 DROC1 / ATMF / TTTBJ / RIVER: SINGLE
LOOSE ENDS - V2b 4:01 TRACKS

Note: "Loose Ends" was recorded at Power Station studios on July 18, 1979. Take 1 was described by engineer Neil Dorfsman as "mix #1, original vocal and original sax," then followed by a double four-count by the Boss. This has a rougher but clear, single-tracked lead vocal, with some slight differences in the phrasing and very minor changes to the lyrics. The circulating recording has no overdubs and the nine second double count-in; the vocals by Bruce and Steve Van Zandt include six "looooose ends" refrains, double the amount on V2. Double-tracked vocals can be found on V2, the second and final take. Bob Clearmountain mixed V2a in September 1979 for The Ties That Bind, but a month later Bruce cancelled that release, and it would be nineteen years before the song finally saw the light of day. V2b was remixed in 1998 by Ed Thacker for Tracks. In 2015, the 1979 mix was released as The River: Single Album, which omits the count-in, and is re-titled "Loose End". There are only three "loooose ends," but the guitars do the fourth, and there is an instrumental fade. The guitars are higher in Clearmountain's 1979 mix, in comparison to V1 and the mix on Tracks,which are more keyboard focused. It also has five "loooose ends," and drum rolls after the last three. Lyrics from "Loose Ends" can also be found in "Little White Lies", and "Baby I'm So Cold", an outtake from Born In The U.S.A.

LOVE AND KISSES - V1 0:18 LM-8 / MT2
LOVE AND KISSES - V2 2:44 LM-8 / MT2
LOVE AND KISSES - V3 0:25 LM-8
LOVE AND KISSES - V4 2:20 LM-9

Note: Acoustic demos recorded in Springsteen's house in early 1979. V1 and V2 are combined into a single track on 'Lost Masters VIII'. V1 is the guitar riff, V2 is very reminiscent of "Wages Of Sin". V3 has Springsteen singing the harmony.

LOVE IS A GUN - V1 1:31 LM-9
LOVE IS A GUN - V2 4:26 LM-9

Note: Acoustic demos recorded around January-June 1979 at Springsteen's home in Holmdel, NJ. Bruce may have used aspects of this demo in "Under The Gun".

LOVE'S GONNA BE TONIGHT - V1 2:15 LM-7 / MT2
LOVE'S GONNA BE TONIGHT - V2 1:20 LM-7

Note: Recorded at Springsteen's home in Holmdel, NJ, September-December 1979.

LOVE WILL GET YOU DOWN - V1 1:16 LM-9
LOVE WILL GET YOU DOWN - V2 5:00 LM-9
LOVE WILL GET YOU DOWN - V3 0:44 LM-9
LOVE WILL GET YOU DOWN - V4 1:10 LM-9
LOVE WON'T LET YOU DOWN - V5 2:30 private

Note: V1-V4 are acoustic demos recorded at Springsteen's home in early 1979. V2 is a single take of Bruce working on the song, with mostly audible lyrics. V1, V3 and V4 are partial, interrupted takes. This demo evolved into a V5, a song rehearsed with the band in March 1979, a recording of which exists in private collections. As is typical with the Telegraph Hill recordings Bruce's voice is buried in the music making it hard to identify lyrics, but the lyric "Love Won't Let You Down" does not appear anywhere in this rehearsal. Based on what can be heard, "Love Will Be The Name" or "Love Will Be The Game" are possible titles, but a handwritten document from the River sessions includes the title "Love Won't Let You Down". Therefore it is possible that the actual title for this song is "Love Won't Let You Down", despite the lack of that phrase in the lyrics. A well-developed and practised song, it's feasible that the song was subsequently recorded in the studio, although no songs with potentially matching titles exist in the studio logs. There is no relation between this song and "My Love Will Not Let You Down".

MARY LOU - V1 0:42 LM-8
MARY LOU - V2 1:18 LM-8
MARY LOU - V3 2:13 LM-8
MARY LOU - V4 2:45 LM-8
MARY LOU - V5 2:00 LM-11
MARY LOU - V6 0:34 LM-11
MARY LOU - V7 2:13 LM-11
MARY LOU - V8 3:14 LM-11
MARY LOU - V9 3:13 LM-11
MARY LOU - V10 3:10 LM-11
MARY LOU - V11 3:04 LM-4 / DROC2
MARY LOU - V12 3:10 DROC1 / ATMF / DBTR / SC
MARY LOU - V13 3:19 TRACKS / RIVER: OUTTAKES

Note: "Mary Lou" didn't make the cut for the double River album, but it played an important role in the development of several songs, and was eventually released on two official collections. V1–V4 are rehearsal takes, recorded in Spring 1979 at Telegraph Hill, working on music and lyrics. V5–V11 are full band rehearsals recorded at Telegraph Hill on May 14 and 16, 1979 (note: the September 16, 1979 date in the 'Lost Masters IV' liner notes is incorrect). Work resumed at Power Station studios for three days starting with May 30, 1979, resulting in V12, with takes also recorded on May 31 and June 1. Studio logs show final takes, dubs or mixing on July 13, 1979, and V13 is the completed track released on Tracks and The Ties That Bind: The River Collection. On June 1, 1979, "Little White Lies" V2 was cut using the lyrics of "Mary Lou", which was only a temporary "loan," with V3 recorded on June 13, with its own lyrics. However, on July 18, Springsteen cut "To Be True", again borrowing "Mary Lou's" lyrics, this time permanently.

IN THE CITY TONIGHT - V1 4:47 LM-14
IN THE CITY TONIGHT - V2 4:14 LM-14 / OSOR
IN THE CITY TONIGHT - V3 1:37 LM-14
IN THE CITY TONIGHT - V4 4:01 LM-14
IN THE CITY TONIGHT - V5 8:41 LM-14
IN THE CITY TONIGHT - V6 3:46 LM-14
IN THE CITY TONIGHT - V7 3:19 LM-14
UNTITLED SONG #3 - V8 1:45 DROC2
DO YOU WANT ME TO SAY ALRIGHT - V9 uncirculating
MEET ME IN THE CITY - V10 3:28 RIVER: OUTTAKES / 2015 single

Note: "In The City Tonight" V1–V8 are takes from Telegraph Hill rehearsals on March 25, 1979. V8 is listed as 'Untitled Song #3' on disc two of 'The Definitive River Outtakes Collection Volume 2'. Working titles included "In The City Tonight", "In The City", and "Meet Me In The City Tonight" (the last used on Springsteen's handwritten lyric sheet). "In the City Tonight" V9 was recorded at Power Station Studios June 14, 1979, under the title "Do You Want Me To Say Alright", for reasons unknown. A modern lead vocal was used over backing tracks from 1979 for V10, "Meet Me In The City", released online on October 16, 2015 to accompany the announcement of The Ties That Bind: The River Collection, which was released on December 4, 2015.

NIGHT FIRE - V1 4:48 DROC2 / RRR
NIGHT FIRE - V2 4:43 DROC2 / RRR / MT2 / OSOR / LM-4
NIGHT FIRE - V3 0:30 DROC2
NIGHT FIRE - V4 1:36 DROC2
NIGHT FIRE - V5 uncirculating
NIGHT FIRE - V6 4:44 RIVER: OUTTAKES

Note: According to author Clinton Heylin, Springsteen adapted the music of "In The City Tonight", which the band practiced extensively on March 25, 1979. Five days later, he had composed a hard rocking song, "Night Fire". V1–V4 are from the Telegraph Hill Studios on March 30, 1979. V1 is a complete take (tape running faster than V2–4), that for some reason is listed as "Untitled Song #2" on E St Records 'Definitive River Outtakes Collection Vol 2', and "Into the Night" on 'River Refineries Revisited'. V2 is also a complete take, running at the correct speed and opening with a request to "time this baby." V3 is a partial take of an instrumental section, and on V4, Bruce and Clarence work on the saxophone solo. V5 was recorded at Power Station on June 13, 1979, slower than the rehearsals with a "Because The Night"-style piano introduction. V6 features modern vocals overdubbed in 2015 over the vintage backing. Included in an archival concept list put together by a Sony engineer in 1993, with an original River-era vocal track.

OUT ON THE RUN (LOOKING FOR LOVE) - V1 0:55 LM-9
OUT ON THE RUN (LOOKING FOR LOVE) - V2 2:45 DROC2 / MT2
OUT ON THE RUN (LOOKING FOR LOVE) - V3 3:27 LM-14
OUT ON THE RUN (LOOKING FOR LOVE) - V4 3:23 LM-14
OUT ON THE RUN (LOOKING FOR LOVE) - V5 3:08 LM-14
OUT ON THE RUN (LOOKING FOR LOVE) - V6 2:59 private

Note: V1 is an acoustic instrumental guitar riff (no lyrics), recorded at Springsteen's home in early 1979. V2-V6 are from Telegraph Hill rehearsals on March 30, 1979. V6 also dates from that time but is perhaps slightly more polished. According to studio logs, not recorded at Power Station. This track recycles the main riff from 1977's "Don't Say No".

PARADISE BY THE "C" 3:10 RIVER: OUTTAKES

Note: This song showcases Clarence Clemons, aka "C". In 2015, "Paradise By The "C"" was officially released on The Ties That Bind: The River Collection's outtakes disc, but there is no sign of "Paradise By The "C"" in any of the 1977–1980 studio documentation we have access to, and the absence of a lead vocal makes it almost impossible to identify when it was recorded. However, production notes reference the source as a 24-track tape recorded on July 8, 1978 at Veteran's Memorial Coliseum, Phoenix, Arizona. Audio from either the soundcheck or concert could have been used, along with some 2015 overdubs and a River-era count-in.

PARTY LIGHTS - V1 3:22 LM-7 / MT2
PARTY LIGHTS - V2 uncirculating
PARTY LIGHTS - V3 1:05 FFOD / HNWB
PARTY LIGHTS - V4 3:09 RIVER: OUTTAKES / 2015 single

Note: Not related to the Claudine Clark song with the same title which Springsteen covered in 1975. V1 recorded as a solo demo in May 1979 at Telegraph Hill, Holmdel, New Jersey, and was found on the same demo tape that held two versions of "Jackson Cage" from the same period. Bruce uses the melody of "I Wanna Marry You". V2 recorded at Power Station on October 8, 1979; this was the take selected for The River: Outtakes disc V4, and was released as a single in November 23, 2015. The vocal on the official release is vintage, and includes lyrics also found in "Point Blank" and some which Springsteen would later use for his adaptation of Tom Waits' "Jersey Girl". V3 later recorded at Springsteen’s home in Colts Neck, NJ from late March to early April 1981 in a rockabilly style, not bearing much resemblance to the slower take from The River sessions. Springsteen asks an unidentified person if it is "time to eat?" at the end of the take.

PIPELINE 1:59 LM-11 / LMEC1

Note: This is a band warm-up from Telegraph Hill on February 22, 1980 of The Chantays' instrumental from 1963. It is listed as another surf-rock hit, The Ventures' "Walk Don't Run", on 'Lost Masters Volume XI'.

POINT BLANK - V1 1:00 LMEC1
POINT BLANK - V2 - take 3 5:39 DROC1 / RO
POINT BLANK - V3 - take 9 5:50 DROC1 / RO
POINT BLANK - V4 - take 11 5:20 DROC1 / RO
POINT BLANK - V5 - take 12 5:17 DROC1 / RO / ATMF
POINT BLANK - V6 5:59 RIVER

Note: Initially written during the early stages of the Darkness Tour, Bruce confirmed in a 1978 interview that "Point Blank" was composed during the soundcheck at the Music Hall in Boston in late May. Unfortunately, there were no studio sessions at this time, so no recordings exist. Premiered live at The Roxy Theatre in Hollywood on July 7, 1978 and played regularly once the song returned to the setlist two months later. Both the lyrics and arrangement used on the Darkness Tour are quite different to the final take on The River.

V1 is an acoustic demo from around January–June 1979 and consists of harmonies and guitar practice. V2–V5 are takes 3, 9, 11, and 12 respectively, all recorded on the same night at Power Station on May 29 and 30, 1979. These four takes feature a completely different, faster, rocking arrangement with alternative lyrics to both the 1978 live versions and the eventual River release. The mid-section includes a searing guitar solo. V6, the final arrangement, contains a newly written, extended narrative middle section and was recorded some months later, possibly on August 23 and 25, 1979, or February 16, 1980.

PROTECTION - V1 3:34 LM-8 / MT2
PROTECTION - V2 0:51 LM-8
PROTECTION - V3 0:11 LM-8
PROTECTION - V4 1:21 LM-8
PROTECTION - V5 3:25 LM-8
PROTECTION - V6 0:16 LM-8

Note: Six acoustic "takes" recorded at Springsteen's house in early 1979, although V3 and V4 are combined into a single track on the 'Lost Masters VIII' CD. Possibly rehearsed with the band during the Telegraph Hill sessions, although no recordings circulate. A song called "Protection" was subsequently recorded with the E Street Band in 1982 before the track was donated to Donna Summer, but these acoustic demos have little to do with that song, aside from the title.

RAMROD - V1 3:58 DO-1 / AM / UP
RAMROD - V2a 3:51 DROC1 / ATMF / RRR / RO / PYP
RAMROD - V2b 3:41 DROC2
RAMROD - V2c 0:28 DROC2 / RO
RAMROD - V2d 3:46 RO
RAMROD - V2e 3:44 RO
RAMROD - V2f 4:20 LM-5
RAMROD - V2g 4:20 LM-5
RAMROD - V2h 4:23 LM-5
RAMROD - V2i 2.53 LM-5
RAMROD - V2j 3:57 RIVER / 1980 b-side
RAMROD - V2k 3:57 TTTB: RIVER

Note: Written during sessions for Darkness On The Edge Of Town, and at least four takes were recorded at Record Plant studios on September 12, 1977. The V1 lyrics are far from complete; after the first verse and chorus, the rest of the song is bluffed. Note that the car had a "Pontiac engine in a '32 Ford." It was played once on the Darkness Tour, on December 28, 1978 in Pittsburgh, PA. Bruce finished writing the song before resuming work at Power Station studios on June 12, 1979. Several complete takes were again recorded, though it was decided the base track recorded in 1977 would remain. V2a through V2j consist of these tracks, and are a collection of overdubbed guitars and vocals, trying to find the right combination. Studio talk between engineer Neil Dorfsman and Springsteen can be heard on several of the tracks describing the setup. The next two sessions were with Bruce, Dorfsman, and Bob Clearmountain on August 27, 1979 and September 5, 1979, trying to get the final mix for the Ties That Bind album. Unfortunately, "Ramrod" was taken out of the track list at the last minute, and then Springsteen cancelled the album, going back to recording. V2a through V2e were mixed on these two dates. All are complete takes with varying overdubs added. V2c is a thirty second guitar part for overdubbing. When it came time for mixing for The River, two more sessions were held with Dorfsman on April 4 and 19, 1980. V2f through V2i are likely from these dates. The increased length of some of the tracks is due to reduction of the tape speed. V2j is the track chosen for the album, mixed by Toby Scott at Clover Recorders in Los Angeles.

In January 2011, a song titled "Rocker" was registered with the US Copyright Office, but information on the copyright claim suggests this is actually "Ramrod". It was registered because a short audio snippet was included in Thom Zimny's The Promise: The Making Of Darkness On The Edge Of Town, the documentary included on the box set. It can be heard at exactly 1:00:00. A remastered and remixed version of "Ramrod" was included in The Ties That Bind: The River Collection, released on December 4, 2015.

RESTLESS NIGHTS - V1 2:37 LM-12
RESTLESS NIGHTS - V2 3:41 LM-12
RESTLESS NIGHTS - V3 1:36 LM-12
RESTLESS NIGHTS - V4 4:07 LM-12
RESTLESS NIGHTS - V5 3:37 LM-12
RESTLESS NIGHTS - V6 4:32 LM-12
RESTLESS NIGHTS - V7 4:29 LM-12
RESTLESS NIGHTS - V8 5:41 LM-13
RESTLESS NIGHTS - V9 2:13 LM-13
RESTLESS NIGHTS - V10 3:30 LM-13
RESTLESS NIGHTS - V11 3:45 LM-13
RESTLESS NIGHTS - V12 4:17 LM-13
RESTLESS NIGHTS - V13 3:47 LM-13
RESTLESS NIGHTS - V14a 3:52 DROC1 / RN / ATMF
RESTLESS NIGHTS - V14b 3:41 TRACKS / RIVER: OUTTAKES

Note: V1 through V7 are rehearsal workouts at Telegraph Hill on January 10, 1980, and V8 through V13 are from the following evening, January 11. V14 was recorded at Power Station on January 14, 1980, but was not completed until April 12. Final dubbing and mixing was done on May 2, 1980, mainly to reduce the track length. Included on an April 1980 shortlist for the double album, but was beaten out by "Ramrod" and "I'm A Rocker".

RICKY WANTS A MAN OF HER OWN - V1a 2:47 DROC1 / RRR / RN / ATMF
RICKY WANTS A MAN OF HER OWN - V1b 2:48 private cdr
RICKY WANTS A MAN OF HER OWN - V2 2:54 LM-5
RICKY WANTS A MAN OF HER OWN - V3 2:43 TRACKS / RIVER: OUTTAKES

Note: V3 recorded July 16, 1979. V1 and V2 also recorded around this time. Similarly arranged versions, with some slight lyric differences between each. Another session took place at Power Station on April 10, 1980, likely a mixing or overdub session. Selected for (and later removed from) August 1979 and April 1980 album sequences. Differences between V1a and V1b are imperceptible, aside from a slight change to the count-in.

ROULETTE - V1 1:30 LM-4 / ATMF / PYP / MT2
ROULETTE - V2 2:28 DROC1 / RRR / RO
ROULETTE - V3 3:39 LM-4 / LMEC1 / PYP / SA / DBTR
ROULETTE - V4a 3:37 DROC2 / SMM / BTR
ROULETTE - V4b 3:29 DBR
ROULETTE - V4c 3:46 DROC1 / RO
ROULETTE - V4d 3:47 RO
ROULETTE - V4e 3:45 RO / RN
ROULETTE - V4f 3:39 ATMF
ROULETTE - V4g 3:34 ATMF
ROULETTE - V4h 3:43 BACK / 1988 Single
ROULETTE - V4i 3:47 TRACKS
ROULETTE - V4j 3:48 RIVER: OUTTAKES

Note: V1 is an acoustic demo recorded a few days after the Three Mile Island nuclear accident on March 28, 1979, which inspired the song. Recording sessions for Album #5 began at Power Station studios on April 3, with engineer Bob Clearmountain. Multiple takes of "Roulette" were recorded over the first two days, followed by several days of mixing by Clearmountain and Springsteen. The song was set aside until April 1980, when Springsteen, engineer Neil Dorfsman, and his co-producers Landau and Van Zandt were reviewing all completed masters, and recording or re-recording instrumental and vocal tracks as needed. Over April 11 and 12 new "Roulette" tracks were recorded, including vocals, and Dorfsman mixed or remixed some of the tapes. He recalls that the new vocals were discarded in favor of the original April 1979 tracks. Toby Scott mixed it as one of the five extra tracks designated for b-sides, etc., after finishing the twenty primary tracks Springsteen had designated for The River.

V2 is incomplete, with double-tracked lead vocals and a slower tempo. The lyrics show some variations to later versions, and the tape fades out during the guitar solo. The vocal in V3 is not finished, while V4 is the master recorded in April 1979, with multiple vocal, keyboard, guitar and other instruments recorded in 1979–80 at Springsteen's direction, for dubbing and mixing. For unknown reasons, many of the mixes created by Clearmountain, Dorfsman, and Scott leaked out to bootleggers, in addition to the officially released b-side and remixed album cuts on Tracks and The Ties That Bind 2015 anniversary box. There are at least eight different mix variations in circulation, and more exist in private collections. The Tracks mix features more snare drum but less guitar than the mix found on the 1988 b-side to "One Step Up". Bruce states in his autobiography that "Roulette" was recorded shortly after the MUSE benefits of September 21 and 22, 1979, but that is incorrect. In a 1998 interview with Mojo magazine, Springsteen bared his soul. "It was the first song we cut…and maybe later on, I thought it was too specific. I may have just gotten afraid—it went a little over the top, which is what's good about it. In truth it should have probably gotten put on. It would have been one of the best things on the record."

SHERRY DARLING - V1 4:00 LM-3 / DO-2 / AM / UP / LMEC2
SHERRY DARLING - V2 4:51 DDO / DO-3 / ODM / HOD / AM / UP
SHERRY DARLING - V3 4:03 DROC2 / ATMF / RRR
SHERRY DARLING - V4 4:00 RIVER

Note: "Sherry Darling" was recorded at Atlantic Studios on June 24 and 27 and July 1, 1977 during the Darkness sessions, but was held over for the next album for thematic reasons. V1 and V2 are from one of these three dates. Premiered live during the Darkness Tour with a spoken introduction: "This was a song that we recorded live in the studio about two years ago, the beginning of the summer and it was originally gonna be on Darkness, but it was too weird so we left it off." Bruce would often refer to "two summers ago" when introducing the song in 1978, which would indicate it was first recorded in 1976. However, Bruce's dates are notoriously unreliable so it is more likely he is referring to June 1977. Springsteen returned to "Sherry Darling" in the spring of 1979, with takes at Power Station on May 25, 1979. The logs show more work on February 23, 1980 and V4 was completed on March 8 with final overdubs before a mixing session on April 12, 1980 and inclusion on The River.

SLOW FADE - V1 18:57 LM-15
SLOW FADE - V2 2:52 LM-15
SLOW FADE - V3 3:12 LM-15 / LMEC2
SLOW FADE - V4 3:24 LM-15
SLOW FADE - V5 2:49 LM-15
SLOW FADE - V6 3:04 LM-15 / OSOR

Note: All of the above are rehearsal workouts at Telegraph Hill on February 5, 1980 of a song that was bootlegged under the title "Slow Fade". Unfortunately, the true title of this song is a mystery since it has not appeared in studio documentation anywhere, we have no audio evidence beyond what is listed here, and the lyrics are buried in the mix. The title "Slow Fade" was written on the February 5 tape-card, but is probably not related to the actual song. The 'Lost Masters' material comprises over thirty minutes of the band working on all parts of the song, giving a fascinating if ultimately frustrating glimpse of their recording processes. A solo demo titled "Slow Fade", recorded in late 1979 and found on 'The Lost Masters Essential Collection Vol. 1' is not related to this song, it is an early version of the song, "Fade Away".

STOCKTON BOYS - V1 2:50 LM-7 / MT2
STOCKTON BOYS - V2 1:25 LM-7
STOCKTON BOYS - V3 0:30 LM-7
STOCKTON BOYS - V4 0:46 LM-7

Note: Thematically similar to "Stockton Girls". Four solo acoustic takes recorded January-February 1979. V1 appears to be full-length with some bluffed vocals.

STOCKTON GIRLS 1:45 LM-7

Note: Thematically similar to "Stockton Boys", one single acoustic demo recorded January-February 1979.

STOLEN CAR - V1 take 1 4:34 LM-6 / ATMF
STOLEN CAR - V2 take 2 4:08 LM-6
STOLEN CAR - V3 4:14 DBTR / SYMKB
STOLEN CAR (Vs.1) - V4 take 3 4:18 TTTBR / TRACKS / DROC2 / RIVER: SINGLE
STOLEN CAR - V5 0:56 LM-7
STOLEN CAR - V6 3:21 LMEC2
STOLEN CAR - V7 2:10 LM-13
STOLEN CAR - V8 3:39 LM-13
STOLEN CAR - V9 2:40 LM-13
STOLEN CAR - V10 2:55 LM-13
STOLEN CAR - V11 7:42 LM-15
STOLEN CAR - V12 6:14 LM-15
STOLEN CAR - V13 7:31 LM-15
STOLEN CAR - V14 7:58 LM-15
STOLEN CAR - V15 3:50 RIVER

Note: "Stolen Car" is actually the tale of two songs. The first "Stolen Car" was written, recorded and sequenced for release on the aborted album, The Ties That Bind, between June and September 1979. Springsteen later re-wrote and re-recorded the song and released it on The River in October 1980. "Stolen Car" was first recorded at Power Station on June 20–21, 1979, with takes attributed to the latter date. V1, the first take, contains different lyrics and is longer. V2 is referred to as "The Stanton Lake" version, because it started with that line. Take 3 (V4) was selected for The Ties That Bind, with final dubbing and mixing (by Bob Clearmountain) on September 24, 1979. It was later officially released on Tracks in 1998, and on The River Single Album in 2015, now dubbed "Stolen Car Vs. 1". V3 is the fourth and last distinct take of this arrangement. It was this take that was on a tape that fell into the hands of bootleggers, subsequently dubbed "Son You May Kiss the Bride", and pressed into a vinyl LP of the same name. It contained four unreleased River tracks, the title track, "Loose Ends", "Where The Bands Are", and "Don't Do It To Me" (aka "Little White Lies").

Despite the song being completed, Bruce was dissatisfied and decided months later to radically alter the musical arrangement. V5 is less than a minute of a solo take, and in V6, Springsteen sings over a tape of a band rehearsal of "Restless Nights", both recorded in January 1980. V7–V14 were recorded on January 16, 1980 at Telegraph Hill, and feature revised arrangements. The end result was V15, which was recorded at Power Station on January 21 and February 20, with overdubs and mixing undertaken on April 1 and 9, and May 9, 1980. The final mix for The River was by Toby Scott, at Clover Recorders, Los Angeles, CA in May–July 1980, with Springsteen watching over his shoulder.

STRAY BULLET - V1 uncirculating
STRAY BULLET - V2 6:09 RIVER: OUTTAKES

Note: Studio logs show that "Stray Bullet" was recorded at Power Station on February 24 and March 9, 1980, before mixing at Clover Studios in Los Angeles on April 10. Beautiful, brooding ballad. V2, found on The River: Outtakes, has some modern elements, but the main vocal is vintage. Included on an April 1980 shortlist for the double album. No River-era outtakes circulate for collectors to know exactly how it sounded in 1980, since the 2015 version is quite unlike anything else in Springsteen's canon.

TAKE 'EM AS THEY COME - V1 5:32 LM-9
TAKE 'EM AS THEY COME - V2 1:50 LM-9
TAKE 'EM AS THEY COME - V3 0:54 LM-9
TAKE 'EM AS THEY COME - V4a 4:25 DROC2 / ATMF
TAKE 'EM AS THEY COME - V4b 4:24 DDITV
TAKE 'EM AS THEY COME - V5 4:25 TRACKS / RIVER: OUTTAKES

Note: V1–V3 are acoustic demos recorded at Springsteen's home in early 1979. V1 appears to be primarily harmonies with bluffed lyrics. V2 includes some clearer lyrics, although it's obvious the song is in the very early stages of development in the last two verses. V4 and V5 are backing tracks from the Power Station. Logs show work on December 5, 1979 and April 10, 1980. Included in an archival concept list put together by a Sony engineer in 1993, prior to Tracks release.

THAT'S OKAY uncirculating

Note: Uncirculated outtake, recorded at Power Station on February 1, 1980. Included in an archival concept list put together by a Sony engineer in 1993.

THE MAN WHO GOT AWAY - V1 2:55 LM-4 / PYP / MT2
THE MAN WHO GOT AWAY - V2 1:15 LM-8
THE MAN WHO GOT AWAY - V3 4:00 LM-4 / OSOR
THE MAN WHO GOT AWAY - V4 3:29 private
THE MAN WHO GOT AWAY - V5 0:28 private
THE MAN WHO GOT AWAY - V6 3:31 RIVER: OUTTAKES

Note: V1 is a very early acoustic demo recorded at Springsteen's house, probably in early 1979. V2–5 are from Telegraph Hill rehearsals in late March 1979. V2 has Springsteen singing harmonies over a Telegraph Hill band rehearsal take. The two full rehearsal takes both have lyrical variations but V4 is closer to the final take, presumably recorded a short time after V3 (which is dated to March 30, 1979 in the liner notes of 'Lost Masters 4'), and lacks the electrifying instrumental outro found on that take. V5 is a short take of just the end of the song. V6, recorded at Power Station on June 13 and July 5, 1979, is officially released on The River: Outtakes, and is an entirely vintage recording. An early handwritten lyric sheet for a song called "Time" has "Man Who Got Away" as a sub-title in brackets, but it is likely there is no relation to this song. Appeared on an early sequence for the fifth album and was included in an archival concept list put together by a Sony engineer in 1993 but bumped off The River by the title track.

THE PRICE YOU PAY - V1 5:29 LM-6 / PYP / ATMF
THE PRICE YOU PAY - V2 - take 1 5:43 TTTBR / TTTBJ / DROC2 / RIVER: SINGLE / LEK
THE PRICE YOU PAY - V3 5:24 RIVER

Note: Studio takes covered four days, June 15, 18, 19 and 21, 1979 at the Power Station. V1 is an earlier take (but dated to June 21 in the Lost Masters liner notes) and a different mix, with some minor lyrical variations and vocalisations over the instrumental ending. V2 was completed on the final day, and submitted for the single album. Once the single album was canned Bruce returned to the song with a re-written third verse. It is unknown if that verse was recorded at the same time as the rest of the song, or if it was recorded later and overdubbed over the original. Logs show just one more entry, April 4, 1980, which may be a mixing date. Springsteen added the "original" third verse back to "The Price You Pay" for live performances during the River Tour, though all performances since 1981 have used the original album lyrics. Many consider V2 to be the definitive studio take, and it was officially released on The River Single Album in 2015.

OH ANGELYNE - V1 1:35 LM-6 / DROC1 / RRR
OH ANGELYNE - V2 0:47 LM-6
OH ANGELYNE - V3 2:52 LM-6
OH ANGELYNE - V4 2:13 LM-6 / MT2
THE RIVER - V5 take 5 4:48 TTTBR / TTTBJ / RIVER: SINGLE / PYP / LEK / ATMF
THE RIVER - V6 5:01 RIVER / ESSENTIAL / GREATEST / TTTB: RIVER / CHAPTER
THE RIVER - V7 0:36 TTTB: DOCUMENTARY

Note: Springsteen kicked around the verses of "Oh Angelyne" for six months, until he received inspiration from "Long Gone Lonesome Blues" by Hank Williams (1950), and wrote the chorus in August 1979. The original inspiration had been the economic situation his sister Ginny and her husband found themselves in, during the late 1970s. Thanks to 'Lost Masters', we have four takes of a solo demo recorded by Bruce at home in February–May, 1979.

"The River" was first recorded at Power Station studios on August 26, 1979, with the completed take 5 (V5) selected for The Ties That Bind and mixed by Bob Clearmountain. Bruce changed his mind in October, and the single album fell through. But in September, he performed "The River" live twice at Madison Square Garden, New York, to great response by fans and critics, including Ginny, his special guest. The version finally released on The River double album had a number of embellishments to the single album mix. For instance, ooo-ooos by Bruce and Steve were added (possibly on January 21, 1980), and later overdubbed on either April 12 or 24, and was sequenced as the final track on the first LP of The River. Studio logs give us those three dates in 1980, but don't specify what was done. In an interview, engineer Neil Dorfsman says he recalls cutting several versions of the song, trying out different tempos and a more embellished rock 'n' roll arrangement. None of these alternative arrangements circulate, and it is not known whether they exist in the vaults. V7 is a brief snippet of an acoustic demo heard in Thom Zimny's documentary about the making of The River, included in the The Ties That Bind (The River Collection) box set.

THE TIES THAT BIND - V1 3:30 US6 / URT-1M / RRR
THE TIES THAT BIND - V2 3:38 URT-1M / US6 / DROC1
THE TIES THAT BIND - V3 0:45 URT-1M
THE TIES THAT BIND - V4 4:02 LM-14
THE TIES THAT BIND - V5 3:40 private
THE TIES THAT BIND - V6a take 8 3:25 LM-6
THE TIES THAT BIND - V6b take 8 3:29 TTTBJ / DROC2 / PYP / RIVER: SINGLE
THE TIES THAT BIND - V6c take 8 3:29 RIVER / ESSENTIAL: 2015

Note: First known from a soundcheck performance on September 20, 1978 at the Capitol Theatre in Passaic. While it shares some lyrics with the finished article, the soundcheck version otherwise bears little resemblance. This first incarnation of "The Ties That Bind" is a blues driven hard rock song with some searing lead guitar work. Another soundcheck performance of this arrangement circulates, a partial recording said to have been taped from outside the Capitol Theatre the following day, although this is in some doubt. A faster, more confident performance. This original arrangement was extensively revised by October 26, 1978, when V1–V3 were recorded at Telegraph Hill in a rehearsal before the final leg of the Darkness Tour. Although still a work-in-progress, it is much closer to the final arrangement. It was premiered live six days later at Princeton University and played regularly for the remainder of the tour, eventually taking a prominent spot as the opening song of the second set.

The band picked it back up in the Spring of 1979 at Telegraph Hill with V4 and V5, still needing work on the second and third verses. V5 is more advanced, and both still retain the drum introduction from the Darkness Tour arrangement that was dropped for the final take. In April, sessions commenced at Power Station studios for album #5, with engineer Bob Clearmountain. After finishing "Roulette", work began on finishing "The Ties That Bind", with takes recorded on April 9, 10, and 11. V6 is take 8, chosen as the title track for an album to be released later in the year. V6a was an early mix with different vocals. V6b was mixed by Clearmountain in September 1979, but after the album came back from mastering in October, Bruce called a halt to the release, and resumed writing and recording. Jon Landau helped to sell him on the double album idea, and The River was released in 1980. The first track on side one was V6c, with possible overdubs and mixing on April 10, 1980, and final mixing by Toby Scott at Clover Studios, Los Angeles, during May–July.

THE TIME IN BETWEEN 0:20 DROC1 / AT

Note: Springsteen just repeats the title. A brief acoustic demo recorded between September and December, 1979.

THE TIME THAT NEVER WAS 3:39 RIVER: OUTTAKES

Note: Takes were recorded at Power Station on June 27, 1979, with further work on March 16, 1980. Vintage backing track and lead vocals were used on the cut found on The Ties That Bind: The River Outtakes, but new background vocals were recorded in 2015. Not included on any Tracks shortlist. Unknown song prior to its official release.

THIS LITTLE GIRL uncirculating

Note: Recorded at Power Station studios, possibly in late January 1980, and in June to August 1980 during sessions for Gary U.S. Bonds. A Springsteen vocal rendition from these sessions is likely to exist. "This Little Girl" became Bonds's biggest hit after release in 1981.

TWO HEARTS - V1 1:23 LM-7
TWO HEARTS - V2 2:36 LM-11
TWO HEARTS - V3 1:55 LM-11
TWO HEARTS - V4 2:37 LM-11
TWO HEARTS - V5 2:41 LM-11
TWO HEARTS - V6 1:13 LM-11
TWO HEARTS - V7 4:23 LM-11
TWO HEARTS - V8 5:08 LM-11
TWO HEARTS - V9 3:26 LM-11
TWO HEARTS - V10a 2:39 RIVER
TWO HEARTS - V10b 2:44 private cdr

Note: V1 is an acoustic demo recorded at Springsteen's home in Holmdel, NJ in early 1980. The chorus heard here is similar to the album take, but the remainder of the lyrics and the melody are quite different. V2–V9 are band rehearsal workouts at Telegraph Hill on February 22, 1980, and are a fascinating glimpse of the band developing a song live. V2 includes a guitar solo mid-song (also found in V4 and V5) along with many bluffed lyrics. V6 has Bruce working on a new verse, which is incorporated into V7–V9. Both the solo and extra verse are unique to these takes, and were dropped by the time "Two Hearts" was cut in the studio.

"Two Hearts" was recorded at Power Station on February 23 (the day after the Telegraph Hill rehearsals) and 24, with further work undertaken on March 17, April 9, and April 26, 1980. V10b is a different mix that lacks the double-tracked vocal found on the album.

UNDER THE GUN - V1 1:00 LM-9
UNDER THE GUN - V2 4:38 LM-8
UNDER THE GUN - V3 0:17 LM-8
UNDER THE GUN - V4 1:02 LM-8
UNDER THE GUN - V5 4:17 LM-8
UNDER THE GUN - V6 0:45 LM-8
UNDER THE GUN - V7 3:02 LM-4
UNDER THE GUN - V8 3:03 LM-4
UNDER THE GUN - V9 2:44 LM-4
UNDER THE GUN - V10 2:06 LM-4
UNDER THE GUN - V11 1:54 LM-4
UNDER THE GUN - V12 uncirculating

Note: V1–6 are acoustic demos recorded at Springsteen's home in Holmdel, NJ probably in early 1979. V1 is solely harmonies. Thematically similar to "Jackson Cage" and includes some lyrics from "The River". Springsteen answers the telephone during V5. V7–V11 are different performances with the band from a Telegraph Hill rehearsal session on March 30, 1979. According to studio logs, "Under The Gun" was recorded at Power Station on June 14, 1979, and later included on a 1993 in-house Tracks-concept album, but not selected for the Ties That Bind outtakes collection in 2015.

WALKING ON THE AVENUE - V1 3:45 LM-9
WALKING ON THE AVENUE - V2 3:05 LM-9 / MT2

Note: Acoustic demos recorded at Springsteen's house in January-June 1979. V1 appears to be relatively well-developed with intelligible lyrics.

WHERE THE BANDS ARE - V1a 3:37 DROC1 / DBTR / SYMKB / SYMKW
WHERE THE BANDS ARE - V1b 3:42 TRACKS / RIVER: OUTTAKES

Note: Written in 1979 and heavily inspired by The Raspberries. Two slightly different mixes. Recorded at Power Station studios on October 9, 1979.

YOU GOTTA BE KIND - V1 2:00 LM-7 / MT2
DOWN IN WHITE TOWN - V2 3:06 DROC1 / RRR / MT2 / AT
DOWN IN WHITE TOWN - V3 3:15 LM-7 / MT2
DOWN IN WHITE TOWN - V4 1:00 LM-7
DOWN IN WHITE TOWN - V5 0:50 LM-7
DOWN IN WHITE TOWN - V6 0:45 LM-7
WHITETOWN - V7 3:23 RIVER: OUTTAKES

Note: First known from rehearsals on January 11, 1980 at Telegraph Hill, a composite of home demos "You Gotta Be Kind" and "Mr. Outside". Contains some lyrics that would end up in "Jackson Cage". "Whitetown" was recorded at Power Station on March 16, 1980 and released on 2015's The River: Outtakes. At the very least the vocal track found there is modern.

A THOUSAND TEARS (WILLIAM DAVIS) - V1 uncirculating
WILLIAM DAVIS - V2 uncirculating

Note: First recorded under the title "A Thousand Tears (William Davis)" at Power Station Studios on January 31 and February 1, 1980. Springsteen would return to the song on April 27 and 28, 1982, with the working title, "William Davis", during the early days of the Born In The U.S.A. sessions. These takes could be solo or with some band accompaniment. No audio circulates.

WRECK ON THE HIGHWAY - V1 3:30 LM-13
WRECK ON THE HIGHWAY - V2 3:44 RIVER

Note: V1 is a full-band rehearsal from Telegraph Hill on January 16, 1980, in a country arrangement that bears a very strong resemblance to Springsteen's cover of Hank Williams's "Wedding Bells" that he rehearsed during soundcheck at Passaic's Capitol Theatre in September 1978. Studio documentation shows entries for "Wreck On The Highway" over three consecutive days on April 10–12, 1980. It's likely that these entries are referencing mixing sessions at Clover Studios in Los Angeles, and the true recording dates are undocumented.

YOU CAN LOOK (BUT YOU BETTER NOT TOUCH) - V1 2:40 LM-7
YOU CAN LOOK (BUT YOU BETTER NOT TOUCH) - V2 2:45 LM-7 / LMEC2
YOU CAN LOOK (BUT YOU BETTER NOT TOUCH) - V3 0:44 DROC1 / SFEM / AT
YOU CAN LOOK (BUT YOU BETTER NOT TOUCH) - V4 0:30 DROC1 / SFEM / AT
YOU CAN LOOK (BUT YOU BETTER NOT TOUCH) - V5 2:11 DROC1 / AT
YOU CAN LOOK (BUT YOU BETTER NOT TOUCH) - V6 take 3 2:04 TTTBR / TTTBJ / DROC2 / RIVER: SINGLE
YOU CAN LOOK (BUT YOU BETTER NOT TOUCH) - V7 uncirculating
YOU CAN LOOK (BUT YOU BETTER NOT TOUCH) - V8 2:34 RIVER
YOU CAN LOOK (BUT YOU BETTER NOT TOUCH) - V9 1:18 YBNT2 / BB: DOC

Note: V1 and V2 are actually two takes of Bruce working on the start and end, singing the lead guitar part over his acoustic, recorded at Telegraph Hill, January–March 1979. It's clear that he thinks he's onto something. V3–V5 are demos from May, well developed, with the lyrics of the first and third verses almost complete. V6, in a rockabilly arrangement, was probably recorded over two days at the Power Station on August 24 and 25, 1979, and sequenced on side two of The Ties That Bind before Springsteen rejected the concept and moved to a double album. Later released in 2015 on The River: Single Album. This arrangement was performed regularly on the Tunnel Of Love Express Tour in 1988, but not before and never since.

Some time later, Springsteen dropped the rockabilly arrangement, and instead lifted the music from "Held Up Without A Gun". V7 was recorded at a Telegraph Hill rehearsal on January 11, 1980, using the music from "Held Up Without A Gun", but the recording does not circulate. V8 was recorded on February 17 and 23, 1980, at Power Station, and final mixes for The River took place on April 1, 9, and 21, 1980.

V9 is a short acoustic take from January 1995, from the soundtrack of the Blood Brothers video, shot during the Greatest Hits sessions at the Hit Factory, New York.

YOU GOTTA FIGHT (FOR WHAT YOU WANT) 2:15 DROC1 /RRR / MT2 / ATMF / SFEM / AT

Note: Promising solo acoustic demo with a reggae-style beat, recorded September 10, 1979 at Springsteen's home in Holmdel, NJ.

YOUR LOVE uncirculating

Note: Recorded at Power Station Studios in late 1980 before or during sessions for Gary U.S. Bonds. A Springsteen vocal rendition from these sessions is likely to exist.

unknown title 7:50 private

Note: Upbeat, rockabilly-style song from a Telegraph Hill band rehearsal, probably from late March 1979. As with all the Telegraph Hill material the lyrics are buried in the music, but possible titles are "Walk You Through The Door" or "Charlie Miles". Running time above includes several takes, most incomplete. Resembles the March/April 1981 solo demo of "Party Lights" found on CDs 'Fist full Of Dollars' and 'How Nebraska Was Born'.

unknown title 3:41 private

Note: Stirring, hard rocking number from a Telegraph Hill band rehearsal, probably from late March 1979. Bruce would later use the same the guitar riff for "Trouble River", and there's a guitar solo very reminiscent of "Roulette". Unfortunately Bruce's voice is buried in the music, making it very hard to hear lyrics. As such the actual title is unknown, but "We Talk" and "Talk Talk" are possibilities, and other phrases heard include "streets so dark you can't walk down" and "talking in the danger zone". Bruce exclaims "wow!" at the conclusion of the song after some electrifying distorted guitar work in the outro. The band transition into a performance of "The Ties That Bind", with no audible tape edit.

Go here to see Modern Elements in TTTB:the River Outtakes.

Possible River-era Songs

The following titles emanate from the 1979-80 era. The information is based on lyric sheets and other handwritten documents seen in Thom Zimny's The Ties That Bind documentary. It is unknown if these songs were ever recorded, or just standalone titles. Springsteen often creates song titles first and then attempts to write words and music around it - so the existence of a song title is no guarantee that a song was ever created. Two phrases seen in the film, 'It's A One Drive-in Town' and 'Young Punk' are likely examples of this. There is as yet no evidence these were completed songs (words and music) and for the majority no evidence they were recorded during any of the River sessions. If they do exist as recordings then they would most likely be either as work-in-progress home cassette recordings or from Telegraph Hill rehearsal sessions. It's also possible that some of these songs are alternative titles for other tracks that we are more familiar with.

THE HARD WAY
lyricsheet_thehardway.jpg

Note: Title seen twice in the film, once with lyrics.

THE INFORMER / THE MARK
lyricsheet_theinformer.jpg

Note: Seen on a handwritten lyric sheet - includes the line "every shadow here in whitetown", suggesting some relation to "Whitetown".

THE MANSION
lyricsheet_themansion.jpg

Note: Seen on a handwritten lyric sheet - perhaps developed into "Mansion On The Hill.

SEIZE THE TIME
lyricsheet_seizethetime.jpg

Note: Handwritten sheet with very basic lyrics.

VIGILANTE (OUT IN THE STORMFIELD)
lyricsheet_vigilante.jpg

Note: Handwritten lyric sheet with early lyrics.

TIME (MAN WHO GOT AWAY)
lyricsheet_time.jpg

Note: Handwritten with lyrics - aside from the subtitle possibly not related to "The Man Who Got Away".

CALL ANY ANGEL / WAITIN' FOR AN ANGEL
lyricsheet_waitinforanangel.jpg

Note: Handwritten lyric sheet. Initial title was "Waitin' For An Angel", Bruce added the second title later in a different pen colour.

GONE ARE THE DAYS
note_album_river.jpg

Note: #5 on a list of song titles, crossed out. Probably dates from early in the sessions since the list also includes a number of songs left over from the Darkness sessions and new songs performed on the Darkness Tour.

NEW KINDA LOVE
note_album_river.jpg

Note: #8 on a list of song titles, crossed out.

LOVE WON'T LET YOU DOWN
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Note: #9 on a list of song titles, not crossed out. Also denoted "C" on a separate list on the same page. Perhaps developed into "My Love Won't Let You Down", recorded in 1982, or may be an evolution of a solo demo titled "Love Won't Get You Down" found on 'Lost Masters IX'. Search this page for "Love Will Be The Game" for more information.

ARMED & DANGEROUS (WITH LOVE)
note_album_river.jpg

Note: "D" on a list of song titles.

BOPPIN
note_album_river.jpg

Note: "F" on a list of song titles. Maybe the Bruce Springsteen Band song "Band's Just Bopping The Blues", a.k.a. "Funk Song" or "Secret To The Blues", which use the same melody.

SUMMER
note_album_darkness_flipsides.jpg

Note: #4 on a list of six songs under the heading "Flip Sides". Possibly "Summer On Signal Hill".


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