Tracks - Studio Sessions


disco_18tracks.jpg
disco_tracks_cd.jpg
Tracks commercially released: November 9, 1998 / 18 Tracks commercially released: April 12, 1999
Label: Columbia
Produced by Bruce Springsteen and Chuck Plotkin*
Recorded by Toby Scott assisted by Greg Goldman and Thom Panunzio*
Mixed by Ed Thacker and Bob Clearmountain assisted by Thom Panunzio, Greg Goldman and Ross Petersen*
Mastered by Bob Ludwig at Gateway Mastering
Photography by Phil Ceccola, Joel Bernstein, James A. Davis, David Gahr, Annie Leibovitz, Fred Lombardi,
 Jim Merchese, Neal Preston, Herb Ritts and David Rose
Design by Harry Chorron and Sandra Choron

* see Brucebase session listings for the specific producers and engineers of the original recordings.

Overview

Tracks (Archival Release)

Following the completion of the solo acoustic The Ghost Of Tom Joad tour in May 1997 Springsteen kept a relatively low profile and spent the summer months in New Jersey with his family. He held a studio session in November 1997 (the first of what is now known as the Seeger Sessions) and also participated in songwriting sessions with Joe Grushecky in December 1997-January 1998. According to interview comments by Toby Scott, (Springsteen’s audio archivist and recording engineer), it was in February 1998, during solo sessions being conducted at Bruce’s NJ home studio, that Springsteen approached Scott and said “let's do the boxed set”. Scott then went to work gathering the potential material from Springsteen’s massive audio library (located, along with Sony's sound archives, in the high-tech Iron Mountain facility near Buffalo, NY). Bruce’s NJ home studio (Thrill Hill East) served as the main operational center for all Tracks project activities.

Bruce announced the box set was being worked on during a Sony Music Entertainment convention on July 16, 1998.

Springsteen mentioned in an early 1999 interview with journalist Patrick Humphries that 200 to 300 different songs (twelve to eighteen CDs worth) formed the large pool of recordings that he initially reviewed in the spring of 1998 as potential candidates for the boxed set. Over the course of the next few months the 200-300 was narrowed down. According to Toby Scott by late June then number was down to about 128 songs (eight CDs worth). It was then narrowed down yet again during July to about one hundred songs (a six-CD set). Although these one hundred songs were prepped for the Tracks release there was a commercial decision made later in the summer to reduce the size of the release to a four-CD (sixty six-track) package. The package was delivered to Sony in mid-September in order to facilitate the mid-November 1998 release schedule.

The primary intent of Tracks (at least insofar as it’s slimmed-down six-CD and four-CD incarnations were concerned) was to cover all of Springsteen's commercially released album sessions. However due to ongoing (and at the time still-unresolved) court proceedings involving most of Springsteen’s unreleased 1972 studio recordings, it was decided not to release any of that in-dispute session material on Tracks. Consequently unreleased songs from the Greetings album sessions, or other demo sessions from that period, were not released in the package. The four "Hammond" CBS demo session songs that are found in the box were utilized because that particular studio session and those particular songs were not part of the court proceedings. Postscript: these legal matters were finally resolved, in Springsteen's favour, in 2001 – thereby freeing up these recordings for release at any time. It is likely that a "Tracks, Vol 2" (i.e., another boxed set of similar scope), will be released sometime in the future.

After the release of 18 Tracks (read below), the combined Tracks collection consisted of 65 outtakes and two new recordings. Unable to locate the master tape for "Gave It A Name", Springsteen re-recorded the song on August 24, 1998 at his home studio in Colts Neck, NJ. He did the same for "The Promise" (see below). There are also several tracks that were "supplemented" with additional instrumentation by overdubbing ("Hearts of Stone" has new horns). The full extent of "modern" recording used on Tracks is unknown.

18 Tracks

Despite stellar reviews the initial sales of the Tracks boxed set were well below expectations, probably due to this pricey retrospective not being issued in the wake of a huge selling Springsteen album (as had been the case in 1986 when Live/1975-85 followed the Born In The USA album). Partly as a consequence of the slow sales it was decided in January 1999 to release an abbreviated single CD version of Tracks titled 18 Tracks. This was intended for the more casual fan, although 18 Tracks also served the purpose as a promotional tie-in for the E Street Band "Reunion" tour that was announced at the same time. 18 Tracks contained fifteen recordings already issued on Tracks, plus three previously unreleased recordings ("The Fever", "Trouble River" and "The Promise"). "The Promise", a Darkness on the Edge of Town outtake, best known for legendary live performances from August 1976 - July 1978, was included after howls of outrage from the faithful for leaving it off Tracks. Springsteen, still rejecting all studio takes recorded between June 1977 - January 1978, responded by re-recording it on February 9-12, 1999 at Boxwood Studios, at his home in Rumson, New Jersey.

Sales of 18 Tracks were also disappointing, although the Reunion tour that followed was a tremendous commercial success.

Released

# Song Title Running Time Release
1.1. MARY QUEEN OF ARKANSAS 3 4:28 TRACKS
1.2. IT'S HARD TO BE A SAINT IN THE CITY 3 2:55 TRACKS
1.3. GROWIN' UP 1 3 2:41 TRACKS
1.4. DOES THIS BUS STOP AT 82ND STREET? 3 2:04 TRACKS
1.5. BISHOP DANCED 2 4:21 TRACKS
1.6. SANTA ANA 4:37 TRACKS
1.7. SEASIDE BAR SONG 1 3:34 TRACKS
1.8. ZERO AND BLIND TERRY 5:58 TRACKS
1.9. LINDA LET ME BE THE ONE 4:27 TRACKS
1.10. THUNDERCRACK 8:29 TRACKS
1.11. RENDEZVOUS 1 2 2:51 TRACKS
1.12. GIVE THE GIRL A KISS 3:55 TRACKS
1.13. ICEMAN 3:19 TRACKS
1.14. BRING ON THE NIGHT 2:40 TRACKS
1.15. SO YOUNG AND IN LOVE 3:49 TRACKS
1.16. HEARTS OF STONE 1 4:32 TRACKS
1.17. DON'T LOOK BACK 3:00 TRACKS
# Song Title Running Time Release
2.1. RESTLESS NIGHTS 3:47 TRACKS / RIVER: OUTTAKES
2.2. A GOOD MAN IS HARD TO FIND (PITTSBURGH) 3:18 TRACKS
2.3. ROULETTE 3:55 TRACKS / RIVER: OUTTAKES
2.4. DOLLHOUSE 3:35 TRACKS / RIVER: OUTTAKES
2.5. WHERE THE BANDS ARE 1 3:46 TRACKS / 1999 b-side / RIVER: OUTTAKES
2.6. LOOSE ENDS 1 4:04 TRACKS / RIVER: SINGLE
2.7. LIVING ON THE EDGE OF THE WORLD 4:19 TRACKS / RIVER: OUTTAKES
2.8. WAGES OF SIN 4:54 TRACKS
2.9. TAKE 'EM AS THEY COME 4:31 TRACKS / RIVER: OUTTAKES
2.10. BE TRUE 3:42 1981 b-side / 1981 b-side / TRACKS / RIVER: SINGLE
2.11. RICKY WANTS A MAN OF HER OWN 2:47 TRACKS / RIVER: OUTTAKES
2.12. I WANNA BE WITH YOU 1 3:23 TRACKS / 1999 single / RIVER: OUTTAKES
2.13. MARY LOU 3:23 TRACKS / RIVER: OUTTAKES
2.14. STOLEN CAR 4:31 TRACKS / RIVER: SINGLE
2.15. BORN IN THE U.S.A. 1 3:11 TRACKS
2.16. JOHNNY BYE-BYE 1:53 TRACKS
2.17. SHUT OUT THE LIGHT 3:52 TRACKS
# Song Title Running Time Release
3.1. CYNTHIA 4:15 TRACKS
3.2. MY LOVE WILL NOT LET YOU DOWN 1 4:27 TRACKS
3.3. THIS HARD LAND 4:50 TRACKS
3.4. FRANKIE 7:25 TRACKS
3.5. TV MOVIE 2:46 TRACKS
3.6. STAND ON IT 3:07 TRACKS
3.7. LION'S DEN 1 2:19 TRACKS
3.8. CAR WASH 2:08 TRACKS
3.9. ROCKAWAY THE DAYS 4:44 TRACKS
3.10. BROTHERS UNDER THE BRIDGES ('83) 5:08 TRACKS
3.11. MAN AT THE TOP 3:24 TRACKS
3.12. PINK CADILLAC 1 3:37 1984 b-side / TRACKS
3.13. TWO FOR THE ROAD 2:00 1987 b-side / TRACKS
3.14. JANEY, DON'T YOU LOSE HEART 1 3:28 1985 b-side / TRACKS
3.15. WHEN YOU NEED ME 2:58 TRACKS
3.16. THE WISH 5:19 TRACKS
3.17. THE HONEYMOONERS 2:08 TRACKS
3.18. LUCKY MAN 3:18 1987 b-side / TRACKS
# Song Title Running Time Release
4.1. LEAVIN' TRAIN 4:07 TRACKS
4.2. SEVEN ANGELS 3:28 TRACKS
4.3. GAVE IT A NAME 2:51 TRACKS
4.4. SAD EYES 1 3:50 TRACKS / 1999 single
4.5. MY LOVER MAN 4:00 TRACKS
4.6. OVER THE RISE 2:40 TRACKS
4.7. WHEN THE LIGHTS GO OUT 3:08 TRACKS
4.8. LOOSE CHANGE 4:22 TRACKS
4.9. TROUBLE IN PARADISE 4:43 TRACKS
4.10. HAPPY 4:54 TRACKS
4.11. PART MAN, PART MONKEY 1 4:31 1992 b-side / TRACKS
4.12. GOIN' CALI 3:04 TRACKS
4.13. BACK IN YOUR ARMS 4:43 TRACKS
4.14. BROTHERS UNDER THE BRIDGE 1 4:55 TRACKS

Total Running Time: 4:13:23

1: Issued on both Tracks and 18 Tracks.
2: Live in Concert.
3: Demo-version.

Visit our release-pages for additional information.

Additional Recordings Tracks-Reunion period

Tracks-Reunion (1996 - 2000)

Springsteen issued the Ghost Of Tom Joad album in November 1995. Little did anyone suspect at the time that it would be six years and seven months (July 2002) before the next Springsteen studio album of recently written and recorded compositions would be released. Because of the tremendous amount of time that elapsed, the studio session period for what became The Rising is an enigma. Nearly all the recordings on the album emanate from one brief session period in early 2002, yet there are over five years' worth of earlier studio sessions of which only a few recordings have yet emerged – even though much was recorded.

Immediately following the release of the Ghost Of Tom Joad album Springsteen undertook an extensive solo tour that lasted for 17 months - until late May 1997. Bruce has mentioned that he wrote numerous songs while on this tour, some of which he actually premiered live during the tour. During breaks in this tour, Bruce recorded new material - from June to August 1996 and then from March to April 1997. Both sessions were held at Thrill Hill East (Bruce’s New Jersey home studio). Both were solo sessions.

Following the completion of the solo acoustic The Ghost Of Tom Joad tour in May 1997 Springsteen kept a relatively low profile and spent the summer months in New Jersey with his family. He held a studio session in November 1997 (the first of what is now known as the Seeger Sessions) and also participated in songwriting sessions with Joe Grushecky in December 1997-January 1998. According to interview comments by Toby Scott, (Springsteen’s audio archivist and recording engineer), it was in February 1998, during solo sessions being conducted at Bruce’s NJ home studio, that Springsteen approached Scott and said “let's do the boxed set”. Scott then went to work gathering the potential material from Springsteen’s massive audio library (located, along with Sony's sound archives, in the high-tech Iron Mountain facility near Buffalo, NY). Bruce’s NJ home studio (Thrill Hill East) served as the main operational center for all Tracks project activities.

In November 1997, several months following the completion of the Ghost Of Tom Joad tour, Springsteen undertook studio further sessions at his NJ home studio. About seven non-original compositions were recorded with a group of musicians Bruce had not previously recorded with. These have now become known as "The Seeger Sessions - Phase 1". Since the above-mentioned session produced recordings that Bruce subsequently decided to release on a stand-alone album, then please refer to [[The Seeger Sessions - Studio Sessions|The Seeger Sessions]] section for details on these recordings. Soon after (in December 1997 – January 1998) Springsteen undertook a song-writing collaboration session with Joe Grushecky at Bruce’s home studio. Song titles are known from this period but recording session details, if any, are unknown. According to comments made by engineer Toby Scott, it was in the early spring of 1998 (shortly before Bruce’s father passed away) that Springsteen told Scott the time was right to proceed with the long-anticipated box set of archived, unreleased studio takes. Although the Tracks project dominated activities during the remainder of 1998 Springsteen also recorded numerous new songs at his home studio during the February 1998 – February 1999 period, although little has been released.

Springsteen re-assembled the E Street Band for the Reunion (Tracks) tour. This tour lasted for 16 months, from March 1999 thru June 2000. Although no studio sessions took place during this touring period, there was an expectation that studio work with the E Street Band would follow this tour and a resulting new E Street Band album would emerge in late 1999 or early 2000 – however we now know that no such E Street Band sessions ever took place. In spite of the lack of E Street Band involvement in the studio Springsteen did, in fact, conduct scattered solo sessions at his Thrill Hill East home studio during the September 2000 - January 2001 period. Numerous songs were recorded – but details remain very sketchy. It is suspected that the base recording of only one of the fifteen songs issued on The Rising album emanates from these sessions.

THE PROMISE 4:38 18TRACKS
GIVE MY LOVE TO ROSE 2:55 2002 'Kindred Spirits' Johnny Cash tribute
LIFT ME UP 5:16 OST: LIMBO / ESSENTIAL: BONUS
GAVE IT A NAME 2:47 TRACKS

Details

PILGRIM IN THE TEMPLE OF LOVE uncirculating

Note: Written by Bruce in March/April 1996 while on the Ghost Of Tom Joad Tour and premiered live on April 16, 1996. Also known as "Santa Gets A Blowjob".

THERE WILL NEVER BE ANY OTHER FOR ME BUT YOU uncirculating

Note: Also known as "Never Any Other For Me But You". Written by Bruce in mid-1996 while on the Ghost Of Tom Joad Tour and premiered live on September 19, 1996.

IN FREEHOLD uncirculating

Note: Bruce wrote "In Michigan" backstage in Kalamazoo, MI while on the Ghost Of Tom Joad Tour and premiered it live the same day, September 24, 1996. The concept was to write a song which included the name of the state of the location he was playing. He then expanded on the premise of the song and premiered the almost completely rewritten "In Freehold" on November 8, 1996 in Freehold, naturally. Also known as "Freehold". It is unclear whether this song was recorded during studio sessions.

LONG TIME COMIN' - V1 uncirculating
LONG TIME COMIN' - V2 4:17 DEVILS / ESSENTIAL: 2015 / CHAPTER

Note: Written by Bruce in the summer or early autumn of 1996 while on the Ghost Of Tom Joad Tour and premiered live on October 16, 1996. The Devils & Dust recording is a hybrid of two sessions quite some years apart. The basic track (Bruce, Danny Federici, Marty Rifkin, Soozie Tyrell and Patti Scialfa) emanates from 1997 or 1998, Thrill Hill West, Beverly Hills. CA, recorded by Toby Scott and produced by Springsteen and Chuck Plotkin. The drums (Steve Jordan) and bass guitar (Brendan O’Brien)were added to the mix in 2004, at Masterphonics, Nashville, Tennessee, and Southern Tracks Recording, Atlanta, Georgia, which is the likely reason why this released version is credited as a Springsteen-Plotkin-O'Brien production.

THE HITTER - V1 uncirculating
THE HITTER - V2 5:53 DEVILS

Note: Written by Bruce in the autumn of 1996 while on the Ghost Of Tom Joad Tour and premiered live on November 13, 1996. Recorded during studio sessions in 1998 (this version does not circulate). Re-recorded in 2004 and released on Devils & Dust. The core recording (which may date from 1997–98) is Springsteen solo, on all instruments (vocals, guitar, keyboards, and percussion). The strings (Nashville String Machine) and horns (Brice Andrus, Donald Strand, Susan Welty, and Thomas Witte) were recorded and added in 2004.

SELL IT AND THEY WILL COME uncirculating

Note: Written by Bruce during December, 1995 and early January, 1996 while on the Ghost Of Tom Joad Tour. Premiered live January 10, 1996.

BENEATH THE FLOODLINE uncirculating

Note: Performed during a soundcheck at The Spectrum, Philadelphia, PA, on September 17, 1984 during the Born In The USA Tour. It was later recorded at several solo sessions between November 1997 and January 1998, before the E Street Band were reunited, when it was quietly sidelined, along with the album he was then working on. Possibly composed after the Born In The U.S.A. studio sessions ended, it is also missing from Tunnel Of Love session logs, according to a search of Sony records.

UNDER A BIG SKY uncirculating

Note: "Under A Big Sky" was recorded in April 1998.

GAVE IT A NAME - V1 uncirculating
GAVE IT A NAME - V2 2:47 TRACKS

Note: V1 was recorded between December 1990 and late January 1991 at either the Record Plant, Soundworks West or A&M Studios in Los Angeles. Planned for inclusion on the Tracks boxset, but Bruce was unable to locate the master tape, so he re-recorded the song V2 on August 24, 1998 at his home studio in Colts Neck, NJ, and it's that recording which can be found on Tracks. Springsteen told Melinda Newman in an interview with Billboard published in November 1998, "What happened is I cut the original at the time I cut these other songs [Bruce is referring to songs like "Over The Rise", "When The Lights Go Out", "Loose Change" etc., which were all recorded around the December 1990–January 1991 period], but we couldn't find the master tape of it, and I really liked the song. So Roy Bittan came out, and we re-cut it in August."

THE PROMISE - V1 5:32 DO-2 / UP / SOTE / LUTHER
THE PROMISE - V2 5:27 LM-2 / DDO / DO-3 / AM / SC / O711S
THE PROMISE - V3 7:11 DDITV / AM / UP / MT1
THE PROMISE - V4 7:24 PROMISE: DELUXE
THE PROMISE (strings-full harmony) - V5 uncirculating
THE PROMISE (solo) - V6 uncirculating
THE PROMISE - V7 uncirculating
THE PROMISE - V8 uncirculating
THE PROMISE - V9 4:41 18TRACKS
THE PROMISE - V10 5:49 PROMISE
recording_19780217-ruffs-mixs-tape.jpg

Note: Debuted live on August 3, 1976 at the Monmouth Performing Arts Center in Red Bank, New Jersey, featuring Bruce solo on the piano, and deeply personal lyrics. Later live versions would continue to feature Bruce on piano, with Roy or Danny accompanying him on glockenspiel. The song was played regularly during the 1976–1977 Lawsuit Tour, but according to studio documentation it was not recorded in the studio until late June 1977. V1 was most likely recorded during sessions on June 30, 1977, though further work was done on July 1, 7, 8 and 13. The June take master was transfered to comp. reel and ruffs tape, and was used in V10, mixed in 2010. Unlike his live versions, all of the Darkness studio recordings in circulation include the E Street Band, though solo takes were also attempted. After a break that included a trip with Steve to Utah and Nevada, Bruce came back to the studio with slightly revised lyrics, and recorded V2 on August 24 or 30, 1977, which was on the tracklist for the aborted 'Badlands' release (see artwork). However, Bruce was back on September 28 and 30, 1977, recording V3 at the Record Plant, which some collectors and hardcore fans consider the definitive version. Over 7 minutes long, and sporting an arrangement for the full E Street Band, it was first released unofficially on 'Deep Down In the Vaults' in the mid-1990s. This version was barely in the can when a Rolling Stone reporter suggested that the song was about his now-settled lawsuit with Mike Appel, which Bruce sternly denied, and has denied ever since (he wrote the music and the first set of lyrics before the lawsuit was filed in 1976). Nevertheless, Springsteen soon re-wrote the first two lines of verse 3, with "Well, my daddy taught me how to walk quiet and how to make my peace with the past, I learned real good to tighten up inside and I don’t say nothing unless I’m asked" replacing "I won big once and I hit the coast, oh but somehow I paid the big cost." Landau agreed with solidifying the narrative, and when recording concluded in January, and a ten-song track sequence for Album #4 was prepared, "The Promise" was the last song on side two.

On January 12, 1978, V4, with revised lyrics, was recorded with the band, and also filmed live in-the-studio by Barry Rebo, later released with the The Promise:The Darkness On The Edge Of Town Story. It is confirmed that strings were recorded and dubbed to the January 12 master (Landau confirmed this, and a mix tape exists with three versions; V3 "old verse", V4 "new verse", and V5 "strings and full harmony" (see illustration). But on January 24, 1978, without the E Street Band, Springsteen sat down at the piano and recorded V6 by himself, just as he did for 22 shows while locked out of the recording studio. A total of ten sessions were held from January 17 to March 7 (a seven-week period). Meanwhile, he finished "Candy's Room", "The Factory Song" and "Darkness On the Edge of Town" in early March, and decided to not include "The Promise". He has said he could not get a recording he was happy with, and that he "felt too close to it." In 2010, Springsteen noted that "It was a song about defeat, and it was self-referential, which made me uncomfortable. I didn't want it to overtake the album, which in the end, was not my personal story. I wanted Darkness to be completely independent of that, so I left it off. But I remember saying to myself, this is something I can sing later; the distance helps it now."

During a Darkness Tour rehearsal in Asbury Park on May 19, 1978, a full band version (including the "Daddy taught me how to walk quiet" lyric) was rehearsed, and full band version was performed on the tour's opening night in Buffalo. The next night, Bruce reverted to the solo piano version, which was played regularly during the early part of the tour. When Tracks was released in 1998, both "The Fever" and "The Promise" were absent from the 66-song tracklist. Both were later included on 18 Tracks, in part due to fan demand. Instead of releasing the existing V3 or V5 versions, Springsteen re-recorded "The Promise" from scratch (V9) on February 9 and 12, 1999 at Boxwood Studios, Colts Neck, New Jersey, in a solo piano version that many felt paled in comparison to the 1976–78 versions. In an interview with Charlie Rose, Springsteen stated, "Basically, I went back and I listened to it and we never really got a good recording of it in my opinion. It's been a favorite song of a lot of people … It sort of was the sequel to "Thunder Road" in some fashion, it referred back to those characters. But I went back and we sort of had a very plodding, heavy-handed version of it. I couldn't quite live with it, so maybe another time."

V1 and V3 were used as the base tracks for V10, the version on The Promise outtake album, with overdubbed strings, guitars, glockenspiel, and double tracked vocals. Two lines of verse three were removed ("I followed that dream through the southwestern tracks, the dead ends and the two-bit bars / When the promise was broken I was far away from home, sleeping in the backseat of a borrowed car") and a modern string arrangement by Ken Ascher was recorded in July 2010.

GIVE MY LOVE TO ROSE 4:17 2002 'Kindred Spirits' Johnny Cash tribute

Note: Written by Johnny Cash. Recorded at Boxwood Studios, Colts Neck, New Jersey on February 12, 1999 and produced by Springsteen (alone). Bruce solo, on vocals and guitar. The performance was also video recorded and first broadcast commercially on April 18, 1999 as part of the Johnny Cash Tribute special on the USA's TNT network. The recording was not officially released until September 2002 on the Cash Kindred Spirits tribute album. The video of the performance has yet to be officially issued, although it circulates among collectors via copies of the original TV broadcast.

LIFT ME UP 5:16 OST: LIMBO / ESSENTIAL: BONUS

Note: Recorded at Thrill Hill East (Bruce's New Jersey home studio) in March 1999. Produced by Springsteen (alone). Bruce handles vocals and all instruments. Written by Bruce specifically for the John Sayles movie Limbo and first released on the movie soundtrack album in June 1999.

THE WALL - V1 uncirculating
THE WALL - V2 HOPES

Note: Written December 1997–January 1998. The title and idea came from Joe Grushecky and the rest was written by Springsteen after he and Patti Scialfa visited the Vietnam Veterans Memorial in Washington. Bruce premiered the song live on February 19, 2003 at Somerville Theatre in Somerville, MA, and prefaced the performance by mentioning that he'd visited the Vietnam Memorial in Washington in December 1997 and that several days later Grushecky (in advance of their songwriting sessions) sent Bruce a newspaper clipping about the Vietnam Memorial. Grushecky subsequently wrote a different, but similarly themed, song called "On The Wall" that appeared on his 2002 Fingerprints album. Recorded in the late '90s (perhaps during sessions for Tracks) with the E Street Band, including Danny Federici. Played twice during 2005's Devils & Dust Tour. V2 issued on 2014's High Hopes, produced by Ron Aniello and Springsteen.

LAND OF HOPE AND DREAMS - V1 uncirculating
LAND OF HOPE AND DREAMS - V2 uncirculating
LAND OF HOPE AND DREAMS - V3 6:58 WRECKING

Note: Written by Bruce sometime in 1998 or early 1999. The song was premiered live with the E Street Band on March 18, 1999 for the Reunion Tour. A later live version with the E Street Band was officially released on the Live In New York City package. Cut in 2011 and issued on the Wrecking Ball album. V3 features Springsteen, Aniello (some combination of guitar, bass, keyboards, drums, percussion and/or loops), Charlie Giordano (piano, B-3 organ), Curt Ramm (trumpet, cornet), Clark Gayton (trombone), Stan Harrison (clarinet, alto sax, tenor sax), Ed Manion (tenor & baritone sax), Dan Levine (alto horn, euphonium), Art Baron (euphonium, tuba, sousaphone, penny whistle), Clarence Clemons (saxophone solo), and Soozie Tyrell (violin & backing vocal), with backing vocals from Patti Scialfa, Lisa Lowell and Michelle Moore and the Victorious Gospel Choir. Steve Van Zandt is uncredited, but clearly audible at times.

IDIOT'S DELIGHT - V1 3:58 GUEST: HOME
IDIOT'S DELIGHT - V2 3:22 ESR

Note: Co-written by Springsteen and Joe Grushecky in July 1995 and first released by Grushecky on the album Coming Home on February 10, 1998. Bruce Springsteen and the E Street Band V2 first broadcast during episode five of 'From His Home To Yours' on E Street Radio on June 3, 2020.

I'M NOT SLEEPING uncirculating
I'M NOT SLEEPING 3:56 GUEST: HOME

Note: Co-written by Springsteen and Joe Grushecky in July 1995 and released by Grushecky on the album Coming Home on February 10, 1998, without the presence of Bruce Springsteen. Springsteen first performed the song live on November 4, 2010, with Joe Grushecky and The Houserockers.

1945 uncirculating
1945 5:12 GUEST: HOME

Note: Co-written by Springsteen and Joe Grushecky in July 1995, released by Grushecky on the album Coming Home, on February 10, 1998, without the presence of Bruce Springsteen. Unknown whether Springsteen recorded version exists.

CHEAP MOTEL uncirculating
CHEAP MOTEL 3:45 GUEST: HOME

Note: Co-written by Springsteen and Joe Grushecky in July 1995. Released by Grushecky on the album Coming Home, on February 10, 1998, without the presence of Bruce Springsteen. Unknown whether a Springsteen recorded version exists.

Corrected Dates/Locations

This list corrects the date and location errors found in the Tracks and 18 Tracks booklets.

Song Title Recording Date Location Session Era
MARY QUEEN OF ARKANSAS May 3, 1972 Columbia Studios, NY AUDITION
IT'S HARD TO BE A SAINT IN THE CITY May 3, 1972 Columbia Studios, NY AUDITION
GROWIN' UP May 3, 1972 Columbia Studios, NY AUDITION
DOES THIS BUS STOP AT 82ND STREET? May 3, 1972 Columbia Studios, NY AUDITION
BISHOP DANCED January 31, 1973 Max's Kansas City, NY WIESS
THE FEVER May 16, 1973 Max’s Kansas City, NY WIESS
SANTA ANA July 1, 1973 Max’s Kansas City, NY WIESS
SEASIDE BAR SONG July 24, 1973 Max’s Kansas City, NY WIESS
THUNDERCRACK August 9, 1973 + 1997 Max’s Kansas City, NY WIESS
ZERO AND BLIND TERRY August 7, 1973 Max’s Kansas City, NY WIESS
SO YOUNG AND IN LOVE Oct 1974 + 1978 Max’s Kansas City, NY BORN TO RUN
LINDA LET ME BE THE ONE June 29, 1975 Record Plant, NY BORN TO RUN
RENDEZVOUS December 31, 1980 Nassau Coliseum, NY DARKNESS
DON'T LOOK BACK July 02, 1977 Atlantic Studios, NY DARKNESS
HEARTS OF STONE October 14, 1977 + 1997 Record Plant, NY DARKNESS
ICEMAN October 27, 1977 Record Plant, NY DARKNESS
GIVE THE GIRL A KISS November 10, 1977 Record Plant, NY DARKNESS
ROULETTE April 3-4, 1979 + 1980 Power Station, NY RIVER
MARY LOU July 13, 1979 Power Station, NY RIVER
I WANNA BE WITH YOU May 31, 1979 Power Station, NY RIVER
BRING ON THE NIGHT June 13, 1979 Power Station, NY RIVER
RICKY WANTS A MAN OF HER OWN April 10, 1980 Power Station, NY RIVER
LOOSE ENDS July 18, 1979 Power Station, NY RIVER
BE TRUE July 18, 1979 Power Station, NY RIVER
STOLEN CAR June 21, 1979 Power Station, NY RIVER
DOLLHOUSE August 21, 1979 Power Station, NY RIVER
WHERE THE BANDS ARE October 9, 1979 Power Station, NY RIVER
LIVING ON THE EDGE OF THE WORLD December 3, 1979 Power Station, NY RIVER
TAKE 'EM AS THEY COME April 10, 1980 Power Station, NY RIVER
RESTLESS NIGHTS May 2, 1980 Power Station, NY RIVER
BORN IN THE U.S.A. January 3, 1982 Colts Neck, NJ NEBRASKA
LION'S DEN January 25, 1982 The Hit Factory, NY BITUSA
MY LOVE WILL NOT LET YOU DOWN May 7, 1982 Power Station, NY BITUSA
A GOOD MAN IS HARD TO FIND (PITTSBURGH) May 6, 1982 Power Station, NY BITUSA
WAGES OF SIN May 10, 1982 Power Station, NY BITUSA
THIS HARD LAND May 11, 1982 Power Station, NY BITUSA
FRANKIE May 14, 1982 Power Station, NY BITUSA
JOHNNY BYE-BYE January 4, 1983 Thrill Hill West, CA BITUSA
SHUT OUT THE LIGHT January 19, 1983 Thrill Hill West, CA BITUSA
CYNTHIA June 15, 1983 The Hit Factory, NY BITUSA
PINK CADILLAC May 31, 1983 The Hit Factory, NY BITUSA
CAR WASH May 31, 1983 The Hit Factory, NY BITUSA
TV MOVIE June 13, 1983 The Hit Factory, NY BITUSA
STAND ON IT June 16, 1983 The Hit Factory, NY BITUSA
JANEY, DON'T YOU LOSE HEART June 16, 1983 The Hit Factory, NY BITUSA
BROTHERS UNDER THE BRIDGES ('83) September 14, 1983 The Hit Factory, NY BITUSA
MAN AT THE TOP January 12, 1984 The Hit Factory, NY BITUSA
ROCKAWAY THE DAYS January 12, 1984 The Hit Factory, NY BITUSA
WHEN YOU NEED ME January 20, 1987 Thrill Hill East, NJ TUNNEL
TWO FOR THE ROAD February 1987 Thrill Hill East, NJ TUNNEL
THE HONEYMOONERS February 22, 1987 Thrill Hill East, NJ TUNNEL
THE WISH February 22, 1987 Thrill Hill East, NJ TUNNEL
LUCKY MAN April 4, 1987 Thrill Hill East, NJ TUNNEL
TROUBLE IN PARADISE December 1, 1989 Soundworks West, CA HUMAN
PART MAN, PART MONKEY January 1990 Soundworks West, CA HUMAN
SAD EYES January 25, 1990 Soundworks West, CA HUMAN
LEAVIN' TRAIN February 27, 1990 Ocean Way Studios, CA HUMAN
TROUBLE RIVER April 6, 1990 Soundworks West, CA HUMAN
SEVEN ANGELS June 29, 1990 Ocean Way Studios, CA HUMAN
MY LOVER MAN December 4, 1990 Soundworks West, CA HUMAN
WHEN THE LIGHTS GO OUT December 6, 1990 Record Plant West, CA HUMAN
OVER THE RISE December 7, 1990 Soundworks West, CA HUMAN
GOIN' CALI January 29, 1991 A&M Studios, CA HUMAN
LOOSE CHANGE January 31, 1991 Record Plant West, CA HUMAN
HAPPY January 18, 1992 A&M Studios, CA LUCKY
BACK IN YOUR ARMS January 12, 1995 The Hit Factory, NY GREATEST
BROTHERS UNDER THE BRIDGE May 22, 1995 Thrill Hill West, CA GREATEST
GAVE IT A NAME August 24, 1998 Thrill Hill East, NJ TRACKS
THE PROMISE February 12, 1999 Thrill Hill East, NJ 18 TRACKS

Modern Elements

Modern Elements

This section was created to describe archived tracks with modern overdubs such as vocals and strings. The chart only concerns material released on compilations like The Promise, The Ties That Bind (The River Collection), Tracks, The Essential, Greatest Hits, etc. Many songs included on these collections may not have been completed to Springsteen's satisfaction during their respective recording sessions, so require modern additions. Unfortunately, the work undertaken on these tracks is not described in liner notes, so we try to get the information for our readers.

Though this information has been researched and reviewed for accuracy, there may remain elements of subjectivity or opinion. Please don't hesitate to inform us, so we can make this as factual as possible.

# Song Title Modern Element(s) Recording Date / Location
1. THUNDERCRACK modern background vocals by Vini Lopez 1997 August 9, 1973 V4 + 1997
2. SANTA ANA modern background vocals-Vini Lopez 1997 July 1, 1973 + 1997
3. HEARTS OF STONE modern 1997 horns - Mario Cruz tenor sax, Ed Manion baritone sax, Richie Rosenberg trombone, Mike Spengler trumpet, Mark Pender trumpet October 14, 1977 + 1997
4. LION'S DEN modern 1997 horns - Cruz-Manion-Rosenberg-Spengler-Pender January 25, 1982 + 1997
5. THE WISH Gary Mallaber, drums February 22, 1987 + 1997
6. WHEN YOU NEED ME Gary Mallaber, drums, Soozie Tyrell, violin January 20, 1987 + 1997
7. THE PROMISE re-recorded February 12, 1999
8. GAVE IT A NAME re-recorded August 24, 1998

Note:
"Thundercrack" was performed live regularly, usually as the big show closer, from October 1972 right up until Vini Lopez’ departure from the band in February 1974. The base recording V1 from June 22, 1973, with additional takes or overdubs on August 7 and 9, were not completed to Springsteen's satisfaction. In 1997, overdubs were added for Tracks V4, including background vocals by Vini Mad Dog, to approximate the sound of live performances.

"Santa Ana" was also known as "Hey Santa Ana", "My Contessa", and "The Guns of Kid Cole", thanks to creative or possibly erratic bootleggers. V3 was recorded on June 28, 1973, and for many years was considered a complete, though unofficial, version. However, V4 released on Tracks, is an embellished mix, with overdubs added on July 1, 1973, including piano (David Sancious), a layer of acoustic guitar (Bruce), calypso percussion (Richard Blackwell) and Suki Lahav (vocals). The flute heard in V3 (courtesy of Clarence), has been entirely removed from V4. Mixing was done by Louis Lahav (1973) and Thom Panunzio (1997), who also worked on Thundercrack.

The Sony logs don't show the "Hearts Of Stone" story, which began before the Darkness sessions, as evidenced by a May 1977 list of "New Songs" that included "For Hearts Of Stone", in-between "I Wanna Be With You" and "Franky". Unlike most of the songs in the list, no evidence exists of a recording session until October 14, when a demo was cut for Southside Johnny and the Asbury Jukes, and along with another of "Talk To Me", handed to Steve Van Zandt on a cassette tape tape. Steve was producing the Jukes' third album, and the two songs were Bruce's contributions to the effort. The demo is the only surviving recording of Hearts of Stone from 1977, despite at least six months since conception, and evidence in the words and music of October 14 that "Hearts of Stone" was quite a ways along in development. Everybody knew what notes to play, and Bruce didn't have to "muff" any lyrics, because they were mostly completed. The band recorded this take live in the studio, with the sax of Clarence Clemmons the only horn present. In 1998, Bruce had the Tracks Horns (Cruz-Manion-Pender-Rosenberg-Spengler) record the sections he overdubbed to the 1977 track in V2. There is also something wrong with the vocals at the very end of the song. At 4:10, it is not clear who is singing, but it is clear who is playing horns that didn't exist in 1977. If you are good at audio editing, try patching the end with the 1977 demo. The demo was so good that Southside Johnny used the E Street Band base recording for the title track of the Jukes' 1978 album, adding Southside's vocal and the Miami Horns to create one of their best known tracks. Then Springsteen used the same base track and other elements in his 1998 re-recording of "Hearts of Stone".

"Lion's Den" base track recorded at The Hit Factory on January 25, 1982, from the Gary U.S. Bonds sessions. The 1998 horn section of Cruz-Manion-Pender-Rosenberg-Spengler was recorded and overdubbed for Tracks. The original 1982 element was not recorded by Toby Scott but rather by Neil Dorfsman, the engineer for the Bonds LP.

"The Wish" was recorded February 22, 1987 at Thrill Hill Recording, Rumson, New Jersey (Springsteen’s home studio), with Bruce on all instruments. The drums (Gary Mallaber) were added to the core recording in 1998 for Tracks.

"When You Need Me" was originally titled "If You Need Me". Recorded on January 20, 1987 at Thrill Hill Recording, Rumson, New Jersey (Springsteen’s home studio), with Bruce on all instruments. The drums (Gary Mallaber) and violin (Soozie Tyrell) were added to the core recording in 1998 for Tracks.

There was a huge fan uproar, when "The Fever" and "The Promise" were both left off of 'Tracks' in 1998. Instead of releasing V3 or V5, he re-recorded "The Promise" from scratch on February 9 and 12, 1999 at Boxwood Studios, located at his home in Rumson, New Jersey. It was released on April 12, 1999 on '18 Tracks', to the dismay of many long-time fans. He made his case to Charlie Rose, "Basically, I went back and I listened to it and we never really got a good recording of it in my opinion".

"Gave It A Name" was recorded between December 1990 and late January 1991 at either the Record Plant, Soundworks West or A&M Studios in Los Angeles. Planned for inclusion on the Tracks boxset, but Bruce was unable to locate the master tape, so he re-recorded the song on August 24, 1998 at his home studio in Colts Neck, NJ, and it's that recording which can be found on Tracks. Springsteen told Melinda Newman in an interview with Billboard published in November 1998, "What happened is I cut the original at the time I cut these other songs [Bruce is referring to songs like "Over The Rise", "When The Lights Go Out", "Loose Change" etc, which were all recorded around the December 1990-January 1991 period], but we couldn't find the master tape of it, and I really liked the song. So Roy Bittan came out, and we re-cut it in August".

Concept List 1993

At some point in 1993, presumably following the conclusion of the 1992-93 World Tour, a 25-song archival concept list was created of "lost songs put together by a Sony engineer". It is possible that this was an early Tracks concept, even if this was not the intention at first, according to Clinton Heylin. Twelve of the 25 songs have been subsequently released, either on Tracks itself or other projects, twelve are known outtakes and one is a live cut. Please see the relevant album recording session page for more information on each track.

Song Title Sessions Released?
A LOVE SO FINE BORN TO RUN No
SHA LA LA 2 None No
NEW SPANISH (aka SPANISH EYES) DARKNESS PROMISE
HEARTS OF STONE DARKNESS TRACKS
GIVE THE GIRL A KISS DARKNESS TRACKS
TRIANGLE SONG DARKNESS No
DOLLHOUSE RIVER TRACKS
NIGHT FIRE RIVER RIVER:OUTTAKES
THE MAN WHO GOT AWAY RIVER RIVER:OUTTAKES
DO YOU WANT ME TO SAY ALRIGHT RIVER No
I WILL BE THE ONE RIVER No
ARNIE RIVER No
THAT'S OKAY RIVER No
FROM SMALL THINGS (BIG THINGS ONE DAY COME) RIVER RIVER:OUTTAKES
TAKE 'EM AS THEY COME RIVER TRACKS
BRING ON THE NIGHT RIVER TRACKS
UNDER THE GUN RIVER No
WHERE THE BANDS ARE RIVER TRACKS
LOOSE ENDS RIVER TRACKS
LIVING ON THE EDGE OF THE WORLD RIVER TRACKS
ANGELYNE 1 RIVER No
JOHNNY GO DOWN BITUSA No
KING'S HIGHWAY BITUSA No
THE GLORY OF LOVE BITUSA No
IDA ROSE (NO ONE KNOWS) BITUSA No

1: "Angelyne" was recorded with the E Street Band in February 1980 before being donated to Gary U.S. Bonds.
2: Live, December 12, 1975, circulating on bootlegs.


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