The River - Studio Sessions


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Commercially Released: October 17, 1980
Label: Columbia
Produced by Bruce Springsteen, Jon Landau and Steven van Zandt
Recorded by Neil Dorfsman, Bob Clearmountain (1979), Jimmy Iovine (1977), assisted by Dana Bisbee, Garry Rindfuss,
 James Farber, Jeff Hendrickson, Raymond Willhard  at Power Station, New York City (April 1979 - May 1980)
Mixed by Bob Clearmountain (Power Station 1979), Chuck Plotkin, Toby Scott (assisted) and digitally by Jim Bauerlein at Clover Recording Studios
Mastered by Ken Perry
Design by Jimmy Wachtel
Photography by Frank Stefanko, Amanda Flick, Barry Goldenberg, David Gahr, Jimmy Wachtel and Joel Bernstein

Overview

Bruce Springsteen introducing a complete performance of The River album, Madison Square Garden, November 8, 2009:
"The River was a record that was sort of a gateway to a lot of my future writing. It's a record we made after Darkness on the Edge of Town, it was a record made during a recession, hard times in the States. Its title song is a song I wrote for my brother-in-law and sister. My brother-in-law was in the construction industry and lost his job and they had to struggle very hard back in the late 70s, like so many people are doing today. It was a record where I first started to tackle men and women and families and marriage. There were certain songs on it that led to complete records later on, "The River" sort of led to the writing on Nebraska, "Stolen Car" led to the writing on Tunnel of Love. It was a record where, originally it was a single record, I handed it with just one record and I took it back because I didn't feel it was big enough and I wanted to capture the themes that I'd been writing about on Darkness, I wanted to keep those characters with me and at the same time added the music that made our live shows so much fun and enjoyable for our audience. So in the end, we're gonna take you down to The River tonight"

Springsteen finished the Darkness On The Edge Of Town tour on January 1, 1979. For the next few months he kept a low profile and focused his attention on composing new material for his next album, recording many acoustic solo demos in the process. Recording sessions for what became The River album began in late March 1979 and finished in May 1980, but mixing work at Chuck Plotkin's Clover Studios continued for months. Bruce even called in Jimmy Iovine to help sort through the problems, which were finally resolved when Bruce let Plotkin and his assistant, Toby Scott, run with the ball. Springsteen and Plotkin later agreed that Toby would be working for Bruce, which was just a technicality in the end.

Sessions for Springsteen's fifth album started with solo acoustic demo recordings made between January 1979 and June 1979 that loosely served as a basis for the March – August 1979 "first phase" of studio sessions. More demos followed in September to December 1979 that served as a basis for the October 1979 – May 1980 "second phase" of studio sessions.

These solo demos are not professionally made recordings. They were never intended to be. It seems Springsteen only used a common, run-of-the-mill cassette recorder. None of these songs exhibit a finished songwriting product; they are song fragments, both musically and lyrically. There is much stopping and starting heard as Springsteen records bits and pieces, manually stops the recorder then returns sometime later to add more ideas… and so on and so forth. Probably the most fascinating things heard on these tapes are Bruce’s attempts to write in a reggae style – these attempts can be found amongst the audio from late 1979 and early 1980. These recordings can provide an interesting, though often monotonous, glimpse into how Bruce goes about his creative writing process. But very little of this material is listener-friendly and is probably not worth obtaining unless you’re a die-hard completist. Springsteen definitely progressed some of these song fragments and ideas to completion – we have studio end product to attest to that. Songs in development here include "The River", "You Can Look (But You Better Not Touch)", "Two Hearts", and "Jackson Cage" to name just four. However most of these titles are likely to have gone little further than what one hears on these tapes.

All formal studio sessions (including the US Bonds sessions) took place at Power Station studios in New York City. Springsteen had been introduced to the studios after Roy Bittan, Max Weinberg and Garry Tallent had worked with English singer-songwriter Ian Hunter on his 1979 album You're Never Alone With A Schizophrenic with engineer Bob Clearmountain at the venue. Before any recording took place there were extensive song rehearsal sessions (Thom Zimny's The Ties That Bind documentary states that 104 band demos were created during this time) with the E Street Band throughout the making of the album that didn't take place at Power Station. These rehearsals took place in a converted barn on Springsteen’s Telegraph Hill Road property in Holmdel, NJ – the so-nicknamed "Telegraph Hill Studios". However it wasn't a true studio. A significant amount of the River session audio that has surfaced comes from these Telegraph Hill sessions. Unfortunately the audio quality from Telegraph Hill leaves much to be desired. It sounds as if a single boom recording mike was used. Springsteen’s vocals are buried under the instruments on virtually all these recordings, a side-effect of the lo-fi equipment used. Bruce never intended for these sessions to be heard; tapes were sold by former employees to bootleggers, including the two who created The Lost Masters series.

According to engineer Neil Dorfsman about fifty songs were recorded to a completed state during the River sessions. The Ties That Bind documentary gives us a figure of fifty-three songs. However The River, despite being a double album only included twenty songs, so about thirty-three finished songs remained in the vaults. Twenty-seven of those thirty-three "missing" recordings have since been officially released via b-sides, Tracks, The Essential Bruce Springsteen, The River: Single Album and The River: Outtakes, for a total of 20 + 27 = 47 RELEASED. Information culled from Sony's studio logs gives us another nine songs that were definitely recorded in the studio, but perhaps not to completion. This figure includes several songs that were recorded with a Springsteen vocal but later given to Gary U.S. Bonds. These nine songs are either not circulating at all (such as "Do You Want Me To Say Alright" and "I Will Be The One"), or only as poorly recorded band rehearsals from Telegraph Hill (e.g. "Under The Gun" and "Slow Fade"). There are an additional four unreleased songs from 1978 that were written after Darkness On The Edge Of Town was released; Only "The Ties Thar Bind" and "Point Blank" made it from this era. All this gives us the following list of sixty-eight songs which includes a total of fifty-three from this period that were recorded or are most likely to have been recorded and completed during The River/Bonds sessions. 21 are UNRELEASED, plus or minus!

Recording Phases

Phase One Sessions

The studio sessions for The River can be broken down into two "phases". Phase One was from late March to late August 1979 and it produced a projected single album – "The Ties That Bind". There was then an informal break of three to four weeks, during which Bruce and the band gave a benefit performance for MUSE on September 21 and 22. Following that MUSE benefit gig the original album was scrapped and then Phase Two (not originally planned) commenced in October and went through to the summer of 1980. The combined sessions produced the double album The River that was released in October 1980.

By early August 1979 enough quality material had been recorded over the course of the previous four months that it seemed possible an album might be released for Christmas 1979. A total of twenty-four songs had been recorded, according to The Ties That Bind documentary. However, the information we can glean only leads us to a total of twenty-two, so two more may be undocumented in the studio logs. Ten of those twenty-four tracks were selected and sequenced as follows:

Potential Album Tracks
Side One Side Two
THE TIES THAT BIND I WANNA MARRY YOU
THE PRICE YOU PAY LOOSE ENDS
BE TRUE HUNGRY HEART
RICKY WANTS A MAN OF HER OWN THE MAN WHO GOT AWAY
STOLEN CAR RAMROD

However, Springsteen continued to record and tinker with the album sequence. Four further songs (including "The River") were recorded in August and early September. By the second week of September Springsteen continued to tinker with a track sequence. "Ricky Wants A Man Of Her Own" and "The Man Who Got Away" had been replaced by "Cindy" while "The River" and "Loose Ends" were added and then removed. Before long "Ramrod" was cut, "The River" and "Loose Ends" were reinstated and the rockabilly "You Can Look (But You Better Not Touch)" was added. The ten tracks that Springsteen finally settled on were:

Potential Album Tracks
Side One Take Side Two Take
THE TIES THAT BIND #8 THE RIVER #5
CINDY #3 YOU CAN LOOK (BUT YOU BETTER NOT TOUCH) #3
HUNGRY HEART #2 THE PRICE YOU PAY #1
STOLEN CAR #3 I WANNA MARRY YOU #4
(TO) BE TRUE #2 LOOSE ENDS #2

Bruce signed off on the above sequence, a title ("The Ties That Bind") was chosen and wheels were put in motion to produce artwork for the cover. On October 4, 1979 the ten selected tracks were dubbed to two half-track reel-to-reel tapes at the Power Station, and labelled as side one and two. Producers were Springsteen, Van Zandt and Jon Landau, the album was recorded by Neil Dorfsman and Bob Clearmountain, and mixed by Bob Clearmountain. However, it wasn't to be. Before long, Springsteen had a change of heart about the album concept:

"When I didn't put the album out in 1979 it was because I didn't feel that that [sense of conflicting emotions] was there. [In the end,] I felt … I just got a bigger picture of what things are, of the way things work [with the double album] … I wanted that all on there." [1981]

"After some recording we prepared a single album and handed it to the record company. When I listened to it later on, I felt that it just wasn't good enough. The songs lacked the kind of unity and conceptual intensity I liked my music to have … / … It wasn't expansive enough … I wanted a record that balanced the two things I was doing [at that time], that had a sense of continuity coming out of Darkness." [1998/1999]

"It wasn't big enough. It wasn't sprawling enough. It didn't include enough. I'd gotten to the point where I wanted to include everything that I did, from the party material to my character studies, and I didn't think I could do that successfully on one album at that time. I didn't take it back with the intention of making two…. I just took it back with the intention of making it better." [2015]

Therefore, the single album The Ties That Bind was shelved.

Phase Two Sessions

Springsteen began a new series of studio sessions in October 1979, more songs flowed forth and the sessions continued well into the spring of 1980. At some point in early 1980 a decision was made to release a double album. Over thirty songs were worked on in this period, and Bruce even had time to record with Gary U.S. Bonds for his album Dedication.

Released

# Song Title Running Time Release
1.1. THE TIES THAT BIND 3:29 RIVER
1.2. SHERRY DARLING 4:00 RIVER / 1981 single
1.3. JACKSON CAGE 3:02 RIVER
1.4. TWO HEARTS 2:39 RIVER
1.5. INDEPENDENCE DAY 4:39 RIVER / 1981 b-side
1.6. HUNGRY HEART 3:19 RIVER / 1980 Single
1.7. OUT IN THE STREET 4:15 RIVER
1.8. CRUSH ON YOU 3:08 RIVER
1.9. YOU CAN LOOK (BUT YOU BETTER NOT TOUCH) 2:34 RIVER
1.10. I WANNA MARRY YOU 3:57 RIVER
1.11. THE RIVER 4:56 RIVER / 1981 single
# Song Title Running Time Release
2.1. POINT BLANK 5:59 RIVER / 1980 single
2.2. CADILLAC RANCH 3:01 RIVER / 1981 single
2.3. I'M A ROCKER 3:32 RIVER
2.4. FADE AWAY 4:36 RIVER / 1981 single
2.5. STOLEN CAR 3:50 RIVER
2.6. RAMROD 3:57 RIVER / 1980 b-side
2.7. THE PRICE YOU PAY 5:24 RIVER
2.8. DRIVE ALL NIGHT 8:22 RIVER
2.9. WRECK ON THE HIGHWAY 3:44 RIVER / 1981 b-side

Total Running Time: 1:23:47

Visit our release-pages for additional information.

Additional Recordings

Details

THE TIES THAT BIND - V1 3:30 US6 / URT-1M / RRR
THE TIES THAT BIND - V2 3:38 URT-1M / US6 / DROC1
THE TIES THAT BIND - V3 0:45 URT-1M
THE TIES THAT BIND - V4 4:02 LM-14
THE TIES THAT BIND - V5 3:40 private
THE TIES THAT BIND - V6a take 8 3:25 LM-6
THE TIES THAT BIND - V6b take 8 3:29 TTTBR / TTTBJ / DROC2 / PYP / RIVER: SINGLE / LEK
THE TIES THAT BIND - V6c take 8 3:29 RIVER / ESSENTIAL: 2015

Note: First known from a soundcheck performance on September 20, 1978 at the Capitol Theatre in Passaic. While it shares some lyrics with the finished article, it otherwise bears little resemblance. This first incarnation of "The Ties That Bind" is a blues driven hard rock song with some searing lead guitar work. Another soundcheck performance of this arrangement circulates, a partial recording said to have been taped from outside the Capitol Theatre the following day, although this is in some doubt. A faster, more confident performance. This original arrangement was extensively revised by October 26, 1978, when V1-V3 were recorded at Telegraph Hill in a rehearsal before the final leg of the Darkness tour. Although still a work-in-progress, it is much closer to the final arrangement. It was premiered live six days later at Princeton University and played regularly for the remainder of the tour, eventually taking a prominent spot as the opening song of the second set.

The band picked it back up in late March 1979 once again at Telegraph Hill with V4 and V5, still needing work on the second and third verses. V5 is more advanced, and both still retain the drum introduction from the Darkness tour arrangement that was dropped for the final take. In April, sessions commenced at Power Station studios for album #5, with engineer Bob Clearmountain. After finishing "Roulette", work began on finishing "The Ties That Bind", with takes recorded on April 9, 10 and 11. Version 6 is take 8, chosen as the title track for the album to be released later in the year. V6a was one early mix with different vocals. V6b was mixed by Clearmountain in September 1979, but after the album came back from mastering in October, Bruce called a halt to the release, and resumed writing songs and recording. Jon Landau helped to sell him on the double album idea, and The River was released in 1980. The first track on side one was V6c, with possible overdubs and mixing on April 10, 1980, and final mixing by Chuck Plotkin and Toby Scott at Clover Studios in May-June.

SHERRY DARLING - V1 4:00 LM-3 / DO-2 / AM / UP / LMEC2
SHERRY DARLING - V2 4:51 DDO / DO-3 / ODM / HOD / AM / UP
SHERRY DARLING - V3 uncirculating
SHERRY DARLING - V4 4:03 DROC2 / ATMF / RRR
SHERRY DARLING - V5 4:00 RIVER

Note: "Sherry Darling" V1-V2 were recorded at Atlantic Studios on June 24, 27 or July 1, 1977, but was held over for the next album for thematic reasons. Premiered live during the Darkness Tour with a spoken introduction: "This was a song that we recorded live in the studio about two years ago, the beginning of the summer and it was originally gonna be on Darkness, but it was too weird so we left it off". Bruce would often refer to "two summers ago" when introducing the song in 1978, which might mean Telegraph Hill Studio 1976. V3 re-recorded at Power Station on May 25, 1979, V4 take on February 23, and V5 completed on March 8, 1980, with final overdubs. Mixing session on April 12, 1980.

JACKSON CAGE - V1 0:20 LM-7 / DROC2
JACKSON CAGE - V2 0:59 LM-7 / DROC2
JACKSON CAGE - V3 1:49 LMEC2
JACKSON CAGE - V4 2:52 LM-15
JACKSON CAGE - V5 2:57 LM-15 / LMEC2
JACKSON CAGE - V6 3:02 RIVER

Note: V1 and V2 of "Jackson Cage" can be heard on Lost Masters VII, a disc of 1979 home demos. V2 is an undated demo, generally credited to the fall of the year, but more likely from May 1979, before the resumption of studio work on May 22, when the whole session was devoted to ‘Jackson Cage’. Springsteen did not work on the song again until January 1980, when he impulsively started singing the lyrics, V3, over a playback of a January 11 Telegraph Hill band rehearsal of "Restless Nights". V4 and V5 are rehearsal workouts of an alternative arrangement from Telegraph Hill on February 5, 1980. The album track V6 was recorded at Power Station on February 17, 1980, with overdubbing and mixing on April 10, 1980.

TWO HEARTS - V1 1:23 LM-7
TWO HEARTS - V2 2:36 LM-11
TWO HEARTS - V3 1:55 LM-11
TWO HEARTS - V4 2:37 LM-11
TWO HEARTS - V5 2:41 LM-11
TWO HEARTS - V6 1:13 LM-11
TWO HEARTS - V7 4:23 LM-11
TWO HEARTS - V8 5:08 LM-11
TWO HEARTS - V9 3:26 LM-11
TWO HEARTS - V10a 2:39 RIVER
TWO HEARTS - V10b 2:44 private cdr

Note: V1 thru V8 are rehearsal workouts at Telegraph Hill on February 22, 1980. V9 was recorded at Power Station on February 23 and 24, with further work undertaken on March 17 plus April 9 and 26, 1980. V10b is a different mix that lacks the double-tracked vocal found on the album.

INDEPENDENCE DAY - V1 - take 3 uncirculated
INDEPENDENCE DAY - V2 6:17 LM-3 / AM / UP / LMEC2 / GT
INDEPENDENCE DAY - V3 uncirculated
INDEPENDENCE DAY - V4 uncirculated
INDEPENDENCE DAY - V5 uncirculated
INDEPENDENCE DAY - V6a - mix take #10 5:18 uncirculated
INDEPENDENCE DAY - V6b 5:27 DROC1 / RRR / ATMF
INDEPENDENCE DAY - V6c 4:39 RIVER

Note: Written during the Darkness sessions, "Independence Day" was first recorded on August 15, 1977, take 3 is V1. V2 was a bootlegged take from The Record Plant on September 26-27. Bruce continued to work on this at Record Plant on November 4 (V3), November 11 (V4) and December 9, 1977 (V5). Short-listed for inclusion on Darkness On The Edge Of Town, and included in a October 1977 'Badlands' proposed release. V6 recorded for The River at Power Station on May 29 and October 11, 1979 (unknown which was exact date), with mixing and dubbing sessions on April 24 and 25, 1980. V6a is mix take #10, with slight alterations to the snare drums and vocals. V6b is the complete, uncut recording with the instrumental coda that was removed from the album version V6c.

HUNGRY HEART - V1a 2:53 DROC2 / PYP
HUNGRY HEART - V1b 3:30 LM-6
HUNGRY HEART - V1c 3:32 LM-6
HUNGRY HEART - V2a 3:28 LM-6 / RRR
HUNGRY HEART - V2b 3:47 DROC2 / ATMF
HUNGRY HEART - V2c 3:31 private cdr
HUNGRY HEART - V2d take 2 3:21 TTTBR / TTTBJ / LEK
HUNGRY HEART - V2e take 2 3:21 RIVER: SINGLE
HUNGRY HEART - V3 3:15 RIVER / 1980 Single / ESSENTIAL / GREATEST

Note: "Hungry Heart"" was apparently penned after Joey Ramone asked Bruce to write a song for the Ramones after he attended a Ramones show at The Fast Lane in Asbury Park in March 1979; this may be apocryphal. In any case, Springsteen has confirmed that it was written with the Ramones in mind, and was considering giving the song away. He played it for Jon Landau, who convinced Bruce to keep it for himself. The mixes listed above show the progression from backing track v1a to completed track v2. V2c has heavy echo added to Springsteen's vocal. Recorded at Power Station on June 14 and 21, 1979, with mixing for The Ties That Bind single album by Bob Clearmountain, v2d on September 5, 1979. Dubbing and mixing sessions for the mix found on The River v3 took place on March 24 and April 10, 1980. The version released on The River has been pitch adjusted, raising the pitch of Springsteen's vocal to achieve a more radio friendly sound. Flo & Eddie (Mark Volman and Howard Kaylan of the Turtles) contributed backing vocals during one of those sessions.

I’M GONNA BE THERE TONIGHT - V1 2:13 DROC2
I’M GONNA BE THERE TONIGHT - V2 3:27 DROC2 / RRR
OUT IN THE STREET - V3a 4:13 DROC2 / ATMF
OUT IN THE STREET - V3b 4:14 DROC2 / RRR
OUT IN THE STREET - V3c 4:15 RIVER / ESSENTIAL: 2015

Note: V1 and V2 are both Telegraph Hill band rehearsals from January 11, 1980. By March, Bruce had completed the lyrics to "Out In the Street", and on March 21, 1980 at Power Station, the Band was ready to finish the song. The V3 takes were all recorded that night, as sessions were drawing to a close.

CRUSH ON YOU - V1a 3:19 DROC2 / RO
CRUSH ON YOU - V1b 3:06 DROC2 / RO / ATMF
CRUSH ON YOU - V1c 3:08 RIVER

Note: These are all mix permutations of the same basic recording. Recorded at Power Station studios on October 11 and 12, 1979.

YOU CAN LOOK (BUT YOU BETTER NOT TOUCH) - V1 2:40 LM-7
YOU CAN LOOK (BUT YOU BETTER NOT TOUCH) - V2 2:45 LM-7 / LMEC2
YOU CAN LOOK (NOT TOUCH) - V3 0:44 DROC1 / SFEM / AT
YOU CAN LOOK (NOT TOUCH) - V4 0:30 DROC1 / SFEM / AT
YOU CAN LOOK (NOT TOUCH) - V5 2:11 DROC1 / AT
YOU CAN LOOK (NOT TOUCH) - V6 uncirculating
YOU CAN LOOK (BUT YOU BETTER NOT TOUCH) (vs.1) - V7 - take 3 2:04 TTTBR / TTTBJ / DROC2 / RIVER: SINGLE / LEK / SFEM
YOU CAN LOOK (BUT YOU BETTER NOT TOUCH) - V8 uncirculating
YOU CAN LOOK (BUT YOU BETTER NOT TOUCH) - V9 2:34 RIVER
YOU CAN LOOK (BUT YOU BETTER NOT TOUCH) - V10 1:18 YBNT2 / BB: DOC

Note: V1-V2 are actually two takes of Bruce working on the start and end, singing the lead guitar part over his acoustic, recorded at Telegraph Hill January–March 1979. It's clear that he thinks he's onto something. V3-V5 are demos from May, well developed, with the lyrics of the first and third verses almost complete. V6-7, in a rockabilly arrangement, were recorded at The Power Station on August 24-25, 1979, and sequenced on side two of The Ties That Bind, released in 2015 on The River: Single Album. This arrangement was performed regularly on the Tunnel Of Love Express Tour in 1988, but not before and never since. V8, the arrangement found on The River, drops the earlier rockabilly arrangement, was recorded in a Telegraph Hill rehearsal from January 11, 1980, using the music from "Held Up Without A Gun". V9 recorded on February 17 and 23, 1980, at Power Station, and final mixes for The River took place on April 1, 9 and 21, 1980. V10 is a short acoustic take from January 1995, from the soundtrack of the Blood Brothers video, shot during the Greatest Hits sessions at the Hit Factory, New York.

I WANNA MARRY YOU - V1a 3:29 LM-5 / LMEC2 / ATMF
I WANNA MARRY YOU - V1b - track 12 3:30 LM-5
I WANNA MARRY YOU - V1c - track 16 3:28 LM-5
I WANNA MARRY YOU - V1d - track 22 3:26 LM-5
I WANNA MARRY YOU - V1e - track 24 3:20 LM-5
I WANNA MARRY YOU - V2a - track 8 3:27 DROC2 / RO / ATMF
I WANNA MARRY YOU - V2b 3:24 DROC2 / RO / LUTHER
I WANNA MARRY YOU - V2c 3:22 DROC2 / RO / RRR / LUTHER
I WANNA MARRY YOU - V3a take 4 3:22 DROC2 / TTTBR / TTTBJ / ATMF / LEK
I WANNA MARRY YOU - V3b - take 4 3:22 RIVER: SINGLE
I WANNA MARRY YOU - V4 3:23 RIVER

Note: V1 recorded at Power Station studios on July 5 and 11-12, 1979, V1a earliest mix, v1b is track 12, v1c track 16. V2 was from same dates, with additional overdubs added, alternates to finished track V3a, released on bootlegs. V3b was mixed in September by Bob Clearmountain for TTTB album, who also remixed in 2015 for re-release on TTTB: River Single Album. V4 additional sessions for "The River" were logged on April 12 and May 6-7, 1980. Final mix by Chuck Plotkin and Toby Scott May 1980.

OH ANGELYNE - V1 1:35 LM-6 / DROC1 / RRR
OH ANGELYNE - V2 0:47 LM-6
OH ANGELYNE - V3 2:52 LM-6
OH ANGELYNE - V4 2:13 LM-6 / MT2
THE RIVER - V5 uncirculating
THE RIVER - V6 take 5 4:48 TTTBR / TTTBJ / RIVER: SINGLE / PYP / LEK / ATMF
THE RIVER - V7 uncirculating
THE RIVER - V8 uncirculating
THE RIVER - V9 5:01 RIVER / ESSENTIAL / GREATEST / TTTB: RIVER / CHAPTER
THE RIVER - V10 0:36 TTTB: DOCUMENTARY

Note: Springsteen kicked around the verses of "Oh Angelyne" for six months, until he received inspiration from "Long Gone Lonesome Blues" by Hank Williams (1950), and wrote the chorus in August 1979. The original inspiration had been the economic situation his sister Ginny and her husband found themselves in, during the late 1970s. Thanks to 'Lost Masters', we have four takes of a solo demo recorded by Bruce at home in February-May, 1979. V5, now known as "The River", was recorded at Power Station studios on August 26, 1979, with the completed take 5 (V6) selected for The Ties That Bind album. Bruce reconsidered in October, and that plan fell through. But in September, he performed "The River" live twice at Madison Square Garden, New York, to great response by fans and critics, including Ginny, his special guest. The version finally released on The River double album had a number of embellishments to the TTTB version. For instance, ooo-ooos by Bruce and Steve were recorded on January 21, 1980 (V7), later overdubbed on either April 12 (V8) or April 24 (V9), and was sequenced as the final track of Disc 1 of The River. Studio logs give us those three dates in 1980, but don't specify what was done. In an interview, engineer Neil Dorfsman says he recalls cutting several versions of the song, trying out different tempos and a more embellished rock 'n' roll arrangement. None of these alternative arrangements circulate, and it is not known whether they exist in the vaults. V10 is brief snippets of an acoustic demo heard in Thom Zimny's documentary about the making of The River, included in the The Ties That Bind (The River Collection) box set, and including some well-known verses, like "is a dream a lie that don't come true, or is it something worse".

POINT BLANK - V1 1:00 LMEC1
POINT BLANK - V2 - take 3 5:39 DROC1 / RO
POINT BLANK - V3 - take 9 5:50 DROC1 / RO
POINT BLANK - V4 - take 11 5:20 DROC1 / RO
POINT BLANK - V5 - take 12 5:17 DROC1 / RO / ATMF
POINT BLANK - V6 5:59 RIVER

Note: Initially written during the early stages of the Darkness Tour, Bruce confirmed in a 1978 interview that "Point Blank" was composed during soundcheck at the Music Hall in Boston in late May. Unfortunately, there were no studio sessions at this time, so no recordings exist. Premiered live at The Roxy Theatre in Hollywood on July 7, 1978 and played regularly once the song returned to the setlist two months later. Both the lyrics and arrangement are quite different to the final take on The River.

V1 is an acoustic demo from around January-June 1979 and consists of harmonies and guitar practice. V2-V5 are takes 3, 9, 11, and 12 respectively, all recorded on the same night at Power Station on May 29 and 30, 1979. These four takes feature a completely different, faster, rocking arrangement with alternative lyrics to both the 1978 live versions and the eventual River release. The mid-section includes a searing guitar solo. V6, the final arrangement, contains a newly written, extended narrative middle section and was recorded some months later, possibly on August 23 and 25, 1979, or February 16, 1980.

SHE'S A ROCKER - V1 take 4 3:10 LM-5
SHE'S A ROCKER - V2 take 6 3:18 LM-5 / ATMF
I'M A ROCKER - V3 3:32 RIVER

Note: V1 and V2 were recorded at the Power Station on December 4, 1979, in the third person ("She's A Rocker"). V3 "I'm A Rocker" is a later take from April 10, 1980, that went straight to Disc 2 of The River.

CADILLAC RANCH - V1a 2:58 DROC2 / RO / ATMF
CADILLAC RANCH - V1b 3:03 private cdr
CADILLAC RANCH - V1c 3:05 private cdr
CADILLAC RANCH - V1d 3:03 private cdr
CADILLAC RANCH - V1e 3:01 O&S
CADILLAC RANCH - V1f 3:01 RIVER

Note: Recorded at Power Station on February 16, March 9, 15 and 17, as well as April 9 and 26, 1980. These are all mix permutations of the same basic recording. V1b has less echo on lead vocal, V1c is take #47 with piano and guitar higher in the mix, V1d is described as "basic rundown take 2", V1e adds a siren and screeching tires to the introduction.

FADE AWAY - V1 2:50 LMEC1
FADE AWAY - V2a 1:01 private cdr
FADE AWAY - V2b - take 29 1:37 private cdr
FADE AWAY - V2c - take 26 4:40 private cdr
FADE AWAY - V2d - take 27 4:46 private cdr
FADE AWAY - V2e 4:46 DROC2 / RO / RRR / ATMF
FADE AWAY - V2f 4:36 RIVER / 1981 Single

Note: "Fade Away" V1 is a work-in-progress version from late 1979, recorded at Telegraph Hill, listed as "Slow Fade" in the Lost Masters liner notes, but it bears no resemblance to that song, which is known from February 1980 Telegraph Hill rehearsals. V2 recorded at Power Station on March 9 and 15-17, as well as April 9 and 29, 1980. All appear to be different mix permutations of the same basic recording. V2a is described as "end tag intercut number two, dry voice fade, loud last line" by the engineer. V2b appears to be an aborted mix, "the take after the last one, 28". V2c is take #26, V2d is take #'27 with less piano. Released as a single in 1981 with "Be True" as the B-side.

STOLEN CAR - V1 take 1 4:34 LM-6 / ATMF
STOLEN CAR - V2 take 2 4:08 LM-6
SON YOU MAY KISS THE BRIDE - V3 4:14 DBTR / SYMKB
STOLEN CAR (Vs.1) - V4 take 3 4:18 TTTBR / TTTBJ / DBTR / TRACKS / DROC2 / RIVER: SINGLE
STOLEN CAR - V5 0:56 LM-7
STOLEN CAR - V6 3:21 LMEC2
STOLEN CAR - V7 2:10 LM-13
STOLEN CAR - V8 3:39 LM-13
STOLEN CAR - V9 2:40 LM-13
STOLEN CAR - V10 2:55 LM-13
STOLEN CAR - V11 7:42 LM-15
STOLEN CAR - V12 6:14 LM-15
STOLEN CAR - V13 7:31 LM-15
STOLEN CAR - V14 7:58 LM-15
STOLEN CAR - V15 3:50 RIVER

Note: "Stolen Car" is actually the tale of two songs, the first "Stolen Car" was written, recorded and sequenced for release on the aborted single album The Ties That Bind in 1979, and the re-written and re-recorded version found on The River in 1980. It was originally composed in early 1979, and recorded at Power Station on June 20-21, with takes attributed to the latter date. V1, the first take, contains different lyrics and is longer. V2 is referred to as "The Stanton Lake" version, simply because it was the first take that started using that line. Take 3 (v4) was selected for the single album, with final dubbing and mixing on September 24, 1979. It is also the version officially released on Tracks in 1998, and on The River Single Album, included with the TTTB Collection in 2015. v3 is the fourth and last distinct take of "Stolen Car Vs.1", the designation given to the 1979 edition. It was this take of "Stolen Car" that was on a tape that fell into the hands of bootleggers, subsequently dubbed "Son You May Kiss the Bride" and pressed into a vinyl LP of the same name. It contained four unreleased River tracks, "Loose Ends", "Where The Bands Are", "Don't Do It To Me" (aka "Little White Lies"), and the title track. The remainder were prime Darkness outtakes, including, "Preacher's Daughter", "Iceman" and "Rendezvous". It was one of the best selling Springsteen bootlegs ever.

Despite the song being completed at this point Bruce, seemingly unsatisfied, decided months later to radically alter the musical arrangement. The 2015 release of The River: Single Album was the first time the two arrangements were differentiated, with the original arrangement given the title "Stolen Car (Vs.1)". V5 is less than a minute of a solo take, and in V6, Springsteen sings over a tape of a band rehearsal of "Restless Nights", recorded in January 1980. V7 thru V14 were recorded on January 16, 1980 at Telegraph Hill, and feature revised arrangements from that of the version recorded and completed six months earlier. The end result of all this was V15, which was recorded at Power Station on January 21 and February 20, with further mixing or overdubs undertaken on April 1 and 9, plus May 9, 1980.

RAMROD - V1 3:58 DO-1 / AM / UP
RAMROD - V2a 3:51 DROC1 / ATMF / RRR / RO / PYP
RAMROD - V2b 3:41 DROC2
RAMROD - V2c 0:28 DROC2 / RO
RAMROD - V2d 3:46 RO
RAMROD - V2e 3:44 RO
RAMROD - V2f 4:20 LM-5
RAMROD - V2g 4:20 LM-5
RAMROD - V2h 4:23 LM-5
RAMROD - V2i 2.53 LM-5
RAMROD - V2j 3:57 RIVER / 1980 b-side
RAMROD - V2k 3:57 TTTB: RIVER

Note: Written during sessions for Darkness On The Edge Of Town, and at least four takes were recorded at Record Plant studios on September 12, 1977. The V1 lyrics are far from complete; after the first verse and chorus, the rest of the song is bluffed. Note that the car had a "Pontiac engine in a '32 Ford". It was played once on the Darkness Tour, on December 28, 1978 in Pittsburgh, PA. Bruce finished writing the song, before resuming work at Power Station studios on June 12, 1979. Several complete takes were again recorded, though it was decided the base track recorded in 1977 would remain. V2a thru v2j consist of these tracks, and are a collection of overdubbed guitars and vocals, trying to find the right combination. Studio talk between engineer Neil Dorfsman and Springsteen can be heard on serveral of the tracks describing the setup. The next two sessions were with Bruce, Dorfsman and Bob Clearmountain on August 27, 1979 and Sept 5, 1979, trying to get the final mix for The Ties That Bind album. Unfortunately, Ramrod was taken out of the track list at the last minute, and then Springsteen cancelled the album, going back to recording. V2a thru V2e were mixed on these two dates. All are complete takes with varying overdubs added. V2c is a thirty second guitar part for overdubbing. When it came time for "The River", two more sessions were held with Dorfsman on April 4 and 19, 1980. V2f thru V2i are from the dates, probably on a "ruff mixs" tape for Bruce to listen to. The increased length of somne of the tracks is due to reduction of the tape speed. V2j is the track chosen for the album, mixed by Toby Scott at Clover Recorders im Los Angeles.
In January 2011, a song titled "Rocker" was registered with the US Copyright Office, but information on the copyright claim suggests this is actually "Ramrod". It was registered because a short audio snippet was included in Thom Zimny's The Promise: The Making Of Darkness On The Edge Of Town, the documentary included on the box set. It can be heard at exactly 1:00:00. A remastered and remixed version of Ramrod was included in The Ties That Bind: The River Collection, released on December 4, 2015.

THE PRICE YOU PAY - V1 5:29 LM-6 / PYP / ATMF
THE PRICE YOU PAY - V2 - take 1 5:43 TTTBR / TTTBJ / DROC2 / RIVER: SINGLE / LEK
THE PRICE YOU PAY - V3 5:24 RIVER

Note: Studio takes covered four days, June 15, 18, 19 and 21, 1979, with V2 completed on the final day, and submitted for the single album. Once the single album was canned, Bruce returned to the song on April 4, 1980, which included editing out the third verse. Despite this, Springsteen added verse three back to "The Price You Pay" for live performances during the River Tour, and all performances since 1981 have used the original album lyrics. Many consider V2 to be the definitive studio take, and it was officially released on The River Single Album in 2015.

DRIVE ALL NIGHT - V1a 8:22 LM-2 / DDO / DO-1 / AM / UP / LMEC2 / GT
DRIVE ALL NIGHT - V1b 8:23 UP
DRIVE ALL NIGHT - V2 4:42 LM-2 / AM / UP
DRIVE ALL NIGHT - V3 uncirculated
DRIVE ALL NIGHT - V4 0:30 LM-7
DRIVE ALL NIGHT - V5 8:22 RIVER

Note: Studio logs indicate that Springsteen worked on this song at two sessions in 1977; June 16 at Atlantic Studios and August 24 at The Record Plant. V1 is definitely from that June session, V2 is probably also from June (an image of a tape inlay dated June 17 found in the Darkness box set book lists two takes), but could be from the August session. If V2 is from June, then the August 24 take (V3) does not currently circulate among collectors. V2 has a different opening and is shorter, lacking Clarence's saxophone solo. Note that some bootleg CDs (such as Godfather's 'The Unbroken Promise') include two versions of the eight minute 'Drive All Night'; they may be the same recording, but since two bootleg collections carry them, we list them as alternate mixes. Listed on some early vinyl boots by the title "Sad Eyes".

Bruce re-recorded the vocal track during The River sessions, but apparently used the 1977 Darkness session backing music for V5, the officially released version found on The River. V4 was worked on at Power Station on February 24, 1980, with Springsteen singing over the pre-recorded band backing. V5 was completed on March 8 or 16. Mixing took place on April 10. Springsteen is credited with the piano on this track. The only song from The River to be recorded by Jimmy Iovine, final confirmation that the backing track was recorded during the Darkness sessions.

WRECK ON THE HIGHWAY - V1 3:30 LM-13
WRECK ON THE HIGHWAY - V2 3:44 RIVER

Note: V1 is a rehearsal version from Telegraph Hill on January 16, 1980, in a country arrangement. V2 was recorded at Power Station across three days on April 10-12, 1980. The last song recorded for the album.

TO BE TRUE - V1a 3:39 LM-6 / PYP
TO BE TRUE - V1b 3:49 DROC1
TO BE TRUE - V1c 3:50 DROC1 / RRR
TO BE TRUE - V1d take 2 3:40 DROC1 / TTTBJ / ATMF / LES / LEK
BE TRUE - V2 3:40 1981 b-side / TRP / BACK / DBTR
BE TRUE - V3 3:36 TRACKS
BE TRUE - V4 3:49 RIVER: SINGLE

Note: Evolved from "Mary Lou" and early versions of "Little White Lies" that used "Be True" vocals over unique backing. The only takes for this track all occurred on July 18, 1979 at Power Station, and a mixing or overdub session took place on April 22, 1980, before it was included on a April 1980 shortlist for the double-album. Six different mixes are known: V1a runs fast with minimal vocal effects, V1c has a double-tracked vocal on the second verse, bridge, break, and has no sax except tail, V1d has double tracked vocals, background vocals and a different sax solo, V2 is the 1981 b-side to "Fade Away", and the version on 'Down By the River' 3:23, sounds exactly like V2 when slowed down by 6%. V3 is the mix released on Tracks, and version 4 is V1d released in 2015 on The Ties That Bind: The River Single Album.

LOOSE ENDS - V1 take 1 4:01 DROC1 / DBTR / RRR / SC / EC / CAST / AM
LOOSE ENDS - V2a take 2 4:00 DROC1 / ATMF / PYP / TTTBJ / LEK / RN / TTTBJ
LOOSE ENDS - V2b take 2 3:44 SMM
LOOSE ENDS - V2c take 2 3:57 TRACKS
LOOSE END - V2d take 2 4:02 RIVER: SINGLE

Note: "Loose Ends" was recorded at Power Station studios on July 18, 1979. V1 is take 1, also described by engineer Neil Dorfsman as "mix #1, original vocal and original sax", followed by a double four-count by the Boss. This has a rougher but clear, single-tracked lead vocal, with some slight differences in the phrasing and very minor changes to the lyrics. The circulating recording has no overdubs; the vocals by Bruce and Steve Van Zandt include six "Looooose Ends" refrains, double the amount on V2. Double-tracked vocals can be found on V2, the second and final take. Bob Clearmountain mixed v2a in September 1979, for the unreleased single album. The V2 mixes only differ subtly, the latter numbers referring to re-mixes for anniversary or compilation boxes. V2c is Toby Scott's mix for The River (unreleased), later remixed in 1998 by Thom Panunzio for Tracks, and V2d was Clearmountain's 2015 remix of his original v2a, released as The River: Single Album, the latter which omits the count-in, and is re-titled "Loose End". There are only three "Loooose Ends", but the guitars do the fourth, and there is an instrumental fade. The guitars are higher in Clearmountain's 1979 mix, in comparison to the Scott-Panunzio mix on Tracks,which is more keyboard focused. It also has five "Loooose Ends", and drum rolls after the last three. V2b is only 3:45, starts out just like V2a, but features a tape dropout right after Clarence's solo, and tambourine comes in just after the recovery. Lyrics from "Loose Ends" can also be found in "Little White Lies", and "Baby I'm So Cold", an outtake from Born In The USA.

ROULETTE - V1 1:30 LM-4 / ATMF / PYP / MT2
ROULETTE - V2 2:26 DROC1 / RRR / RO
ROULETTE - V3 3:39 LM-4 / LMEC1 / PYP / SA / DBTR
ROULETTE - V4a 3:37 DROC2 / SMM / BTR
ROULETTE - V4b 3:29 DBR
ROULETTE - V4c 3:46 DROC1 / RO
ROULETTE - V4d 3:47 RO
ROULETTE - V4e 3:45 RO / RN
ROULETTE - V4f 3:39 ATMF
ROULETTE - V4g 3:34 ATMF
ROULETTE - V4h 3:34 BACK / 1988 Single
ROULETTE - V4i 3:47 TRACKS
ROULETTE - V4j 3:48 RIVER: OUTTAKES

Note: V1 is an early acoustic demo from the first days of April 1979, after the Three Mile Island nuclear accident on March 28 that inspired the song. Sessions at Power Station on April 3 and 4 with engineer Bob Clearmountain produced multiple takes, which he worked on mixing as soon they were completed. Additional tracks, including new vocals, were recorded and overdubbed on April 11-12, 1980 by Neil Dorfsman. Chuck Plotkin and Toby Scott remixed numerous alternate versions, none of which made The River album. V2 is incomplete, with double-tracked lead vocals and a slower tempo. The lyrics show some variations to later versions, and the take was aborted, fading out during the guitar solo. V3 and V4 are different takes, the first song to be completed at the River sessions. V3 vocal is not finished, while V4 contains some interesting alternate words and changes, some more powerful than the officially available version. There are at least eight different mix variations in circulation, and more exist in private collections. The Tracks mix features more snare drum but less guitar than the mix found on the 1988 b-side to "One Step Up". Bruce states in his autobiography that "Roulette" was recorded shortly after the MUSE benefits of September 21 and 22, 1979, but all evidence indicates he is mistaken. In a 1998 interview with Mojo magazine, Springsteen said that "Roulette" "…would have been one of the best things on the record".

MARY LOU - V1 0:42 LM-8
MARY LOU - V2 1:18 LM-8
MARY LOU - V3 2:13 LM-8
MARY LOU - V4 2:45 LM-8
MARY LOU - V5 2:00 LM-11
MARY LOU - V6 0:34 LM-11
MARY LOU - V7 2:13 LM-11
MARY LOU - V8 3:14 LM-11
MARY LOU - V9 3:13 LM-11
MARY LOU - V10 3:10 LM-11
MARY LOU - V11 3:04 LM-4 / DROC2
MARY LOU - V12 3:10 DROC1 / ATMF / DBTR / SC
MARY LOU - V13 uncirculating
MARY LOU - V14 uncirculating
MARY LOU - V15 3:19 TRACKS / RIVER: OUTTAKES

Note: "Mary Lou" didn't make the cut for the double River album, but played an important role in the development of several songs, and was eventually released on two official collections. V1-V4 are rehearsal takes, recorded in Spring 1979 at Telegraph Hill, working on music and lyrics. V5 thru V11 are full band rehearsals recorded at Telegraph Hill on May 14 and 16, 1979 (note: the September 16, 1979 date in the 'Lost Masters IV' liner notes is incorrect). Work resumed at Power Station studios for three days starting with May 30, 1979, resulting in V12, with takes also recorded on May 31, V13 and June 1, V14. Studio logs show final takes, dubs or mixing on July 13, 1979, and V15 is the completed track released on Tracks and The Ties That Bind: The River Collection. On June 1, 1979, "Little White Lies" V2 was cut using the lyrics of "Mary Lou", which was only a temporary "loan", with V3 recorded on June 13, with it's own lyrics. However, on July 18, Springsteen cut "To Be True", again using "Mary Lou's" lyrics, this time permanently.

LITTLE WHITE LIES - V1 1:07 LM-9
LITTLE WHITE LIES - V2 2:47 ATMF / DROC1 / SYMKB / DBTR / SC
LITTLE WHITE LIES - V3 2:39 RIVER: OUTTAKES

Note: Also known by the titles "White Lies", "To You" and "Don't Do It To Me", but all takes in studio logs were under the name "Little White Lies". V1 listed on the 'Lost Masters IX' CD as "Untitled #3", possibly because the lyrics had not been written yet; recorded at Telegraph Hill in early 1979. V2 is an unreleased take by Bruce and Band, cutting loose at the Power Station on June 1, 1979, and circulating in high quality. On the short-list of great unreleased tracks for many years, circulated on 'Son You May Kiss the Bride' as "Don't Do It To Me" since the 1980s. The lyrics of "Mary Lou" are drawn upon heavily for this take, and Springsteen would use them again in July to record, "To Be True". V3 was released in 2015, on The River: Outtakes, included in The Ties That Bind box set. This is an unreleased take, recorded June 13, 1979, with updated lyrics, replacing the lines from "Mary Lou" with four new verses, two later used in "Loose Ends". The lead vocal is definitely vintage. One of Max Weinberg's personal favorites, and he expressed his wish that it be released, which was granted.

HELD UP WITHOUT A GUN - V1 1:10 DROC1 / AT / RRR
HELD UP WITHOUT A GUN - V2 0:15 DROC1 / SFEM / AT
HELD UP WITHOUT A GUN - V3 5:33 LM-11
HELD UP WITHOUT A GUN - V4 1:10 LM-11
HELD UP WITHOUT A GUN - V5 1:15 LM-11
HELD UP WITHOUT A GUN - V6 1:11 LM-11
HELD UP WITHOUT A GUN - V7 1:34 LM-11
HELD UP WITHOUT A GUN - V8 1:13 LM-11
HELD UP WITHOUT A GUN - V9 2:00 LM-11
HELD UP WITHOUT A GUN - V10 1:12 LM-11
HELD UP WITHOUT A GUN - V11a 1:07 DROC1 / SFEM / DBTR
HELD UP WITHOUT A GUN - V11b 1:13 1980 b-side / 1985 b-side / BACK / RIVER: OUTTAKES

Note: V1 and 2 are brief acoustic demos from late 1979. V3 thru V10 are rehearsal workouts at Telegraph Hill on February 22, 1980 (with Miami Steve on lead vocals on V6). V11a and V11b are different mixes of the same performance, recorded at Power Station starting the following day, February 23 and April 1, 9, 20 and 21, 1980. Included on an April 1980 shortlist for the double-album. V11b first released as the B-side to "Hungry Heart" in 1980, re-released in 1985 on the 12" maxi single of "I'm Goin' Down", and again in 2015 on The River: Outtakes in average quality due to issues locating the studio masters. Recording found on The Essential Bruce Springsteen is a live cut, taped December 31, 1980 at Nassau Coliseum in Uniondale, NY.

CINDY - V1a 2:24 LM-5
CINDY - V1b 2:24 LM-5 / ATMF / PYP
CINDY - V2 take 3 2:18 TTTBJ / DROC2 / RRR / RIVER: SINGLE / MT2 / LEK
CINDY - V3 uncirculating

Note: "Cindy" V1a features double-track vocals, V1b has the double-track vocals as well as Clarence providing harmonies. Recorded at Power Station on July 16-17, 1979. Take 3, V2, was selected for the rejected 1979 'The Ties That Bind' album, mixed by Bob Clearmountain. Prior to the release of The River: Single Album this was the only unreleased River session composition that circulated among collectors in finished form and in excellent quality. Additional dubs and mixing for 'The River' took place April 11-12, 1980 (V3) at the Power Station; it was included in an album shortlist around this time, but was not included in The River. Titled "Cindy's Delicate Condition" on a handwritten lyric sheet.

IN THE CITY TONIGHT - V1 4:47 LM-14
IN THE CITY TONIGHT - V2 4:14 LM-14 / OSOR
IN THE CITY TONIGHT - V3 1:37 LM-14
IN THE CITY TONIGHT - V4 4:01 LM-14
IN THE CITY TONIGHT - V5 8:41 LM-14
IN THE CITY TONIGHT - V6 3:46 LM-14
IN THE CITY TONIGHT - V7 3:19 LM-14
UNTITLED SONG #3 - V8 1:45 DROC2
DO YOU WANT ME TO SAY ALRIGHT - V9 uncirculating
MEET ME IN THE CITY - V10 3:28 RIVER: OUTTAKES

Note: "In The City Tonight" V1 thru V8 are takes from Telegraph Hill rehearsals on March 25, 1979. V8 is listed as 'Untitled Song #3' on disc two of 'The Definitive River Outtakes Collection Volume 2'. Working titles included "In The City Tonight", "In The City", and titled "Meet Me In The City Tonight" on Springsteen's handwritten lyric sheet. Author Clinton Heylin stated that the music of "In the City Tonight" was appropriated by "Night Fire", which is an interesting opinion. "In the City Tonight" V9 was recorded at the Power Station on June 14, 1979, under the title, "Do You Want Me To Say Alright", for reasons unknown. Backing tracks from the June 14 sessions were used in V10, "Meet Me In The City", officially released online on October 16, 2015, to accompany the announcement of The Ties That Bind: The River Collection, which was released on December 4, 2015. "Do You Want Me To Say Alright" was included in an archival concept list put together by a Sony engineer in 1993.

NIGHT FIRE - V1 4:48 DROC2 / RRR
NIGHT FIRE - V2 4:43 DROC2 / RRR / MT2 / OSOR / LM-4
NIGHT FIRE - V3 0:30 DROC2
NIGHT FIRE - V4 1:36 DROC2
NIGHT FIRE - V5 uncirculating
NIGHT FIRE - V6 4:44 RIVER: OUTTAKES

Note: According to author Clinton Heylin, Springsteen adapted the music of "In The City Tonight", which the band practised extensively on March 25, 1979. Five days later, he had composed a hard rocking song, "Night Fire". V1-V4 are from the Telegraph Hill Studios on March 30, 1979. V3 is a partial take of an instrumental section, and on V4, Bruce and Clarence work on the saxophone solo. V1 is a complete take (tape running faster than V2-4), that for some reason is listed as "Untitled Song #2" on E St Records 'Definitive River Outtakes Collection Vol 2', and "Into the Night" on 'River Refineries Revisited'. V2 is also a complete take, running at the correct speed. V5 was recorded at Power Station on June 13, 1979, slower than the rehearsals with a "Because The Night"-style piano introduction. V6 features modern vocals overdubbed in 2015 over the vintage backing. Included in an archival concept list put together by a Sony engineer in 1993, with an original River-era vocal track.

SLOW FADE - V1 18:57 LM-15
SLOW FADE - V2 2:52 LM-15
SLOW FADE - V3 3:12 LM-15 / LMEC2
SLOW FADE - V4 3:24 LM-15
SLOW FADE - V5 2:49 LM-15
SLOW FADE - V6 3:04 LM-15 / OSOR
I WILL BE THE ONE - V7 uncirculating
I WILL BE THE ONE - V8 uncirculating

Note: V1 thru V6 are rehearsal workouts at Telegraph Hill on February 5, 1980 of 'Slow Fade'. Unfortunately, this song did not show up in studio logs anywhere, and the lyrics were buried in the mix, so it was a long-time mystery what the eventual name of the song was. The title 'Slow Fade' was written on the February 5 tape-card. V7 is 'I Will Be The One', recorded just eleven days after the rehearsals as at Power Station on February 16, 1980, and again V8 on February 26. This was the studio workout of 'Slow Fade'. 'I Will Be The One' was included in Included in an archival concept list put together by a Sony engineer in 1993, but it never made the final listings for the 1998 Tracks collection. By the way, a mis-titled solo demo called 'Slow Fade', recorded in late 1979 and found on The Lost Masters Essential Collection Vol. 1, is not related to this song, it is an early version of the song, 'Fade Away'.

RESTLESS NIGHTS - V1 2:37 LM-12
RESTLESS NIGHTS - V2 3:41 LM-12
RESTLESS NIGHTS - V3 1:36 LM-12
RESTLESS NIGHTS - V4 4:07 LM-12
RESTLESS NIGHTS - V5 3:37 LM-12
RESTLESS NIGHTS - V6 4:32 LM-12
RESTLESS NIGHTS - V7 4:29 LM-12
RESTLESS NIGHTS - V8 5:41 LM-13
RESTLESS NIGHTS - V9 2:13 LM-13
RESTLESS NIGHTS - V10 3:30 LM-13
RESTLESS NIGHTS - V11 3:45 LM-13
RESTLESS NIGHTS - V12 4:17 LM-13
RESTLESS NIGHTS - V13 3:47 LM-13
RESTLESS NIGHTS - V14a 3:52 DROC1 / RN / ATMF
RESTLESS NIGHTS - V14b 3:41 TRACKS / RIVER: OUTTAKES

Note: V1 thru V7 are rehearsal workouts at Telegraph Hill on January 10, 1980, and V8 thru V13 are from the following evening, January 11. V14 was recorded at Power Station on January 14, 1980, but was not completed until April 12. Final dubbing and mixing was done on May 2, 1980, mainly to reduce the track length. Included on an April 1980 shortlist for the double-album, but was beaten out by "Ramrod" and "I'm A Rocker."

WHERE THE BANDS ARE - V1a 3:37 DROC1 / DBTR / SYMKB / SYMKW
WHERE THE BANDS ARE - V1b 3:42 TRACKS / RIVER: OUTTAKES

Note: Two slightly different mixes. Recorded at Power Station studios on October 9, 1979.

DOLLHOUSE - V1 2:20 LMEC1
DOLLHOUSE - V2 0:55 LMEC1
DOLLHOUSE - V3 3:29 TRACKS / RIVER: OUTTAKES

Note: aka "Living In A Dollhouse", V1-2 are acoustic demos recorded around January-June 1979 at Springsteen's house. V3 recorded at Power Station on August 20 and 21, 1979 and issued on Tracks.

LIVING ON THE EDGE OF THE WORLD - V1 3:52 LM-12
LIVING ON THE EDGE OF THE WORLD - V2 4:26 LM-12
LIVING ON THE EDGE OF THE WORLD - V3 4:16 LM-12
LIVING ON THE EDGE OF THE WORLD - V4 4:14 TRACKS / RIVER: OUTTAKES

Note: V1 thru V3 are rehearsal workouts at Telegraph Hill on November 15, 1979. V4 recorded at Power Station on December 7, 1979. Aspects of this song would later appear in "Open All Night" and "State Trooper" from 1982's Nebraska.

TAKE 'EM AS THEY COME - V1 5:32 LM-9
TAKE 'EM AS THEY COME - V2 1:50 LM-9
TAKE 'EM AS THEY COME - V3 0:54 LM-9
TAKE 'EM AS THEY COME - V4a 4:25 DROC2 / ATMF
TAKE 'EM AS THEY COME - V4b 4:24 DDITV
TAKE 'EM AS THEY COME - V5 4:25 TRACKS / RIVER: OUTTAKES

Note: V1 appears to be primarily harmonies with bluffed lyrics. V2 includes some clearer lyrics, although it's obvious the song is in the very early stages of development in the last two verses. V4 and V5 backing tracks appear to have been recorded December 5, 1979 and Springsteen's vocal recorded at Power Station on April 10, 1980. Included in an archival concept list put together by a Sony engineer in 1993, prior to Tracks release.

RICKY WANTS A MAN OF HER OWN - V1a 2:47 DROC1 / RRR / RN / ATMF
RICKY WANTS A MAN OF HER OWN - V1b 2:48 private cdr
RICKY WANTS A MAN OF HER OWN - V2 2:54 LM-5
RICKY WANTS A MAN OF HER OWN - V3 2:43 TRACKS / RIVER: OUTTAKES

Note: V3 recorded July 16, 1979. V1 and V2 also recorded around this time. Similarly arranged versions, with some slight lyric differences between each. Another session at Power Station on April 10, 1980. Likely a mixing or overdub session. Selected for (and later removed from) August 1979 and April 1980 album sequences. Differences between V1a and V1b are imperceptible, aside from a slight change to the count-in.

I WANNA BE WITH YOU - V1 3:04 DDO / DO-1 / AM / UP / LES / GT
I WANNA BE WITH YOU - V2 3:12 uncirculated
I WANNA BE WITH YOU - V3 3:12 uncirculated
I WANNA BE WITH YOU - V4 3:12 LM-6 / ATMF
I WANNA BE WITH YOU - V5 3:15 TRACKS / RIVER: OUTTAKES

Note: First cut during the Darkness sessions, with V1 recorded at Atlantic Studios on the evening of June 1, 1977. V2 was recorded on July 1, 1977 (also at Atlantic), and V3 was a complete take on September 12, at Record Plant. Held over for The River sessions, and both V4 and V5 were recorded on May 31, 1979 at Power Station, New York. There was another session on June 21, and mixing/dubbing on September 24, 1979, but the final May 31 take was the one used for Tracks.

BRING ON THE NIGHT - V1 2:29 ATEOD / UP / LM-12 / MT2
BRING ON THE NIGHT - V2 3:15 LM-9
BRING ON THE NIGHT - V3 4:10 LM-9
BRING ON THE NIGHT - V4 0:31 LM-9
BRING ON THE NIGHT - V5 1:20 LM-9
BRING ON THE NIGHT - V6 1:54 LM-11
BRING ON THE NIGHT - V7 2:35 TRACKS

Note: V1 was recorded at Atlantic Studios during June 1977, recently composed, without lyrics for verses. Bruce put it aside, then resumed work after the tour concluded in early 1979. V2-V5 were all band rehearsals at Telegraph Hill, the barn on his property in Holmdel, NJ. V6 was a rehearsal recorded on May 14, 1979 at Telegraph Hill with the E Street Band. V7 was recorded at Power Station on June 13, 1979, and though it was included on a very early track sequence for the fifth album, it failed to make the cut, and was not considered for The River in 1980. It was eventually included in the 1998 Tracks compilation.

FROM SMALL THINGS (BIG THINGS ONE DAY COME) - V1a 2:33 SO / DROC2 / ATMF
FROM SMALL THINGS (BIG THINGS ONE DAY COME) - V1b 2:42 ESSENTIAL: BONUS / RIVER: OUTTAKES

Note: Two slightly different mixes. Recorded at Power Station on September 2, 1979. Included in an archival concept list compiled by a Sony engineer in 1993.

THE MAN WHO GOT AWAY - V1 2:55 LM-4 / PYP / MT2
THE MAN WHO GOT AWAY - V2 1:15 LM-8
THE MAN WHO GOT AWAY - V3 4:00 LM-4 / OSOR
THE MAN WHO GOT AWAY - V4 3:29 private
THE MAN WHO GOT AWAY - V5 0:28 private
THE MAN WHO GOT AWAY - V6 3:31 RIVER: OUTTAKES

Note: V1 is a very early acoustic demo. V2-5 are from Telegraph Hill rehearsals on March 30, 1979. V2 has Springsteen singing harmonies over the Telegraph Hill band rehearsal take. V5 is a short take of just the end of the song. The two full rehearsal takes both have lyrical variations but V5 is closer to the final take, presumably recorded a short time after V4. V6 recorded at Power Station on June 13 and July 5, 1979. The song title on an early handwritten lyric sheet was "Time". Appeared on an early sequence for the fifth album and was included in an archival concept list put together by a Sony engineer in 1993. Bumped off The River by the title track. The officially released V6 found on The River: Outtakes appears to be an entirely vintage recording.

THE TIME THAT NEVER WAS - V1 uncirculating
THE TIME THAT NEVER WAS - V2 uncirculating
THE TIME THAT NEVER WAS - V3 3:39 RIVER: OUTTAKES

Note: V1 was recorded at Power Station on June 27, 1979, V2 on March 16, 1980. Backing track and lead vocals were used on V3, found on TTTB:The River Outtakes, but background vocals recorded in 2015. Not included on any Tracks shortlist.

MR. OUTSIDE - V1 3:09 DROC1 / SBRR / RRR / MT2 / ATMF / AT
MR. OUTSIDE - V2 0:25 DROC1 / SFEM / AT
MR. OUTSIDE - V3 2:11 RIVER: OUTTAKES

Note: Also known as "Looking Out For Number One (Mr. Outside)". All are acoustic demos recorded September 10, 1979. The officially released V3 is an edited version of V1, from 2015. V2 can be found as the first 25 seconds of "Held Up Without A Gun", track 11 of Disc 2 on bootleg 'Song For An Electric Mule'.

YOU GOTTA BE KIND - V1 2:00 LM-7 / MT2
DOWN IN WHITE TOWN - V2 3:06 DROC1 / RRR / MT2 / AT
DOWN IN WHITE TOWN - V3 3:15 LM-7 / MT2
DOWN IN WHITE TOWN - V4 1:00 LM-7
DOWN IN WHITE TOWN - V5 0:50 LM-7
DOWN IN WHITE TOWN - V6 0:45 LM-7
WHITETOWN - V7 3:23 RIVER: OUTTAKES

Note: First known from rehearsals on January 11, 1980 at Telegraph Hill, a composite of home demos "You Gotta Be Kind" and "Mr. Outside". Contains some lyrics that would end up in "Jackson Cage". "Whitetown" was recorded at Power Station on March 16, 1980 and included on 2015's The River: Outtakes. At the very least the vocal track found here is modern.

CHAIN LIGHTNING - V1 1:07 LM-8
CHAIN LIGHTNING - V2 1:24 LM-8
CHAIN LIGHTNING - V3 0:29 LM-8
CHAIN LIGHTNING - V4 2:18 LM-4 / OSOR
CHAIN LIGHTNING - V5 2:49 RIVER: OUTTAKES

Note: V1-V3 are early acoustic demos. V4 is from Telegraph Hill rehearsals on March 30, 1979. Later recorded at Power Station on February 17, 1980. The age of the lead vocal on The River: Outtakes release is hard to pin down. It does not sound like a River-era vocal, but at the same time it doesn't sound like Springsteen's 2015 voice. Best guess for now is a 1998 vocal, recorded during overdub sessions for Tracks.

CHEVROLET DELUXE - V1 5:19 LM-12
CHEVROLET DELUXE - V2 6:53 LM-12 / OSOR
CHEVROLET DELUXE - V3 1:17 DROC1 / SFEM / AT
CHEVROLET DELUXE - V4 1:53 DROC1 / AT
CHEVROLET DELUXE - V5 1:35 DROC1 / AT
CHEVROLET DELUXE - V6 1:49 DROC1 / AT
CHEVROLET DELUXE - V7 1:10 DROC1 / AT
CHEVROLET DELUXE - V8 4:59 DROC1 / RRR / ATMF / AT

Note: V1 and V2 are rehearsal workouts at Telegraph Hill on November 15, 1979. V3-V8 were also recorded at Telegraph Hill around the same time, but without the E Street Band, as Springsteen worked on developing the song. It had a feel not unlike "The River," and in V8 he admits he can't "keep those payments up". There is no evidence that this song went any further, but by this time in his career, Bruce had become adept at collecting song ideas, and transplanting music and lyrics where needed.

PARTY LIGHTS - V1 3:22 LM-7 / MT2
PARTY LIGHTS - V2 uncirculating
PARTY LIGHTS - V3 1:05 FFOD / HNWB
PARTY LIGHTS - V4 3:09 RIVER: OUTTAKES

Note: Not related to the Claudine Clark song with the same title which Springsteen covered in 1975. V1 recorded as a solo demo in May 1979 at Telegraph Hill, Holmdel, New Jersey, and was found on the same demo tape that held two versions of "Jackson Cage" from the same period. Bruce uses the melody of "I Wanna Marry You". V2 recorded at Power Station on October 8, 1979; this was the take selected for The River: Outtakes disc V4, and was released as a single in November 23, 2015. The vocal on the official release is vintage, and includes lyrics also found in "Point Blank" and some which Springsteen would later use for his adaptation of Tom Waits' "Jersey Girl". V3 later recorded at Springsteen’s home in Colts Neck, NJ from late March to early April 1981 in a rockabilly style, not bearing much resemblance to the slower take from The River sessions. Springsteen asks an unidentified person if it is "time to eat?" at the end of the take.

STRAY BULLET - V1 uncirculating
STRAY BULLET - V2 uncirculating
STRAY BULLET - V3 uncirculating
STRAY BULLET - V4 6:09 RIVER: OUTTAKES

Note: Recorded at Power Station on February 24, March 9 and April 10, 1980. Beautiful, brooding ballad. V4 found on The River: Outtakes has some modern elements, but the main vocal is vintage. Included on an April 1980 shortlist for the double-album. No River-era outtakes exist for collectors to know exactly how it sounded in 1980, since the 2015 version is quite unlike anything else in Springsteen's canon.

BABY COME BACK 2:05 LM-9

Note: Acoustic demo recorded at Springsteen's house around January-June 1979. Unremarkable tune with mostly intelligible lyrics.

BABY DON'T GO - V1 2:30 LM-8
BABY DON'T GO - V2 1:10 LM-8 / MT2

Note: Promising song, although the lyrics are dominated by the repetition of the title. Acoustic demo recorded January-June 1979 at Springsteen's house in Holmdel.

EVERYONE LOVES YOU 1:20 LM-9

Note: Bruce composing a new song, lyrics are mostly unintelligible. Acoustic demo recorded January-June 1979.

EVERYDAY AND EVERY NIGHT - V1 4:05 LM-8
JANEY, DON'T YOU LOSE HEART - V2 uncirculating
JANEY, DON'T YOU LOSE HEART - V3 4:31 UH / GS / MI / 1984AC
JANEY, DON'T YOU LOSE HEART - V4 3:24 1985 single / TRACKS / BACK

Note: V1 is Bruce composing a new song in March 1979 at his Telegraph Hill Studio; "Everyday and Every Night" would eventually get new lyrics in 1983, and is renamed "Janey Don't You Lose Heart". V2 and V3 are both recorded on June 16, 1983 at The Hit Factory, New York, and V4 is released September 7, 1985, as the b-side of "I'm Goin' Down". V3 has a much longer fade out and features Steve Van Zandt on background vocals and guitar. V4 is the same recording, except Nils Lofgren records new vocal and guitar parts on July 14, 1985, to overdub and replace the tracks recorded by former E Street Band member Steve Van Zandt.

EVERYBODY'S LOOKING FOR SOMEBODY 0:45 DROC1 / SFEM / AT

Note: "Everybody's Looking for Somebody", a brief, but promising, demo. Also known as "Blackwood".

EVERYBODY WANTS MY BABY - V1 2:15 LM-7 / MT2
EVERYBODY WANTS MY BABY - V2 0:35 LM-7 / MT2

Note: Punkish song. The two takes are combined into one track on 'Lost Masters VII' from 1979.

FIND IT WHERE YOU CAN - V1 2:50 LM-9 / MT2
FIND IT WHERE YOU CAN - V2 1:36 LM-14
FIND IT WHERE YOU CAN - V3 3:53 LM-14 / OSOR

Note: V1 recorded at Springsteen’s home in Holmdel, NJ, January 1979 to June 1979. V2 & V3 Two different performances, both from the Telegraph Hill rehearsals in late March 1979. A gem, but never recorded at Power Station. Title found on a list of songs written early in the sessions.

I DON'T KNOW 1:45 DROC1 / RRR / SFEM / AT

Note: aka "Baby I Don't Know". Acoustic demo from September-December 1979.

I DON'T WANNA BE 3:37 LM-4

Note: a rehearsal workout at Telegraph Hill in May 1979, dated incorrectly as September 16, 1979, in the Lost Masters IV liner notes. Studio logs indicate it was never recorded at Power Station, probably because it's melody helped formulate "Jackson Cage" that same month. Clarence Clemons on vocals.

I'M GONNA TREAT YOU RIGHT (WILD KISSES) 3:54 US6 / URT-1M / DROC1 / RRR

Note: A rehearsal take at Telegraph Hill Studio on October 26, 1978.

TONIGHT V1 3:47 US6
TONIGHT V2 1:24 US6
TONIGHT V3 3:11 US6
TONIGHT V4 2:47 US6 / URT-1M / DROC1
TONIGHT V5 3:33 US6
TONIGHT V6 3:51 US6
TONIGHT V7 5:34 URT-1M
BREAK MY HEART - V8 2:46 LM-14
BREAK MY HEART - V9 3:00 LM-14

Note: V1-V7 are audio of a Darkness On The Edge Of Town tour rehearsal at Telegraph Hill on October 26, 1978. It was re-written as "Break My Heart" in 1979. V8-V9 are two different performances, both from a Telegraph Hill rehearsal in late March 1979. According to studio logs, not recorded at the Power Station.

I WANNA START A NEW LIFE 1:30 DROC1 / RRR / SFEM / AT

Note: brief acoustic demo recorded late 1979 at Telegraph Hill.

JANEY NEEDS A SHOOTER - V1 6:02 US6 / EY / ATMF
JANEY NEEDS A SHOOTER - V2 uncirculating
JANEY NEEDS A SHOOTER - V3 uncirculating
JANEY NEEDS A SHOOTER - V4 uncirculating
JANEY NEEDS A SHOOTER - V5 4:30 uncirculating
JANEY NEEDS A SHOOTER - V6 1:34 LM-8
JANEY NEEDS A SHOOTER - V7 2:34 LM-8 / PYP
JANEY NEEDS A SHOOTER - V8 6:50 DDO / DO-1 / EC / ATMF
JANEY NEEDS A SHOOTER - V9 6:43 LETTER

Note: "Janey Needs A Shooter" has a long complicated history. V1 was recorded in a solo piano arrangement at 914 Sound Studios, Blauvelt, NY, on January 29, 1973, with additional takes on January 30. The lyrics were written during 1972, although the melody was culled from the mid-1971 Springsteen composition "Talking About My Baby", a recording of which exists, from a show in Richmond, VA in October 1971. "Janey Needs A Shooter" appeared on provisional lists for The Wild, The Innocent, and the E Street Shuffle, but did not make the final cut. Also listed on the earliest known album #3 sequence, from spring 1974. Session log documents indicate that a Spanish-flavored, full-band arrangement was recorded at 914 Sound Studios May 1974 (V3), October 1974 (V4), and again in February 1975 (V5), but it was bypassed for Born To Run.

V6 and V7 are acoustic demos Bruce recorded around March-April 1979, at Telegraph Hill. V8 is a magnificent full band recording originally attributed to the Darkness On The Edge Of Town sessions, and later to the October 1978 rehearsal session at Telegraph Hill, Holmdel, NJ. Given the evidence (including audio not circulating), we can confirm it is a Telegraph Hill rehearsal from May 1979. The quality of the private audio is far superior to that found on the 'Definitive Darkness Outtakes' or 'Iceman' CDs, and includes the count-in and runs at the correct speed. "Janey Needs A Shooter" was also included on a very early tracklist for what became The River, but in all likelihood never seriously considered.

Warren Zevon has said that he became obsessed with the title line after Jon Landau mentioned it along with other songs that Springsteen was intending to record. Zevon pestered Bruce, pleading to hear the song. Bruce agreed, and he ended up working on his own version of the song, his interpretation of "Jeannie Needs A Shooter" (he had misheard the name), and played an incomplete version to Bruce sometime in the spring of 1979. Springsteen loved the arrangement, and they wrote the remainder of "Jeannie Needs A Shooter" together. The Zevon/Springsteen version is "a romantic saga of an outlaw pursuing a maiden while her father tries to gun him down," the opposite of Springsteen's original. Zevon's studio take of "Jeannie Needs A Shooter" from the Bad Luck Streak album was recorded during the summer of '79 and released in February 1980.

V9 was the earliest track recorded for Letter To You, and was initially intended for a Record Store Day type release.

LOVE IS A GUN - V1 1:31 LM-9
LOVE IS A GUN - V2 4:26 LM-9

Note: Mostly unintelligible lyrics.

LOVE AND KISSES - V1 0:18 LM-8 / MT2
LOVE AND KISSES - V2 2:44 LM-8 / MT2
LOVE AND KISSES - V3 0:25 LM-8
LOVE AND KISSES - V4 2:20 LM-9

Note: V1 and V2 are combined into a single track on 'Lost Masters VIII'. V1 is the guitar riff, V2 is very reminiscent of "Wages Of Sin". V3 has Springsteen singing the harmony.

LOVE'S GONNA BE TONIGHT - V1 2:15 LM-7 / MT2
LOVE'S GONNA BE TONIGHT - V2 1:20 LM-7

Note: Recorded at Springsteen's home in Holmdel, NJ, September-December 1979.

LOVE WILL GET YOU DOWN - V1 1:16 LM-9
LOVE WILL GET YOU DOWN - V2 5:00 LM-9
LOVE WILL GET YOU DOWN - V3 0:44 LM-9
LOVE WILL GET YOU DOWN - V4 1:10 LM-9
LOVE WON'T LET YOU DOWN - V5 2:30 private

Note: V2 is a single take of Bruce working on the song, with mostly audible lyrics. V1, V3 and V4 are partial, interrupted takes. This demo evolved into a song rehearsed with the band in March 1979, a recording of which exists in private collections. The title of the 1979 song is unknown but a song titled "Love Won't Let You Down", included on a handwritten document that dates from the River sessions, may be the same song. V5 is probably from late March 1979, an evolution of the solo demos, all which can be found on 'Lost Masters IX', titled "Love Will Get You Down". As is typical with the Telegraph Hill recordings Bruce's voice is buried in the music making it hard to identify lyrics, but the lyric "Love Won't Let You Down" does not appear anywhere in this rehearsal. Based on what can be heard, "Love Will Be The Name" or "Love Will Be The Game" are possible titles, but a handwritten document from the River sessions includes the title "Love Won't Let You Down". Therefore it is possible that the actual title for this song is "Love Won't Let You Down", despite the lack of that phrase in the lyrics. A well-developed and practised song, it's feasible that the song was subsequently recorded in the studio. although no songs with potentially matching titles exist in the studio logs. There is no relation between this song and "My Love Will Not Let You Down".

OUT ON THE RUN (LOOKING FOR LOVE) - V1 0:55 LM-9
LOOKING FOR LOVE - V2 2:45 DROC2 / MT2
OUT ON THE RUN (LOOKING FOR LOVE) - V3 3:27 LM-14
OUT ON THE RUN (LOOKING FOR LOVE) - V4 3:23 LM-14
OUT ON THE RUN (LOOKING FOR LOVE) - V5 3:08 LM-14
OUT ON THE RUN (LOOKING FOR LOVE) - V6 2:59 private

Note: V1 instrumental guitar riff (no lyrics). V2-V6 are from Telegraph Hill rehearsals, March 30, 1979. V6 also dates from that time but is perhaps slightly more polished. According to studio logs, not recorded at Power Station. This track recycles the main riff from 1977's "Don't Say No".

PIPELINE 1:59 LM-11 / LMEC1

Note: This is a band warm-up from Telegraph Hill on February 22, 1980, of The Chantay's instrumental, sometimes mistakenly listed as another surf-rock hit, The Ventures "Walk Don't Run". Danny's organ and Bruce's guitar are not equaled on the 1963 hit.

PROTECTION - V1 3:34 LM-8 / MT2
PROTECTION - V2 0:51 LM-8
PROTECTION - V3 0:11 LM-8
PROTECTION - V4 1:21 LM-8
PROTECTION - V5 3:25 LM-8
PROTECTION - V6 0:16 LM-8

Note: Six acoustic "takes", although V3 and V4 are combined into a single track on the 'Lost Masters VIII' CD. Possibly rehearsed with the band during the Telegraph Hill sessions, although no recordings circulate. A song called "Protection" was subsequently recorded with the E Street Band in 1982 before the track was donated to Donna Summer, but these acoustic demos have little to do with that song, aside from the title.

STOCKTON BOYS - V1 2:50 LM-7 / MT2
STOCKTON BOYS - V2 1:25 LM-7
STOCKTON BOYS - V3 0:30 LM-7
STOCKTON BOYS - V4 0:46 LM-7

Note: Thematically similar to "Stockton Girls". Four solo acoustic takes recorded January-February 1979. V1 appears to be full-length with some bluffed vocals.

STOCKTON GIRLS 1:45 LM-7

Note: Thematically similar to "Stockton Boys", one single acoustic demo recorded January-February 1979.

THE TIME IN BETWEEN 0:20 DROC1 / AT

Note: Springsteen just repeats the title. A brief acoustic demo recorded between September and December, 1979.

UNDER THE GUN - V1 1:00 LM-9
UNDER THE GUN - V2 4:38 LM-8
UNDER THE GUN - V3 0:17 LM-8
UNDER THE GUN - V4 1:02 LM-8
UNDER THE GUN - V5 4:17 LM-8
UNDER THE GUN - V6 0:45 LM-8
UNDER THE GUN - V7 3:02 LM-4
UNDER THE GUN - V8 3:03 LM-4
UNDER THE GUN - V9 2:44 LM-4
UNDER THE GUN - V10 2:06 LM-4
UNDER THE GUN - V11 1:54 LM-4
UNDER THE GUN - V12 uncirculating

Note: V1-6 Recorded at Springsteen’s home in Holmdel, NJ, January 1979 to June 1979. V1 solely harmonies. Thematically similar to "Jackson Cage", includes some lyrics from "The River". Springsteen answers the telephone during V5. V7-V11 are different performances from the Telegraph Hill rehearsals on March 30, 1979. V12 recorded at Power Station on June 14, 1979. Included on a 1993 in-house Tracks-concept album.

WALKING ON THE AVENUE - V1 3:45 LM-9
WALKING ON THE AVENUE - V2 3:05 LM-9 / MT2

Note: Acoustic demos recorded at Springsteen's house in January-June 1979. V1 appears to be relatively well-developed with intelligible lyrics.

YOU GOTTA FIGHT (FOR WHAT YOU WANT) 2:15 DROC1 /RRR / MT2 / ATMF / SFEM / AT

Note: Promising tune with a reggae-style beat, recorded September 10, 1979 at Telegraph Hill Studio, Holmdel, New Jersey.

ARNIE uncirculating

Note: Uncirculated outtake, recorded at Power Station on March 16, 1980. Included in an archival concept list put together by a Sony engineer in 1993.

THAT'S OKAY uncirculating

Note: Uncirculated outtake, recorded at Power Station on February 1, 1980. Included in an archival concept list put together by a Sony engineer in 1993.

A THOUSAND TEARS (WILLIAM DAVIS) - V1 uncirculating
A THOUSAND TEARS (WILLIAM DAVIS) - V2 uncirculating
WILLIAM DAVIS - V3 uncirculating
WILLIAM DAVIS - V4 uncirculating

Note: "William Davis", first recorded under the title, "A Thousand Tears (William Davis)"; V1 was recorded at Power Station on January 31, 1980, and V2 on February 1. Springsteen would return to the song two years later with V3, which was recorded at Power Station on April 27, 1982, and V4 the next day April 28, during the early days of the Born In The U.S.A. sessions. No audio circulates.

ANGELYNE uncirculating

Note: Recorded at Power Station on February 1, 1980. Donated to Gary U.S. Bonds for his album On The Line, released in 1982. Bonds' likely overdubbed his vocal onto an E Street backing. A version with Springsteen's vocals was included on a 1993 in-house Tracks concept album. This is not the same as the song "Oh Angelyne" that eventually became "The River".

JOLE BLON - V1 4:44 LM-13
JOLE BLON - V2 1:29 LM-13
JOLE BLON - V3 3:44 LM-13
JOLE BLON - V4 uncirculating

Note: Based on a traditional Cajun waltz and adapted by Springsteen from Roy Acuff and his Smoky Mountain Boys' 1947 recording. The song was a big hit for the first time in 1947 for Harry Choates (recorded in 1946), and also for Red Foley & the Cumberland Valley Boys, who had a no. 1 Folk hit (formerly referred to as Hillbilly and by 1958 Country & Western charts) in January 1947 with New Jole Blon, and again a year later for Moon Mullican. "Jole Blon" ("Pretty Blonde") was considered for the album once it became a two-LP set. V1-V3 are from Telegraph Hill rehearsals on January 11, 1980. V4 was recorded at Power Station studios on January 14, 1980, and the backing track may have been used by Gary U.S. Bonds on his 1981 album, "Dedication". Premiered live June 5, 1981 at Wembley Arena in London, and played fairly regularly during the latter stages of the River Tour.

DEDICATION - V1 uncirculating
DEDICATION - V2 uncirculating

Note: "Dedication" V1-V2 were recorded at Power Station studios on December 4 and 6, 1979, during the River sessions, and later donated to Gary U.S. Bonds as the title track for his 1981 album. According to comments by Bonds, Bruce brought him this song as something from //The River // session arsenal that Bruce felt suited Bonds' style. It seems likely that Bonds overdubbed his vocal onto the E Street Band backing.

THIS LITTLE GIRL uncirculating

Note: Recorded at Power Station studios, possibly in late January 1980, and in June to August 1980 during sessions for Gary U.S. Bonds. A Springsteen vocal rendition from these sessions is likely to exist. "This Little Girl" became Bonds' biggest hit after release in 1981.

YOUR LOVE uncirculating

Note: Recorded at Power Station sometime July to August 1980 during sessions for Gary U.S. Bonds. A Springsteen vocal rendition from these sessions is likely to exist.

GO AWAY (COME CLOSE) 3:58 PSC

Note: Song of unknown title written in 1978, and played before the show on Wednesday, September 20, 1978. Bruce conducted the E Street Band in the same manner as at the Record Plant, constantly calling out chord changes and arrangements. "Go Away (Come Close)" was name given to this tune based on lyrics.

SO YOUNG AND IN LOVE - V1 uncirculating
JR. WALKER GROOVE - A LOVE SO FINE - V2 uncirculating
A LOVE SO FINE - V3 3:47 BIS / WAR / ET / BWNH / BTRS / BTRCS / ETRJ
SO YOUNG AND IN LOVE - V4 3:47 TRACKS / BTRCS
A LOVE SO FINE - V5 3:47 uncirculating
ACTION IN THE STREETS 3:47 uncirculating
PARADISE BY THE "C" 3:10 RIVER: OUTTAKES

Note: "Jr. Walker Groove" V1 was the working title of "So Young And In Love", "A Love So Fine", and later "Action In the Streets". Junior Walker was a saxophonist, whose group Junior Walker & the All Stars played for the Motown label in the 1960s, with many hits like "Shotgun" and "What Does It Take". In early 1974, Springsteen regularly incorporated "Shotgun" into performances of "Rosalita (Come Out Tonight). V4 (in surprisingly good quality) was released on Tracks as "So Young and In Love", with confusing and likely inaccurate notes dating it to 1/6/74. The Record Plant is listed as the recording venue, which is also unlikely; it was more probably 914 Sound Studios, Blauvelt, NY. Other reports say "So Young And In Love" was recorded in late May 1974. The biggest indicator is the drummer and keyboard player; if they are Weinberg and Bittan, the date must be after they joined the band in August 1974. The cut on Tracks might be, at least in part, from October 16, 1974, though neither "So Young and In Love" nor "A Love So Fine" are listed on the unreliable logs of that era. There was, however, a session on that day, which produced a two-inch master reel that has "A Love So Fine" (perhaps mis-titled) and "Born To Run" paired, suggesting this might be the master for an aborted single. An instrumental backing track of "A Love So Fine" has been in circulation since the late seventies, with the same backing track used for "So Young And In Love" on Tracks. No studio vocal of ‘A Love So Fine’ version circulates. According to Bruce Springsteen, the cut on Tracks is from the Darkness on the Edge of Town sessions, though the studio date is also missing. A version of the song was reborn during the 1977 Lawsuit Tour as "Action In the Streets", with entirely new lyrics; no studio recording is known. Yet another rewrite appeared in May 1978, the saxophone-led "Paradise By The C". A recording of this instrumental version was officially released on The Ties That Bind, The River: Outtakes in 2015, but according to Clinton Heylin, "Paradise By The C" was never recorded in the studio. Instead, a 24-track live tape (perhaps from the soundcheck) from July 8, 1978 at Veteran's Memorial Coliseum, Phoenix, Arizona was apparently used, which is also in some dispute.

unknown title 7:50 private

Note: Upbeat, rockabilly-style song from a Telegraph Hill band rehearsal, probably from late March 1979. As with all the Telegraph Hill material the lyrics are buried in the music, but possible titles are "Walk You Through The Door" or "Charlie Miles". Running time above includes several takes, most incomplete. Resembles the March/April 1981 solo demo of "Party Lights" found on CDs 'Fist full Of Dollars' and 'How Nebraska Was Born'.

unknown title 3:41 private

Note: Hard rocking number from a Telegraph Hill band rehearsal, probably from late March 1979. Intro guitar riff is pure "Trouble River", and there's a guitar solo very reminiscent of "Roulette". Unfortunately Bruce's voice is buried in the music, making it very hard to hear lyrics. As such the actual title is unknown, but "We Talk" and "Talk Talk" are possibilities. Bruce exclaims "wow!" at the conclusion of the song.

Go here to see Modern Elements in TTTB:the River Outtakes.

Possible River-era Songs

The following titles emanate from the 1979-80 era. The information is based on lyric sheets and other handwritten documents seen in Thom Zimny's The Ties That Bind documentary. It is unknown if these songs were ever recorded, or just standalone titles. Springsteen often creates song titles first and then attempts to write words and music around it - so the existence of a song title is no guarantee that a song was ever created. Two phrases seen in the film, 'It's A One Drive-in Town' and 'Young Punk' are likely examples of this. There is as yet no evidence these were completed songs (words and music) and for the majority no evidence they were recorded during any of the River sessions. If they do exist as recordings then they would most likely be either as work-in-progress home cassette recordings or from Telegraph Hill rehearsal sessions. It's also possible that some of these songs are alternative titles for other tracks that we are more familiar with.

THE HARD WAY
lyricsheet_thehardway.jpg

Note: Title seen twice in the film, once with lyrics.

THE INFORMER / THE MARK
lyricsheet_theinformer.jpg

Note: Seen on a handwritten lyric sheet - includes the line "every shadow here in whitetown", suggesting some relation to "Whitetown".

THE MANSION
lyricsheet_themansion.jpg

Note: Seen on a handwritten lyric sheet - perhaps developed into "Mansion On The Hill.

SEIZE THE TIME
lyricsheet_seizethetime.jpg

Note: Handwritten sheet with very basic lyrics.

VIGILANTE (OUT IN THE STORMFIELD)
lyricsheet_vigilante.jpg

Note: Handwritten lyric sheet with early lyrics.

TIME (MAN WHO GOT AWAY)
lyricsheet_time.jpg

Note: Handwritten with lyrics - aside from the subtitle possibly not related to "The Man Who Got Away".

CALL ANY ANGEL / WAITIN' FOR AN ANGEL
lyricsheet_waitinforanangel.jpg

Note: Handwritten lyric sheet. Initial title was "Waitin' For An Angel", Bruce added the second title later in a different pen colour.

GONE ARE THE DAYS
note_album-theriver.jpg

Note: #5 on a list of song titles, crossed out. Probably dates from early in the sessions since the list also includes a number of songs left over from the Darkness sessions and new songs performed on the Darkness Tour.

NEW KINDA LOVE
note_album-theriver.jpg

Note: #8 on a list of song titles, crossed out.

LOVE WON'T LET YOU DOWN
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Note: #9 on a list of song titles, not crossed out. Also denoted "C" on a separate list on the same page. Perhaps developed into "My Love Won't Let You Down", recorded in 1982, or may be an evolution of a solo demo titled "Love Won't Get You Down" found on 'Lost Masters IX'. Search this page for "Love Will Be The Game" for more information.

ARMED & DANGEROUS (WITH LOVE)
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Note: "D" on a list of song titles.

BOPPIN
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Note: "F" on a list of song titles. Maybe the Bruce Springsteen Band song "Band's Just Bopping The Blues", a.k.a. "Funk Song" or "Secret To The Blues", which use the same melody.

SUMMER
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Note: #4 on a list of six songs under the heading "Flip Sides". Possibly "Summer On Signal Hill".


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