Tracks - Studio Sessions


disco_18tracks.jpg
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Tracks commercially released: November 9, 1998 / 18 Tracks commercially released: April 12, 1999
Label: Columbia
Produced by Bruce Springsteen and Chuck Plotkin*
Recorded by Toby Scott assisted by Greg Goldman and Thom Panunzio*
Mixed by Ed Thacker and Bob Clearmountain assisted by Thom Panunzio, Greg Goldman and Ross Petersen*
Mastered by Bob Ludwig at Gateway Mastering
Photography by Phil Ceccola, Joel Bernstein, James A. Davis, David Gahr, Annie Leibovitz, Fred Lombardi,
 Jim Merchese, Neal Preston, Herb Ritts and David Rose
Design by Harry Chorron and Sandra Choron

* see Brucebase session listings for the specific producers and engineers of the original recordings.

Overview

Tracks (Archival Release)

Following the completion of the solo acoustic The Ghost Of Tom Joad tour in May 1997 Springsteen kept a relatively low profile and spent the summer months in New Jersey with his family. He held a studio session in November 1997 (the first of what is now known as the Seeger Sessions) and also participated in songwriting sessions with Joe Grushecky in December 1997-January 1998. According to interview comments by Toby Scott, (Springsteen’s audio archivist and recording engineer), it was in February 1998, during solo sessions being conducted at Bruce’s NJ home studio, that Springsteen approached Scott and said “let's do the boxed set”. Scott then went to work gathering the potential material from Springsteen’s massive audio library (located, along with Sony's sound archives, in the high-tech Iron Mountain facility near Buffalo, NY). Bruce’s NJ home studio (Thrill Hill East) served as the main operational center for all Tracks project activities.

Springsteen mentioned in an early 1999 interview with journalist Patrick Humphries that 200 to 300 different songs (twelve to eighteen CDs worth) formed the large pool of recordings that he initially reviewed in the spring of 1998 as potential candidates for the boxed set. Over the course of the next few months the 200-300 was narrowed down. According to Toby Scott by late June then number was down to about 128 songs (eight CDs worth). It was then narrowed down yet again during July to about one hundred songs (a six-CD set). Although these one hundred songs were prepped for the Tracks release there was a commercial decision made later in the summer to reduce the size of the release to a four-CD (sixty six-track) package. The package was delivered to Sony in mid-September in order to facilitate the mid-November 1998 release schedule.

The primary intent of Tracks (at least insofar as it’s slimmed-down six-CD and four-CD incarnations were concerned) was to cover all of Springsteen's commercially released album sessions. However due to ongoing (and at the time still-unresolved) court proceedings involving most of Springsteen’s unreleased 1972 studio recordings, it was decided not to release any of that in-dispute session material on Tracks. Consequently unreleased songs from the Greetings album sessions, or other demo sessions from that period, were not released in the package. The four "Hammond" CBS demo session songs that are found in the box were utilized because that particular studio session and those particular songs were not part of the court proceedings. Postscript: these legal matters were finally resolved, in Springsteen's favour, in 2001 – thereby freeing up these recordings for release at any time. It is likely that a "Tracks, Vol 2" (i.e., another boxed set of similar scope), will be released sometime in the future.

After the release of 18 Tracks (read below), the combined Tracks collection consisted of 65 outtakes and two new recordings. Unable to locate the master tape for "Gave It A Name", Springsteen re-recorded the song on August 24, 1998 at his home studio in Colts Neck, NJ. He did the same for "The Promise" (see below). There are also several tracks that were "supplemented" with additional instrumentation by overdubbing ("Hearts of Stone" has new horns). The full extent of "modern" recording used on Tracks is unknown.

18 Tracks

Despite stellar reviews the initial sales of the Tracks boxed set were well below expectations, probably due to this pricey retrospective not being issued in the wake of a huge selling Springsteen album (as had been the case in 1986 when Live/1975-85 followed the Born In The USA album). Partly as a consequence of the slow sales it was decided in January 1999 to release an abbreviated single CD version of Tracks titled 18 Tracks. This was intended for the more casual fan, although 18 Tracks also served the purpose as a promotional tie-in for the E Street Band "Reunion" tour that was announced at the same time. 18 Tracks contained fifteen recordings already issued on Tracks, plus three previously unreleased recordings ("The Fever", "Trouble River" and "The Promise"). "The Promise", a Darkness on the Edge of Town outtake, best known for legendary live performances from August 1976 - July 1978, was included after howls of outrage from the faithful for leaving it off Tracks. Springsteen, still rejecting all studio takes recorded between June 1977 - January 1978, responded by re-recording it on February 9-12, 1999 at Boxwood Studios, at his home in Rumson, New Jersey.

Sales of 18 Tracks were also disappointing, although the Reunion tour that followed was a tremendous commercial success.

Released

# Song Title Running Time Release
1.1. MARY QUEEN OF ARKANSAS 3 4:28 GREETINGS / TRACKS
1.2. IT'S HARD TO BE A SAINT IN THE CITY 3 2:55 GREETINGS / TRACKS
1.3. GROWIN' UP 1 3 2:41 GREETINGS / TRACKS / ESSENTIAL / CHAPTER
1.4. DOES THIS BUS STOP AT 82ND STREET? 3 2:04 GREETINGS / TRACKS
1.5. BISHOP DANCED 2 4:21 TRACKS
1.6. SANTA ANA 4:37 TRACKS
1.7. SEASIDE BAR SONG 1 3:34 TRACKS
1.8. ZERO AND BLIND TERRY 5:58 TRACKS
1.9. LINDA LET ME BE THE ONE 4:27 TRACKS
1.10. THUNDERCRACK 8:29 TRACKS
1.11. RENDEZVOUS 1 2 2:51 1976 promo / TRACKS / PROMISE
1.12. GIVE THE GIRL A KISS 3:55 TRACKS
1.13. ICEMAN 3:19 TRACKS
1.14. BRING ON THE NIGHT 2:40 TRACKS
1.15. SO YOUNG AND IN LOVE 3:49 TRACKS
1.16. HEARTS OF STONE 1 4:32 TRACKS
1.17. DON'T LOOK BACK 3:00 TRACKS
# Song Title Running Time Release
2.1. RESTLESS NIGHTS 3:47 TRACKS / RIVER: OUTTAKES
2.2. A GOOD MAN IS HARD TO FIND (PITTSBURGH) 3:18 TRACKS
2.3. ROULETTE 3:55 1988 single / TRACKS / RIVER: OUTTAKES
2.4. DOLLHOUSE 3:35 TRACKS / RIVER: OUTTAKES
2.5. WHERE THE BANDS ARE 1 3:46 TRACKS / 1999 b-side / RIVER: OUTTAKES
2.6. LOOSE ENDS 1 4:04 TRACKS / RIVER: OUTTAKES
2.7. LIVING ON THE EDGE OF THE WORLD 4:19 TRACKS / RIVER: OUTTAKES
2.8. WAGES OF SIN 4:54 TRACKS
2.9. TAKE 'EM AS THEY COME 4:31 TRACKS / RIVER: OUTTAKES
2.10. BE TRUE 3:42 1981 b-side / 1981 b-side / TRACKS / RIVER: OUTTAKES
2.11. RICKY WANTS A MAN OF HER OWN 2:47 TRACKS / RIVER: OUTTAKES
2.12. I WANNA BE WITH YOU 1 3:23 TRACKS / 1999 single / RIVER: OUTTAKES
2.13. MARY LOU 3:23 TRACKS / RIVER: OUTTAKES
2.14. STOLEN CAR 4:31 RIVER / TRACKS / RIVER: OUTTAKES
2.15. BORN IN THE U.S.A. 1 3:11 BITUSA / 1984 single / GREATEST / TRACKS / ESSENTIAL / CHAPTER
2.16. JOHNNY BYE-BYE 1:53 1984 b-side / TRACKS
2.17. SHUT OUT THE LIGHT 3:52 1984 b-side / TRACKS
# Song Title Running Time Release
3.1. CYNTHIA 4:15 TRACKS
3.2. MY LOVE WILL NOT LET YOU DOWN 1 4:27 TRACKS
3.3. THIS HARD LAND 4:50 GREATEST / TRACKS
3.4. FRANKIE 7:25 TRACKS
3.5. TV MOVIE 2:46 TRACKS
3.6. STAND ON IT 3:07 1985 b-side / TRACKS
3.7. LION'S DEN 1 2:19 TRACKS
3.8. CAR WASH 2:08 TRACKS
3.9. ROCKAWAY THE DAYS 4:44 TRACKS
3.10. BROTHERS UNDER THE BRIDGES ('83) 5:08 TRACKS
3.11. MAN AT THE TOP 3:24 TRACKS
3.12. PINK CADILLAC 1 3:37 1984 b-side / TRACKS
3.13. TWO FOR THE ROAD 2:00 1987 b-side / TRACKS
3.14. JANEY, DON'T YOU LOSE HEART 1 3:28 1985 b-side / TRACKS
3.15. WHEN YOU NEED ME 2:58 TRACKS
3.16. THE WISH 5:19 TRACKS
3.17. THE HONEYMOONERS 2:08 TRACKS
3.18. LUCKY MAN 3:18 1987 b-side / TRACKS
# Song Title Running Time Release
4.1. LEAVIN' TRAIN 4:07 TRACKS
4.2. SEVEN ANGELS 3:28 TRACKS
4.3. GAVE IT A NAME 2:51 TRACKS
4.4. SAD EYES 1 3:50 TRACKS / 1999 single
4.5. MY LOVER MAN 4:00 TRACKS
4.6. OVER THE RISE 2:40 TRACKS
4.7. WHEN THE LIGHTS GO OUT 3:08 TRACKS
4.8. LOOSE CHANGE 4:22 TRACKS
4.9. TROUBLE IN PARADISE 4:43 TRACKS
4.10. HAPPY 4:54 TRACKS
4.11. PART MAN, PART MONKEY 1 4:31 1992 b-side / TRACKS
4.12. GOIN' CALI 3:04 TRACKS
4.13. BACK IN YOUR ARMS 4:43 TRACKS
4.14. BROTHERS UNDER THE BRIDGE 1 4:55 TRACKS

Total Running Time: 4:13:23

1: Issued on both Tracks and 18 Tracks.
2: Live in Concert.
3: Demo-version.

Visit our release-pages for additional information.

Additional Recordings Tracks-Reunion period

Tracks-Reunion (1996 - 2000)

Springsteen issued the Ghost Of Tom Joad album in November 1995. Little did anyone suspect at the time that it would be six years and seven months (July 2002) before the next Springsteen studio album of recently written and recorded compositions would be released. Because of the tremendous amount of time that elapsed, the studio session period for what became The Rising is an enigma. Nearly all the recordings on the album emanate from one brief session period in early 2002, yet there are over five years' worth of earlier studio sessions of which only a few recordings have yet emerged – even though much was recorded.

Immediately following the release of the Ghost Of Tom Joad album Springsteen undertook an extensive solo tour that lasted for 17 months - until late May 1997. Bruce has mentioned that he wrote numerous songs while on this tour, some of which he actually premiered live during the tour. During breaks in this tour, Bruce recorded new material - from June to August 1996 and then from March to April 1997. Both sessions were held at Thrill Hill East (Bruce’s New Jersey home studio). Both were solo sessions.

Following the completion of the solo acoustic The Ghost Of Tom Joad tour in May 1997 Springsteen kept a relatively low profile and spent the summer months in New Jersey with his family. He held a studio session in November 1997 (the first of what is now known as the Seeger Sessions) and also participated in songwriting sessions with Joe Grushecky in December 1997-January 1998. According to interview comments by Toby Scott, (Springsteen’s audio archivist and recording engineer), it was in February 1998, during solo sessions being conducted at Bruce’s NJ home studio, that Springsteen approached Scott and said “let's do the boxed set”. Scott then went to work gathering the potential material from Springsteen’s massive audio library (located, along with Sony's sound archives, in the high-tech Iron Mountain facility near Buffalo, NY). Bruce’s NJ home studio (Thrill Hill East) served as the main operational center for all Tracks project activities.

In November 1997, several months following the completion of the Ghost Of Tom Joad tour, Springsteen undertook studio further sessions at his NJ home studio. About seven non-original compositions were recorded with a group of musicians Bruce had not previously recorded with. These have now become known as "The Seeger Sessions - Phase 1". Since the above-mentioned session produced recordings that Bruce subsequently decided to release on a stand-alone album, then please refer to [[The Seeger Sessions - Studio Sessions|The Seeger Sessions]] section for details on these recordings. Soon after (in December 1997 – January 1998) Springsteen undertook a song-writing collaboration session with Joe Grushecky at Bruce’s home studio. Song titles are known from this period but recording session details, if any, are unknown. According to comments made by engineer Toby Scott, it was in the early spring of 1998 (shortly before Bruce’s father passed away) that Springsteen told Scott the time was right to proceed with the long-anticipated box set of archived, unreleased studio takes. Although the Tracks project dominated activities during the remainder of 1998 Springsteen also recorded numerous new songs at his home studio during the February 1998 – February 1999 period, although little has been released.

Springsteen re-assembled the E Street Band for the Reunion (Tracks) tour. This tour lasted for 16 months, from March 1999 thru June 2000. Although no studio sessions took place during this touring period, there was an expectation that studio work with the E Street Band would follow this tour and a resulting new E Street Band album would emerge in late 1999 or early 2000 – however we now know that no such E Street Band sessions ever took place. In spite of the lack of E Street Band involvement in the studio Springsteen did, in fact, conduct scattered solo sessions at his Thrill Hill East home studio during the September 2000 - January 2001 period. Numerous songs were recorded – but details remain very sketchy. It is suspected that the base recording of only one of the fifteen songs issued on The Rising album emanates from these sessions.

THE PROMISE 4:38 18TRACKS
GIVE MY LOVE TO ROSE 2:55 2002 'Kindred Spirits' Johnny Cash tribute album
LIFT ME UP 5:16 1999 Limbo Movie Soundtrack / ESSENTIAL: BONUS
GAVE IT A NAME 2:47 TRACKS

Details

PILGRIM IN THE TEMPLE OF LOVE uncirculating

Note: Written by Bruce in March - April 1996 while on the Ghost Of Tom Joad tour and premiered live on April 16, 1996. Also known as "Santa Gets A Blowjob".

THERE WILL NEVER BE ANY OTHER FOR ME BUT YOU uncirculating

Note: Also known as "Never Any Other For Me But You". Written by Bruce in mid-1996 while on the Ghost Of Tom Joad tour and premiered live on September 19, 1996.

IN FREEHOLD uncirculating

Note: Bruce wrote "In Michigan" backstage in Kalamazoo, MI while on the Ghost Of Tom Joad tour and premiered it live the same day, September 24, 1996. The concept was to write a song which included the name of the state of the location he was playing. He then expanded on the premise of the song and premiered the almost completely rewritten "In Freehold" on November 8, 1996 in Freehold, naturally. Also known as "Freehold". It is unclear whether this song was recorded during studio sessions.

LONG TIME COMIN' - V1 uncirculating
LONG TIME COMIN' - V2 4:17 DEVILS / ESSENTIAL: 2015 / CHAPTER

Note: Written by Bruce in the summer or early autumn of 1996 while on the Ghost Of Tom Joad tour and premiered live on October 16, 1996. This recording is a hybrid of two sessions quite some years apart. The basic track (Bruce, Danny Federici, Marty Rifkin, Soozie Tyrell and Patti Scialfa) emanates from 1997 or 1998, Thrill Hill West, Beverly Hills. CA. Recorded by Toby Scott and produced by Springsteen and Chuck Plotkin. The drums (Steve Jordan) and bass guitar (Brendan O’Brien)were added to the mix in 2004, at Masterphonics, Nashville, Tennessee, and Southern Tracks Recording, Atlanta, Georgia, which is the likely reason why this released version is credited as a “Springsteen-Plotkin-O’Brien” production.

THE HITTER - V1 uncirculating
THE HITTER - V2 5:53 DEVILS

Note: Written by Bruce in the autumn of 1996 while on the Ghost Of Tom Joad tour and premiered live on November 13, 1996. Recorded during studio sessions in 1998 (this version does not circulate). Re-recorded in 2004 and released on the Devils & Dust album. The core recording (which may date from 1997-98) is Springsteen solo, on all instruments (vocals, guitar, keyboards and percussion). The strings (Nashville String Machine) and horns (Brice Andrus, Donald Strand, Susan Welty and Thomas Witte) were recorded and added in 2004.

SELL IT AND THEY WILL COME uncirculating

Note: Written by Bruce during December 1995 and early January 1996 while on the Ghost Of Tom Joad tour and premiered live on January 10, 1996.

BENEATH THE FLOODLINE uncirculating

Note: Performed during a soundcheck at The Spectrum, Philadelphia, PA, on September 17, 1984, during the Born In The USA Tour. It was later recorded at several solo sessions, between November 1997 and January 1998, before the E Street Band were reconstructed, and it was quietly sidelined, along with the album he was then working on. Possibly composed after the Born In The USA studio sessions ended, it is also missing from Tunnel Of Love sessions, according to a search of Sony logs.

UNDER A BIG SKY uncirculating

Note: "Under A Big Sky" was recorded in April 1998.

GAVE IT A NAME - V1 uncirculating
GAVE IT A NAME - V2 2:47 TRACKS

Note: V1 was recorded between December 1990 and late January 1991 at either the Record Plant, Soundworks West or A&M Studios in Los Angeles. Planned for inclusion on the Tracks boxset, but Bruce was unable to locate the master tape, so he re-recorded the song V2 on August 24, 1998 at his home studio in Colts Neck, NJ, and it's that recording which can be found on Tracks. Springsteen told Melinda Newman in an interview with Billboard published in November 1998, "What happened is I cut the original at the time I cut these other songs [Bruce is referring to songs like "Over The Rise", "When The Lights Go Out", "Loose Change" etc, which were all recorded around the December 1990-January 1991 period], but we couldn't find the master tape of it, and I really liked the song. So Roy Bittan came out, and we re-cut it in August".

THE PROMISE - V1 5:32 DO-2 / UP / SOTE / LUTHER
THE PROMISE - V2 5:27 LM-2 / DDO / DO-3 / AM / UP / SC / O711S
THE PROMISE - V3 7:11 DDITV / AM / UP / MT1
THE PROMISE - V4 7:24 PROMISE: DELUXE
THE PROMISE (strings-full harmony) - V5 private
THE PROMISE (solo) - V6 uncirculating
THE PROMISE - V7 uncirculating
THE PROMISE - V8 uncirculating
THE PROMISE - V9 4:41 18TRACKS
THE PROMISE - V10 5:49 PROMISE
recording_19780217-ruffs-mixs-tape.jpg

Note: First debuted live on August 3, 1976 at the Monmouth Performing Arts Center in Red Bank, New Jersey, featuring Bruce solo on the piano, and deeply personal lyrics. Later live versions would continue to feature Bruce on piano, with Roy or Danny accompanying him on glockenspiel. The song was played live during the 1976-1977 Lawsuit Tour, and the first studio demo was recorded at Atlantic Studios on June 1, 1977. V1 was one of the takes recorded during the sessions on June 30, July 1, 7, 8 and 13, 1977. After a break that included a trip with Steve to Utah and Nevada, Bruce came back to the studio with slightly revised lyrics, and recorded V2 on August 24, and then added dubs and mixing on August 30, 1977, which was the last day of operations at Atlantic Studios. V3 was recorded on September 28, 1977 at the Record Plant, and is considered the definitive version by collectors and long-time fans. It's done with the full E Street Band, and was first released unofficially on 'Deep Down In the Vaults'. However, Bruce found it lacking, and in late September-early October, after a Rolling Stone reporter suggested the song was actually about the lawsuit with Mike Appel, Springsteen re-wrote the first two lines of verse 3, with "Well, my daddy taught me how to walk quiet and how to make my peace with the past, I learned real good to tighten up inside and I don’t say nothing unless I’m asked" replacing "I won big once and I hit the coast, oh but somehow I paid the big cost". Landau agreed solidifying the narrative, and that "The Promise" deserved to be on the January 16 sequence for the then-untitled Album #4 ("Badlands" or "American Madness" were the two front-runners). The new sequence had "Badlands" as the opener, and "The Promise" as the album closer. According to Clinton Heylin, at no point did it seem that Springsteen ever considered calling the album The Promise.

On January 12, 1978, V4 was shot live in-the-studio by Barry Rebo, and one of the takes was released on the Thrill-Hill Blu-Ray/DVD2 in the 2010 box set, The Promise:The Darkness On the Edge Of Town Story. Springsteen worked on mixing and dubbing after this, and added strings (according to Landau, a 'string' version was cut as V5). Finally, on January 24, 1978, without the E Street Band, Springsteen sat down at the piano and recorded V6 by himself, just as he did when locked out of the recording studio when the song was first played live. A Ruffs tape (see image above) provided to Springsteen by his engineer, Jimmy Iovine and mixed on February 17, included the September 28, 1977 recording featuring the "old verse" (V3), followed by the January 12 session with the "new verse" (V4) and the strings and "full harmony" version (V5) which was cut in mid-January. There is no doubt that Springsteen cared deeply about "The Promise", as a total of ten sessions were held from January 17 to March 7 (a seven week period). Saying he still "felt too close to it", at a certain point in March 1978, it was decided that a different song would be considered for its slot on Album #4 and "The Promise" was removed from the April track sequence for the album. In 2010, Springsteen noted that "It was a song about defeat, and it was self-referential, which made me uncomfortable. I didn't want it to overtake the album, which in the end, was not my personal story. I wanted 'Darkness' to be completely independent of that. So I left it off. But I remember saying to myself, 'This is something I can sing later'. The distance helps it now."

During a Darkness Tour rehearsal in Asbury Park on May 19, 1978, a full band version (including the "Daddy taught me how to walk quiet" lyric) was rehearsed, and full band version was performed on the tour's opening night in Buffalo. The next night, Bruce reverted to the solo piano version, which was played at 22 of the first 33 shows on the tour, and dropped after the July 15, 1978 show in Houston, Texas. When Tracks was released in 1998, both "The Fever" and "The Promise" were absent from the 66-song tracklist. Both were later included on 18 Tracks, in part due to fan demand. Instead of releasing the existing V3 or V5 versions, Springsteen re-recorded "The Promise" from scratch (V9) on February 9 and 12, 1999 at Boxwood Studios, Rumson, New Jersey, in a solo piano version that many felt paled in comparison to the 1976-78 versions. In an interview with Charlie Rose, Springsteen stated, "Basically, I went back and I listened to it and we never really got a good recording of it in my opinion. It’s been a favorite song of a lot of people … It sort of was the sequel to "Thunder Road" in some fashion, it referred back to those characters. But I went back and we sort of had a very plodding, heavy-handed version of it. I couldn't quite live with it, so maybe another time."

V3 was used as the base track for V10, on The Promise outtake album in 2010, with overdubbed strings, guitars, glockenspiel, and double tracked vocals. Two lines of verse three were deleted ("I followed that dream through the southwestern tracks, the dead ends and the two-bit bars / When the promise was broken I was far away from home, sleeping in the backseat of a borrowed car"), reducing the total running time. A modern string arrangement by Ken Ascher was also added. The full-band version was performed by the E Street Band at a promotional video shoot in 2010, and again on April 1, 2012 in Washington, DC. In a curious parallel to 1978, after performing the full-band version exactly once on the 2012 tour, Springsteen has reverted to solo-piano versions for all performances since.

GIVE MY LOVE TO ROSE 4:17 2002 'Kindred Spirits' Johnny Cash tribute album

Note: Written by Johnny Cash. Recorded at Thrill Hill East (Bruce's NJ home studio) in February 12, 1999 and produced by Springsteen (alone). Bruce solo, on vocals and guitar. The performance was also video recorded and first broadcast commercially on April 18, 1999 as part of the Johnny Cash Tribute special on the USA's TNT network. The recording was not officially released until September 2002 on the Cash Kindred Spirits tribute album. The video of the performance has yet to be officially issued, although it circulates among collectors via copies of the original TV broadcast.

LIFT ME UP 5:16 OST: LIMBO / ESSENTIAL: BONUS

Note: Recorded at Thrill Hill East (Bruce's NJ home studio) in March 1999. Produced by Springsteen (alone). Bruce handles vocals and all instruments. Written by Bruce specifically for the John Sayles movie "Limbo" and first released on the movie soundtrack album in June 1999.

THE WALL - V1 uncirculating
THE WALL - V2 HOPES

Note: Written December 1997-January 1998. The title and idea came from Joe Grushecky and written by Springsteen after he and Patti Scialfa visited the Vietnam Veterans Memorial in Washington. Bruce premiered the song live on February 19, 2003 at Somerville Theatre in Somerville, MA, and prefaced the performance by mentioning that he'd visited the Vietnam Memorial in Washington in December 1997 and that several days later Grushecky (in advance of their songwriting sessions) sent Bruce a newspaper clipping about the Vietnam Memorial. Grushecky subsequently wrote a different, but similarly themed, song called "On The Wall" that appeared on his 2002 Fingerprints album. Recorded in the late 90s (perhaps during sessions for Tracks) with the E Street Band, including Danny Federici. Played twice during 2005's Devils & Dust Tour. Produced by Ron Aniello and Springsteen. Musician credits: Springsteen (vocals, guitar, drums), Roy Bittan (piano), Danny Federici (organ), Nils Lofgren (guitar), Patti Scialfa (backing vocals), Garry Tallent (bass), Max Weinberg (percussion), Ron Aniello (synths, accordion) and Curt Ramm (cornet). V2 issued on 2014's High Hopes.

LAND OF HOPE AND DREAMS - V1 uncirculating
LAND OF HOPE AND DREAMS - V2 uncirculating
LAND OF HOPE AND DREAMS - V3 6:58 WRECKING

Note: Written by Bruce sometime in 1998 or early 1999. The song was premiered live with the E Street Band on March 18, 1999 for the Reunion Tour. A later live version with the E Street Band was officially released on the Live In New York City package. Cut in 2011 and issued on the Wrecking Ball album. V3 features Springsteen, Aniello (some combination of guitar, bass, keyboards, drums, percussion and/or loops), Charlie Giordano (piano, B-3 organ), Curt Ramm (trumpet, cornet), Clark Gayton (trombone), Stan Harrison (clarinet, alto sax, tenor sax), Ed Manion (tenor & baritone sax), Dan Levine (alto horn, euphonium), Art Baron (euphonium, tuba, sousaphone, penny whistle), Clarence Clemons (saxophone solo), Soozie Tyrell (violin & backing vocal), backing vocals from Patti Scialfa, Lisa Lowell and Michelle Moore, and the Victorious Gospel Choir. Steve Van Zandt is uncredited, but clearly audible at times.

CODE OF SILENCE uncirculating

Note: Co-written by Bruce and Joe Grushecky during December 1997-January 1998. Springsteen premiered the song live on June 12, 2000 and released a live version (recorded June 29, 2000) on The Essential Bruce Springsteen in 2003. A Grushecky studio version (with Bruce on support vocals) was released on his album A Good Life in July 2006.

ANOTHER THIN LINE uncirculating

Note: Written sometime between late 1997 and early 2000. There remains some confusion if "Another Thin Line" is a writing collaboration with Joe Grushecky or if it was composed entirely by Springsteen. Springsteen premiered the song live on June 22, 2000. He then prefaced another performance of the song on June 29 by commenting "here's something I wrote with Joe Grushecky". However, a publishing registration, as well as the official US Copyright filing (July 21, 2000) lists the song as a Springsteen-only composition. Bruce has never officially released a recorded version, but Joe Grushecky released it on his East Carson Street album in 2009.

Corrected Dates/Locations

This list corrects the date and location errors found in the Tracks and 18Tracks booklet.

Song Title Recording Date Location Session Era
MARY QUEEN OF ARKANSAS May 03, 1972 CBS Studios, NY DEMO
IT'S HARD TO BE A SAINT IN THE CITY May 03, 1972 CBS Studios, NY DEMO
GROWIN' UP May 03, 1972 CBS Studios, NY DEMO
DOES THIS BUS STOP AT 82ND STREET? May 03, 1972 CBS Studios, NY DEMO
BISHOP DANCED January 31, 1973 Max’s Kansas City, NY WIESS
THE FEVER May 16, 1973 914 Sound, NY WIESS
SANTA ANA July 1, 1973 914 Sound Studios, Blauvelt WIESS
SEASIDE BAR SONG July 24, 1973 914 Sound Studios, Blauvelt WIESS
THUNDERCRACK August 9, 1973 + 1997 914 Sound Studios, Blauvelt WIESS
ZERO AND BLIND TERRY August 7, 1973 914 Sound Studios, Blauvelt WIESS
SO YOUNG AND IN LOVE June 01, 1974 914 Sound Studios, Blauvelt BORN TO RUN
LINDA LET ME BE THE ONE June 29, 1975 Record Plant, NY BORN TO RUN
RENDEZVOUS December 31, 1980 Nassau Coliseum, NY DARKNESS
DON'T LOOK BACK July 02, 1977 Record Plant, NY DARKNESS
HEARTS OF STONE October 14, 1977 + 1997 Record Plant, NY DARKNESS
ICEMAN October 27, 1977 Record Plant, NY DARKNESS
GIVE THE GIRL A KISS October 11, 1977 Record Plant, NY DARKNESS
ROULETTE April 12, 1980 Power Station, NY RIVER
MARY LOU July 13, 1979 Power Station, NY RIVER
I WANNA BE WITH YOU May 31, 1979 Power Station, NY RIVER
BRING ON THE NIGHT June 13, 1979 Power Station, NY RIVER
RICKY WANTS A MAN OF HER OWN April 10, 1980 Power Station, NY RIVER
LOOSE ENDS July 18, 1979 Power Station, NY RIVER
BE TRUE July 18, 1979 Power Station, NY RIVER
STOLEN CAR September 24, 1979 Power Station, NY RIVER
DOLLHOUSE August 21, 1979 Power Station, NY RIVER
WHERE THE BANDS ARE October 9, 1979 Power Station, NY RIVER
LIVING ON THE EDGE OF THE WORLD December 03, 1979 Power Station, NY RIVER
TAKE 'EM AS THEY COME April 10, 1980 Power Station, NY RIVER
RESTLESS NIGHTS May 2, 1980 Power Station, NY RIVER
BORN IN THE U.S.A. January 03, 1982 Thrill Hill East, NJ NEBRASKA
LION'S DEN January 25, 1982 Power Station, NY BITUSA
MY LOVE WILL NOT LET YOU DOWN May 7, 1982 Power Station, NY BITUSA
A GOOD MAN IS HARD TO FIND (PITTSBURGH) May 6, 1982 Power Station, NY BITUSA
WAGES OF SIN May 10, 1982 Power Station, NY BITUSA
THIS HARD LAND May 11, 1982 Power Station, NY BITUSA
FRANKIE May 14, 1982 Power Station, NY BITUSA
JOHNNY BYE-BYE January 4, 1983 Thrill Hill West, CA BITUSA
SHUT OUT THE LIGHT January 19, 1983 Thrill Hill West, CA BITUSA
CYNTHIA June 15, 1983 Hit Factory, NY BITUSA
PINK CADILLAC May 31, 1983 Hit Factory, NY BITUSA
CAR WASH May 31, 1983 Hit Factory, NY BITUSA
TV MOVIE June 13, 1983 Hit Factory, NY BITUSA
STAND ON IT June 16, 1983 Hit Factory, NY BITUSA
JANEY, DON'T YOU LOSE HEART June 16, 1983 Hit Factory, NY BITUSA
BROTHERS UNDER THE BRIDGES ('83) September 14, 1983 Hit Factory, NY BITUSA
MAN AT THE TOP January 12, 1984 Hit Factory, NY BITUSA
ROCKAWAY THE DAYS January 12, 1984 Hit Factory, NY BITUSA
WHEN YOU NEED ME January 20, 1987 Thrill Hill East, NJ TUNNEL
TWO FOR THE ROAD February 00, 1987 Thrill Hill East, NJ TUNNEL
THE HONEYMOONERS February 22, 1987 Thrill Hill East, NJ TUNNEL
THE WISH February 22, 1987 Thrill Hill East, NJ TUNNEL
LUCKY MAN April 04, 1987 Thrill Hill East, NJ TUNNEL
TROUBLE IN PARADISE December 01, 1989 Soundworks West, CA HUMAN
PART MAN, PART MONKEY January 00, 1990 Soundworks West, CA HUMAN
SAD EYES January 25, 1990 Soundworks West, CA HUMAN
LEAVIN' TRAIN February 27, 1990 Oceanway Studios, CA HUMAN
TROUBLE RIVER April 06, 1990 Soundworks West, CA HUMAN
SEVEN ANGELS June 29, 1990 Oceanway Studios, CA HUMAN
MY LOVER MAN December 04, 1990 Soundworks West, CA HUMAN
WHEN THE LIGHTS GO OUT December 06, 1990 Record Plant West, CA HUMAN
OVER THE RISE December 07, 1990 Soundworks West, CA HUMAN
GOIN' CALI January 29, 1991 A&M Studios, CA HUMAN
LOOSE CHANGE January 31, 1991 Record Plant West, CA HUMAN
HAPPY January 18, 1992 A&M Studios, CA LUCKY
BACK IN YOUR ARMS January 12, 1995 Hit Factory, NY GREATEST
BROTHERS UNDER THE BRIDGE May 22, 1995 Thrill Hill West, CA GREATEST
GAVE IT A NAME August 24, 1998 Thrill Hill East, NJ TRACKS
THE PROMISE February 12, 1999 Thrill Hill East, NJ 18 TRACKS

Modern Elements

Brucebase Modern Elements Identification System

Even though we attempt to inject some humor into the situation, for some, modern overdubs are no laughing matter.

For now, this is our system, and remember, all evaluations are subject to change. Though we reserve the last word on all matters on our website, this is no easy task, and this is an issue that concerns many of us. Whether you send an email or go ranting on one of the message boards, we are listening carefully. If you find an obscure interview by Garry W. Tallent with some details about i.e. modern glockenspiels, please send us a copy or a link, or the best description you can. If you send us information that we can't verify, it will be discarded. Also, if you disagree with any detail expressed here, please try to describe it as best you can, write until there is nothing left in your head (on the subject).

This phenomenon only concerns archived material released years later, usually on compilations like The Promise, The Ties That Bind (The River Collection), Tracks, The Essential, Greatest Hits, etc. The most overt example is a previously released track (official or unofficial) that has plainly been altered, sometimes without any details or liner notes. Sometimes there are valid reasons, but it is still good to discuss it, and have a place for anybody with a question to go for information. Then there is previously unreleased material with obvious modern elements or embellishments, that may also lack documentation. Remember, overdubbing is a normal part of creating music, and sometimes it is just of interest. When an artist releases archived material, advertising "unreleased tracks" from "so-and-so", and we find that any portion of the material is not from "so-and-so", and there are no liner notes or media discussions, then some people get upset and disappointed.

There are reasons why Bruce does not release all his outtakes the way the purists within us would like it, mostly related to the high personal standards he puts on himself. He appreciates his fans and followers very much, but he doesn't want incomplete and rehearsal materials released, because he only wants us to have his best, a professional, polished product, not him humming or la-la ing. He finds it embarrassing and upsetting that what he thought was private, is being listened to by thousands or millions. Unfortunately, his 1979 voice and his 2015 voice are different, and replacing or overdubbing one with the other can be very noticeable, and sound out-of-place. Always remember that if he didn't modify some of these tracks, he would not release them, and then we might not get to hear them at all, so count your blessings.

Lastly, though this information has been researched and reviewed for accuracy, there may remain elements of subjectivity or opinion. Please don't hesitate to inform us, so we can make this as factual as possible.

# Song Title Modern Element(s) Recording Date / Location
1. THUNDERCRACK 4 modern background vocals by Vini Lopez 1997 August 9, 1973 V4 + 1997
2. SANTA ANA 4 modern background vocals-Vini Lopez 1997 July 1, 1973 + 1997
3. HEARTS OF STONE 4 modern 1997 horns - Mario Cruz tenor sax, Ed Manion baritone sax, Richie Rosenberg trombone, Mike Spengler trumpet, Mark Pender trumpet October 14, 1977 + 1997
4. LION'S DEN 4 modern 1997 horns - Cruz-Manion-Rosenberg-Spengler-Pender January 25, 1982 + 1997
5. THE WISH 4 Gary Mallaber, drums February 22, 1987 + 1997
6. WHEN YOU NEED ME 4 Gary Mallaber, drums, Soozie Tyrell, violin January 20, 1987 + 1997
7. THE PROMISE5 re-recorded February 12, 1999
8. GAVE IT A NAME 5 re-recorded August 24, 1998

Note:
"Thundercrack" was performed live regularly, usually as the big show closer, from October 1972 right up until Vini Lopez’ departure from the band in February 1974. The base recording V1 from June 22, 1973, with additional takes or overdubs on August 7 and 9, were not completed to Springsteen's satisfaction. In 1997, overdubs were added for Tracks V4, including background vocals by Vini Mad Dog, to approximate the sound of live performances.

"Santa Ana" was also known as "Hey Santa Ana", "My Contessa", and "The Guns of Kid Cole", thanks to creative or possibly erratic bootleggers. V3 was recorded on June 28, 1973, and for many years was considered a complete, though unofficial, version. However, V4 released on Tracks, is an embellished mix, with overdubs added on July 1, 1973, including piano (David Sancious), a layer of acoustic guitar (Bruce), calypso percussion (Richard Blackwell) and Suki Lahav (vocals). The flute heard in V3 (courtesy of Clarence), has been entirely removed from V4. Mixing was done by Louis Lahav (1973) and Thom Panunzio (1997), who also worked on Thundercrack.

The Sony logs don't show the "Hearts Of Stone" story, which began before the Darkness sessions, as evidenced by a May 1977 list of "New Songs" that included "For Hearts Of Stone", in-between "I Wanna Be With You" and "Franky". Unlike most of the songs in the list, no evidence exists of a recording session until October 14, when a demo was cut for Southside Johnny and the Asbury Jukes, and along with another of "Talk To Me", handed to Steve Van Zandt on a cassette tape tape. Steve was producing the Jukes' third album, and the two songs were Bruce's contributions to the effort. The demo is the only surviving recording of Hearts of Stone from 1977, despite at least six months since conception, and evidence in the words and music of October 14 that "Hearts of Stone" was quite a ways along in development. Everybody knew what notes to play, and Bruce didn't have to "muff" any lyrics, because they were mostly completed. The band recorded this take live in the studio, with the sax of Clarence Clemmons the only horn present. In 1998, Bruce had the Tracks Horns (Cruz-Manion-Pender-Rosenberg-Spengler) record the sections he overdubbed to the 1977 track in V2. There is also something wrong with the vocals at the very end of the song. At 4:10, it is not clear who is singing, but it is clear who is playing horns that didn't exist in 1977. If you are good at audio editing, try patching the end with the 1977 demo. The demo was so good that Southside Johnny used the E Street Band base recording for the title track of the Jukes' 1978 album, adding Southside's vocal and the Miami Horns to create one of their best known tracks. Then Springsteen used the same base track and other elements in his 1998 re-recording of "Hearts of Stone".

"Lion's Den" base track recorded at The Hit Factory on January 25, 1982, from the Gary U.S. Bonds sessions. The 1998 horn section of Cruz-Manion-Pender-Rosenberg-Spengler was recorded and overdubbed for Tracks. The original 1982 element was not recorded by Toby Scott but rather by Neil Dorfsman, the engineer for the Bonds LP.

"The Wish" was recorded February 22, 1987 at Thrill Hill Recording, Rumson, New Jersey (Springsteen’s home studio), with Bruce on all instruments. The drums (Gary Mallaber) were added to the core recording in 1998 for Tracks.

"When You Need Me" was originally titled "If You Need Me". Recorded on January 20, 1987 at Thrill Hill Recording, Rumson, New Jersey (Springsteen’s home studio), with Bruce on all instruments. The drums (Gary Mallaber) and violin (Soozie Tyrell) were added to the core recording in 1998 for Tracks.

There was a huge fan uproar, when "The Fever" and "The Promise" were both left off of 'Tracks' in 1998. Instead of releasing V3 or V5, he re-recorded "The Promise" from scratch on February 9 and 12, 1999 at Boxwood Studios, located at his home in Rumson, New Jersey. It was released on April 12, 1999 on '18 Tracks', to the dismay of many long-time fans. He made his case to Charlie Rose, "Basically, I went back and I listened to it and we never really got a good recording of it in my opinion".

"Gave It A Name" was recorded between December 1990 and late January 1991 at either the Record Plant, Soundworks West or A&M Studios in Los Angeles. Planned for inclusion on the Tracks boxset, but Bruce was unable to locate the master tape, so he re-recorded the song on August 24, 1998 at his home studio in Colts Neck, NJ, and it's that recording which can be found on Tracks. Springsteen told Melinda Newman in an interview with Billboard published in November 1998, "What happened is I cut the original at the time I cut these other songs [Bruce is referring to songs like "Over The Rise", "When The Lights Go Out", "Loose Change" etc, which were all recorded around the December 1990-January 1991 period], but we couldn't find the master tape of it, and I really liked the song. So Roy Bittan came out, and we re-cut it in August".

1 Sounds untouched, we pray that we didn't miss anything.
2 Possibly clean vintage, but not sure; we have awoken in the night in a cold sweat at least once
3 Possibly clean vintage, the artist or the liner notes say it is, but not sure; we have awoken in the night in a cold sweat at least once
4 A Category 4 Overdub is severely tinkered with, but not unredeemable. Examples are Racing In the Streets '78, where David Lindley's violin was added, or Come On (Let's Go Tonight), where modern violin again was added. Modern vocals never qualify for this rating.
5 A Category 5 Overdub means the track has been modified beyond recognition or has been partly or completely recorded in the present, which is not an outtake at all, it is a new recording.
6 Not An Outtake.

Concept List 1993

At some point in 1993, presumably following the conclusion of the 1992-93 World Tour, a 25-song archival concept list was created of "lost songs put together by a Sony engineer". It is possible that this was an early Tracks concept, even if this was not the intention at first, according to Clinton Heylin. Twelve of the 25 songs have been subsequently released, either on Tracks itself or other projects, twelve are known outtakes and one is a live cut. Please see the relevant album recording session page for more information on each track.

Song Title Sessions Released?
A LOVE SO FINE BORN TO RUN No
SHA LA LA 2 None No
NEW SPANISH (aka SPANISH EYES) DARKNESS PROMISE
HEARTS OF STONE DARKNESS TRACKS
GIVE THE GIRL A KISS DARKNESS TRACKS
TRIANGLE SONG DARKNESS No
DOLLHOUSE RIVER TRACKS
NIGHT FIRE RIVER RIVER:OUTTAKES
THE MAN WHO GOT AWAY RIVER RIVER:OUTTAKES
DO YOU WANT ME TO SAY ALRIGHT RIVER No
I WILL BE THE ONE RIVER No
ARNIE RIVER No
THAT'S OKAY RIVER No
FROM SMALL THINGS (BIG THINGS ONE DAY COME) RIVER RIVER:OUTTAKES
TAKE 'EM AS THEY COME RIVER TRACKS
BRING ON THE NIGHT RIVER TRACKS
UNDER THE GUN RIVER No
WHERE THE BANDS ARE RIVER TRACKS
LOOSE ENDS RIVER TRACKS
LIVING ON THE EDGE OF THE WORLD RIVER TRACKS
ANGELYNE 1 RIVER No
JOHNNY GO DOWN BITUSA No
KING'S HIGHWAY BITUSA No
THE GLORY OF LOVE BITUSA No
IDA ROSE (NO ONE KNOWS) BITUSA No

1: "Angelyne" was recorded with the E Street Band in February 1980 before being donated to Gary U.S. Bonds.
2: Live, December 12, 1975, circulating on bootlegs.


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