Tracks - Studio Sessions


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Tracks commercially released: November 9, 1998 / 18 Tracks commercially released: April 12, 1999
1998-99 Producers: Bruce Springsteen and Chuck Plotkin
1998-99 Technical Coordinator and Recording engineer: Toby Scott*
1998-99 Mixers: Ed Thacker, Thom Panunzio and Bob Clearmountain*

* see Brucebase session listings for the specific producers and engineers of the original recordings.

Overview

Tracks (Archival Release)

Following the completion of the solo acoustic The Ghost Of Tom Joad tour in May 1997 Springsteen kept a relatively low profile and spent the summer months in New Jersey with his family. He held a studio session in November 1997 (the first of what is now known as the Seeger Sessions) and also participated in songwriting sessions with Joe Grushecky in December 1997-January 1998. According to interview comments by Toby Scott, (Springsteen’s audio archivist and recording engineer), it was in February 1998, during solo sessions being conducted at Bruce’s NJ home studio, that Springsteen approached Scott and said “let's do the boxed set”. Scott then went to work gathering the potential material from Springsteen’s massive audio library (located, along with Sony's sound archives, in the high-tech Iron Mountain facility near Buffalo, NY). Bruce’s NJ home studio (Thrill Hill East) served as the main operational center for all Tracks project activities.

Springsteen mentioned in an early 1999 interview with journalist Patrick Humphries that 200 to 300 different songs (twelve to eighteen CDs worth) formed the large pool of recordings that he initially reviewed in the spring of 1998 as potential candidates for the boxed set. Over the course of the next few months the 200-300 was narrowed down. According to Toby Scott by late June then number was down to about 128 songs (eight CDs worth). It was then narrowed down yet again during July to about one hundred songs (a six-CD set). Although these one hundred songs were prepped for the Tracks release there was a commercial decision made later in the summer to reduce the size of the release to a four-CD (sixty six-track) package. The package was delivered to Sony in mid-September in order to facilitate the mid-November 1998 release schedule.

The primary intent of Tracks (at least insofar as it’s slimmed-down six-CD and four-CD incarnations were concerned) was to cover all of Springsteen's commercially released album sessions. However due to ongoing (and at the time still-unresolved) court proceedings involving most of Springsteen’s unreleased 1972 studio recordings, it was decided not to release any of that in-dispute session material on Tracks. Consequently unreleased songs from the Greetings album sessions, or other demo sessions from that period, were not released in the package. The four "Hammond" CBS demo session songs that are found in the box were utilized because that particular studio session and those particular songs were not part of the court proceedings. Postscript: these legal matters were finally resolved, in Springsteen's favour, in 2001 – thereby freeing up these recordings for release at any time. It is likely that a "Tracks, Vol 2" (i.e., another boxed set of similar scope), will be released sometime in the future.

After the release of 18 Tracks (read below), the combined Tracks collection consisted of 65 outtakes and two new recordings. Unable to locate the master tape for "Gave It A Name", Springsteen re-recorded the song on August 24, 1998 at his home studio in Colts Neck, NJ. He did the same for "The Promise" (see below). There are also several tracks that were "supplemented" with additional instrumentation by overdubbing ("Hearts of Stone" has new horns). The full extent of "modern" recording used on Tracks is unknown.

18 Tracks

Despite stellar reviews the initial sales of the Tracks boxed set were well below expectations, probably due to this pricey retrospective not being issued in the wake of a huge selling Springsteen album (as had been the case in 1986 when Live 1975-85 followed the Born In The USA album). Partly as a consequence of the slow sales it was decided in January 1999 to release an abbreviated single CD version of Tracks titled 18 Tracks. This was intended for the more casual fan, although 18 Tracks also served the purpose as a promotional tie-in for the E Street Band "Reunion" tour that was announced at the same time. 18 Tracks contained fifteen recordings already issued on Tracks, plus three previously unreleased recordings ("The Fever", "Trouble River" and "The Promise"). "The Promise", a Darkness on the Edge of Town outtake, best known for legendary live performances from August 1976 - July 1978, was included after howls of outrage from the faithful for leaving it off Tracks. Springsteen, still rejecting all studio takes recorded between June 1977 - January 1978, responded by re-recording it on February 9-12, 1999 at Boxwood Studios, at his home in Rumson, New Jersey.

Sales of 18 Tracks were also disappointing, although the Reunion tour that followed was a tremendous commercial success.

1.1. MARY QUEEN OF ARKANSAS DEMO / GREETINGS
1.2. IT'S HARD TO BE A SAINT IN THE CITY DEMO / GREETINGS
1.3. GROWIN' UP 1 DEMO / GREETINGS
1.4. DOES THIS BUS STOP AT 82ND STREET? DEMO / GREETINGS
1.5. BISHOP DANCED 2 None
1.6. SANTA ANA WIESS
1.7. SEASIDE BAR SONG 1 WIESS
1.8. ZERO AND BLIND TERRY WIESS
1.9. LINDA LET ME BE THE ONE BORN TO RUN
1.10. THUNDERCRACK WIESS
1.11. RENDEZVOUS 1 2 None
1.12. GIVE THE GIRL A KISS DARKNESS
1.13. ICEMAN DARKNESS
1.14. BRING ON THE NIGHT RIVER
1.15. SO YOUNG AND IN LOVE BORN TO RUN
1.16. HEARTS OF STONE 1 DARKNESS
1.17. DON'T LOOK BACK DARKNESS
2.1. RESTLESS NIGHTS RIVER
2.2. A GOOD MAN IS HARD TO FIND (PITTSBURGH) BITUSA
2.3. ROULETTE RIVER
2.4. DOLLHOUSE RIVER
2.5. WHERE THE BANDS ARE 1 RIVER
2.6. LOOSE ENDS 1 RIVER
2.7. LIVING ON THE EDGE OF THE WORLD RIVER
2.8. WAGES OF SIN BITUSA
2.9. TAKE 'EM AS THEY COME RIVER
2.10. BE TRUE RIVER
2.11. RICKY WANTS A MAN OF HER OWN RIVER
2.12. I WANNA BE WITH YOU 1 RIVER
2.13. MARY LOU RIVER
2.14. STOLEN CAR RIVER
2.15. BORN IN THE U.S.A. 1 NEBRASKA
2.16. JOHNNY BYE-BYE BITUSA
2.17. SHUT OUT THE LIGHT BITUSA
3.1. CYNTHIA BITUSA
3.2. MY LOVE WILL NOT LET YOU DOWN 1 BITUSA
3.3. THIS HARD LAND BITUSA
3.4. FRANKIE BITUSA
3.5. TV MOVIE BITUSA
3.6. STAND ON IT BITUSA
3.7. LION'S DEN 1 BITUSA
3.8. CAR WASH BITUSA
3.9. ROCKAWAY THE DAYS BITUSA
3.10. BROTHERS UNDER THE BRIDGES ('83) BITUSA
3.11. MAN AT THE TOP BITUSA
3.12. PINK CADILLAC 1 BITUSA
3.13. TWO FOR THE ROAD TUNNEL
3.14. JANEY, DON'T YOU LOSE HEART 1 BITUSA
3.15. WHEN YOU NEED ME TUNNEL
3.16. THE WISH TUNNEL
3.17. THE HONEYMOONERS TUNNEL
3.18. LUCKY MAN TUNNEL
4.1. LEAVIN' TRAIN HUMAN
4.2. SEVEN ANGELS HUMAN
4.3. GAVE IT A NAME RISING
4.4. SAD EYES 1 HUMAN
4.5. MY LOVER MAN HUMAN
4.6. OVER THE RISE HUMAN
4.7. WHEN THE LIGHTS GO OUT HUMAN
4.8. LOOSE CHANGE HUMAN
4.9. TROUBLE IN PARADISE HUMAN
4.10. HAPPY LUCKY
4.11. PART MAN, PART MONKEY 1 HUMAN
4.12. GOIN' CALI HUMAN
4.13. BACK IN YOUR ARMS GREATEST
4.14. BROTHERS UNDER THE BRIDGE 1 JOAD

1: Issued on both Tracks and 18 Tracks.
2: Live in Concert.

Additional Recordings Tracks-Reunion period

Tracks-Reunion (1996 - 2000)

Springsteen issued the Ghost Of Tom Joad album in November 1995. Little did anyone suspect at the time that it would be six years and seven months (July 2002) before the next Springsteen studio album of recently written and recorded compositions would be released. Because of the tremendous amount of time that elapsed, the studio session period for what became The Rising is an enigma. Nearly all the recordings on the album emanate from one brief session period in early 2002, yet there are over five years' worth of earlier studio sessions of which only a few recordings have yet emerged – even though much was recorded.

Immediately following the release of the Ghost Of Tom Joad album Springsteen undertook an extensive solo tour that lasted for 17 months - until late May 1997. Bruce has mentioned that he wrote numerous songs while on this tour, some of which he actually premiered live during the tour. During breaks in this tour, Bruce recorded new material - from June to August 1996 and then from March to April 1997. Both sessions were held at Thrill Hill East (Bruce’s New Jersey home studio). Both were solo sessions.

Following the completion of the solo acoustic The Ghost Of Tom Joad tour in May 1997 Springsteen kept a relatively low profile and spent the summer months in New Jersey with his family. He held a studio session in November 1997 (the first of what is now known as the Seeger Sessions) and also participated in songwriting sessions with Joe Grushecky in December 1997-January 1998. According to interview comments by Toby Scott, (Springsteen’s audio archivist and recording engineer), it was in February 1998, during solo sessions being conducted at Bruce’s NJ home studio, that Springsteen approached Scott and said “let's do the boxed set”. Scott then went to work gathering the potential material from Springsteen’s massive audio library (located, along with Sony's sound archives, in the high-tech Iron Mountain facility near Buffalo, NY). Bruce’s NJ home studio (Thrill Hill East) served as the main operational center for all Tracks project activities.

In November 1997, several months following the completion of the Ghost Of Tom Joad tour, Springsteen undertook studio further sessions at his NJ home studio. About seven non-original compositions were recorded with a group of musicians Bruce had not previously recorded with. These have now become known as "The Seeger Sessions - Phase 1". Since the above-mentioned session produced recordings that Bruce subsequently decided to release on a stand-alone album, then please refer to [[The Seeger Sessions - Studio Sessions|The Seeger Sessions]] section for details on these recordings. Soon after (in December 1997 – January 1998) Springsteen undertook a song-writing collaboration session with Joe Grushecky at Bruce’s home studio. Song titles are known from this period but recording session details, if any, are unknown. According to comments made by engineer Toby Scott, it was in the early spring of 1998 (shortly before Bruce’s father passed away) that Springsteen told Scott the time was right to proceed with the long-anticipated box set of archived, unreleased studio takes. Although the Tracks project dominated activities during the remainder of 1998 Springsteen also recorded numerous new songs at his home studio during the February 1998 – February 1999 period, although little has been released.

Springsteen re-assembled the E Street Band for the Reunion (Tracks) tour. This tour lasted for 16 months, from March 1999 thru June 2000. Although no studio sessions took place during this touring period, there was an expectation that studio work with the E Street Band would follow this tour and a resulting new E Street Band album would emerge in late 1999 or early 2000 – however we now know that no such E Street Band sessions ever took place. In spite of the lack of E Street Band involvement in the studio Springsteen did, in fact, conduct scattered solo sessions at his Thrill Hill East home studio during the September 2000 - January 2001 period. Numerous songs were recorded – but details remain very sketchy. It is suspected that the base recording of only one of the fifteen songs issued on The Rising album emanates from these sessions.

THE PROMISE 4:38 18TRACKS
GIVE MY LOVE TO ROSE 2:55 2002 'Kindred Spirits' Johnny Cash tribute album
LIFT ME UP 5:16 1999 Limbo Movie Soundtrack / ESSENTIAL: BONUS
THE WALL 4:20 HOPES
GAVE IT A NAME 2:47 TRACKS

Details

THE PROMISE - V1 5:35 DO-2 / UP / DDOC
THE PROMISE - V2 5:25 LM-2 / DDO / DO-3 / AM / UP / ATEOD
THE PROMISE - V3 7:11 DDITV / AM / UP / MT1
THE PROMISE - V4a 7:25 uncirculating
THE PROMISE - V4b 7:25 PROMISE: DELUXE
THE PROMISE - V5 uncirculating
THE PROMISE - V6 4:48 18TRACKS
THE PROMISE - V7 5:54 PROMISE
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Note: Introduced August 3, 1976 at Monmouth Arts Center, Red Bank, New Jersey, with Bruce singing and playing piano without the E Street Band, with deeply personal lyrics. 'The Promise' soon became the highlight of each show, and the major subject of discussion among Bruce's tight cult following, which would make up most of the modest crowd in those days. It would always be one of the last songs played for the night, the lights would go down, and one spotlight would be on Bruce playing piano, which he rarely did otherwise. Later, Roy or Danny would accompany him on glock. It was played live 22 times during the Lawsuit tour, until the first studio demo was recorded at Atlantic Studios on June 1, 1977. V1 was one of the takes recorded on June 30, July 1, 7, 8 and 13, 1977. After a break that included a trip with Steve to Utah and Nevada, Bruce came back with slightly revised lyrics, and recorded V2 , which then added dubs and mixing on August 24 and 30, completed on the last day of operations at Atlantic Studios. on September 28, 1977 at the Record Plant, V3, considered the definitive version by collectors and long-time fans, was recorded, clocking in at 7:09 with the full E Street Band, and first released unofficially on 'Deep Down In the Vaults'. However, Bruce found it lacking for some reason, and early in October, he re-wrote the first two lines of verse 3; "Well, my daddy taught me how to walk quiet and how to make my peace with the past, I learned real good to tighten up inside and I don’t say nothing unless I’m asked'. These lines replaced "I won big once and I hit the coast, oh but somehow I paid the big cost", and Landau agreed this solidified the narrative, and that 'The Promise' deserved to be on the January 16 album sequence for "Badlands", or whatever they were going to call album #4. In fact, 'The Promise' was to be the album closer. Instead of 'Streets of Fire', 'The Way' was in the third slot on side two, and 'Don't Look Back' followed 'Badlands' to open the album. The two songs missing, that we know made it on the March final lineup, were 'Factory', which Bruce had just started calling, "The Factory Song". He had been using the working title, 'Come On, Come On (Let's Go Tonight)' since June 1977, despite re-writing the lyrics in July, to tell the tale of his dad and the horrible plastics factory he had worked in when Bruce was a child. On January 2, 1978, final takes were completed, though Springsteen spent all day March 10 and 14 on final mixes, and his own vocal overdubs. The other missing song was 'Darkness On the Edge of Town', which had not been worked since June 1977, and appeared to be all but forgotten.

January 12 was the big day when the final takes of 'The Promise' V4 were to be completed. The proceedings were shot live in-the-studio by Barry Rebo, and one of the takes was released on the Thrill-Hill Blu-Ray/DVD2, in 2010 on the box set, 'The Promise:The Darkness On the Edge Of Town Story'. A Ruffs tape provided to Springsteen by his engineer, Jimmy Iovine, had the September 26, 1977 V3 recording featuring the "Old verse", followed by two mixes of the January 12 session with the "New Verse"; V4a had strings and "full harmony" overdubbed, while V4b just said "no strings". Springsteen fussed over mixing and dubbing for days, and finally on January 24, 1978, without the E Street Band around, he sat down at the piano and recorded V5 of 'The Promise' by himself, just like he did during the Lawsuit tour for 22 nights, when he was locked out of the recording studio. There is no doubt that he cared deeply about 'the Promise', but at a certain point in February, he decided that another contender would go on the album in it's place. It was quietly removed from the March track sequence, and the masters placed in the Columbia Vault. On March 8, 1978, Springsteen rounded up the E Street Band for an emergency session at the Record Plant, and over three days, they re-recorded 'Darkness On the Edge of Town' from scratch, and completed what would become the title track of the album. At the Darkness Tour rehearsals in Asbury Park on May 19, 1978, Bruce and the band played the "daddy taught me how to walk quiet" version of 'The Promise', and they played it on opening night in Buffalo too. It was on the setlist every other night, usually part of the encore, with Bruce by himself on piano, which was spine-tingling experience for fans. After playing it 22 out of the first 33 shows, he sang it on July 15, 1978 in Houston, Texas, and then, for unknown reasons, he never played it again.

That is, until a huge fan uproar, when 'The Fever' and 'The Promise' were both left off of 'Tracks' in 1998. Instead of releasing V3, he re-recorded 'The Promise' from scratch on February 9-12, 1999 at Boxwood Studios, located at his home in Rumson, New Jersey. V6 was released on April 12, 1999 on '18 Tracks', to the dismay of many long-time fans. He made his case to Charlie Rose, "Basically, I went back and I listened to it and we never really got a good recording of it in my opinion. It’s been a favorite song of a lot of..a lot of people mention it. It sort of was the sequel to “Thunder Road” in some fashion, it referred back to those characters. But I went back and we sort of had a very plodding, heavy-handed version of it. I couldn’t quite live with it, so maybe another time." However, he liked it enough to use it as the base track for V7, officially released on Disc 2 of 'The Promise: The Darkness On The Edge Of Town Story' in 2010, with overdubbed strings, guitars, glock, double tracked vocals, and backing vocals by himself, with modern vocals and musical elements recorded by assistant engineers Kevin Buell and Rob Lebret. Instead of replacing two lines of verse 3, two lines were deleted, "I followed that dream through the southwestern tracks, the dead ends and the two-bit bars, when the promise was broken I was far away from home sleeping in the backseat of a borrowed car". The lines were removed with slick editing, under a "Phil Spector-like Wall of Sound", consisting of layers of overdubs, and a modern string arrangement by Ken Ascher. In addition to making 'The Promise' family friendly, they succeeded in reducing the time of the track from 7:06 to 5:54. This version, along with other 1977 songs on "The Promise: The Darkness On The Edge Of Town Story", that many customers were familiar with, and had been looking forward to sonic improvements over their bootleg collections, now were hearing overdubbed Mexican horns, choirs, modern vocals, and assorted instruments, drowning out the base tracks created by the E Street Band 33 years ago. An uproar was created on message boards that has continued for years, as customers learn production details that have never been announced or printed. Thanks to Eddy Wehbe for spotting version 3 underneath the thick layer of overdubs, and discogs for the extra details, and the support of contributors on BTX, SPL, Hoffman Music Forums and Greasy Lake for helping to identify the key issues.

Springsteen said later it was ultimately rejected for Darkness due to the personal lyrics. "It was a song about defeat, and it was self-referential, which made me uncomfortable", said Springsteen in 2010. "I didn’t want it to overtake the album, which, in the end, was not my personal story. I wanted ‘Darkness’ to be completely independent of that. So I left it off. But I remember saying to myself, 'This is something I can sing later.' The distance really helps it now”. Regardless of what is said, Bruce was very upset and feeling betrayed by his first manager, Mike Appel, when he wrote the Promise. He blamed the lawsuit on himself, and wrote about a lonely, loveless, loser whose spirit had finally been broken. Many of us have had moments like this in our lives, but we are incapable of expressing them with clarity and honesty in a song, and though Bruce was just having a bad day or month, his words really hit home for some. You have to at least admire his bravery, to sing his innermost feelings in front of friends and 15,000 strangers. He re-wrote the lyrics extensively after that August 3, 1976 night, and played the new version on September 29, 1976, not calling himself a loser again until 1982, when he wrote about Frank Davis in the "Losin' Kind."

There are many, including that core group of fans who had him to themselves back in 1976-78, that believe "The Promise" is Bruce's greatest song. Perhaps a record was never meant to hold it.

GIVE MY LOVE TO ROSE 4:17 2002 'Kindred Spirits' Johnny Cash tribute album

Note: Written by Johnny Cash. Recorded at Thrill Hill East (Bruce's NJ home studio) in February 12, 1999 and produced by Springsteen (alone). Bruce solo, on vocals and guitar. The performance was also video recorded and first broadcast commercially on April 18, 1999 as part of the Johnny Cash Tribute special on the USA's TNT network. The recording was not officially released until September 2002 on the Cash Kindred Spirits tribute album. The video of the performance has yet to be officially issued, although it circulates among collectors via copies of the original TV broadcast.

LIFT ME UP 5:16 1999 Limbo Movie Soundtrack / ESSENTIAL: BONUS

Note: Recorded at Thrill Hill East (Bruce's NJ home studio) in March 1999. Produced by Springsteen (alone). Bruce handles vocals and all instruments. Written by Bruce specifically for the John Sayles movie "Limbo" and first released on the movie soundtrack album in June 1999.

THE WALL - V1 uncirculating
THE WALL - V2 HOPES

Note: Written December 1997-January 1998. The title and idea came from Joe Grushecky and written by Springsteen after he and Patti Scialfa visited the Vietnam Veterans Memorial in Washington. Bruce premiered the song live on February 19, 2003 at Somerville Theatre in Somerville, MA, and prefaced the performance by mentioning that he'd visited the Vietnam Memorial in Washington in December 1997 and that several days later Grushecky (in advance of their songwriting sessions) sent Bruce a newspaper clipping about the Vietnam Memorial. Grushecky subsequently wrote a different, but similarly themed, song called "On The Wall" that appeared on his 2002 Fingertips album. Recorded in the late 90s (perhaps during sessions for Tracks) with the E Street Band, including Danny Federici. Played twice during 2005's Devils & Dust Tour. Produced by Ron Aniello and Springsteen. Musician credits: Springsteen (vocals, guitar, drums), Roy Bittan (piano), Danny Federici (organ), Nils Lofgren (guitar), Patti Scialfa (backing vocals), Garry Tallent (bass), Max Weinberg (percussion), Ron Aniello (synths, accordion) and Curt Ramm (cornet). V2 issued on 2014's High Hopes.

GAVE IT A NAME - V1 uncirculating
GAVE IT A NAME - V2 2:47 TRACKS

Note: V1 was recorded between December 1990 and late January 1991 at either the Record Plant, Soundworks West or A&M Studios in Los Angeles. Planned for inclusion on the Tracks boxset, but Bruce was unable to locate the master tape, so he re-recorded the song V2 on August 24, 1998 at his home studio in Colts Neck, NJ, and it's that recording which can be found on Tracks. Springsteen told Melinda Newman in an interview with Billboard published in November 1998, "What happened is I cut the original at the time I cut these other songs [Bruce is referring to songs like "Over The Rise", "When The Lights Go Out", "Loose Change" etc, which were all recorded around the December 1990-January 1991 period], but we couldn't find the master tape of it, and I really liked the song. So Roy Bittan came out, and we re-cut it in August".

LAND OF HOPE AND DREAMS - V1 uncirculating
LAND OF HOPE AND DREAMS - V2 uncirculating
LAND OF HOPE AND DREAMS - V3 6:58 WRECKING

Note: Written by Bruce sometime in 1998 or early 1999. The song was premiered live with the E Street Band on March 18, 1999 for the Reunion Tour. A later live version with the E Street Band was officially released on the Live In New York City package. Cut in 2011 and issued on the Wrecking Ball album. V3 features Springsteen, Aniello (some combination of guitar, bass, keyboards, drums, percussion and/or loops), Charlie Giordano (piano, B-3 organ), Curt Ramm (trumpet, cornet), Clark Gayton (trombone), Stan Harrison (clarinet, alto sax, tenor sax), Ed Manion (tenor & baritone sax), Dan Levine (alto horn, euphonium), Art Baron (euphonium, tuba, sousaphone, penny whistle), Clarence Clemons (saxophone solo), Soozie Tyrell (violin & backing vocal), backing vocals from Patti Scialfa, Lisa Lowell and Michelle Moore, and the Victorious Gospel Choir. Steve Van Zandt is uncredited, but clearly audible at times.

UNDER A BIG SKY uncirculating

Note: "Under A Big Sky" was recorded in April 1998.

CODE OF SILENCE uncirculating

Note: Co-written by Bruce and Joe Grushecky during December 1997-January 1998. Springsteen premiered the song live on June 12, 2000 and released a live version (recorded June 29, 2000) on The Essential Bruce Springsteen in 2003. A Grushecky studio version (with Bruce on support vocals) was released on his album A Good Life in July 2006.

ANOTHER THIN LINE uncirculating

Note: Written sometime between late 1997 and early 2000. There remains some confusion if "Another Thin Line" is a writing collaboration with Joe Grushecky or if it was composed entirely by Springsteen. Springsteen premiered the song live on June 22, 2000. He then prefaced another performance of the song on June 29 by commenting "here's something I wrote with Joe Grushecky". However, a publishing registration, as well as the official US Copyright filing (July 21, 2000) lists the song as a Springsteen-only composition. Bruce has never officially released a recorded version, but Joe Grushecky released it on his East Carson Street album in 2009.

BENEATH THE FLOODLINE uncirculating

Note: Performed during soundcheck at The Spectrum, Philadelphia, PA September 17, 1984, during BITUSA tour. Recorded at several solo sessions between November 1997 and January 1998, before the E Street Band were reconstructed and the song was quietly sidelined, along with the album he was then working on. According to the Sony logs, it wasn’t recorded for BITUSA or TOL. The first time the song popped up was at soundchecks in the summer of 1984, one of which, at the Philadelphia Spectrum, some enterprising taper caught. But, aside from the title phrase and a strong melody line, it is almost impossible to discern what the song is actually about.

PILGRIM IN THE TEMPLE OF LOVE uncirculating

Note: Written by Bruce in March - April 1996 while on the Ghost Of Tom Joad tour and premiered live on April 16, 1996. Also known as "Santa Gets A Blowjob".

THERE WILL NEVER BE ANY OTHER FOR ME BUT YOU uncirculating

Note: Also known as "Never Any Other For Me But You". Written by Bruce in mid-1996 while on the Ghost Of Tom Joad tour and premiered live on September 19, 1996.

IN FREEHOLD uncirculating

Note: Bruce wrote "In Michigan" backstage in Kalamazoo, MI while on the Ghost Of Tom Joad tour and premiered it live the same day, September 24, 1996. The concept was to write a song which included the name of the state of the location he was playing. He then expanded on the premise of the song and premiered the almost completely rewritten "In Freehold" on November 8, 1996 in Freehold, naturally. Also known as "Freehold". It is unclear whether this song was recorded during studio sessions.

LONG TIME COMIN' - V1 uncirculating
LONG TIME COMIN' - V2 4:17 DEVILS / ESSENTIAL: 2015 / CHAPTER

Note: Written by Bruce in the summer or early autumn of 1996 while on the Ghost Of Tom Joad tour and premiered live on October 16, 1996. This recording is a hybrid of two sessions quite some years apart. The basic track (Bruce, Danny Federici, Marty Rifkin, Soozie Tyrell and Patti Scialfa) emanates from 1997 or 1998, Thrill Hill West, Beverly Hills. CA. Recorded by Toby Scott and produced by Springsteen and Chuck Plotkin. The drums (Steve Jordan) and bass guitar (Brendan O’Brien)were added to the mix in 2004, at Masterphonics, Nashville, Tennessee, and Southern Tracks Recording, Atlanta, Georgia, which is the likely reason why this released version is credited as a “Springsteen-Plotkin-O’Brien” production.

THE HITTER - V1 uncirculating
THE HITTER - V2 5:53 DEVILS

Note: Written by Bruce in the autumn of 1996 while on the Ghost Of Tom Joad tour and premiered live on November 13, 1996. Recorded during studio sessions in 1998 (this version does not circulate). Re-recorded in 2004 and released on the Devils & Dust album. The core recording (which may date from 1997-98) is Springsteen solo, on all instruments (vocals, guitar, keyboards and percussion). The strings (Nashville String Machine) and horns (Brice Andrus, Donald Strand, Susan Welty and Thomas Witte) were recorded and added in 2004.

SELL IT AND THEY WILL COME uncirculating

Note: Written by Bruce during December 1995 and early January 1996 while on the Ghost Of Tom Joad tour and premiered live on January 10, 1996.

Corrected Dates/Locations

This list corrects the date and location errors found in the Tracks and 18Tracks booklet.

Song Title Recording Date Location Session Era
BISHOP DANCED January 31, 1973 Max’s Kansas City, NY None
RENDEZVOUS December 31, 1980 Nassau Coliseum, NY None
MARY QUEEN OF ARKANSAS May 03, 1972 CBS Studios, NY DEMO / GREETINGS
IT'S HARD TO BE A SAINT IN THE CITY May 03, 1972 CBS Studios, NY DEMO / GREETINGS
GROWIN' UP May 03, 1972 CBS Studios, NY DEMO / GREETINGS
DOES THIS BUS STOP AT 82ND STREET? May 03, 1972 CBS Studios, NY DEMO / GREETINGS
THE FEVER May 16, 1973 914 Sound, NY WIESS
SANTA ANA June 28, 1973 914 Sound, NY WIESS
SEASIDE BAR SONG June 28, 1973 914 Sound, NY WIESS
THUNDERCRACK June 28, 1973 914 Sound, NY WIESS
ZERO AND BLIND TERRY June 28, 1973 914 Sound, NY WIESS
SO YOUNG AND IN LOVE June 01, 1974 914 Sound, NY BORN TO RUN
LINDA LET ME BE THE ONE June 29, 1975 Record Plant, NY BORN TO RUN
DON'T LOOK BACK July 02, 1977 Record Plant, NY DARKNESS
HEARTS OF STONE October 14, 1977 Record Plant, NY DARKNESS
ICEMAN October 27, 1977 Record Plant, NY DARKNESS
GIVE THE GIRL A KISS October 11, 1977 Record Plant, NY DARKNESS
ROULETTE April 03, 1979 Power Station, NY RIVER
MARY LOU May 30, 1979 Power Station, NY RIVER
I WANNA BE WITH YOU May 31, 1979 Power Station, NY RIVER
BRING ON THE NIGHT June 13, 1979 Power Station, NY RIVER
RICKY WANTS A MAN OF HER OWN July 16, 1979 Power Station, NY RIVER
LOOSE ENDS July 18, 1979 Power Station, NY RIVER
BE TRUE July 18, 1979 Power Station, NY RIVER
STOLEN CAR June 20, 1979 Power Station, NY RIVER
DOLLHOUSE August 21, 1979 Power Station, NY RIVER
WHERE THE BANDS ARE October 9, 1979 Power Station, NY RIVER
LIVING ON THE EDGE OF THE WORLD December 03, 1979 Power Station, NY RIVER
TAKE 'EM AS THEY COME April 10, 1980 Power Station, NY RIVER
RESTLESS NIGHTS January 14/April 11, 1980 Power Station, NY RIVER
BORN IN THE U.S.A. January 03, 1982 Thrill Hill East, NJ NEBRASKA
LION'S DEN January 25, 1982 Power Station, NY BITUSA
MY LOVE WILL NOT LET YOU DOWN May 05, 1982 Power Station, NY BITUSA
A GOOD MAN IS HARD TO FIND (PITTSBURGH) May 05, 1982 Power Station, NY BITUSA
WAGES OF SIN May 10, 1982 Power Station, NY BITUSA
THIS HARD LAND May 11, 1982 Power Station, NY BITUSA
FRANKIE May 14, 1982 Power Station, NY BITUSA
JOHNNY BYE-BYE January 4?, 1983 Thrill Hill West, CA BITUSA
SHUT OUT THE LIGHT January 19, 1983 Thrill Hill West, CA BITUSA
CYNTHIA June 15, 1983 Hit Factory, NY BITUSA
PINK CADILLAC May 31, 1983 Hit Factory, NY BITUSA
CAR WASH May 31, 1983 Hit Factory, NY BITUSA
TV MOVIE June 13, 1983 Hit Factory, NY BITUSA
STAND ON IT June 16, 1983 Hit Factory, NY BITUSA
JANEY, DON'T YOU LOSE HEART June 16, 1983 Hit Factory, NY BITUSA
BROTHERS UNDER THE BRIDGES ('83) September 14, 1983 Hit Factory, NY BITUSA
MAN AT THE TOP January 12, 1984 Hit Factory, NY BITUSA
ROCKAWAY THE DAYS January 12, 1984 Hit Factory, NY BITUSA
WHEN YOU NEED ME January 20, 1987 Thrill Hill East, NJ TUNNEL
TWO FOR THE ROAD February 00, 1987 Thrill Hill East, NJ TUNNEL
THE HONEYMOONERS February 22, 1987 Thrill Hill East, NJ TUNNEL
THE WISH February 22, 1987 Thrill Hill East, NJ TUNNEL
LUCKY MAN April 04, 1987 Thrill Hill East, NJ TUNNEL
TROUBLE IN PARADISE December 01, 1989 Soundworks West, CA HUMAN
PART MAN, PART MONKEY January 00, 1990 Soundworks West, CA HUMAN
SAD EYES January 25, 1990 Soundworks West, CA HUMAN
LEAVIN' TRAIN February 27, 1990 Oceanway Studios, CA HUMAN
TROUBLE RIVER April 06, 1990 Soundworks West, CA HUMAN
SEVEN ANGELS June 29, 1990 Oceanway Studios, CA HUMAN
MY LOVER MAN December 04, 1990 Soundworks West, CA HUMAN
WHEN THE LIGHTS GO OUT December 06, 1990 Record Plant West, CA HUMAN
OVER THE RISE December 07, 1990 Soundworks West, CA HUMAN
GOIN' CALI January 29, 1991 A&M Studios, CA HUMAN
LOOSE CHANGE January 31, 1991 Record Plant West, CA HUMAN
HAPPY January 18, 1992 A&M Studios, CA LUCKY
BACK IN YOUR ARMS January 12, 1995 Hit Factory, NY GREATEST
BROTHERS UNDER THE BRIDGE May 22, 1995 Thrill Hill West, CA JOAD
GAVE IT A NAME August 24, 1998 Thrill Hill East, NJ TRACKS
THE PROMISE February 12, 1999 Thrill Hill East, NJ TRACKS

Concept Album 1993

At some point in 1993 (presumably following the conclusion of the 1992-93 World Tour) a 25-song archival concept "album" was produced in-house, perhaps to demonstrate the quality of Springsteen's unreleased archive. It's possible that this was an early Tracks concept. Twelve of the 25 songs have been subsequently released, either on Tracks itself or other projects, ten are known outtakes, two are a mystery, and one is a live cut. Please see the relevant album recording session page for more information on each track.

Song Title Sessions Released?
A LOVE SO FINE BORN TO RUN No
SHA LA LA 3 None No
NEW SPANISH (aka SPANISH EYES) DARKNESS PROMISE
HEARTS OF STONE DARKNESS TRACKS
GIVE THE GIRL A KISS DARKNESS TRACKS
TRIANGLE SONG DARKNESS No
DOLLHOUSE RIVER TRACKS
NIGHT FIRE RIVER RIVER:OUTTAKES
THE MAN WHO GOT AWAY RIVER RIVER:OUTTAKES
DO YOU WANT ME TO SAY ALRIGHT RIVER No
I WILL BE THE ONE RIVER No
FROM SMALL THINGS (BIG THINGS ONE DAY COME) RIVER RIVER:OUTTAKES
TAKE 'EM AS THEY COME RIVER TRACKS
BRING ON THE NIGHT RIVER TRACKS
UNDER THE GUN RIVER No
WHERE THE BANDS ARE RIVER TRACKS
LOOSE ENDS RIVER TRACKS
LIVING ON THE EDGE OF THE WORLD RIVER TRACKS
ANGELYNE 2 RIVER No
JOHNNY GO DOWN BITUSA No
KING'S HIGHWAY BITUSA No
THE GLORY OF LOVE BITUSA No
IDA ROSE (NO ONE KNOWS) BITUSA No
ARNIE 1 RIVER No
THAT'S OKAY 1 RIVER No

1: Given their placement in the compilation both "Arnie" and "That's Okay" may be outtakes from "The River" sessions (unconfirmed), but they are absent from studio logs.
2: "Angelyne" was recorded with the E Street Band in February 1980 before being donated in early 1982 to Gary U.S. Bonds.
3: Live, December 12, 1975, circulating on bootlegs.


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