The River - Studio Sessions


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The River
Commercially Released: October 17, 1980
Produced by Bruce Springsteen, Jon Landau and Steve Van Zandt
Recorded between March 1979 and May 1980 at The Power Station (New York City)
Recorded by Neil Dorfsman except The Ties That Bind (by Bob Clearmountain) and Drive All Night (by Jimmy Iovine)
Mixed at Clover Recording Studios (Los Angeles) by Toby Scott and Chuck Plotkin except Hungry Heart (by Bob Clearmountain)

Overview

The River sessions started with demo recordings made January 1979 to June 1979 that loosely served as a basis for the March – August 1979 "first leg" of studio sessions for The River album. More demos followed September to December 1979 that loosely served as a basis for the October 1979 – May 1980 "second leg" of studio sessions for The River album.

These are not professionally made recordings. They were never intended to be. It seems Springsteen only used a common, run-of-the-mill cassette recorder. None of these songs exhibit a finished songwriting product. These are song fragments, both musically and lyrically. There is much stopping and starting heard as Springsteen records bits and pieces, manually stops the recorder then returns sometime later to add more ideas… and so on and so forth. Probably the most fascinating things heard on these tapes are Bruce’s attempts to write in a reggae style – these attempts can be found amongst the audio from late 1979 and early 1980. These recordings can provide an interesting, though often monotonous, glimpse into how Bruce goes about his creative writing process. But very little of this material is listener-friendly and is probably not worth obtaining unless you’re a die-hard completist. Springsteen definitely progressed some of these song fragments and ideas to completion – we have studio end product to attest to that. Songs in development here include "The River", "You Can Look (But You Better Not Touch)", "Two Hearts", and "Jackson Cage" to name just four. However most of these titles are likely to have gone little further than what one hears on these tapes.

"The River was a record that was sort of a gateway to a lot of my future writing. It's a record we made after Darkness on the Edge of Town, it was a record made during a recession, hard times in the States. Its title song is a song I wrote for my brother-in-law and sister. My brother-in-law was in the construction industry and lost his job and they had to struggle very hard back in the late 70s, like so many people are doing today. It was a record where I first started to tackle men and women and families and marriage. There were certain songs on it that led to complete records later on, "The River" sort of led to the writing on Nebraska, "Stolen Car" led to the writing on Tunnel of Love. It was a record where, originally it was a single record, I handed it with just one record and I took it back because I didn't feel it was big enough and I wanted to capture the themes that I'd been writing about on Darkness, I wanted to keep those characters with me and at the same time added the music that made our live shows so much fun and enjoyable for our audience. So in the end, we're gonna take you down to The River tonight."
Bruce Springsteen introducing a complete performance of The River album, Madison Square Garden, November 8, 2009.

Springsteen finished the Darkness On The Edge Of Town tour on January 1, 1979. For the next few months he kept a low profile and focused his attention on composing new material for his next album, recording many acoustic solo demos in the process. Recording sessions for what became The River album began in late March 1979 and finished in May 1980 - but were to some extent extended into August due to Springsteen & The E Street Band’s involvement with Gary US Bonds on his April 1981 album Dedication.

All formal studio sessions (including the US Bonds sessions) took place at The Power Station in New York City. However there were extensive song rehearsal sessions (Thom Zimny's The Ties That Bind documentary states that 104 band demos were created during this time) with the E Street Band throughout the making of the album that didn't take place at The Power Station. These rehearsals took place in a converted barn on Springsteen’s Telegraph Hill Road property in Holmdel, NJ – the so-nicknamed "Telegraph Hill Studios". However it wasn't a true studio. A significant amount of the River session audio that has surfaced comes from these Telegraph Hill sessions. Unfortunately the audio quality from Telegraph Hill leaves much to be desired. It sounds as if a single boom recording mike was used. Springsteen’s vocals are buried under the instruments on virtually all these recordings.

According to engineer Neil Dorfsman about fifty songs were recorded to a completed state during the River sessions. The Ties That Bind documentary gives us a figure of fifty-three songs. However The River, despite being a double album only included twenty songs, so about thirty-three finished songs remained in the vaults. Twenty-seven of those thirty-three "missing" recordings have since been officially released via b-sides, Tracks, The Essential Bruce Springsteen, The River: Single Album and The River: Outtakes, for a total of 20 + 27 = 47 RELEASED. Information culled from Sony's studio logs gives us another nine songs that were definitely recorded in the studio, but perhaps not to completion. This figure includes several songs that were recorded with a Springsteen vocal but later given to Gary U.S. Bonds. These nine songs are either not circulating at all (such as "Do You Want Me To Say Alright" and "I Will Be The One"), or only as poorly recorded band rehearsals from Telegraph Hill (e.g. "Under The Gun"). There are an additional six songs from 1978 Telegraph Hill Rehearsals after the Darkness album had been released. All this gives us the following list of sixty-eight songs which includes a total of fifty-three from this period that were recorded or are most likely to have been recorded and completed during The River/Bonds sessions. 21 are UNRELEASED. The total of 68 is the current number, but this will increase with the discovery of missing recordings that are expected.

Released

1.1. THE TIES THAT BIND 3:29 RIVER
1.2. SHERRY DARLING 4:00 RIVER
1.3. JACKSON CAGE 3:02 RIVER
1.4. TWO HEARTS 2:39 RIVER
1.5. INDEPENDENCE DAY 4:39 RIVER
1.6. HUNGRY HEART 3:19 RIVER
1.7. OUT IN THE STREET 4:15 RIVER
1.8. CRUSH ON YOU 3:08 RIVER
1.9. YOU CAN LOOK (BUT YOU BETTER NOT TOUCH) 2:34 RIVER
1.10. I WANNA MARRY YOU 3:57 RIVER
1.11. THE RIVER 4:56 RIVER
2.1. POINT BLANK 5:59 RIVER
2.2. CADILLAC RANCH 3:01 RIVER
2.3. I'M A ROCKER 3:32 RIVER
2.4. FADE AWAY 4:36 RIVER
2.5. STOLEN CAR 3:50 RIVER
2.6. RAMROD 3:57 RIVER
2.7. THE PRICE YOU PAY 5:24 RIVER
2.8. DRIVE ALL NIGHT 8:22 RIVER
2.9. WRECK ON THE HIGHWAY 3:44 RIVER

Visit our release-pages for additional information.

Additional Recordings

Details

THE TIES THAT BIND - V1 3:39 URT-1M
THE TIES THAT BIND - V2 2:24 PSC
THE TIES THAT BIND - V3 3:30 US6 / URT-1M / RRR
THE TIES THAT BIND - V4 3:38 URT-1M / US6 / DROC1
THE TIES THAT BIND - V5 0:45 URT-1M
THE TIES THAT BIND - V6 4:02 LM-14
THE TIES THAT BIND - V7 3:40 private
THE TIES THAT BIND - V8a take 8 3:25 LM-6
THE TIES THAT BIND - V8b take 8 3:29 TTTBR / TTTBJ / DROC2 / PYP / RIVER: SINGLE / LEK
THE TIES THAT BIND - V8c take 8 3:29 RIVER / ESSENTIAL: 2015

Note: V1 was played before the show on Wednesday, September 20, 1978, day 2 of one of the most memorable three-day stands in Springsteen history. Though it was referred to as a "sound check", the content and behavior of Bruce and the band has led many to recognize this as a studio recording session (click for bigger picture-Recordings tab). There was no crowd, the entire session was professionally recorded and filmed, and the material covered included new songs that needed studio work, which this session was meant to simulate. Bruce conducted the E Street Band in the same manner as at the Record Plant, constantly calling out chord changes and arrangements. "Go Away (Come Close)", "Wedding Bells" by Hank Williams, "Point Blank" and the debut of "The Ties That Bind" are the highlights, and all were worked on extensively.

Unlike many of his new songs, "The Ties That Bind" was developed musically and lyrically, so Bruce spent extra time teaching it to the band, who were obviously extremely unfamiliar with it. It seems like Garry and Roy can pick up a tune almost immediately, with Max right behind, and the core of this song is the rhythm section and Bruce's dominating guitar. It should be mentioned that while his guitar playing gets no mention, he once again uses it to convey pictures and feelings to the minds of his listeners. Springsteen uses all of the tools at his disposal to do this on every song, that is his method of writing and performing, and his band follows his lead. This first incarnation of TTTB is a blues driven hard rock song, dominated by Bruce in a manner not often seen. V2 is an alternate take featuring Clarence Clemmons on saxophone, and a different arrangement. The only copy discovered starts half way through the song, which explains it's 2:24 clocking, and claims to be from September 19, 1978. We are looking into it.

Though it sounds different than the River version, this is the original idea by Springsteen of TTTB, which he extensively revised by October 26, 1978, when V3-V5 were recorded at Telegraph Hill Studios. It was also worked on extensively in concert, during November and December on the Darkness tour. The band picked it back up in late March 1979 (V6) and V7, the latter still needeing work on verses 2 and 3. In April, work comenced at The Power Station on album #5, to be called, "The Ties That Bind". V8 take 8 was recorded on April 10-11, 1979. V8a needed some vocal overdubs and remixing before it was ready for release. V8b was mixed and ready for the album, but then Springsteen injured his leg in an off-terrain vehicle accident a few days later, which delayed further studio sessions until the middle of May. After the new album came back from mastering in October 1979, Bruce called a halt to the release, and resumed writing songs and recording. Jon Landau helped to sell him on the double album idea, and "the River" was released in 1980. The first track on side one was TTTB V8c. V8b was remixed into V8c on April 10, 1980. All the songs on the "The Ties That Bind" album that were released on "The River" were remixed or changed, the major victims being "Stolen Car", which was re-written, and bears little resembelance to it's earlier self, and "The Price You Pay", which had a great verse chopped off.

SHERRY DARLING - V1 4:00 LM-3 / DO-2 / AM / UP / LMEC2
SHERRY DARLING - V2 4:51 DDO / DO-3 / ODM / HOD / AM / UP
SHERRY DARLING - V3 uncirculating
SHERRY DARLING - V4 4:03 DROC2 / ATMF / RRR
SHERRY DARLING - V5 4:00 RIVER

Note: V1 was recorded at Atlantic Studios on June 24, 1977; V2 fades in, repeats the last verse and was recorded on June 27 or July 1, 1977. Premiered live during the Darkness Tour with a spoken introduction: "This was a song that we recorded live in the studio about two years ago, the beginning of the summer and it was originally gonna be on Darkness, but it was too weird so we left it off". Bruce would often refer to "two summers ago" when introducing the song in 1978, but since he wasn't recording in 1976 he was presumably referring to the summer of 1977. V3 re-recorded at The Power Station on May 25, 1979, V4 take on February 23, and V5 completed on March 8, 1980, with final overdubs. Mixing session on April 12, 1980.

JACKSON CAGE - V1 0:20 LM-7
JACKSON CAGE - V2 0:57 LM-7
JACKSON CAGE - V3 uncirculating
JACKSON CAGE - V4 1:31 LMEC2
JACKSON CAGE - V5 2:42 LM-15
JACKSON CAGE - V6 2:55 LM-15
JACKSON CAGE - V7 3:02 RIVER

Note: While this song was being worked on, another composition, "I Don't Wanna Be", was demoed at Telegraph Hill. That tune and it's melody were never heard again, but perhaps it lived on in Jackson Cage. V1 is the chorus recorded at The Power Station on May 22, 1979. V2 is familiar, but much slower than the final album take. Possibly sourced from May 1979. V4 is a brief snippet that features Springsteen singing over a January 11, 1980 Telegraph Hill band rehearsal of "Restless Nights". V5 and V6 are rehearsal workouts of an alternative arrangement with different lyrics from Telegraph Hill on February 5, 1980. V7 was recorded at The Power Station on February 17 and March 10, 1980.

TWO HEARTS - V1 1:23 LM-7
TWO HEARTS - V2 2:36 LM-11
TWO HEARTS - V3 1:55 LM-11
TWO HEARTS - V4 2:37 LM-11
TWO HEARTS - V5 2:41 LM-11
TWO HEARTS - V6 1:13 LM-11
TWO HEARTS - V7 4:23 LM-11
TWO HEARTS - V8 5:08 LM-11
TWO HEARTS - V9 3:26 LM-11
TWO HEARTS - V10a 2:39 RIVER
TWO HEARTS - V10b 2:44 private cdr

Note: V1 thru V8 are rehearsal workouts at Telegraph Hill on February 22, 1980. V9 was recorded at The Power Station on February 23 and 24, with further work undertaken on March 17 plus April 9 and 26, 1980. V9b is a different mix that lacks the double-tracked vocal found on the album.

INDEPENDENCE DAY - V1 - take 3 uncirculated
INDEPENDENCE DAY - V2 6:17 LM-3 / AM / UP / LMEC2 / GT
INDEPENDENCE DAY - V3 uncirculated
INDEPENDENCE DAY - V4 uncirculated
INDEPENDENCE DAY - V5 uncirculated
INDEPENDENCE DAY - V6a - mix take #10 5:18 uncirculated
INDEPENDENCE DAY - V6b 5:27 DROC1 / RRR / ATMF
INDEPENDENCE DAY - V6c 4:39 RIVER

Note: First recorded V1 on August 15, 1977, take3, then V2 at The Record Plant on September 26-27, 1977. Bruce continued to work on this at The Record Plant V3 on November 4, V4 November 11 and V5 December 9, 1977. Short-listed for inclusion on Darkness On The Edge Of Town, and included in October 1977 "Badlands" proposed release. V6 recorded for "The River" at The Power Station on May 29 and October 11, 1979 and late in the sessions on April 24 and 25, 1980. V6a is mix take #10, with slight alterations to the snare drums and vocals. V6b is the complete, uncut recording with the instrumental coda that was removed from the album version V6c.

HUNGRY HEART - V1a 2:48 DROC2 / PYP
HUNGRY HEART - V1b 3:44 DROC2
HUNGRY HEART - V1c 3:26 LM-6
HUNGRY HEART - V1d 3:18 LM-6
HUNGRY HEART - V1e 3:29 LM-6 / RRR
HUNGRY HEART - V1f 3:31 private cdr
HUNGRY HEART - V1g - take 2 3:21 TTTBR / TTTBJ / RIVER: SINGLE / LEK
HUNGRY HEART - V1h 3:15 RIVER / 1980 Single / ESSENTIAL / GREATEST

Note: Apparently penned after Joey Ramone asked Bruce to write a song for the Ramones after he attended a Ramones show at The Fast Lane in Asbury Park in March 1979; this may be apocryphal. In any case, Springsteen has confirmed that it was written with the Ramones in mind, and was considering giving the song away. He played it for Jon Landau, who convinced Bruce to keep it for himself. The eight takes listed above all appear to be different mixes of the same basic performance that are also running at varying tape speeds. The version released on The River has been pitch adjusted, raising the pitch of Springsteen's vocal to achieve a more radio friendly sound. V1b is the backing track only. V1f has heavy echo added to Springsteen's vocal. Recorded at The Power Station on 14 and 21 June and September 5, 1979 with further mixing or overdub sessions on March 24 and April 10, 1980. Flo & Eddie (Mark Volman and Howard Kaylan of the Turtles) contribute backing vocals.
Further work on this song was undertaken at The Power Station on March 24 and April 10, 1980. Likely a mixing or overdub session, perhaps for Flo and Eddie's backing vocals.

I’M GONNA BE THERE TONIGHT - V1 2:13 DROC2
I’M GONNA BE THERE TONIGHT - V2 3:27 DROC2 / RRR
OUT IN THE STREET - V3a 4:13 DROC2 / ATMF
OUT IN THE STREET - V3b 4:14 DROC2 / RRR
OUT IN THE STREET - V3c 4:15 RIVER / ESSENTIAL: 2015

Note: V1 and V2 are both Telegraph Hill band rehearsals from January 11, 1980. By March, Bruce had completed the lyrics to "Out In the Street", and on March 21, 1980 at The Power Station, the Band was ready to finish the song. The V3 takes were all recorded that night, as sessions were drawing to a close.

CRUSH ON YOU - V1a 3:19 DROC2 / RO
CRUSH ON YOU - V1b 3:06 DROC2 / RO / ATMF
CRUSH ON YOU - V1c 3:08 RIVER

Note: These are all mix permutations of the same basic recording. Recorded at The Power Station Studios on October 11 and 12, 1979.

YOU CAN LOOK (BUT YOU BETTER NOT TOUCH) - V1 2:40 LM-7
YOU CAN LOOK (BUT YOU BETTER NOT TOUCH) - V2 2:45 LM-7 / LMEC2
YOU CAN LOOK (NOT TOUCH) - V3 1:13 DROC1 / SFEM
YOU CAN LOOK (NOT TOUCH) - V4 2:19 DROC1
YOU CAN LOOK (BUT YOU BETTER NOT TOUCH) (vs.1) - V5 - take 3 2:04 TTTBR / TTTBJ / DROC2 / RIVER: SINGLE / LEK / SFEM
YOU CAN LOOK (BUT YOU BETTER NOT TOUCH) - V6 uncirculating
YOU CAN LOOK (BUT YOU BETTER NOT TOUCH) - V7 2:34 RIVER
YOU CAN LOOK (BUT YOU BETTER NOT TOUCH) - V8 1:18 YBNT2

Note: V1-V2 are actually two takes of Bruce working on the start and end, singing the lead guitar part over his acoustic, recorded at Telegraph Hill January–May 1979. It's clear that he thinks he's onto something. V3 is well developed, with the lyrics of the first and third verses almost complete. Two different arrangements exist. V4, which is done in rockabilly style, was recorded at The Power Station Studios on August 24, 1979. This arrangement was performed regularly on the Tunnel Of Love Express Tour in 1988, but not before and never since. V5, the arrangement found on The River, dropping the earlier rockabilly arrangement, was recorded August 25, 1979 at The Power Station. Bruce would instead use the music from "Held Up Without A Gun". V6 is a Telegraph Hill rehearsal from January 11, 1980. V7 recorded on February 17 and 23, 1980, at The Power Station, and final mixing for the River took place on April 1, 9 and 21, 1980. V8 is a short acoustic take from January 1995, at the Greatest Hits studio sessions, at the Hit Factory, New York, NY from the Blood Brothers video.

I WANNA MARRY YOU - V1a take 4 3:21 DROC2 / TTTBR / TTTBJ / RIVER: SINGLE
I WANNA MARRY YOU - V1b - track 8 3:27 DROC2 / RO / ATMF
I WANNA MARRY YOU - V1c - track 9 3:24 DROC2 / RO
I WANNA MARRY YOU - V1d - track 16 3:22 DROC2 / RO
I WANNA MARRY YOU - V1e - track 10 3:29 LM-5
I WANNA MARRY YOU - V1f - track 11 3:28 LM-5
I WANNA MARRY YOU - V1g - track 12 3:26 LM-5
I WANNA MARRY YOU - V1h - track 13 3:20 LM-5
I WANNA MARRY YOU - V1i - track 14 3:30 LM-5
I WANNA MARRY YOU - V1j 3:34 RIVER

Note: V1 recorded at The Power Station on July 5 and 11-12, 1979 with further sessions on April 12 and May 6-7, 1980. These are all mix variations with different vocal takes over the same basic recording, with some significant tape speed variations.

OH ANGELYNE - V1 1:35 LM-6 / DROC1 / RRR
OH ANGELYNE - V2 0:49 LM-6
OH ANGELYNE - V3 2:59 LM-6
OH ANGELYNE - V4 2:20 LM-6 / MT2
THE RIVER - V5a - take 5 4:45 TTTBR / TTTBJ / RIVER: SINGLE / PYP / LEK / ATMF
THE RIVER - V5b 4:56 RIVER / ESSENTIAL / GREATEST
THE RIVER - V6 0:36 TTTB: DOCUMENTARY

Note: Evolved from "Oh Angelyne", four takes of a solo demo recorded by Bruce at home January-May, 1979. V5, now known as "The River", was recorded at The Power Station on August 26 and 29, 1979. V5a, take 5, was the mix set to go on "The Ties That Bind" album, but after that fell through, ooo-ooos by Bruce and Steve were overdubbed on the end coda, and that, V5b, went on Disc 1 of the River double album. Studio logs indicate January 21 and April 12 and 24, 1980, as dates where additional takes, overdubs and mixing took place. In an interview, engineer Neil Dorfsman says he recalls cutting several versions of the song, trying out different tempos and a more embellished rock 'n' roll arrangement. None of these alternative arrangements circulate, and it is not known whether they exist in the vaults. V6 are brief snippets of an acoustic demo heard in Thom Zimny's documentary about the making of The River, and include some well-known verses, including "is a dream a lie that don't come true, or is it something worse".

POINT BLANK - V1 1:00 LMEC1
POINT BLANK - V2 - take 3 5:39 DROC1 / RO
POINT BLANK - V3 - take 9 5:50 DROC1 / RO
POINT BLANK - V4 - take 11 5:20 DROC1 / RO
POINT BLANK - V5 - take 12 5:17 DROC1 / RO / ATMF
POINT BLANK - V6 5:59 RIVER

Note: Unfortunately, studio outtakes from 1978, when this song was composed and played live on the Darkness tour, do not appear to exist. V1 consists of harmonies and guitar practice. V2 take 12, V3 take 11, V4 take 9 V5 take 3 were recorded on the same night at The Power Station on May 29 and 30, 1979. These four takes feature a completely different, faster, rocking arrangement with alternative lyrics to both the 1978 live versions and the eventual River release. The mid-section includes a searing guitar solo. V6, which contains a newly written, extended narrative middle section, was recorded some months later, possibly on August 23 and 25, 1979 or February 16, 1980.

SHE'S A ROCKER - V1 take 4 3:10 LM-5
SHE'S A ROCKER - V2 take 6 3:18 LM-5 / ATMF
I'M A ROCKER - V3 3:32 RIVER

Note: V1 and V2 were recorded at the Power Station on December 4, 1979, in the third person ("She's A Rocker"). V3 is a later take from April 10, 1980, that went straight to Disc 2 of The River.

CADILLAC RANCH - V1a 2:58 DROC2 / RO / ATMF
CADILLAC RANCH - V1b 3:03 private cdr
CADILLAC RANCH - V1c 3:05 private cdr
CADILLAC RANCH - V1d 3:03 private cdr
CADILLAC RANCH - V1e 3:01 O&S
CADILLAC RANCH - V1f 3:01 RIVER

Note: Recorded at The Power Station on February 16, March 9, 15 and 17, as well as April 9 and 26, 1980. These are all mix permutations of the same basic recording. V1b has less echo on lead vocal, V1c is take #47 with piano and guitar higher in the mix, V1d is described as "basic rundown take 2", V1e adds a siren and screeching tires to the introduction.

FADE AWAY - V1 2:50 LMEC1
FADE AWAY - V2a 1:01 private cdr
FADE AWAY - V2b - take 29 1:37 private cdr
FADE AWAY - V2c - take 26 4:40 private cdr
FADE AWAY - V2d - take 27 4:46 private cdr
FADE AWAY - V2e 4:46 DROC2 / RO / RRR / ATMF
FADE AWAY - V2f 4:36 RIVER / SINGLE 1981 45-A

Note: V1 is a work-in-progress version from late 1979, recorded at Telegraph Hill, listed as "Slow Fade" in the Lost Masters liner notes, but it bears no resemblance to that song, which is known from February 1980 Telegraph Hill rehearsals. V2 recorded at The Power Station on March 9 and 15-17, as well as April 9 and 29, 1980. All appear to be different mix permutations of the same basic recording. V2a is described as "end tag intercut number two, dry voice fade, loud last line" by the engineer. V2b appears to be an aborted mix, "the take after the last one, 28". V2c is take #26, V2d is take #'27 with less piano. Released as single 1981, B-side was BE TRUE.

STOLEN CAR - V1 4:32 LM-6 / ATMF
STOLEN CAR - V2 4:10 LM-6
STOLEN CAR - V3a 4:18 DBTR / SYMKB / SYMKW
STOLEN CAR - V3b 4:13 DBTR
STOLEN CAR (Vs.1) - V4a take 3 4:28 TTTBR / TTTBJ / DROC2 / RIVER: SINGLE
STOLEN CAR - V4b 4:24 TRACKS
STOLEN CAR - V5 1:00 LM-7
STOLEN CAR - V6 3:21 LMEC2
STOLEN CAR - V7 2:10 LM-13
STOLEN CAR - V8 3:39 LM-13
STOLEN CAR - V9 2:40 LM-13
STOLEN CAR - V10 2:55 LM-13
STOLEN CAR - V11 7:42 LM-15
STOLEN CAR - V12 6:14 LM-15
STOLEN CAR - V13 7:31 LM-15
STOLEN CAR - V14 7:58 LM-15
STOLEN CAR - V15 3:50 RIVER

Note: V1 recorded on June 21, 1979 is longer, containing three additional verses and is the most interesting of all these. All recorded during June 1979. V2 is the Stanton Lake version; V4 recorded on June 20 and 21, 1979 according to the studio logs, in contrast with July 26 quoted in the Tracks liner notes. Despite the song being completed at this point Bruce, seemingly unsatisfied, decided months later to radically alter the musical arrangement. The release of The River: Single Album was the first time the two arrangements were differentiated, with the original arrangement given the title "Stolen Car (Vs.1)". V4a and V4b have slightly different mixes. V5 Springsteen sings over a tape of a band rehearsal recorded in January 1980, and V6 recorded around same time. V7 thru V14 were recorded on January 16, 1980 at Telegraph Hill, and feature revised arrangements from that of the version recorded and completed six months earlier. V6 is an oddity - it features Bruce experimenting and singing the song over a pre-recorded tape of the band's January 10 Telegraph Hill rehearsal of "Restless Nights". The end result of all this was V15, which was recorded at The Power Station on January 21 and February 20, with further mixing or overdubs undertaken on April 1 and 9, plus May 9, 1980.

RAMROD - V1 3:58 DO-1 / AM / UP
RAMROD - V2a 3:50 DROC1
RAMROD - V2b 3:39 DROC2 / RRR / ATMF
RAMROD - V2c 0:31 DROC2
RAMROD - V2d 3:46 RO
RAMROD - V2e 3:45 RO
RAMROD - V2f 4:20 LM-5
RAMROD - V2g 4:20 LM-5
RAMROD - V2h 4:23 LM-5
RAMROD - V2i 2.53 LM-5
RAMROD - V2j 3:57 RIVER

Note: At least four takes recorded at The Record Plant on September 12, 1977 and played once on the Darkness Tour on December 28, 1978 in Pittsburgh, PA. Re-recorded for The River. A song titled "Rocker" was registered with the US Copyright Office in January 2011 but information on the copyright claim suggests this is actually "Ramrod". It was registered because a short audio snippet was included in The Promise: The Making Of Darkness On The Edge Of Town, the documentary included on the box set. It can be heard at exactly 1:00.00. All of the above are mix variations of different vocal takes over the same basic recording. There is also some variation in tape speed. V2c is an overdub of Springsteen's guitar over the instrumental ending, V2i is several variations of Clarence's overdubbed saxophone, also over the instrumental ending. Recorded at The Power Station on June 12, 1979. Further recordings or mixing sessions (possibly overdubs) took place on August 27 and September 5, 1979, as well as much later in the sessions on April 4 and 19, 1980. Selected for an August 1979 album sequence.

THE PRICE YOU PAY - V1 5:29 LM-6 / PYP / ATMF
THE PRICE YOU PAY - V2 - take 1 5:43 TTTBR / TTTBJ / DROC2 / RIVER: SINGLE / LEK
THE PRICE YOU PAY - V3 5:24 RIVER

Note: Three different performances. All three versions recorded on June 15, 18, 19 and 21, 1979. V1 and V2 contain an alternative third verse not found on the released version. Springsteen would use this alternative verse when performing the song during the River Tour. All versions since 1981 have used the original album lyrics. Many consider V2 to be the definitive studio take, with some justification. Further recording or mixing sessions took place on April 4, 1980.

DRIVE ALL NIGHT - V1a 8:22 LM-2 / DDO / DO-1 / AM / UP / LMEC2 / GT
DRIVE ALL NIGHT - V1b 8:23 UP
DRIVE ALL NIGHT - V2 4:42 LM-2 / AM / UP
DRIVE ALL NIGHT - V3 uncirculated
DRIVE ALL NIGHT - V4 0:30 LM-7
DRIVE ALL NIGHT - V5 8:22 RIVER

Note: Studio logs indicate that Springsteen worked on this song at two sessions in 1977, June 16 at Atlantic Studios and August 24 at The Record Plant. V1 is definitely from that June session, V2 is probably also from June (an image of a tape inlay dated June 17 found in the Darkness box set book lists two takes), but could be from the August session. If V2 is from June, then V3 the August 24 take does not currently circulate amongst collectors. V2 has a different opening and is shorter, lacking Clarence's saxophone solo. Note that some bootleg CDs (such as Godfather's 'The Unbroken Promise') include two versions of the eight minute "Drive All Night"; they may be the same recording, but since two bootleg collections carry them, we list them as alternate mixes. Listed on some early vinyl boots by the title "Sad Eyes". Bruce re-recorded the vocal track during The River sessions, but apparently used the Darkness session backing music for V5, the officially released version found on The River. V4 was work at The Power Station on February 24, 1980, with Springsteen singing over the pre-recorded band backing. V5 was completed on March 8 or 16. Mixing took place on April 10. Springsteen is credited with the piano on this track. The only song from The River to be recorded by Jimmy Iovine, confirming the backing track was recorded during the Darkness sessions.

WRECK ON THE HIGHWAY - V1 3:30 LM-13
WRECK ON THE HIGHWAY - V2 3:44 RIVER

Note: V1 is a rehearsal version from Telegraph Hill on January 16, 1980, which is interesting because it's done in a country arrangement. V2 was recorded at The Power Station Studios across three days on April 10-12, 1980. The last song recorded for the album.

TO BE TRUE - V1a 3:29 DBTR
TO BE TRUE - V1b 3:43 LM-6 / PYP
BE TRUE - V1c 3:56 DROC1
BE TRUE - V1d - take 28 4:06 DROC1 / RRR
BE TRUE - V1e 4:01 DROC1
BE TRUE - V1f - take 2 3:55 TTTBJ / RIVER: SINGLE / ATMF / LES / LEK
BE TRUE - V1g 3:46 1981 b-side / TRP / BACK
BE TRUE - V1h 3:37 TRACKS

Note: Evolved from "Mary Lou" and "Little White Lies". The only takes for this track all occurred on July 18, 1979 at The Power Station, and a mixing or overdub session took place on April 22, 1980. V1a runs fast and minimal vocal effects. V1b double tracked vocal second verse, bridge, break, no sax except tail, V1c same as 1b, piano mixed up, longer V1d longest take, single track vocal bridge break, V1e Double tracked vocals, background Vocals And Different Sax Solo), V1f take Ties That Bind and River Single Album versioin, included on an April 1980 shortlist for the double-album. V1g 1981 b-side/ A-side was FADE AWAY. V1h is Tracks version.

LOOSE ENDS - V1 take 1 4:21 DROC1 / DBTR / RRR
LOOSE ENDS - V2a take 2 4:11 DROC1 / ATMF / PYP / TTTBJ / RIVER: SINGLE / LEK
LOOSE ENDS - V2b 4:00 TRACKS
LOOSE ENDS - V2c 3:45 SMM

Note: Recorded at The Power Station on July 18, 1979. V1 is the first take, described as "mix #1, original vocal and original sax" by the engineer, with full count in. This is a rougher vocal with some slight differences in the phrasing and very minor changes to the lyrics. This take has no overdubs, such as the double-track vocals found in V2, and 6 "Looooose Ends" refrains, double the amount on V2. There are three different mixes of V2, all are the same basic recording. V2a is take 2, found the on The Ties That Bind bootlegs and The River: Single Album, the latter which omits the countin, and typos "Loose End". There are only 3 "Loooose Ends", but the guitars do the fourth, and there is an instrumental fade. The guitars are higher in Bob Clearmountain's 1979 (V2a) mix in comparison to the 1980 mix found on Tracks v2b,which is more keyboard focused. It also has 5 "Loooose Ends", and drum rolls after 3,4 and 5. v2c is only 3:45, starts out just like v2a, but features an awesome tape dropout right after Clarence's solo, after which a tambourine comes in just after the recovery. Lyrics from "Loose Ends" can also be found in "Little White Lies", and "Baby I'm So Cold", an outtake from Born In The USA.

CINDY - V1a 2:24 LM-5
CINDY - V1b 2:24 LM-5 / ATMF
CINDY - V2 take 3 2:18 TTTBJ / DROC2 / RRR / RIVER: SINGLE / MT2 / LEK
CINDY - V3 uncirculating

Note: Two different performances, both recorded at The Power Station on July 16-17, 1979, both are excellent. Prior to the release of The River: Single Album this was the only unreleased River session composition that circulated among collectors in finished form and in excellent quality. Included on The Ties That Bind and received further attention on April 11-12, 1980 (V3) at The Power Station (it was also included on an album shortlist around this time), but still didn't make The River. V1a features double-track vocals, V1b has the double-track vocals as well as Clarence providing harmonies. Titled "Cindy's Delicate Condition" on a handwritten lyric sheet.

ROULETTE - V1 1:30 LM-4 / ATMF / PYP / MT2
ROULETTE - V2 2:26 DROC1 / RRR / RO
ROULETTE - V3 3:39 LM-4 / LMEC1 / PYP
ROULETTE - V4a 3:34 ATMF / DROC2 / SMM / BTR
ROULETTE - V4b 3:29 DBTR
ROULETTE - V4c 3:46 DROC1 / RO / ATMF
ROULETTE - V4d 3:44 RO
ROULETTE - V4e 3:44 RO
ROULETTE - V4f 3:45 RN
ROULETTE - V4g 3:47 TRACKS / RIVER: OUTTAKES / 1988 b-side / BACK

Note: V1 Fascinating work-in-progress acoustic take probably recorded just a day or so after the Three Mile Island nuclear accident of March 28, 1979. By April 3 the song would be completed and recorded at The Power Station, showing just how fast Springsteen could transition a song from demo to finished article. The final vocal believed to be completed and dubbed at The Power Station on April 11-12, 1980. V2 is an incomplete take with double-tracked lead vocals and a slower tempo. The lyrics show some variations to later versions. The take was probably aborted since the recording fades out during the guitar solo. V3 and V4 are two different recordings, both recorded on April 3. This was the first song completed at the River sessions and one of Bruce and the band's greatest studio achievements, conceived, written and completed in only a matter of days. V3 vocal is not finished. V4 contains some interesting alternate words and many consider it to be even more powerful than the stunning officially available version; circulating in 8 different mix variations, and several other mixes with imperceptible differences also exist in private collections. The Tracks mix features more snare drum but less guitar than the mix found on the 1988 b-side to "One Step Up". Bruce states in his autobiography that "Roulette" was recorded shortly after the MUSE benefits of September 21 and 23, 1979, but all evidence, including previous statements, indicate he is mistaken, and the April 3 date is correct.

RESTLESS NIGHTS - V1 2:37 LM-12
RESTLESS NIGHTS - V2 3:41 LM-12
RESTLESS NIGHTS - V3 1:36 LM-12
RESTLESS NIGHTS - V4 4:07 LM-12
RESTLESS NIGHTS - V5 3:37 LM-12
RESTLESS NIGHTS - V6 4:32 LM-12
RESTLESS NIGHTS - V7 4:29 LM-12
RESTLESS NIGHTS - V8 5:41 LM-13
RESTLESS NIGHTS - V9 2:13 LM-13
RESTLESS NIGHTS - V10 3:30 LM-13
RESTLESS NIGHTS - V11 3:45 LM-13
RESTLESS NIGHTS - V12 4:17 LM-13
RESTLESS NIGHTS - V13 3:47 LM-13
RESTLESS NIGHTS - V14a 3:52 DROC1 / RN / ATMF
RESTLESS NIGHTS - V14b 3:41 TRACKS / RIVER: OUTTAKES

Note: V1 thru V7 are rehearsal workouts at Telegraph Hill on January 10, 1980, and V8 thru V13 are from the following evening, January 11. V14 was recorded at The Power Station on January 14, 1980, and mixed down on April 12 and May 2, mainly to reduce the track length. Included on an April 1980 shortlist for the double-album, but was beaten out by "Ramrod" and "I'm A Rocker."

WHERE THE BANDS ARE - V1a 3:37 DROC1 / DBTR / SYMKB / SYMKW
WHERE THE BANDS ARE - V1b 3:42 TRACKS / RIVER: OUTTAKES

Note: Two slightly different mixes. Recorded at The Power Station Studios on October 9, 1979.

DOLLHOUSE - V1 2:20 LMEC1
DOLLHOUSE - V2 0:55 LMEC1
DOLLHOUSE - V3 3:29 TRACKS / RIVER: OUTTAKES

Note: aka "Living In A Dollhouse", recorded at The Power Station on August 20 and 21, 1979.

LIVING ON THE EDGE OF THE WORLD - V1 3:52 LM-12
LIVING ON THE EDGE OF THE WORLD - V2 4:26 LM-12
LIVING ON THE EDGE OF THE WORLD - V3 4:16 LM-12
LIVING ON THE EDGE OF THE WORLD - V4 4:14 TRACKS / RIVER: OUTTAKES

Note: V1 thru V3 are rehearsal workouts at Telegraph Hill on November 15, 1979. V4 recorded at The Power Station on December 7, 1979. Aspects of this song would later appear in Nebraska's "Open All Night" and "State Trooper".

TAKE 'EM AS THEY COME - V1 5:32 LM-9
TAKE 'EM AS THEY COME - V2 1:50 LM-9
TAKE 'EM AS THEY COME - V3 0:54 LM-9
TAKE 'EM AS THEY COME - V4a 4:25 DROC2 / ATMF
TAKE 'EM AS THEY COME - V4b 4:24 DDITV
TAKE 'EM AS THEY COME - V5 4:25 TRACKS / RIVER: OUTTAKES

Note: V1 appears to be primarily harmonies with bluffed lyrics. V2 includes some clearer lyrics, although it's obvious the song is in the very early stages of development. Two different recordings, although they're similarly arranged. V2 has some alternate lyrics in the last two verses. Backing track appears to have been recorded December 5, 1979 and Springsteen's vocal recorded at The Power Station on April 10, 1980.

RICKY WANTS A MAN OF HER OWN - V1a 2:47 DROC1 / RRR / RN / ATMF
RICKY WANTS A MAN OF HER OWN - V1b 2:48 private cdr
RICKY WANTS A MAN OF HER OWN - V2 2:54 LM-5
RICKY WANTS A MAN OF HER OWN - V3 2:43 TRACKS / RIVER: OUTTAKES

Note: V3 recorded July 16, 1979. V1 and V2 also recorded around this time. Similarly arranged versions, with some slight lyric differences between each. Another session at The Power Station on April 10, 1980. Likely a mixing or overdub session. Selected for (and later removed from) August 1979 and April 1980 album sequences. Differences between V1a and V1b are imperceptible, aside from a slight change to the count-in.

I WANNA BE WITH YOU - V1 3:04 DDO / DO-1 / AM / UP / LES / GT
I WANNA BE WITH YOU - V2 3:12 uncirculated
I WANNA BE WITH YOU - V3 3:12 uncirculated
I WANNA BE WITH YOU - V4 3:12 LM-6 / ATMF
I WANNA BE WITH YOU - V5 3:15 TRACKS / RIVER: OUTTAKES

Note: V1 was recorded at Atlantic Studios on the evening of June 1, 1977, and though this take is a little sloppy and only available on bootleg, Bruce and the band play with magic energy not to be repeated. For some reason, this was not realized, and over the next two years, Bruce tried and retried to get what he wanted on tape. V2 was recorded on July 1, 1977 (also at Atlantic), and V3 was a complete take on September 12, at The Record Plant. V3 was not to be the final take. V4 and V5 were recorded on May 31, 1979 at the Power Station, New York. There was another session on June 21, and mixing/dubbing on September 24, 1979, but the final May 31 take was the one used for Tracks. This is fine for some, but when comparing V5 to V1, the thought occurs that the June 1 take, remastered and cleaned up, could blow V2-V5 out of the water.

MARY LOU - V1 0:42 LM-8
MARY LOU - V2 1:18 LM-8
MARY LOU - V3 2:13 LM-8
MARY LOU - V4 2:45 LM-8
MARY LOU - V5 2:00 LM-11
MARY LOU - V6 0:34 LM-11
MARY LOU - V7 2:13 LM-11
MARY LOU - V8 3:14 LM-11 / DBTR
MARY LOU - V9 3:13 LM-11
MARY LOU - V10 3:10 LM-11
MARY LOU - V11 3:04 LM-4
MARY LOU - V12a 4:15 DROC2
MARY LOU - V12b 3:13 DBTR
MARY LOU - V12c 3:18 DROC1 / ATMF
MARY LOU - V12d 3:21 TRACKS / RIVER: OUTTAKES

Note: Didn't make the cut for the double River album, but played important role in development, and eventually made two official compilation collections. V1-V4 are rehearsal takes, recorded in early 1979 at Telegraph Hill, working on music and lyrics. V5 thru V10 are full band rehearsal takes recorded at "Telegraph Hill Studios" on May 14, 1979. V11 is another Telegraph Hill rehearsal, probably from May 16, 1979. Heads up, the September 16, 1979 date in the Lost Masters IV liner notes is incorrect. Work resumed at The Power Station for three days starting with May 30, 1979, resulting in the final take, V12, which circulates in four slight mix variations. Studio logs show additional takes or mixing on July 13, 1979. On the last day logged for Mary Lou, June 1, 1979, "Little White Lies" was cut using the lyrics of "Mary Lou", which was only a temporary "loan", released on June 13 when a new take was recorded with mostly it's own lyrics. However, on July 18, Springsteen cut "Be True", again using Mary Lou's lyrics, this time permanently.
"Mary Lou" lyrics provided by springsteenlyrics.com.

HELD UP WITHOUT A GUN - V1 1:10 DROC1
HELD UP WITHOUT A GUN - V2 0:15 DROC1 / SFEM
HELD UP WITHOUT A GUN - V3 5:33 LM-11
HELD UP WITHOUT A GUN - V4 1:10 LM-11
HELD UP WITHOUT A GUN - V5 1:15 LM-11
HELD UP WITHOUT A GUN - V6 1:11 LM-11
HELD UP WITHOUT A GUN - V7 1:34 LM-11
HELD UP WITHOUT A GUN - V8 1:13 LM-11
HELD UP WITHOUT A GUN - V9 2:00 LM-11
HELD UP WITHOUT A GUN - V10 1:12 LM-11
HELD UP WITHOUT A GUN - V11a 1:07 DROC1 / SFEM
HELD UP WITHOUT A GUN - V11b 1:13 1980 b-side / 1985 b-side / TRP / BACK / RIVER: OUTTAKES

Note: V1 and 2 are brief acoustic demos from late 1979. V3 thru V10 are rehearsal workouts at Telegraph Hill on February 22, 1980 (with Miami Steve on lead vocals on V6). V11a and V11b are different mixes of the same performance, recorded at The Power Station starting the following day, February 23 and April 1, 9, 20 and 21, 1980. Included on an April 1980 shortlist for the double-album. V11b first released as the B-side to "Hungry Heart" in 1980, re-released in 1985 on the 12" maxi single of "I'm Goin' Down", and again in 2015 on The River: Outtakes in average quality due to issues locating the studio masters. Recording found on The Essential Bruce Springsteen is a live cut, taped December 31, 1980 at Nassau Coliseum in Uniondale, NY. B-side to HUNGRY HEART single 1980.

FROM SMALL THINGS (BIG THINGS ONE DAY COME) - V1a 2:33 DROC2 / ATMF
FROM SMALL THINGS (BIG THINGS ONE DAY COME) - V1b 2:42 EBD / RIVER: OUTTAKES

Note: Two slightly different mixes. Recorded at The Power Station on September 2, 1979.

IN THE CITY TONIGHT - V1 4:47 LM-14
IN THE CITY TONIGHT - V2 4:14 LM-14 / OSOR
IN THE CITY TONIGHT - V3 1:37 LM-14
IN THE CITY TONIGHT - V4 4:01 LM-14
IN THE CITY TONIGHT - V5 8:41 LM-14
IN THE CITY TONIGHT - V6 3:46 LM-14
IN THE CITY TONIGHT - V7 3:19 LM-14
UNTITLED SONG #3 - V8 1:45 DROC2
MEET ME IN THE CITY - V9 3:28 RIVER: OUTTAKES

Note: V1 thru V7 are all different performances from the Telegraph Hill rehearsals on March 25, 1979. V8 is from around the same time, and is listed as "Untitled Song #3" on disc two of 'The Definitive River Outtakes Collection Volume 2'. Bootlegged as "In The City Tonight", also known as "In The City", and titled "Meet Me In The City Tonight" on Springsteen's handwritten lyric sheet. Author Clinton Heylin stated that the music of 'In the City Tonight" was appropriated by "Night Fire", and while they don't sound exactly alike, there are no further recordings of "In the City Tonight", until V9, "Meet Me In The City" was officially released online on October 16, 2015, to accompany the announcement of The Ties That Bind: The River Collection, which was released on December 4, 2015. The inclusion of both Clarence Clemons and Danny Federici in the credits suggests that some of the backing music was recorded during sessions for The River (along with Bruce's count-in), though there is no record in studio logs. Another explanation could be an uncirculated outtake, Do You Want Me To Say Alright, recorded at The Power Station on June 14, 1979. Included on a Tracks concept compilation in 1993. Could be an alternative title for "Meet Me In The City", and would explain why that song is absent from the studio logs. The lead vocal was recorded in 2015, along with some or all of the backing music.

DO YOU WANT ME TO SAY ALRIGHT uncirculating

Note: Uncirculated outtake, recorded at The Power Station on June 14, 1979. Included on a Tracks concept compilation in 1993. Could be an alternative title for "Meet Me In The City", and would explain why that song is absent from the studio logs.

TIME - V1 2:55 LM-4 / PYP
THE MAN WHO GOT AWAY - V2 1:15 LM-8
THE MAN WHO GOT AWAY - V3 4:00 LM-4 / OSOR
THE MAN WHO GOT AWAY - V4 3:29 private
THE MAN WHO GOT AWAY - V5 0:28 private
THE MAN WHO GOT AWAY - V6 3:31 RIVER: OUTTAKES

Note: V2-4 are from Telegraph Hill rehearsals on March 30, 1979. V5 is a short take of just the end of the song. Tremendous song. The two full rehearsal takes both have lyrical variations but V4 is closer to the final take, presumably recorded some time after V5. V6 recorded in the studio at The Power Station on June 13 and July 5, 1979. The song title on an early handwritten lyric sheet was "Time". Appeared on an early sequence for The Ties That Bind and included on a 1993 in-house Tracks "concept album". Bumped off The River by the title track. The officially released V6 found on The River: Outtakes CD appears to be an entirely vintage recording. V6 has Springsteen singing harmonies over the Telegraph Hill band rehearsal take.

LITTLE WHITE LIES - V1 1:07 LM-9
LITTLE WHITE LIES - V2 2:47 ATMF / DROC1 / SYMKB / DBTR
LITTLE WHITE LIES - V3 2:39 RIVER: OUTTAKES

Note: Also known by the titles "White Lies" and "Don’t Do It To Me", all takes in studio logs were under the name "Little White Lies". V1 listed on the 'Lost Masters IX' CD as "Untitled #3", probably because the lyrics had not been written for this demo; recorded at Telegraph Hill in early 1979. V2 is an unofficially released take by Bruce and the E Street Band, cutting loose at the Power Station on June 1, 1979, and circulating in high quality. On the short-list of greatest unreleased tracks for many years, circulated on 'Son You May Kiss the Bride' as "Don't Do It To Me" since the 1980s. The lyrics of "Mary Lou" are drawn upon heavily for this take, and Springsteen would use them again in July to record, ""Be True"". V3 was released in 2015, on the River Outtakes discs, included with the Ties That Bind box set. This indeed is an unreleased take, recorded June 13, 1979, with updated lyrics, replacing the lines from "Mary Lou" with two verses from "Loose Ends", and two original verses. Though many fans and collectors found this exciting, more than one now-paranoid fan was concerned about the new lyrics, and the possibility that these were written and vocals dubbed long after 1979. The lead vocal is definitely the 30-year old powerhouse, but it is harder to confirm "The Little White Lies" refrain at the end of the song, through the double tracked vocal and the dubbed background vocals. That said, based on current information, 1979 Bruce with his 1979 double-tracked vocals and 1979 dubs sounds awful good. I'll bet Max Weinberg knows, because apparently this is one of his personal favorites, and he has expressed his wish that it be released in past interviews. The drums definitely sound like vintage Max '79, too.
Lyrics for all three versions of "Little White Lies" courtesy of springsteenlyrics.com.

THE TIME THAT NEVER WAS - V1 3:39 uncirculating
THE TIME THAT NEVER WAS - V2 3:39 RIVER: OUTTAKES

Note: V1 was recorded at The Power Station on June 27, 1979 and March 16, 1980. It is not known if any of this material was used for 2010's V2 of The River: Outtakes. Not included on any Tracks shortlist.

INTO THE NIGHT - V1 4:48 DROC2 / RRR
NIGHT FIRE - V2 4:43 DROC2 / RRR / MT2 / OSOR / LM-4
NIGHT FIRE - V3 0:30 DROC2
NIGHT FIRE - V4 1:36 DROC2
NIGHT FIRE - V5 4:44 RIVER: OUTTAKES

Note: According to author Clinton Heylin, Springsteen adapted the music of "In The City Tonight", which the band practiced extensively on March 25, 1979. Five days later, he had re-arranged it as a hard rocking song, "Into the Night", named "Night Fire" on the subsequent takes. V1-V5 are from the Telegraph Hill Studios on March 30, 1979. V3 is a partial take of an instrumental section. V4 is Bruce and Clarence working on the saxophone solo. V1 is a complete take (running faster than V2-4), that for some reason is listed as "Untitled Song #2" on E. St. Records' 'Definitive River Outtakes Collection Vol 2', and "Into the Night" on River Refineries Revisited (better sound!), but might be the best "Night Fire" of all-time. V2 is also a complete take, slower but still hard rocking, without the piano and guitar overdubs of V1. V5 was recorded at The Power Station on June 13, 1979, slower than the rehearsals with a "Because The Night"-style piano introduction. Unfortunately, modern vocals were overdubbed over what sounds like vintage backing. Included on a 1993 in-house Tracks concept album.

YOU GOTTA BE KIND - V1 2:00 LM-7 / MT2
DOWN IN WHITE TOWN - V2 3:06 DROC1 / RRR / MT2
DOWN IN WHITE TOWN - V3 3:15 LM-7 / MT2
DOWN IN WHITE TOWN - V4 1:00 LM-7
DOWN IN WHITE TOWN - V5 0:50 LM-7
DOWN IN WHITE TOWN - V6 0:45 LM-7
WHITETOWN - V7 3:23 RIVER: OUTTAKES

Note: First recorded January 11, 1980 at Telegraph Hill. Contains some lyrics that would end up in "Jackson Cage". A composite of home demos "You Gotta Be Kind" and "Mr. Outside". Recorded at The Power Station on March 16, 1980. At the very least the vocal is modern.

CHAIN LIGHTNING - V1 1:07 LM-8
CHAIN LIGHTNING - V2 1:24 LM-8
CHAIN LIGHTNING - V3 0:29 LM-8
CHAIN LIGHTNING - V4 2:18 LM-4 / OSOR
CHAIN LIGHTNING - V5 2:49 RIVER: OUTTAKES

Note: V1-V3 are early acoustic demos. V4 is from Telegraph Hill rehearsals on March 30, 1979. Later recorded at The Power Station on February 17, 1980. The age of the lead vocal is hard to pin down. It does not sound like a River-era vocal, but at the same time it doesn't sound like Springsteen's 2015 voice. Best guess for now is a 1998 vocal, recorded during overdub sessions for Tracks.

PARTY LIGHTS - V1 3:40 LM-7 / MT2
PARTY LIGHTS - V2 3:09 RIVER: OUTTAKES
PARTY LIGHTS - V3 1:05 FFOD / HNWB

Note: Bruce would return to this work-in-progress in 1981, during a break in The River Tour. Springsteen asks an unidentified person if it is "time to eat?" at the end of the take. Not related to the Claudine Clark song with the same title which Springsteen covered in 1975. V1 recorded at The Power Station on October 8, 1979, and has the melody of "I Wanna Marry You". The vocal found in the official release is vintage, and includes lyrics also found in "Point Blank" and some which Springsteen would later use for his adaptation of Tom Waits' "Jersey Girl". V3 Recorded at Springsteen’s home in Colts Neck, NJ from late March to early April, 1981 rockabilly style, does not bear much resemblance to the slower take from The River sessions.

PARADISE BY THE "C" 3:10 RIVER: OUTTAKES

Note: This instrumental made its live debut at the start of the Darkness tour in May 1978 and was officially released on Ties That Bind, The River: Outtakes, but there is no sign of "Paradise By The "C"" on the 1977-81 studio logs. The lack of recording information in the box leads one to conclude there is none. There is no doubt that Clarence and Danny are in the mix which means it's not a 2015 recording; more than likely it was recorded live during 1978, when it was played over 50 times on the Darkness tour, and only included on TTTB because Clarence recently passed away RIP. "Pardise By the C" is the direct descendent of Action In the Streets 1977, A Love So Fine 1975, and So Young and In Love 1974.

STRAY BULLET - V1 uncirculating
STRAY BULLET - V2 uncirculating
STRAY BULLET - V3 6:09 RIVER: OUTTAKES

Note: Recorded at The Power Station on February 24, March 9 and April 10, 1980, this recording from 2014-2015. Beautiful, brooding ballad with modern elements, and the main vocal is vintage. Included on an April 1980 shortlist for the double-album. Wonder what 1980 takes sounded like, to make the shortlist.

LOOKING OUT FOR NUMBER ONE (MR. OUTSIDE) - V1 3:09 DROC1 / SBRR / RRR / MT2 / ATMF
LOOKING OUT FOR NUMBER ONE (MR. OUTSIDE) - V2 0:25 DROC1 / SFEM
MR. OUTSIDE - V3 2:11 RIVER: OUTTAKES

Note: The officially released V3 is an edited version of V1. V2 can be found as the first 25 seconds of "Held Up Without A Gun", track 11 of Disc 2 on "Song For An Electric Mule".

BRING ON THE NIGHT - V1 2:29 ATEOD / UP / MT1 / LM-12
BRING ON THE NIGHT - V2 3:15 LM-9 / MT2
BRING ON THE NIGHT - V3 4:10 LM-9
BRING ON THE NIGHT - V4 0:31 LM-9
BRING ON THE NIGHT - V5 1:20 LM-9
BRING ON THE NIGHT - V6 1:54 LM-11
BRING ON THE NIGHT - V7 2:35 TRACKS

Note: V1 was recorded at Atlantic Studios during June 1977, the early Darkness sessions, obviously just composed, with chorus and music sounding good. Bruce put it aside, then resumed work on lyrics after the tour concluded in early 1979. V2-V5 were all band rehearsals at "Telegraph Hill Studios", the barn on his property in Holmdel, NJ, that had been equipped for basic audio recording, though "studio" in this case was only a figurative term. V6 was recorded on May 14, 1979 at Telegraph Hill Studios with the E Street Band. V7 was recorded with a full set of lyrics at The Power Station on June 13, 1979, and though it was included on a very early track sequence for "The Ties That Bind", it failed to make the cut, and was not considered for "The River" in 1980. It was eventually included in the 1998 Tracks compilation.

BABY COME BACK 2:05 LM-9

Note: Unremarkable tune with mostly intelligible lyrics.

BABY DON'T GO - V1 2:30 LM-8
BABY DON'T GO - V2 1:10 LM-8 / MT2

Note: Promising song, although the lyrics are dominated by the repetition of "Baby Don't Go".

TONIGHT V1 3:47 US6
TONIGHT V2 1:24 US6
TONIGHT V3 3:11 US6
TONIGHT V4 2:47 US6 / URT-1M / DROC1
TONIGHT V5 3:33 US6
TONIGHT V6 3:51 US6
TONIGHT V7 5:34 URT-1M
BREAK MY HEART - V8 2:46 LM-14
BREAK MY HEART - V9 3:00 LM-14

Note: V1-V7 audio of a second leg Darkness On The Edge Of Town tour rehearsal at Telegraph Hill Studio on October 26, 1978. It was re-written as "Break My Heart" in 1979. V8-V9 are two different performances, both from a Telegraph Hill rehearsal in late March 1979. According to studio logs, not recorded at The Power Station.

CHEVROLET DELUXE - V1 5:19 LM-12
CHEVROLET DELUXE - V2 6:53 LM-12 / OSOR
CHEVROLET DELUXE - V3 1:17 DROC1 / SFEM
CHEVROLET DELUXE - V4 1:53 DROC1
CHEVROLET DELUXE - V5 1:35 DROC1
CHEVROLET DELUXE - V6 1:49 DROC1
CHEVROLET DELUXE - V7 1:10 DROC1
CHEVROLET DELUXE - V8 4:59 DROC1 / RRR / ATMF

Note: V1 and V2 are rehearsal workouts at Telegraph Hill on November 15, 1979. V3-V8 were also recorded at Telegraph Hill Studios around the same time, but without the E Street Band, as Springsteen worked on developing the song. It had a feel not unlike The River, and in V8 he admits he can't "keep those payments up." There is no evidence that this song went any further, but by this time in his career, Bruce had become adept at collecting song ideas, and transplanting music and lyrics where needed.

EVERYONE LOVES YOU 1:20 LM-9

Note: Bruce composing a new song.

EVERYDAY AND EVERY NIGHT - V1 4:05 LM-8
JANEY, DON'T YOU LOSE HEART - V2 4:31 UH / GS / MI / 1984AC
JANEY, DON'T YOU LOSE HEART - V3 3:24 1985 b-side / TRACKS / BACK

Note: V1 is Bruce composing new song in early 1979 at Telegraph Hill; this is the first known recording of "Janey, Don't You Lose Heart". V2 recorded on June 16, 1983 and V3 released in August 1985 on the B-side of "I'm Goin' Down". V2 has a much longer fade out and features Steve Van Zandt on background vocals and guitar. V3 is the same recording but features a summer 1985 Nils Lofgren vocal overdub replacing Van Zandt’s.

EVERYBODY'S LOOKING FOR SOMEBODY 0:45 DROC1 / SFEM

Note: Brief, but promising, demo. Also known as "Blackwood".

EVERYBODY WANTS MY BABY - V1 2:15 LM-7 / MT2
EVERYBODY WANTS MY BABY - V2 0:35 LM-7 / MT2

Note: Punkish song. The two takes are combined into one track on 'Lost Masters VII' from 1979.

FIND IT WHERE YOU CAN - V1 2:50 LM-9 / MT2
FIND IT WHERE YOU CAN - V2 1:36 LM-14
FIND IT WHERE YOU CAN - V3 3:53 LM-14 / OSOR

Note: V1 recorded at Springsteen’s home in Holmdel, NJ, January 1979 to June 1979. V2 & V3 Two different performances, both from the Telegraph Hill rehearsals in late March 1979. A gem, but never recorded at The Power Station.

I DON'T KNOW 1:45 DROC1 / RRR / SFEM

Note: aka "Baby I Don't Know".

I DON'T WANNA BE 3:37 LM-4

Note: a rehearsal workout at Telegraph Hill in May 1979, dated incorrectly as September 16, 1979, in the Lost Masters IV liner notes. Studio logs indicate it was never recorded at The Power Station, probably because it's melody helped formulate "Jackson Cage" that same month. Clarence Clemons on vocals.

I'M GONNA TREAT YOU RIGHT (WILD KISSES) 3:54 US6 / URT-1M / DROC1 / RRR

Note: A rehearsal take at Telegraph Hill Studio on October 26, 1978.

I WANNA START A NEW LIFE 1:30 DROC1 / RRR / SFEM

Note: brief acoustic demo recorded late 1979 at Telegraph Hill.

JANEY NEEDS A SHOOTER - V1 6:02 US6 / EY / ATMF
JANEY NEEDS A SHOOTER - V2 uncirculating
JANEY NEEDS A SHOOTER - V3 uncirculating
JANEY NEEDS A SHOOTER - V4 6:50 DDO / DO-1 / EC / ATMF
JEANNIE NEEDS A SHOOTER - V5 1:34 LM-8
JEANNIE NEEDS A SHOOTER - V6 2:08 LM-8

Note: V1 recorded in a solo piano arrangement at 914 Sound Studios, Blauvelt, NY, on January 29-30, 1973. The lyrics were written during 1972, although the melody was culled from a 1971 Springsteen composition, performed by the Bruce Springsteen Band called “Talking About My Baby”. After 1973 studio take, it appeared on provisional lists for The Wild, The Innocent, and the E Street Shuffle album, but did not make the final cut. Listed on the earliest known album #3 sequence, from spring 1974. Session log documents indicate that a Spanish-flavored, full-band arrangement was recorded at 914 Sound Studios in October 1974 (V2), and again in February 1975 (V3), but again was bypassed for Born To Run. V4 is a full band recording originally attributed to the Darkness On The Edge Of Town sessions, and later to the October 1978 rehearsal session at Telegraph Hill, Holmdel, NJ. Given the evidence (including audio not circulating), we can confirm it is a Telegraph Hill rehearsal from May 1979. The quality of the private audio is far superior to that found on the 'Definitive Darkness Outtakes' or 'Iceman' CDs, and includes the count-in and runs at the correct speed. Included on a very early tracklist for the upcoming album, 'The River'. Warren Zevon has said that he became obsessed with the title line after Jon Landau mentioned it along with other songs that Springsteen was intending to record. Zevon pestered Bruce, pleading to hear the song. He ended up working on his own version of the song, his interpretation of "Jeannie Needs A Shooter" (he had misheard the name), and played an incomplete version to Bruce sometime in the Spring of 1979. Springsteen loved the arrangement, and they wrote the remainder of "Jeannie Needs A Shooter" together. The Zevon/Springsteen version is "a romantic saga of an outlaw pursuing a maiden while her father tries to gun him down," the opposite of Springsteen's original. Zevon's studio take of "Jeannie Needs A Shooter" from the Bad Luck Streak album was recorded during the summer of '79. V5 and V6 are acoustic demos Bruce recorded during March - April 1979, at Telegraph Hill.

JOLE BLON - V1 4:44 LM-13
JOLE BLON - V2 1:29 LM-13
JOLE BLON - V3 3:44 LM-13

Note: Based on a traditional Cajun waltz and adapted by Springsteen from Roy Acuff and his Smoky Mountain Boys' 1947 recording. The song was a big hit for the first time in 1947 for Harry Choates (recorded in 1946), and also for Red Foley & the Cumberland Valley Boys, who had a no. 1 Folk hit (formerly referred to as Hillbilly and by 1958 Country & Western charts) in January 1947 with New Jole Blon, and again a year later for Moon Mullican. "Jole Blon" ("Pretty Blonde") was considered for the album once it became a two-LP set. All three performances are from the Telegraph Hill rehearsals on January 11, 1980. A Springsteen vocal rendition recorded at The Power Station in January 1980 exists. Premiered live June 5, 1981 at Wembley Arena in London, and played fairly regularly during the latter stages of the River Tour.

LOVE IS A GUN - V1 1:31 LM-9
LOVE IS A GUN - V2 4:26 LM-9

Note: Mostly unintelligible lyrics.

LOVE AND KISSES - V1 0:18 LM-8 / MT2
LOVE AND KISSES - V2 2:44 LM-8 / MT2
LOVE AND KISSES - V3 0:25 LM-8
LOVE AND KISSES - V4 2:20 LM-9

Note: V1 and V2 are combined into a single track on LM-8. V1 is the guitar riff, V2 is very reminiscent of "Wages Of Sin". V3 has Springsteen singing the harmony.

LOVE'S GONNA BE TONIGHT - V1 2:15 LM-7 / MT2
LOVE'S GONNA BE TONIGHT - V2 1:20 LM-7

Note: Recorded at Springsteen’s home in Holmdel, NJ, September-December 1979.

LOVE WILL GET YOU DOWN - V1 1:16 LM-9
LOVE WILL GET YOU DOWN - V2 5:00 LM-9
LOVE WILL GET YOU DOWN - V3 0:44 LM-9
LOVE WILL GET YOU DOWN - V4 1:10 LM-9
LOVE WON'T LET YOU DOWN - V5 2:30 private

Note: V2 is a single take of Bruce working on the song, with mostly audible lyrics. V1, V3 and V4 are partial, interrupted takes. This demo evolved into a song rehearsed with the band in March 1979, a recording of which exists in private collections. The title of the 1979 song is unknown but a song titled "Love Won't Let You Down", included on a handwritten document that dates from the River sessions, may be the same song. V5 is probably from late March 1979, an evolution of a solo demos, all which can be found on 'Lost Masters IX', titled "Love Will Get You Down". As is typical with the Telegraph Hill recordings Bruce's voice is buried in the music making it hard to identify lyrics, but the lyric "Love Won't Let You Down" does not appear anywhere in this rehearsal. Based on what can be heard, "Love Will Be The Name" or "Love Will Be The Game" are possible titles, but a handwritten document from the River sessions includes the title "Love Won't Let You Down". Therefore it is possible that the actual title for this song is "Love Won't Let You Down", despite the lack of that phrase in the lyrics. A well-developed and practiced song, it's feasible that the song was subsequently recorded in the studio. although no songs with potentially matching titles exist in the studio logs. There is no relation between this song and "My Love Will Not Let You Down".

OUT ON THE RUN (LOOKING FOR LOVE) - V1 0:55 LM-9
LOOKING FOR LOVE - V2 2:45 DROC2 / MT2
OUT ON THE RUN (LOOKING FOR LOVE) - V3 3:27 LM-14
OUT ON THE RUN (LOOKING FOR LOVE) - V4 3:23 LM-14
OUT ON THE RUN (LOOKING FOR LOVE) - V5 3:08 LM-14
OUT ON THE RUN (LOOKING FOR LOVE) - V6 2:59 private

Note: V1 instrumental guitar riff (no lyrics). V2-V6 different performances, all from Telegraph Hill rehearsals. The first four probably date from late March 1979, V6 also dates from that time but is perhaps slightly more polished. According to studio logs, not recorded at The Power Station. This track recycles the main riff from 1977's "Don't Say No".

PIPELINE 1:59 LM-11 / LMEC1

Note: This is a band warm-up from Telegraph Hill on February 22, 1980, of The Chantay's instrumental, sometimes mistakenly listed as another surf-rock hit, The Ventures "Walk Don't Run". Danny's organ and Bruce's guitar are not equaled on the 1963 hit.

PROTECTION - V1 3:34 LM-8 / MT2
PROTECTION - V2 0:51 LM-8
PROTECTION - V3 0:11 LM-8
PROTECTION - V4 1:21 LM-8
PROTECTION - V5 3:25 LM-8
PROTECTION - V6 0:16 LM-8

Note: Six acoustic "takes", although V3 and V4 are combined into a single track on the 'Lost Masters VIII' CD. Possibly rehearsed with the band during the Telegraph Hill sessions, although no recordings circulate. A song called "Protection" was subsequently recorded with the E Street Band in 1982 before the track was donated to Donna Summer, but these acoustic demos have little to do with that song, aside from the title.

I WILL BE THE ONE - V1 uncirculating
SLOW FADE - V2 18:57 LM-15
SLOW FADE - V3 2:52 LM-15
SLOW FADE - V4 3:10 LM-15
SLOW FADE - V5 3:24 LM-15
SLOW FADE - V6 2:49 LM-15
SLOW FADE - V7 3:04 LM-15 / OSOR

Note: V1 is an uncirculated outtake, recorded at The Power Station on February 16 and 26, 1980. V2 thru V7 are rehearsal workouts at Telegraph Hill on February 5, 1980. The studio logs indicate this song was never recorded at The Power Station as "Slow Fade", but it was probably recorded in the studio just eleven days after these rehearsals as "I Will Be The One". Great song, unfortunately the lyrics are utterly buried under the music. The solo demo of "Slow Fade" recorded in late 1979 and found on The Lost Masters Essential Collection Vol. 1 is not related to this song, rather it is an early version of "Fade Away". This iteration of "Slow Fade" is not related to "Fade Away" in any respect.

STOCKTON BOYS - V1 2:50 LM-7 / MT2
STOCKTON BOYS - V2 1:25 LM-7
STOCKTON BOYS - V3 0:30 LM-7
STOCKTON BOYS - V4 0:46 LM-7

Note: Thematically similar to "Stockton Girls". Four takes, V1 appears to be full-length with some bluffed vocals.

STOCKTON GIRLS 1:45 LM-7

Note: Thematically similar to "Stockton Boys".

THE TIME IN BETWEEN 0:20 DROC1

Note: Springsteen just repeats the title.

UNDER THE GUN - V1 1:00 LM-9
UNDER THE GUN - V2 4:38 LM-8
UNDER THE GUN - V3 0:17 LM-8
UNDER THE GUN - V4 1:02 LM-8
UNDER THE GUN - V5 4:17 LM-8
UNDER THE GUN - V6 0:45 LM-8
UNDER THE GUN - V7 3:02 LM-4
UNDER THE GUN - V8 3:03 LM-4
UNDER THE GUN - V9 2:44 LM-4
UNDER THE GUN - V10 2:06 LM-4
UNDER THE GUN - V11 1:54 LM-4
UNDER THE GUN - V12 uncirculating

Note: V1-6 Recorded at Springsteen’s home in Holmdel, NJ, January 1979 to June 1979. V1 Solely harmonies. Thematically similar to "Jackson Cage", includes some lyrics from "The River". Springsteen answers the telephone during V5. V7-V11 are different performances from the Telegraph Hill rehearsals on March 30, 1979. V12 recorded at The Power Station on June 14, 1979. Included on a 1993 in-house Tracks "concept album".

GO AWAY (COME CLOSE) - V1 3:58 PSC

Note: "Go Away (Come Close)" was written in 1978, and was played before the show on Wednesday, September 20, 1978, day 2 of one of the most memorable three-day stands in Springsteen history. Though it was referred to as a "sound check", the content and behavior of Bruce and the band has led many to recognize this as a studio recording session (click for bigger picture-Recordings tab). There was no crowd, the entire session was professionally recorded and filmed, and the material covered included new songs that needed studio work, which this session was meant to simulate. Bruce conducted the E Street Band in the same manner as at the Record Plant, constantly calling out chord changes and arrangements. "Go Away (Come Close)", "Wedding Bells" by Hank Williams, "Point Blank" and the debut of "The Ties That Bind" are the highlights, and all were worked on extensively.

WALKING ON THE AVENUE - V1 3:45 LM-9
WALKING ON THE AVENUE - V2 3:05 LM-9 / MT2

Note: V1 appears to be relatively well-developed with intelligible lyrics.

YOU GOTTA FIGHT (FOR WHAT YOU WANT) 2:15 DROC1 /RRR / MT2 / ATMF / SFEM

Note: Promising tune with a reggae-style beat.

A THOUSAND TEARS (WILLIAM DAVIS) uncirculating
WILLIAM DAVIS uncirculating

Note: Uncirculated outtake V1 was recorded at The Power Station on January 31 and February 1, 1980. V2 recorded at The Power Station on April 27-28, 1982, cut with the band during the so-called 'Electric Nebraska' sessions.

ANGELYNE uncirculating

Note: Recorded at The Power Station on February 1, 1980. Donated to Gary U.S. Bonds for his album On The Line, released in 1982. Bonds' likely overdubbed his vocal onto an E Street backing. A version with Springsteen's vocals was included on a 1993 in-house Tracks concept album. This is not the same as the song "Oh Angelyne" that eventually became "The River".

DEDICATION uncirculating

Note: Recorded at The Power Station on December 4 and 6, 1979 during the River sessions and donated to Gary U.S. Bonds. According to comments by Bonds, Bruce brought him this song as something from The River session arsenal that Bruce felt suited Bonds' style. It seems likely that Bonds overdubbed his vocal onto the E Street Band backing.

THIS LITTLE GIRL uncirculating

Note: Recorded at The Power Station sometime June to August 1980 during sessions for Gary U.S. Bonds. A Springsteen vocal rendition from these sessions is likely to exist.

YOUR LOVE uncirculating

Note: Recorded at The Power Station sometime July to August 1980 during sessions for Gary U.S. Bonds. A Springsteen vocal rendition from these sessions is likely to exist.

Go here to see Modern Elements in TTTB:the River Outtakes.

Possible River-era Songs

The following titles emanate from the 1979-80 era. The information is based on lyric sheets and other handwritten documents seen in Thom Zimny's The Ties That Bind documentary. It is unknown if these songs were ever recorded, or just standalone titles. Springsteen often creates song titles first and then attempts to write words and music around it - so the existence of a song title is no guarantee that a song was ever created. Two phrases seen in the film, "It's A One Drive-in Town" and "Young Punk" are likely examples of this. There is as yet no evidence these were completed songs (words and music) and for the majority no evidence they were recorded during any of the River sessions. If they do exist as recordings then they would most likely be either as work-in-progress home cassette recordings or from Telegraph Hill rehearsal sessions. It's also possible that some of these songs are alternative titles for other tracks that we are more familiar with.

THE HARD WAY
flickr:26975738268

Note: Title seen twice in the film, once with lyrics.

THE INFORMER / THE MARK
flickr:40137127174

Note: Seen on a handwritten lyric sheet - includes the line "every shadow here in whitetown", suggesting some relation to "Whitetown".

THE MANSION
flickr:40803988862

Note: Seen on a handwritten lyric sheet - perhaps developed into "Mansion On The Hill.

SEIZE THE TIME
flickr:40137127244

Note: Handwritten sheet with very basic lyrics.

VIGILANTE (OUT IN THE STORMFIELD)
flickr:26975738198

Note: Handwritten lyric sheet with early lyrics.

TIME (MAN WHO GOT AWAY)
flickr:40845615901

Note: Handwritten with lyrics - aside from the subtitle possibly not related to "The Man Who Got Away".

CALL ANY ANGEL / WAITIN' FOR AN ANGEL
flickr:40137127044

Note: Handwritten lyric sheet. Initial title was "Waitin' For An Angel", Bruce added the second title later in a different pen colour.

GONE ARE THE DAYS
flickr:26975738348

Note: #5 on a list of song titles, crossed out. Probably dates from early in the sessions since the list also includes a number of songs left over from the Darkness sessions and new songs performed on the Darkness Tour.

NEW KINDA LOVE
flickr:26975738348

Note: #8 on a list of song titles, crossed out.

LOVE WON'T LET YOU DOWN
flickr:26975738348

Note: #9 on a list of song titles, not crossed out. Also denoted "C" on a separate list on the same page. Perhaps developed into "My Love Won't Let You Down", recorded in 1982, or may be an evolution of a solo demo titled "Love Won't Get You Down" found on 'Lost Masters IX'. Search this page for "Love Will Be The Game" for more information.

ARMED & DANGEROUS (WITH LOVE)
flickr:26975738348

Note: "D" on a list of song titles.

BOPPIN
flickr:26975738348

Note: "F" on a list of song titles. Maybe the Bruce Springsteen Band song "Band's Just Bopping The Blues", a.k.a. "Funk Song" or "Secret To The Blues", which use the same melody.

SUMMER
flickr:26975738438

Note: #4 on a list of six songs under the heading "Flips Sides". Possibly "Summer On Signal Hill".

ARNIE

Note: Given it's placement in the compilation, "Arnie" may be an outtake from "The River" sessions (unconfirmed), but it is absent from studio logs.

THAT'S OKAY

Note: Given it's placement in the compilation, "That's Okay" may be an outtake from "The River" sessions (unconfirmed), but it is absent from studio logs.


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